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Registros recuperados: 26
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Competition for phosphorus between two dinoflagellates: A toxic Alexandrium minutum and a non-toxic Heterocapsa triquetra ArchiMer
Labry, Claire; Erard-le Denn, Evelyne; Chapelle, Annie; Fauchot, Juliette; Youenou, Agnes; Crassous, Marie-pierre; Le Grand, Jacqueline; Lorgeoux, Benedicte.
The understanding of the dominance of one species with respect to others is a pertinent challenge in HAB growth dynamics studies and the nutrient supply mode is one of the factors potentially involved. The competition for phosphorus (P) between a toxic species, Alexandrium minutum, and a non-toxic species, Heterocapsa triquetra, was studied (1) along a gradient of P depletion, (2) testing different P depletion degrees before a single PO4 supply and (3) experimenting different PO4 supply frequencies. In conditions Of PO4 depletion, H. triquetra stopped growing after two days both in monospecific and mixed batch cultures whereas A. minutum grew progressively from day 2 until the end of the experiment. This time-lag growth of A. minutum is associated to its...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Semi continuous culture; Batch culture; Ecophysiology; Pulse; Phosphorus storage; Dinoflagellates; Heterocapsa triquetra; Alexandrium minutum.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/2008/publication-4067.pdf
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Continuous fluorescence recording as a way to improve Pacific oyster (Crassostrea gigas) models of paralytic shellfish toxin accumulation ArchiMer
Baron, Regis; Couedel, Marielle; Joret, Camille; Garen, Pierre; Truquet, Philippe; Masselin, Pierre; Bardouil, Michele; Lassus, Patrick.
A simple system was used to simulate the effect of alternating toxic (paralytic shellfish poisoning toxins) and non-toxic microalgal diets on oyster feeding behaviors and rates of toxin accumulation. These experimental conditions were meant to reflect, to some extent, the incoming and outgoing fluxes of toxic algae observed at the mouth of the Penze estuary (Northern Brittany, France). Physiological and toxicological parameters were estimated based oil fluorescence measurements recorded continuously at the outlet of each experimental tank, which contained a single oyster. Q(tox), this variable describes toxin uptake in oysters, it was used (instead of the toxin ingestion rate): i) in simple graphical analyses, ii) as well as in one- and two-compartment...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Skeletonema costatum; Alexandrium minutum; Fluorescence; Modeling; Kinetics; Toxin uptake; Shellfish toxin; PSP.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/2006/publication-1400.pdf
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Décontamination expérimentale de bivalves toxiques : application aux phycotoxines paralysantes. Rapport final ArchiMer
Lassus, Patrick; Bardouil, Michele; Masselin, Pierre; Naviner, Magali; Truquet, Philippe.
A sea water recirculating flume was especially designed in the framework of this study. It improves physiological and ecophysiological evaluation of a 25 oysters (c. gigas) set fed on PSP toxic A. minutum cultures and then detoxified with commonly used aquaculture species (I. galbana, T. suecica, S. costatum, T. weissflogii). Chlorophyll a levels are kept steady in each case and adjusted in order to reach the same food value in each tank (0,5 mg/l TPM). When exposed to the mildly toxic species A. minutum (0,5 pg.eq.STX.cel-1) oysters depict a reduced clearance rate, food uptake and shell-valves activity (compared to non-toxic algal diets). The same physiological parameters do not show any significant differences when oysters are exposed to the control al...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Épuration; Crassostrea gigas; Alexandrium minutum; PSP; Écophysiologie; Depuration; C. gigas; A. minutum; PSP; Ecophysiology.
Ano: 1997 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00139/25021/23126.pdf
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Detoxification of Pacific oyster Crassostrea gigas fed on diets of Skeletonema costatum with and without silt, following PSP contamination by Alexandrium minutum ArchiMer
Gueguen, Marielle; Bardouil, Michele; Baron, Regis; Lassus, Patrick; Truquet, Philippe; Massardier, Julie; Amzil, Zouher.
