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Dehydrated brewery residue for pigs in the growth phase under high temperature conditions R. Bras. Zootec.
Albuquerque,Daniel Medeiros de Noronha; Lopes,João Batista; Segundo,Luiz Francisco de França; Brandão,Tatiane Meneses; Ribeiro,Mabell Nery; Ramos,Lidiana de Siqueira Nunes; Figueirêdo,Agustinho Valente de.
This research was developed to evaluate the nutritional, digestible (DE) and metabolizable (ME) energy values of dehydrated brewery residue (DBR) for growing pigs, as well as to evaluate the performance of these animals, subjected to five levels of DBR inclusion (0, 5, 10, 15 and 20%). The experimental design was of randomized blocks, based on animal weight. In the digestibility assay, 12 male piglets of average weight of 34.8±4.8 kg were utilized, while the performance assay had 40 piglets with average weight of 26.7±3.3 kg. Digestible and metabolizable protein values of dehydrated brewery residue for growing pigs reared in an environment of high temperatures were 22.47 and 22.06%, respectively, whereas digestible and metabolizable energy values of DBR...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Alternative feedstuffs; Barley; Digestibility; Metabolizability; Performance.
Ano: 2012 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1516-35982012000700031
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Determination of nutrient and energy values of cottonseed meal supplemented or not with phytase and protease for broiler chicks R. Bras. Zootec.
Tavares-Samay,Alcilene Maria Andrade; Dutra Junior,Wilson Moreira; Palhares,Liliane Olímpio; Lopes,Cláudia da Costa; Rabello,Carlos Bôa-Viagem; Coelho,Andrew Henrique da Silva Cavalcanti.
ABSTRACT The objective of this study was to determine the nutritional and energy compositions of cottonseed meal (CM), with or without enzyme supplementation, for broilers at different ages. A total of 672 male Cobb 500 chickens were distributed into four metabolism and ileal-digestibility trials. The experimental design was completely randomized, with four treatments and six replicates. The following treatments were tested: a corn- and soybean meal-based control diet without enzymes; control diet with enzyme addition; control diet with 25% replaced by CM; and control diet with enzyme addition and 25% replaced by CM. The following variables were investigated: apparent metabolizable energy (AME); nitrogen-corrected AME (AMEn); apparent metabolizability...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/other Palavras-chave: Alternative feedstuffs; Amino acids; Enzymes; Metabolizable energy.
Ano: 2019 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1516-35982019000100521
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Determination of the chemical composition, amino acid levels and energy values of different poultry offal meals for broilers Rev. Bras. Ciênc. Avic.
Silva,EP da; Rabello,CBV; Lima,MB de; Arruda,EMF de; Ludke,JV; Ludke,MCMM.
The aim of this study was to determine the chemical composition, amino acid content and energy values, as well as to quantify the passage rate in the digestive tract of three different poultry offal meals (POM), in two experiments carried out with broilers. In the first experiment, metabolizable energy values were determined (AMEn and TMEn) using the method of total excreta collection. In this experiment, 150 15-d-old male and female broilers were distributed according to a completely randomized experimental design with 5 treatments of 5 replicates of 6 birds each. The following treatments were applied: a reference diet, three test diets consisting of 250 g/kg of the tested ingredient (POM) + 750 g/kg of the reference diet, and one group of birds fasted...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Alternative feedstuffs; Poultry by-products; Passage rate.
Ano: 2012 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1516-635X2012000200003
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Effect of inclusion of citrus pulp in the diet of finishing swines BABT
Watanabe,Pedro Henrique; Thomaz,Maria Cristina; Ruiz,Urbano dos Santos; Santos,Vivian Maia dos; Fraga,Alessandro Luís; Pascoal,Leonardo Augusto Fonseca; Silva,Susana Zaneti da; Faria,Henrique Gonzáles de.
The aim of this work was to study the effect of inclusion of citrus pulp in the diet of finishing pigs. In the first trial, 16 Topigs barrows with 80.5±4.7 kg of initial BW were used to evaluate the digestibility of citrus pulp. Having 18.85% of neutral detergent fiber and 41.18% of neutral detergent soluble fiber, citrus pulp showed as a feasible alternative ingredient to be added in the diets of feed restricted finishing pigs. Second trial tested the use of 0, 10, 20, 30% of citrus pulp in the diets of 36-feed-restricted barrows with initial BW of 83.7±5.1 kg. A quadratic trend (P<0.05) as function of citrus pulp levels was observed for daily weight gain and number of experimental days to reach 130kg BW, being the best estimated inclusion levels of...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Alternative feedstuffs; Digestibility; Energetic restrictions; Heavy swine; Soluble fiber.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1516-89132010000300028
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Effects of Different Dietary Levels of Two Types of Olive Pulp and Exogenous Enzyme Supplementation on the Gastrointestinal tract size, Immunology and Hematology of Broilers Rev. Bras. Ciênc. Avic.
