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A study of the phytotoxic effects of the aerial parts of Senecio westermanii Dusén (Asteraceae) on Lactuca sativa L. and Allium cepa L. seeds BJPS
Merino,Francis José Zortéa; Ribas,Daniele Felipe; Silva,Cristiane Bezerra da; Duarte,Ana Flávia Schvabe; Paula,Cristiane da Silva; Oliveira,Maislian de; Dias,Josiane de Fátima Gaspari; Miguel,Marilis Dallarmi; Miguel,Obdulio Gomes.
The objective of this study was to evaluate the effects of the ethanolic crude extracts and fractions of the species Senecio westermanii Dusén on Lactuca sativa L. (lettuce) and Allium cepa L. (onion) seeds. We assessed the germination, growth, root respiration and photosynthesis of the target species in Petri dishes (9.0 cm diameter) containing filter paper n°6. The study was conducted using 50 seeds per plate and held in 4 replicates per concentration of each sample. In the germination there was an inhibitory effect of fractions hexane (FH) and chloroform (FCl) at concentrations of 500 and 1000 µg/mL. There was a reduction in the radicle growth of lettuce by 14 to 24% and a reduction of hypocotilum by 14 to 28%. As for the radicle of the onion was up 74%...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Senecio westermanii/extract/effects; Lactuca sativa; Allium cepa; Allelochemicals; Allelopathy..
Ano: 2018 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1984-82502018000300606
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Allelochemicals of Alexandrium minutum: Kinetics of membrane disruption and photosynthesis inhibition in a co-occurring diatom ArchiMer
Long, Marc; Peltekis, Alexandra; González-fernández, Carmen; Hégaret, Helene; Bailleul, Benjamin.
Allelopathy is an efficient strategy by which some microalgae can outcompete other species. Allelochemicals from the toxic dinoflagellate Alexandrium minutum have deleterious effects on diatoms, inhibiting metabolism and photosynthesis and therefore give a competitive advantage to the dinoflagellate. The precise mechanisms of allelochemical interactions and the molecular target of allelochemicals remain however unknown. To understand the mechanisms, the short-term effects of A. minutum allelochemicals on the physiology of the diatom Chaetoceros muelleri were investigated. The effects of a culture filtrate were measured on the diatom cytoplasmic membrane integrity (polarity and permeability) using flow-cytometry and on the photosynthetic performance using...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Allelochemicals; Allelopathy; Alexandrium minutum; Chaetoceros muelleri; Photosynthesis; Membrane.
Ano: 2021 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00680/79191/81688.pdf
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Allelopathic bioactivity of fresh and infused aqueous extracts of Brazilian cherry (Eugenia uniflora L.) on lettuce and maize Biological Sciences
Boiago, Nayara Parisoto; Fortes, Andréa Maria Teixeira; Pilatti, Daiane Maria; Silva, Paulo Sérgio Siberti da.
 This study aimed to analyse the allelopathic bioactivity of fresh and infused aqueous extracts of Brazilian cherry leaves on the germination of lettuce and the initial development of maize. Brazilian cherry leaves were used to prepare a fresh aqueous extract (200 g L-1) and an infused extract (100 g L-1), which were diluted to concentrations of 0.4, 0.8, 1.2, 1.6 or 2.0% w/v. The variables evaluated in lettuce were the germination rate (GR), germination time index (GTI), germination speed index (GSI) and root length (RL). To determine the effect on the initial development of maize, we measured the shoot (SL) and root (RL) length. The experimental design included a factorial 2 × 5 design (two extracts and five concentrations), in addition to a control...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: 2.03.00.00-0; 2.03.03.00-9 Lactuca sativa; Zea mays; Allelopathy; Allelochemicals; Chemical ecology. Botânica; Fisiologia Vegetal.
Ano: 2018 URL: http://periodicos.uem.br/ojs/index.php/ActaSciBiolSci/article/view/40972
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Allelopathic effects of Sonchus oleraceus L. on the germination and seedling growth of crop and weed species Acta Botanica
Gomaa,Nasr Hassan; Hassan,Mahmoud Omar; Fahmy,Gamal Mohammad; González,Luís; Hammouda,Ola; Atteya,Atteya Mostafa.
We assessed the allelopathic effects of the aqueous extract of Sonchus oleraceus dry shoots on the germination and seedling growth of Trifolium alexandrinum, three weed species (Brassica nigra, Chenopodium murale and Melilotus indicus) and S. oleraceus itself. We assayed four different concentrations of the aqueous extract (w v-1): 1%, 2%, 3% and 4%. To determine whether the effects of the extract were attributable to the presence of allelopathic compounds, its osmotic potential or both, we prepared concentrations of polyethylene glycol (PEG) with osmotic potentials equivalent to those of the aqueous extract. All concentrations of the plant extract completely inhibited the germination and seedling growth of C. murale. The lowest concentration of the plant...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Allelochemicals; Aqueous extract; Bioherbicide; Phytotoxicity.