Contamination of shellfish by paralytic shellfish poisoning ( PSP) toxins poses an economic threat to shellfish farmers. As contaminated shellfish cannot be harvested for long periods of time, it would be very useful to develop processes to optimise and shorten their detoxification. In this study, Pacific oysters Crassostrea gigas were first experimentally contaminated over a period of 13 days with a continuous flow of toxic Alexandrium minutum cultures at concentrations ranging from 150 to 200 cell ml(-1) ( toxin content after 13 days of contamination 438 mu g STX equiv. 100 g(-1) wet weight). Then, two different detoxification treatments were tested and showed detoxification rates greater than those observed in coastal environments. The first treatment...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Alexandrium minutum; Crassostrea gigas; Detoxification; Inorganic matter; Organic matter; PSP; Paralytic shellfish poisoning.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/2008/publication-3896.pdf
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Direct and fast detection of Alexandrium minutum algae by using high frequency microbalance ArchiMer
Sousa, Celia; Compere, Chantal; Dreanno, Catherine; Crassous, Marie-pierre; Gas, Fabienne; Baus, Beatrice; Perrot, Hubert.
In this paper, a simple detection of a toxic algae, Alexandrium minutum, was developed using highly sensitive quartz crystal microbalance. In terms of performance, compared with other conventional analytical tools, the main interest of our immunosensor is based on a fast and direct detection of these living cells. This system requires the use of one monoclonal antibody directed against the surface antigen of A. minutum. We demonstrate that the whole living and motile algae are caught and detected. The high specificity of the biosensor is also demonstrated by testing several other dinoflagellate species. The frequency shift is correlated to the A. minutum cells concentration. This simple system is potentially promising for environmental monitoring purposes.
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Alexandrium minutum; Quartz microbalance; Microalgae; Immunosensor.
Ano: 2014 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00194/30492/28897.pdf
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Effects of Alexandrium minutum exposure on nutrition-related processes and reproductive output in oysters Crassostrea gigas ArchiMer
Haberkorn, Hansy; Lambert, Christophe; Le Goic, Nelly; Moal, Jeanne; Suquet, Marc; Gueguen, Marielle; Sunila, Inke; Soudant, Philippe.
This study assessed the effects of an artificial bloom of the toxin-producing dinoflagellate, Alexandrium minutum, upon nutrition related processes and reproductive output of the Pacific oyster, Crassostrea gigas. Oysters were exposed to A. minutum, Paralytic Shellfish Toxins (PST) producer and compared to a control batch of oysters fed Isochrysis galbana clone Tahitian (T.Iso). The experiment was performed in June 2008, when oysters were found ripe. Several physiological variables of oysters, such as PSTs accumulation, digestive gland and histological observations as well as spermatozoa quality, were measured at the end of the exposure. Results indicate that the digestive gland was greatly impacted upon A. minutum exposure. Monoacylglycerol and...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Harmful algae; Alexandrium minutum; Oyster; Nutrition-related processes; Reproductive output.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00008/11927/8653.pdf
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Effects of Alexandrium minutum exposure upon physiological and hematological variables of diploid and triploid oysters, Crassostrea gigas ArchiMer
Haberkorn, Hansy; Lambert, Christophe; Le Goic, Nelly; Gueguen, Marielle; Moal, Jeanne; Palacios, Elena; Lassus, Patrick; Soudant, Philippe.