Sayehban,P; Seidavi,A; Dadashbeiki,M; Ghorbani,A; Araújo,WAG; Albino,LFT.
ABSTRACT The effects of the dietary inclusion of olive pulp (OP) and the supplementation of a commercial enzyme blend (ENZ) on the gastrointestinal tract (GIT) size, and immune and hematological parameters were evaluated. In total, 600 one-day-old Ross 308 male broiler chicks were divided into 6 treatments according to a completely randomized design, in a 2×2×2 factorial scheme, consisting of the dietary inclusion of two olive pulp levels (50 and 100 g/kg in diet), two pulp categories (processed and unprocessed), and the inclusion or not of an enzyme blend. On d 42, birds were euthanized and blood samples were collected, and lymphoid, hematologic, and GIT organs were measured. The inclusion of 100g/kg OP in the diets increased jejunum relative weight (J%)...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Alternative feedstuffs; Immune responses; Natural antioxidants; Processing; Visceral physiology..
Ano: 2015 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1516-635X2015001000073
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Effects of different grinding levels (particle size) of soybean hull on starting pigs performance and digestibility BABT
Moreira,Ivan; Kutschenko,Marianne; Paiano,Diovani; Scapinelo,Cláudio; Murakami,Alice Eiko; Quadros,Arlei Rodrigues Bonet de.
Two experiments were carried out to study the effects of grinding of soybean hulls (SH) on starting pigs (15-30 kg) diets. Experiment I consisted of a digestibility trial with 12 barrows, initial average body weight 21.9±1.29 kg, in which the best digestibility coefficient (DC) of DM and GE was obtained with SH ground through a 2.5mm screen mesh, evaluated for CP and ME, a best DC was attained with 3.0 mm screen mesh. In the Experiment II, five diets with increasing SH (2.5 mm) levels (0, 3, 6, 9 and 12 %) for starting piglets were formulated. A quadratic response in daily weight gain (DWG) occurred, according to SH inclusion. Worst DWG occurred at 7.75 % SH inclusion. Daily feed intake, feed: gain ratio and plasma urea nitrogen were not affected by...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Alternative feedstuffs; By-product; Nutritional evaluation; Nutrition; Piglets.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1516-89132009000500023
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Effects of glycerol on the metabolism of broilers fed increasing glycerine levels Rev. Bras. Ciênc. Avic.
Romano,GG; Menten,JFM; Freitas,LW; Lima,MB; Pereira,R; Zavarize,KC; Dias,CTS.
This study evaluated the metabolic response of broilers fed diets containing increasing crude glycerine levels in two bioassays. Birds were house in metabolic cages, and were distributed according to a completely randomized experimental design with five treatments of 4 replicates each (1st assay: 5 birds/ cage; 2nd assay: 1-20 days = 8 birds/ cage, and 21-42 days = 4 birds/cage). Treatments consisted of a control diet based on corn and soybean meal, and four other diets containing 2.5%, 5.0%, 7.5% and 10.0% glycerine derived from biodiesel. In experiment I, there was no effect (p&gt;0.05) of glycerol level on liver weight or blood parameters. Serum blood glycerol levels of the birds fed 10% crude glycerine increased during the first nine days of diet...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Alternative feedstuffs; Energy source; Nutrition; Feed.
Ano: 2014 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1516-635X2014000100014
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Effects of sorghum on broilers gastrointestinal tract Rev. Bras. Ciênc. Avic.
Silva,MCA; ACXG,Carolino; Litz,FH; Fagundes,NS; Fernandes,E de A; Mendonça,GA.
This study aimed at evaluating the effects of whole and ground sorghum, compared with ground corn, on the live weight, feed conversion ratio, organs weight and intestinal biometrics and histomorphometrics. In total, 960 Hubbard Flex broilers were reared until 42-day-old and distributed into 24 pens, according to the three treatments: ground corn, whole-grain sorghum, and ground sorghum. On day 42, five male birds per treatment were selected by similar body weight and sacrificed. Gizzard absolute weight, and proventriculus, liver, pancreas and heart relative weights, and duodenum, jejunum, ileum, ceca, and colon length and relative weight were determined. Villus characteristics and intestinal mucosa absorption surface area were evaluated. Broilers fed...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Alternative feedstuffs; Intestine; Nutrition; Organs.