Ano: 2014 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0102-33062014000300014
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Allelopathic Potential of Sorghum bicolor at Different Phenological Stages Planta Daninha
ZUCARELI,V.; COELHO,E.M.P.; FERNANDES,W.V.; PERES,E.M.; STRACIERI,J..
ABSTRACT: This study aimed to assess the allelopathic potential of the aqueous extract of the shoot of Sorghum bicolor at different phenological stages on seed germination and initial growth of kale (Brassica oleracea var. acephala) seedlings, which is considered a bioindicator species. The experiment was carried out at five development stages of S. bicolor (40, 50, 60, 70, and 80 days after emergence), which was used as aqueous extract at six concentrations (0, 20, 40, 60, 80, and 100%) applied in four replications per treatment in 10 or 50 kale seeds per plot. The percentage of germination, germination rate index, root growth, shoot length, and dry matter of kale seedlings were analyzed in the presence of this extract on different days of collection and...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Allelochemicals; Aqueous extract of sorghum; Bioindicator species.
Ano: 2019 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0100-83582019000100219
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Allelopathic research in Brazil Acta Botanica
Reigosa,Manuel; Gomes,Anabele Stefânia; Ferreira,Alfredo Gui; Borghetti,Fabian.
In this article, we review allelopathy studies conducted in Brazil or involving plant species that occur in the country. Conceptions and misconceptions associated with allelopathy, as well as some international criteria to be applied in allelopathic research, are presented and discussed. We observed a sharp increase in the number of papers on this subject conducted in Brazil between 1991 and 2010. However, most studies are conducted under laboratory conditions, lack a clear hypothesis or a solid justification, and typically make use of target species that do not co-exist with the donor species under natural conditions. We also found that most studies do not take the additional steps in order to purify and identify the bioactive molecules. We recommend that...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Allelopathy; Allelochemicals; Competition; Interference; Phytotoxicity; Weed control.
Ano: 2013 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0102-33062013000400001
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Atividade alelopática de diferentes partes vegetais de Achillea millefolium e Cymbopogon citratus sobre a germinação e o desenvolvimento inicial de sementes e plântulas de Lactuca sativa. Repositório Alice
SILVA, D. C. da; MAUCH, C. R.; COSTA, C. J.; MARIOT, M. P.; AMARANTE, L. do; MARTINS, A. C..
O objetivo deste estudo consiste em avaliar a atividade alelopática de diferentes partes vegetais de Achillea millefolium e Cymbopogon citratus Sobre a germinação e o desenvolvimento inicial de sementes e plântulas de Lactuca sativa. Os tratamentos foram: extratos da folha de capim cidrão (CD folha) e extratos de mil-folhas do caule (MF caule), da flor (MF flor), da folha (MF folha) e da raiz (MF raiz) nas concentrações 0; 15; 30; 45, 60 e 75%. Foram avaliados germinação, primeira contagem de germinação, índice de velocidade de germinação, comprimento de parte aérea e raiz primária, massa fresca e seca total de plântulas. Os extratos de capim cidrão (C. citratus) e mil-folhas (A. millefolium) flor e folha afetaram negativamente a germinação e o...
Tipo: Artigo de periódico Palavras-chave: Bioherbicide; Alface; Semente; Achillea Millefolium; Cymbopogon spp; Lactuca Sativa; Allelochemicals.
Ano: 2021 URL: http://www.alice.cnptia.embrapa.br/alice/handle/doc/1138441
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Consumption of ferulic and p-hydroxybenzoic acids by soybean root tips BABT
Silva,Hélio Cândido da; Herrig,Vanessa; Ferrarese,Maria de Lourdes L.; Ferrarese-Filho,Osvaldo.
Depletion method was used to describe how soybean root consumed ferulic and p-hydroxybenzoic acids in nutrient culture. The results showed that excised cultured soybean roots consumed these allelochemicals very rapidly. At concentrations between 0.1 and 1.0 mM, roots consumed 50% or more of ferulic acid after 6-h depletion. Although consumption started only after 3 h, similar behavior was verified with p-hydroxybenzoic acid.
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Glycine max L. Merr.; Root; Absorption; Allelochemicals.
Ano: 2000 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1516-89132000000300006
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Effects of fatty acids on carbohydrates and lipids of canola seeds during germination BABT
Ferrarese,M. L. L.; Baleroni,C. R. S.; Ferrarese-Filho,O..