The effects of an artificial bloom of the toxin-producing dinoflagellate, Alexandrium minutum, upon physiological parameters of the Pacific oyster, Crassostrea gigas, were assessed. Diploid and triploid oysters were exposed to cultured A. minutum and compared to control diploid and triploid oysters fed T. Isochrysis. Experiments were repeated twice, in April and mid-May 2007, to investigate effects of maturation stage on oyster responses to A. minutum exposure. Oyster maturation stage, Paralytic Shellfish Toxin (PST) accumulation, as well as several digestive gland and hematological variables, were assessed at the ends of the exposures. In both experiments, triploid oysters accumulated more PSTs (approximately twice) than diploid oysters. Significant...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Oysters; Ploidy; Physiology; Harmful-algal bloom; Alexandrium minutum; PST accumulation.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00003/11378/7988.pdf
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Effects of bioactive extracellular compounds and paralytic shellfish toxins produced by Alexandrium minutum on growth and behaviour of juvenile great scallops Pecten maximus ArchiMer
Borcier, Elodie; Morvezen, Romain; Boudry, Pierre; Miner, Philippe; Charrier, Gregory; Laroche, Jean; Hegaret, Helene.
Dinoflagellates of the genus Alexandrium are a major cause of harmful algal blooms (HABs) that have increasingly disrupted coastal ecosystems for the last several decades. Microalgae from the genus Alexandrium are known to produce paralytic shellfish toxins (PST) but also bioactive extracellular compounds (BEC) that can display cytotoxic, allelopathic, ichtyotoxic or haemolytic effects upon marine organisms. The objective of this experimental study was to assess the effects of PST and BEC produced by A. minutum upon juvenile great scallops Pecten maximus. Scallops were exposed for one week to two different strains of A. minutum, the first producing both PST and BEC and the second producing only BEC. Escape response to starfish, daily shell growth,...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Harmful Algal Bloom (HAB); Alexandrium minutum; Pecten maximus; Paralytic Shellfish Toxins (PST); Extracellular compounds; Behaviour; Histology.
Ano: 2017 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00368/47878/47893.pdf
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Exposure to toxic Alexandrium minutum activates the detoxifying and antioxidant systems in gills of the oyster Crassostrea gigas ArchiMer
Fabioux, Caroline; Sulistiyani, Yeni; Haberkorn, Hansy; Hegaret, Helene; Amzil, Zouher; Soudant, Philippe.
Harmful algal blooms of Alexandrium spp. dinoflagellates regularly occur in French coastal waters contaminating shellfish. Studies have demonstrated that toxic Alexandrium spp. disrupt behavioural and physiological processes in marine filter-feeders, but molecular modifications triggered by phycotoxins are less well understood. This study analyzed the mRNA levels of 7 genes encoding antioxidant/detoxifying enzymes in gills of Pacific oysters (Crassostrea gigas) exposed to a cultured, toxic strain of A. minutum, a producer of paralytic shellfish toxins (PST) or fed Tisochrysis lutea (T. lutea, formerly Isochrysis sp., clone Tahitian (T. iso)), a non-toxic control diet, in four repeated experiments. Transcript levels of sigma-class glutathione S-transferase...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Crassostrea gigas; Alexandrium minutum; Paralytic shellfish toxins; Antioxidant enzymes; Detoxification enzymes; MRNA.
Ano: 2015 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00275/38601/38623.pdf
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Global and local factors driving the phenology of Alexandrium minutum (Halim) blooms and its toxicity ArchiMer
Guallar, Carles; Bacher, Cedric; Chapelle, Annie.
The dinoflagellate Alexandrium minutum is a toxic bloom-forming species distributed worldwide. The mechanisms driving and promoting the species blooms and their toxicity are studied and presented here. Most previously published work focuses on local and/or short-term scales. In this study, a broad temporal and spatial approach is addressed using time series covering several sites over several years and combining environmental variables and A. minutum abundances from the French English Channel − Atlantic coasts. Data were explored by means of phenology and threshold analysis. The A. minutum bloom characteristics are defined. Only one bloom per year is measured and it may reach more than a million of cells L−1. Bloom period extends from April to October and...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Alexandrium minutum; PSP toxicity; HAB; Bloom phenology; Threshold analysis; Monitoring long time-series.
Ano: 2017 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00390/50130/51076.pdf
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Harmful algae niche responses to environmental and community variation along the French coast ArchiMer
Karasiewicz, Stephane; Chapelle, Annie; Bacher, Cedric; Soudant, Dominique.