Ano: 2015 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1516-635X2015000100095
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Evaluation of babassu meal in feed for layer hens during the growth phase Rev. Bras. Ciênc. Avic.
Carneiro,MIF; Sakomura,NK; Malheiros,EB; Araújo,JA; Silva,EP da; Kawauchi,IM; Fernandes,JBK; Sousa,JRST de.
Studies were conducted to evaluate the nutritional value and inclusion levels of babassu meal (BM) in the diet of grower layer pullets in substitution to wheat meal. Digestibility, metabolism and growth trials were conducted. Twelve cecectomized roosters were used in the digestibility assay to determine the coefficients of standardized digestibility of amino acids (CSDAA). The metabolism trial was conducted with 30 adult roosters to determine the apparent metabolizable energy corrected for nitrogen (AMEn) of BM. A growth trial was performed to determine replacement levels of wheat midds by BM diet using 360 six-week-old commercial layer pullets. BM was included at the 0, 75 and 150 g/kg of BM, during grower and development rearing phases, respectively....
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Alternative feedstuffs; Nutritional composition; Digestibility; Performance.
Ano: 2014 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1516-635X2014000200011
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Glycerine derived from biodiesel production as a feedstuff for broiler diets Rev. Bras. Ciênc. Avic.
Silva,CLS; Menten,JFM; Traldi,AB; Pereira,R; Zavarize,KC; Santarosa,J.
The performance, carcass traits, and litter humidity of broilers fed increasing levels of glycerine derived from biodiesel production were evaluated. In this experiment, 1,575 broilers were distributed according to a completely randomized experimental design into five treatments with seven replicates of 45 birds each. Treatments consisted of a control diet and four diets containing 2.5, 5.0, 7.5, or 10% glycerine. The experimental diets contained equal nutritional levels and were based on corn, soybean meal and soybean oil. The glycerine included in the diets contained 83.4% glycerol, 1.18% sodium, and 208 ppm methanol, and a calculated energy value of 3,422 kcal AMEn/kg. Performance parameters (weight gain, feed intake, feed conversion ratio, live weight,...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Alternative feedstuffs; Broilers; Biodiesel; Performance; Glycerol.
Ano: 2012 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1516-635X2012000300006
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Inclusion of sunflower meal, with or without enzyme supplementation, in broiler diets Rev. Bras. Ciênc. Avic.
Tavernari,FC; Albino,LFT; Morata,RL; Dutra Júnior,WM; Rostagno,HS; Viana,MTS.
Two experiments were carried out to evaluate the effects of the dietary inclusion of different dietary sunflower meal (SFM) levels (0% and 20%), with or without the supplementation of an enzyme complex (EC) (cellulase, β-glucanase, xylanase, and phytase) on broiler performance, carcass and cuts yields, economics, and dietary AMEn values. A randomized block experimental design, with a 2x2 factorial arrangement of eight replicates of 20 birds each, was used to test performance. A completely randomized experimental design with a 2x2 factorial arrangement of eight replicates of four birds each was used to test metabolism. No interaction effects between SFM and EC were observed on performance. Although SFM significantly reduced feed intake in the starter phase...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Alternative feedstuffs; Broiler production; Enzyme complex.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1516-635X2008000400007
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Metabolizable energy of different glycerine sources derived from national biodiesel production for broilers Rev. Bras. Ciênc. Avic.
Zavarize,KC; Menten,JFM; Pereira,R; Freitas,LW; Romano,GG; Bernardino,M; Rosa,AS.
The objective of the present study was to evaluate the quality of different glycerine sources produced in Brazil and to analyze their metabolizable energy levels and digestibility for broilers. Firstly, the composition of 10 samples of glycerine from different sources was analyzed. Secondly, glycerine from four different sources presenting contrasting compositions were selected to determine their metabolizable energy levels and digestibility in metabolism assays using 200 broilers between 21 and 29 days of age, applying the method of total excreta collection. The values of apparent metabolizable energy corrected for nitrogen balance of the four glycerine sources were 3145, 5026, 2828, and 2892 kcal/kg.
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Alternative feedstuffs; Broilers; Metabolizable energy; Glycerol.
Ano: 2014 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1516-635X2014000400011
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Performance and carcass characteristics of free-range broiler chickens fed diets containing alternative feedstuffs Rev. Bras. Ciênc. Avic.
