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Registros recuperados: 11
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Allocation of Advertising and Research Dollars In the Florida Orange-Juice Industry: Supply and Demand Elasticity Considerations AgEcon
Brown, Mark G..
This study shows how the mix of advertising and research that maximizes net revenue for a commodity can be approximated for given values of market prices, margins and quantities, along with price elasticities of supply and demand, and the elasticity of demand with respect to advertising and the elasticity of supply and the price margin with respect to research.
Tipo: Preprint Palavras-chave: Advertising dollars; Allocation; Orange juice industry; Agribusiness.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/104325
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Allocation of budgetary resources in agricultural research. Repositório Alice
YEGANIANTZ, L.; PALMA, V.; OLIVEIRA, A. J. de..
1980
Tipo: Artigo em anais de congresso (ALICE) Palavras-chave: Recurso; Alocacao; Agricultura; Pesquisa; Orcamento; Resource; Allocation; Agriculture; Research; Budget.
Ano: 1980 URL: http://www.alice.cnptia.embrapa.br/handle/doc/84917
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Economics of Wastewater Treatment and Recycling: An Investigation of Conceptual Issues AgEcon
Devi, Mekala Gayathri; Davidson, Brian; Boland, Anne-Maree.
In the context of continuous droughts, the search for alternative water sources and increasing environmental restrictions on discharge of treated wastewater into natural water bodies, treated wastewater recycling offers a potential solution. In this paper the methods needed to assess the questions - to what extent treated wastewater can complement the existing water sources in different sectors and at what cost - are discussed? It was concluded that a comparative Benefit Cost Analysis of different combinations of uses and treatment levels would be a critical component in the development of a decision support tool which could be used by urban planners and water authorities. It was also found that community acceptance of recycled water, distribution of costs...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Wastewater; Recycling; Water quality; Pricing; Allocation; Urban design; Resource /Energy Economics and Policy.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/9461
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Farming or burning? shadow prices and farmer’s impatience on the allocation of multi-purpose resource in the mixed farming system of Ethiopia AgEcon
Teklewold, Hailemariam.
In crop-livestock mixed farming system where farm yard manure (FYM) is considered as important multi-purpose resource such as source of soil organic matter, additional source of income and household source of energy, soil fertility depletion could takes place within the perspective of the household allocation pattern of FYM. This paper estimates structural FYM-allocation model in the presence of corner solution, with the objective of examining the role of various returns to FYM and farmer’s impatience on the propensity to allocate FYM for alternative purposes. We illustrate the model using data based on a random sample of 493 farm households in the central highlands of Ethiopia. We find that the higher the selling price of FYM is the higher the incentive...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Impatience; Shadow price; Allocation; Farm yard manure; Ethiopia; Farm Management; Q01; Q12.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/116080
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Free Cash Flow Is At Least as Important as Profit in Assessing a Farm Firm AgEcon
van Blokland, P.J..
This paper suggests that most small agribusinesses can use a short cut to see how their firms are doing financially. The short cut requires that they calculate and follow (1) profit and (2) free cash flow. Both are defined and clarified. The reason for this short cut is that most small firm owners do not do enough financial analysis and that this simple and quick study may encourage them. The paper does not encourage the substitution of these two numbers for a proper analysis. They are useful but more of a bait to land the full course.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Financial analysis; Small agribusiness firms; Profit; Free cash flow; Allocation; Income statement; Agricultural Finance.
Ano: 2005 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/24282
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Global change and conservation triage on National Wildlife Refuges Ecology and Society
Johnson, Fred A; U.S. Geological Survey; fjohnson@usgs.gov; Eaton, Mitchell J; U.S. Geological Survey; mitchell.eaton@usgs.gov; McMahon, Gerard; U.S. Geological Survey; gmcmahon@usgs.gov; Nilius, Raye; U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service; raye_nilius@fws.gov; Bryant, Michael R.; U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service; mike_bryant@fws.gov; Case, David J.; DJ Case & Associates; dave@djcase.com; Martin, Julien; U.S. Geological Survey; julienmartin@usgs.gov; Wood, Nathan J; U.S. Geological Survey; nwood@usgs.gov; Taylor, Laura; North Carolina State University; lotaylor@ncsu.edu.
National Wildlife Refuges (NWRs) in the United States play an important role in the adaptation of social-ecological systems to climate change, land-use change, and other global-change processes. Coastal refuges are already experiencing threats from sea-level rise and other change processes that are largely beyond their ability to influence, while at the same time facing tighter budgets and reduced staff. We engaged in workshops with NWR managers along the U.S. Atlantic coast to understand the problems they face from global-change processes and began a multidisciplinary collaboration to use decision science to help address them. We are applying a values-focused approach to base management decisions on the resource objectives of land managers, as well as...
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Insight Palavras-chave: Adaptive management; Allocation; Decision analysis; Ecosystem valuation; Global change; National Wildlife Refuge; Objectives; Policy; Portfolio analysis; Reserve design; Stakeholders.