Distribution, frequency and intensity of harmful phytoplanktonic species are impacted by changes in environmental conditions. In the Bay of Brest, Alexandrium minutum has been responsible for several harmful algal blooms (HABs) associated with toxin production causing paralytic shellfish poisoning (PSP). Additionally, Lepidodinium chlorophorum causes green water and hypoxia locally in the Bay of Biscay. Previous studies revealed that L. chlorophorum’s success was related to possible competitive exclusion. Therefore, the phytoplankton composition and the environmental conditions should be taken into account. This study aims to assess the combined effect of changes in habitat conditions and community structure with the occurrence of HAB species, on a...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Alexandrium minutum; Lepidodinium chlorophorum; Subniche; Competition; Indicating species; Spatio-temporal data.
Ano: 2020 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00614/72567/71521.xml
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Influence of gametogenesis pattern and sex on paralytic shellfish toxin levels in triploid Pacific oyster Crassostrea gigas exposed to a natural bloom of Alexandrium minutum ArchiMer
Hermabessiere, Ludovic; Fabioux, C.; Lassudrie, Malwenn; Boullot, F.; Long, Marc; Lambert, Christophe; Le Goic, N.; Gouriou, Jeremie; Le Gac, Mickael; Chapelle, Annie; Soudant, P.; Hegaret, Helene.
This study investigated the effect of gametogenesis pattern and sex on levels of paralytic shellfish toxins (PST) accumulated by triploid oysters Crassostrea gigas exposed to a natural bloom of the toxic dinoflagellate Alexandrium minutum in the Bay of Brest (Western Brittany, France), over the summer 2014. Toxin accumulation in oysters was proposed to be influenced by the proportion of energy allocated to reproduction versus other metabolisms, as proposed by Haberkorn et al. (2010). Thus, we hypothesized that triploid oysters with different gametogenesis patterns (α or β, producing respectively numerous gametes or rare gametes) could result in differences in toxin accumulation. Toxin level could also be different according to the gender of the oysters. To...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Crassostrea gigas; Alexandrium minutum; Harmful algal bloom (HAB); Paralytic shellfish toxin (PST); Gametogenesis pattern; Triploid.
Ano: 2016 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00307/41801/41010.pdf
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Modélisation 0D des efflorescences d'Alexandrium en rade de Brest en compétition inter-spécifique ArchiMer
Le Gland, Guillaume.
Since 2010, planktonic algae Alexandrium minutum, cause of the PSP (Paralytic Shellfish Poisoning) syndrome, has been proliferating in early summer in the bay of Daoulas, within the roadstead of Brest. During this internship, a model has been designed in order to derive these blooms from physical parameters (temperature, irradiance, nutrient supply, dilution rate …). In the model, A.minutum competes with 50 other plankton species with randomly attributed optimal temperature and nutrient uptake abilities. It turns out to reproduce well the bloom of 2012, with a correct date of maximum concentration and a relevant order of magnitude. It reproduces the order of magnitude of 2013 concentrations, but the bloom then is too spread in time around the maximum....
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Alexandrium minutum; Phytoplancton; Efflorescence (bloom); Nutriments; Lumière; Température; Dilution; Absorption (uptake); Quota cellulaire; Croissance; Compétition; Modèle; Rade de Brest.
Ano: 2014 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00209/32004/30442.pdf
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Modelling paralytic shellfish toxins (PST) accumulation in Crassostrea gigas by using Dynamic Energy Budgets (DEB) ArchiMer
Pousse, Emilien; Flye-sainte-marie, Jonathan; Alunno-bruscia, Marianne; Hegaret, Helene; Rannou, Eric; Pecquerie, Laure; Marques, Goncalo M.; Thomas, Yoann; Castrec, Justine; Fabioux, Caroline; Long, Marc; Lassudrie, Malwenn; Hermabessiere, Ludovic; Amzil, Zouher; Soudant, Philippe; Jean, Fred.