The present work was carried out to investigate the effects of caprylic acid (C8) and oleic acid (C18) on carbohydrates and lipids during canola seed germination. The results showed that oleic acid influence carbohydrate concentration but did not influence lipid concentration. Significant results were found with caprylic acid that affected carbohydrates and lipids in cotyledons after three-day germination.
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Allelochemicals; Carbohydrates; Lipids; Cotyledons; Canola.
Ano: 1998 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1516-89131998000300007
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Exploring the Herbicidal Potential of Achyranthes aspera Against Some Weeds Planta Daninha
TANVEER,A.; SAFDAR,M.E.; FAROOQ,N.; SUDOZAI,M.I.; NADEEM,M.A.; ABBAS,T..
ABSTRACT: The phytotoxic composition of Achyranthes aspera was identified through HPLC, and its herbicidal potential was investigated against two narrow leaf weeds viz., Phalaris minor Retz. and Avena fatua L.; and four broad leaf weeds viz. Lathyrus aphaca L., Vicia sativa L., Convolvolus arvensis L. and Asphodelus tenuifolius L. through bioassays. Weed seeds were grown in the aqueous extracts of various plant parts (roots, leaf, stem, fruit and whole plant) of A. aspera at 5% (w/v) concentration. The extracts of all plant parts caused significant reductions with differential degree in germination percentage and mean germination time. Phalaris minor, A. fatua, L. aphaca, V. sativa and A. tenuifolius completely failed to germinate whereas C. arvensis...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Allelochemicals; Germination bioassay; Natural herbicide; Weeds.
Ano: 2019 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0100-83582019000100265
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Factors affecting attack rate of whitefly on the eggplant PAB
Leite,Germano Leão Demolin; Picanço,Marcelo; Guedes,Raul Narciso Carvalho; Moreira,Márcio Dionizio.
The objective of this study was to determine the effects of weather, predators and parasitoids, canopy height and plant age, leaf chemical composition, levels of leaf N and K and leaf trichomes on the intensity of Bemisia tabaci attack on Solanum melongena. A higher density of nymph and whitefly adults was recorded at the base and medium of the plant compared to the apex. A higher number of eggs was observed on the medium part than on the apical and base part of the plants dossel. An increase in the density of whitefly is associated with an increase in temperature.
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Bemisia tabaci; Solanum melongena; Allelochemicals; Parasitoids; Air temperature.
Ano: 2003 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0100-204X2003000400014
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Factors affecting the attack rate of Bemisia tabaci on cucumber PAB
Leite,Germano Leão Demolin; Picanço,Marcelo; Guedes,Raul Narciso Carvalho; Ecole,Carvalho Carlos.
The objective of this work was to determine the effects of rainfall, temperature, predators, parasitoids, plant age, leaf chemical composition, levels of leaf nitrogen and potassium, besides density of leaf trichomes, on attack intensity of Bemisia tabaci biotype B on the Cucumis sativus. An increase in the number of whitefly adults and nymphs per leaf was observed with plant aging. A higher number of whitefly adults per leaf and eggs cm-2 was verified in the apical part than in the middle and bottom part of the plants canopy. However, the higher number of whitefly nymphs was observed in the mid-part than in the apical and bottom part of the plant canopy. The incidence of whitefly nymphs was negatively affected with foliar nitrogen. Pentacosane and...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Cucumis sativus; Whitefly; Allelochemicals; Nitrogen; Trichomes.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0100-204X2006000800005
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Groundnut Rust Disease Open Agri
Palavras-chave: Crops; Groundnuts; Genotypes; Allelochemicals; Genes; Fungicides; Fungi; Pathogens; Diseases.
Ano: 1987 URL: http://agropedia.iitk.ac.in/openaccess/?q=node/4048
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Host Selection Behavior of Helicoverpa armigera Open Agri
Palavras-chave: Pigeonpeas; Chickpeas; Allelochemicals; Genotypes; Integrated pest management; Animal developmental stages; Antibiosis; Semiochemicals; Grain legumes; Organic acids.
Ano: 1990 URL: http://agropedia.iitk.ac.in/openaccess/?q=node/4081
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Hosting Capacity of Horticultural Plants for Insect Pests in Brazil Chilean J. Agric. Res.
Leite,Germano L.D; Picanço,Marcelo; Zanuncio,José C; Moreira,Márcio D; Jham,Gulab N.