Ano: 2015
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Ontogenetic variation in light interception, self-shading and biomass distribution of seedlings of the conifer Araucaria araucana (Molina) K. Koch RChHN
LUSK,CHRISTOPHER H; FALSTER,DANIEL S; PÉREZ-MILLAQUEO,MANUEL; SALDAÑA,ALFREDO.
One of the factors thought to contribute to ontogenetic declines in plant growth rates is diminishing light interception efficiency, as a result of the difficulties of avoiding self-shading among a growing number of leaves, and by stems. The effects of plant size on self-shading and light interception have rarely been quantified, however. We used a three-dimensional digitising system to construct virtual models of the architecture of Araucaria araucana seedlings 71 to 358 mm tall, and modelled their light interception in the forest understorey using the program YPLANT. We also analyzed seedling allometry, to determine the combined effects of biomass distribution and self-shading on total light interception. Average light interception efficiencies...
Tipo: Journal article Palavras-chave: Allocation; Allometry; FLORADIG; Leaf area ratio; Virtual plants; YPLANT.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://www.scielo.cl/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0716-078X2006000300004
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Physiological response of Solanum crinitum Lam. to contrasting light environments. Repositório Alice
DIAS FILHO, M.B..
Investigou-se, durante 66 dias, em camaras de crescimento, sob alto (800-1000 umol m2 s-1) e baixo (200-350 umol-2s-1) regimes de luz, a fisiologia, a morfologia e o crescimento de Solanum crinitum, uma especie arborea pioneira de porte medio, comum como planta invasora de pastagens, areas agricolas abandonadas, e clareiras em areas de floresta na Amazonia brasileira. O objetivo foi estudar a aclimatacao dessa especie ao sombreamento. A taxa de crescimento relativo foi inicialmente (22d) similar entre regimes de luz, tornando-se semelhante entre tratamentos nas avaliacoes subsequentes (44 e 66 d)> A razao de area foliar e a area foliar especifica foram maiores na BR. A proporcao de biomassa alocada nas folhas foi semelhante entre tratamentos, enquanto...
Tipo: Artigo em periódico indexado (ALICE) Palavras-chave: Alocacao de biomassa; Analise de crescimento; Fotossintese; Nitrogenio foliar; Allocation; Patterns; Growth analysis; Photosynthesis; Specific leaf area; Leaf nitrogen content; Amazonia.
Ano: 1997 URL: http://www.alice.cnptia.embrapa.br/handle/doc/95511
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REGIONAL PLANNING OF WASTEWATER REUSE FOR IRRIGATION AND RIVER REHABILITATION AgEcon
Axelrad, Gilad; Feinerman, Eli.
With some agri-environmental restrictions, municipal wastewater can be utilized for agricultural irrigation and river rehabilitation. This paper develops a single-year planning model for a region in Israel which consists of a city and three potential wastewater consumers. The model incorporates, in one endogenous system, the economic, physical and biological relationships in the water-soil-plant environment system and its objective is to maximize the regional social welfare composed of the sum of agricultural and environmental net benefits. The model determines the optimal crop mix and the optimal allocation of the limited water and land resources among all potential users. Then, different allocation approaches from the concept of transferable utility...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Wastewater reuse; Allocation; Optimization Model; Transferable utility games; Resource /Energy Economics and Policy.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/7141
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Size-dependent allocation of biomass to ancillary versus flowers of the inflorescences of the epiphyte Tillandsia stricta Soland (Bromeliaceae) Acta Botanica
Mantovani,André; Iglesias,Ricardo Rios.
The amount of resources invested in reproduction is closely correlated to plant size. However, the increase in reproductive investment is not always proportional to the increase in vegetative growth, as the proportion of plant resources allocated to reproduction can increase, decrease or be maintained along different plant sizes. Although comprising thousand of species, epiphytes are poorly studied in relation to reproductive allocation (RA). We describe the variation in the RA of the epiphytic bromeliad Tillandsia stricta Soland with increasing plant sizes. Our goal is not only to evaluate the RA of the whole inflorescence but also quantify the contribution of ancillary structures in the final RA of this plant species. With increasing sizes of T. stricta...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Allocation; Allometry; Ancillary structures; Bromeliaceae; Tillandsia.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0102-33062009000100016
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The Effect on Asset Values of the Allocation of Carbon Dioxide Emission Allowances AgEcon
Burtraw, Dallas; Palmer, Karen L.; Bharvirkar, Ranjit; Paul, Anthony.
Paradoxically, owners of existing generation assets may be better off paying for carbon dioxide emission allowances than having them distributed for free. This analysis shows that it takes just 7.5% of the revenue raised under an auction to preserve the asset values of existing generators.
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Carbon dioxide; Emission allowance trading; Allocation; Electricity; Restructuring; Air pollution; Auction; Grandfathering; Generation performance standard; Outputbased allocation; Cost-effectiveness; Environmental Economics and Policy; Q2; Q25; Q4; L94.
Ano: 2002 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/10705
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