As other filter-feeders, Crassostrea gigas can concentrate paralytic shellfish toxins (PST) by consuming dinoflagellate phytoplankton species like Alexandrium minutum. Intake of PST in oyster tissues mainly results from feeding processes, i.e. clearance rate, pre-ingestive sorting and ingestion that are directly influenced by environmental conditions (trophic sources, temperature). This study aimed to develop a mechanistic model coupling the kinetics of PST accumulation and bioenergetics in C. gigas based on Dynamic Energy Budget (DEB) theory. For the first time, the Synthesizing Units (SU) concept was applied to formalize the feeding preference of oysters between non-toxic and toxic microalgae. Toxin intake and accumulation were both dependent on the...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Alexandrium minutum; Paralytic shellfish toxins (PST); Dynamic Energy Budget (DEB); Modelling; Pacific oyster.
Ano: 2019 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00455/56662/58407.pdf
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Molecular Characterization of Voltage-Gated Sodium Channels and Their Relations with Paralytic Shellfish Toxin Bioaccumulation in the Pacific Oyster Crassostrea gigas ArchiMer
Boullot, Floriane; Castrec, Justine; Bidault, Adeline; Dantas, Natanael; Payton, Laura; Perrigault, Mickael; Tran, Damien; Amzil, Zouher; Boudry, Pierre; Soudant, Philippe; Hegaret, Helene; Fabioux, Caroline.
Paralytic shellfish toxins (PST) bind to voltage-gated sodium channels (Nav) and block conduction of action potential in excitable cells. This study aimed to (i) characterize Nav sequences in Crassostrea gigas and (ii) investigate a putative relation between Nav and PST-bioaccumulation in oysters. The phylogenetic analysis highlighted two types of Nav in C. gigas: a Nav1 (CgNav1) and a Nav2 (CgNav2) with sequence properties of sodium-selective and sodium/calcium-selective channels, respectively. Three alternative splice transcripts of CgNav1 named A, B and C, were characterized. The expression of CgNav1, analyzed by in situ hybridization, is specific to nervous cells and to structures corresponding to neuromuscular junctions. Real-time PCR analyses showed...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Crassostrea gigas; Sodium channel; Alternative splicing; Alexandrium minutum; Paralytic shellfish toxins.
Ano: 2017 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00368/47877/47892.pdf
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Oligonucleotide quartz crystal microbalance sensor for the microalgae Alexandrium minutum (Dinophyceae) ArchiMer
Lazerges, M; Perrot, H; Antoine, Elisabeth; Defontaine, Audrey; Compere, Chantal.
We report the immobilization on a gold surface of a 20-base DNA probe labeled with disulfide group and on the selective hybridization with the complementary 20-base DNA strand. The oligonucleotide probe is the complementary strand of a partial sequence of the gene encoding for a large ribosomal RNA sub-unit which is a coding sequence of Alexandrium minutum DNA, a microalgae that produces neurotoxins responsible for paralytic shellfish poisoning on European and Asian coasts. The kinetics of DNA probe immobilization and hybridization were monitored in situ by using a 27 MHz quartz crystal microbalance under controlled hydrodynamic conditions. The frequency of the setup is stable to within a few hertz, corresponding to the nanogram, scale, for 3 h and makes...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: DNA; Alexandrium minutum; Microbalance.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/2006/publication-1354.pdf
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One step immunochromatographic assay for the rapid detection of Alexandrium minutum ArchiMer
Gas, Fabienne; Baus, Beatrice; Pinto, Laetitia; Compere, Chantal; Tanchou, Valerie; Quemeneur, Eric.