Factors such as fertilization, allelochemicals, trichomes, weather, and natural enemies can influence pest populations. Thus, it is necessary to understand the factors that predispose vegetable species to pests and the role of polyculture, crop rotation, and neighboring plants. The objective of this research was to study the hosting capacity for pests of Abelmoschus esculentus (L.), Brassica oleracea L. vars. acephala and capitata, Capsicum annuum L., Cucurbita moschata (Duchesne), Cucurbita maxima Duchesne and Cucumis sativus L., Lycopersicon esculentum Mill., Solanum gilo Raddi and Solanum melongena L., and Phaseolus vulgaris L. The higher density of Bemisia tabaci (Genn.) adults on C. sativus can be due to the higher amount of pentacosane and octacosane...
Tipo: Journal article Palavras-chave: Trichomes; Allelochemicals; Nitrogen; Potassium; Insects.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://www.scielo.cl/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0718-58392011000300006
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Is autotoxicity responsible for inhibition growth of new conspecific seedlings under the canopy of the invasive Acacia dealbata Link? Gayana Botánica
Aguilera,Narciso; Guedes,Lubia M.; Becerra,José; González,Luis.
ABSTRACT Autotoxicity is a particular form of allelopathy and is suspected to be responsible for regulating intraspecific competition under the Acacia dealbata Link (Fabaceae) canopy. Was established a bioassay with controlled conditions following the natural patterns of plant material accumulation under the A. dealbata canopy to determine the effects of chemical compounds released by leaves, bark, flowers and pods of the invasive species on germination and early growth of conspecific seedlings. Morphological changes caused by A. dealbata plant parts in roots of A. dealbata seedlings grown in natural and controlled conditions were evaluated with scanning electron microscopy. The composition and behavior of the phytotoxicity of litter under the A. dealbata...
Tipo: Journal article Palavras-chave: Allelopathy; Allelochemicals; Biological invasions; Intraspecific competition; Morphological changes; Non- native range.
Ano: 2017 URL: http://www.scielo.cl/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0717-66432017000100001
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Phytochemistry and Allelophatic Potential of Torelliodora Eucalyptus Leaves on Germination and Initial Growth of Mutambo Planta Daninha
PEREIRA,S.R.; FONSECA,D.R.; MATIAS,R.; CORRÊA,B.O.; PEDRINHO,D.R..
ABSTRACT: Considering the possibility of a intercropping between exotic and native wood species for Legal Reserve areas restoration, information is needed about the possible interactions (positive or negative) between the involved species. The aim of this study was to determine the allelochemicals classes of aqueous extracts from dried and fresh leaves of torelliodora eucalyptus, as well as to evaluate the allelopathic potential of these extracts in the germination and initial growth of Guazuma ulmifola, a native species from Cerrado. To obtain the aqueous extracts at the concentrations of 25 mg mL-1, 50 mg mL-1, 100 mg mL-1 and 200 mg mL-1, the fresh and dried leaves of the eucalyptus were separately subjected to turbolize, followed by an ultrasound bath...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Allelochemicals; Legal Reserve restoration; Guazuma ulmifolia; Exotic species.
Ano: 2018 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0100-83582018000100349
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Potential allelochemicals of the invasive species Carduus nutans L. and C. acanthoides. Repositório Alice
DUKE, S. O.; CERDEIRA, A. L.; CANTRELL, C. L.; SILVA, F. M.; CORNIANI, N.; VELINI, E. D.; DONEGA, M. A..
The thistles Carduus nutants L. and C. acanthoides L. have both been implicated as allelopathic species. These Eurasian native plants are invasive in the U.S. and other parts of the world, competing well with many native species. Bioassay-guided isolation of phytotoxins from shoots and roots of this plant revealed that a chemical found in the roots, aplotaxene (heptadeca-1,8,11,14-tetrane), to be the most likely candidate as an allelochemical. Contrary to the published work of others, we found that this compound to be moderately phytotoxic. It was also found in relatively large amounts in the roots of both Carduus species, and we found the compound to be exuded by the roots into the soil.
Tipo: Separatas Palavras-chave: Fitotoxidade.; Alelopatia; Erva daninha.; Carduus nutans; Carduus acanthoides; Allelochemicals.
Ano: 2013 URL: http://www.alice.cnptia.embrapa.br/alice/handle/doc/981690
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Recent advances in research on botrytis gray mold of chickpea Open Agri
M.P..
Palavras-chave: Chickpeas; Fungi; Genotypes; Sowing date; Allelochemicals; Breeds (animals); Genes; Fungicides; Germplasm; Seed treatment.
Ano: 1997 URL: http://agropedia.iitk.ac.in/openaccess/?q=node/4195
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Rust of groundnut Open Agri
D..
Palavras-chave: Crops; Groundnuts; Genotypes; Allelochemicals; Genes; Fungicides; Fungi; Pathogens; Diseases.
Ano: 1992 URL: http://agropedia.iitk.ac.in/openaccess/?q=node/4166
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