Faria,PB; Vieira,JO; Silva,JN; Rodrigues,AQ; Souza,XR; Santos,FR; Pereira,AA.
The present study was carried out to evaluate the effects of alternative feedstuffs as partial substitutes of corn and soybean in free-range broiler diets on performance, carcass yield and technical-economic viability. A total of 400 Pescoço Pelado broilers were distributed in a completely randomized experimental design (CRD), with four treatments (treatment 1:Control; treatment 2: 10% rice bran inclusion; treatment 3: 10% ground cassava leaves; and treatment 4: 10% ground lead tree hay) with four replicates per treatment. Each replicate consisted of a group of 25 birds per paddock, separated per sex. Initial weight (IW), final weight (FW), body weight (BW), daily weight gain (DWG), feed intake (FI) and feed conversion ratio (FCR) were evaluated. Carcass,...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Alternative feedstuffs; Free-range chickens; Performance.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1516-635X2011000300009
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Poultry by-product meal as dietary protein source for dourado, Salminus brasiliensis: an economic appraisal Scientia Agricola
Donadelli,Renan Antunes; Aguilar,Fredy Armando Aguilar; Sonoda,Daniel Yokoyama; Cyrino,José Eurico Possebon.
ABSTRACT: The dourado, Salminus brasiliensis, a large, carnivorous, Neotropical, Characin, is highly regarded for fish farming and sport fishing alike. However, studies on the farming and husbandry of dourado are still scarce. This study evaluated the performance of dourado fed diets formulated so as to contain increasing levels of poultry by-product meal as a replacement for fish meal and aimed to identify the maximum level of replacement to maximize profit. The trial was set up in a closed recirculation system with controlled water quality (temperature 27 °C, dissolved oxygen 6.5 mg L−1, pH 7.4, and ammonia 0.25 mg L−1). Juvenile fish were stocked in tanks in a completely randomized design, acclimatized to system conditions and experimental diets, and...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Fish nutrition; Alternative feedstuffs; Economic evaluation.
Ano: 2019 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0103-90162019001300190
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Replacement of corn by babassu mesocarp bran in diets for feedlot young bulls R. Bras. Zootec.
Miotto,Fabrícia Rocha Chaves; Restle,João; Neiva,José Neuman Miranda; Castro,Kélvia Jácome de; Sousa,Luciano Fernandes; Silva,Rafael de Oliveira da; Freitas,Beatriz Barroso de; Leão,Jean Pacheco.
Nutrient intake and digestibility and productive performance of 30 feedlot young bulls fed diets containing babassu mesocarp bran in replacement of corn were evaluated. Animals were distributed in a completely randomized design with five levels of replacement of corn by babassu mesocarp bran (BMB): 0, 250, 500, 750 and 1000 g/kg of dry matter, and six replications. The dry matter (DM) intake in kg/day, g/kg body weight (BW) and g/kgBW0.75 increased as the corn was replaced by BMB. The intake of neutral detergent fiber (NDF) and crude protein (CP) increased linearly, whereas the intake of non-fibrous carbohydrates (NFC) had quadratic behavior. The digestibility of DM, CP, NDF and NFC and the total digestible nutrients (TDN) showed quadratic behavior with...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Alternative feedstuffs; Biodiesel by-products; Biodiesel co-products; Biofuel by-products; Biofuel co-products; Nutritional value.
Ano: 2013 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1516-35982013000300009
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Silage or fresh by-product of peach palm as roughage in the feeding of lambs. Repositório Alice
CABRAL, Í. dos S.; AZEVÊDO, J. A. G.; ALMEIDA, F. M. de; PEREIRA, L. G. R.; ARAUJO, G. G. L. de; NOGUEIRA, A. S.; SOUZA, L. L.; OLIVEIRA, G. A. de; OLIVEIRA FILHO, C. A. A. de.
The objective of this study was to evaluate intake and apparent digestibility of agro-industrial by-product of peach palm in diets for lambs. Twenty castrated, crossbred Santa Ines lambs, with average age of 150 days and body weight of 22.4±3.4 kg, were distributed in a completely randomized design with four experimental diets composed of the following: fresh by-product of peach palm enriched with urea + ammonia sulfate (FU); fresh peach palm by-product + concentrate (FP); silage of peach palm by-product + concentrate (SP); and silage of peach palm by-product enriched with 15% of cornmeal + concentrate (SPC). Intake was recorded daily, and the digestibility coefficients were estimated with the internal marker indigestible acid detergent fiber (iADF). Diet...