Harmful algal blooms represent a major threat to marine production, and particularly to shellfish farming. Current methods for analyzing environmental samples are tedious and time consuming because they require taxonomists and animal experiments. New rapid detection methods, such as immunoassays, are sought for alerting purposes and for the study of algal ecodynamics in their natural environment. Alexandrium minutum, which causes paralytic shellfish poisoning, occurs with increasing frequency along European coasts. We have developed a one step immunochromatographic assay which is based on the principle of immunochromatographic analysis and involves the use of two distinct monoclonal antibodies directed against surface antigens of A. minutum. The primary...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Antibody; Alexandrium minutum; Immunochromatographic assay (ICA); Rapid detection.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00000/11153/7819.pdf
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Paralytic shellfish poison accumulation yields and feeding time activity in the Pacific oyster (Crassostrea gigas) and king scallop (Pecten maximus) ArchiMer
Bougrier, Serge; Lassus, Patrick; Bardouil, Michele; Masselin, Pierre; Truquet, Philippe.
Pacific oysters and king scallops placed individually in a recirculating flume were fed for 2 weeks with a constant concentration (120 cell ml(-1)) of a toxic strain of Alexandrium minutum. Fluorescence at the outlet of each experimental unit was measured continuously, and biodeposits were recovered twice daily to evaluate feeding time activity (FTA) and rates of organic filtration (OFR), ingestion (OIR) and organic absorption (OAR). Ion-pairing high performance liquid chromatography (IP-HPLC) was performed concurrently to quantify paralytic phycotoxins both (i) individually in shellfish at the end of the contamination period and (ii) in A. minutum cultures to estimate cellular toxin concentration. These data allowed comparison of the actual tissue toxin...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Alexandrium minutum; Crassostrea gigas; Feeding activity; Paralytic shellfish poisoning.
Ano: 2003 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/2003/publication-576.pdf
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Phosphorus dynamics and bioavailability in sediments of the Penze Estuary (NW France): in relation to annual P-fluxes and occurrences of Alexandrium Minutum ArchiMer
Andrieux-loyer, Francoise; Philippon, Xavier; Bally, Gabriel; Kerouel, Roger; Youenou, Agnes; Le Grand, Jacqueline.
The macrotidal estuary of Penze (Brittany, Western part of the Channel, France) has been subjected to recurrent annual toxic blooms of Alexandrium minutum since 1988. This study aims to specify the phosphorus dynamics and bioavailability in sediments in order to improve our understanding of Alexandrium occurrences. Sediment-P pools and diffusive phosphate fluxes were studied under similar hydrodynamic conditions, in the intermediate estuary in May, June and July 2003 and along the salinity gradient from August 2004 to June 2005. The results highlight a decrease in bioavailable phosphorus (iron and organic bound) from the inner part of the estuary seaward. The ratio of iron-bound phosphorus to iron-oxyhydroxides is lower in the inner and intermediate...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Sequential extraction; Sediment phosphorus; Pore water; Phosphate fluxes; Estuary; Alexandrium minutum.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/2008/publication-4306.pdf
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Phosphorus limitation might promote more toxin content in the marine invader dinoflagellate Alexandrium minutum ArchiMer
Maestrini, Serge; Bechemin, Christian; Grzebyk, Daniel; Hummert, Christian.
Alexandrium minutum (strain AM89BM) has been grown in semi-continuous culture (0.2 vol. d super(-1)) in N-limiting (NO sub(3) super(-): PO sub(4) super(3-)=1.6 and 3.16), in P-limiting (N: P=160 and 80), and in N and P balanced (N: P=16) media. The toxin content in cells changed greatly according to the N: P ratio. Cells grown in N: P balanced condition showed an average total paralytic shellfish poisoning (PSP) content of 1.24 fmol cell super(-1). In N-limiting conditions, cells contained ca. 3 times less toxin with mean values of 0.41-0.45 fmol cell super(-1). In contrast, cells grown in P-limiting conditions contained on average 3.5 and 7 times more toxins than in the balanced N: P condition: 4.31 fmol cell super(-1) in the N: P=160 medium and 8.01 fmol...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Alexandrium minutum; Phosphorus limitation; Toxin content; PSP.
Ano: 2000 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00173/28422/26753.pdf
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