Tipo: Artigo em periódico indexado (ALICE) Palavras-chave: Alimentos alternativos; Confinamento; Suplemento alimentar; Subproduto; Produção animal; Ruminate; Pupunha; Alternative feedstuffs; Feedlot; Ruminants.
Ano: 2015 URL: http://www.alice.cnptia.embrapa.br/handle/doc/1036891
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Silage or fresh by-product of peach palm as roughage in the feeding of lambs. Repositório Alice
CABRAL, Í. dos S.; AZEVÊDO, J. A. G.; ALMEIDA, F. M. de; PEREIRA, L. G. R.; ARAUJO, G. G. L. de; NOGUEIRA, A. S.; SOUZA, L. L.; OLIVEIRA, G. A. de; OLIVEIRA FILHO, C. A. A. de.
2015
Tipo: Artigo em periódico indexado (ALICE) Palavras-chave: Alternative feedstuffs; Feedlot; Animal production; Ruminants.
Ano: 2015 URL: http://www.alice.cnptia.embrapa.br/handle/doc/1035495
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Sunflower meal and enzyme supplementation of the diet of 21- to 42-d-old broilers Rev. Bras. Ciênc. Avic.
Araújo,WAG de; Albino,LFT; Rostagno,HS; Hannas,MI; Pessoa,GBS; Messias,RKG; Lelis,GR; Ribeiro Jr,V.
The objective of this study was to evaluate the performance of male broilers between 21 and 42 days of age fed diets supplemented with an enzyme blend (EB) and containing graded levels of sunflower meal (SFM). In total, 1920 male Cobb broilers were distributed according to a randomized block experimental design in a 4 x 3 factorial arrangement (four SFM dietary levels vs. three feed formulations) with eight replicates of 20 birds each. Dietary SFM inclusion levels were 0, 8, 16, and 24%. Feed formulation included one negative control diet (NC) formulated to supply broiler nutritional requirements, considering EB nutritional matrix values; a diet formulated as the first one, but with the addition of 0.5% EB (NC+EB); and the third diet (positive control -...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Sunflower meal; Broilers; Enzyme blend; Alternative feedstuffs.
Ano: 2014 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1516-635X2014000200002
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Sunflower Meal and Supplementation of an Enzyme Complex in Layer Diets Rev. Bras. Ciênc. Avic.
Araújo,WAG; Albino,LFT; Rostagno,HS; Pessoa,GBS; Cruz,SCS; Lelis,GR; Carneiro,PRO; Vieira,RA.
ABSTRACTThe objective of this experiment was to evaluate the performance of 64- to 79-wk-old laying hens fed diets supplemented with an enzyme complex (EC) and containing increasing sunflower meal (SFM) levels. A total of 384 Hy-Line Brown layers were distributed according to a randomized block design in a 4 × 2 factorial arrangement (four levels of SFM, and inclusion or not of EC), with eight replicates of six birds each unit. The levels of SFM inclusion were 0, 8, 16 and 24%, utilized in two distinct diets. Diets were calculated to meet all the nutritional requirements of birds, except for the nutrients that would be made available by the nutritional matrix of the enzyme complex, with or without utilization of EC. The parameters analyzed were feed intake...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Alternative feedstuffs; Eggs quality; Feed costs; Poultry..
Ano: 2015 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1516-635X2015000300363
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Triticale em dietas para frangos de corte. Repositório Alice
BRUM, P.A.R.de; ZANOTTO, D.L.; GUIDONI, A.L.; ROSA, P.S.; LIMA, G.J.M.M. de; VIOLA, E.S..
Foi realizado um estudo com o objetivo de verificar os efeitos da substituicao do milho pelo triticale em dietas para frangos de corte. Foram utilizados 1.560 pintos de corte sendo metade de cada sexo, os quais foram criados de 1 ate 42 dias de idade. O delineamento experimental foi em blocos casualizados, com cinco tratamentos (Tl=0, T2=25, T3=50 e T4=75% de substituicao do milho por triticale e T5=uma dieta a base de triticale e farelo de soja). Utilizaram-se seis repeticoes de cada sexo de 26 aves em cada tratamento. As dietas foram isocaloricas e isoproteicas. Foi verificado efeito de sexo (P,0,05), exceto na convencao alimentar media na primeira fase. Os machos apresentaram melhor desempenho do que as femeas. A interacao entre sexo e tratamento nao...
Tipo: Artigo em periódico indexado (ALICE) Palavras-chave: Triticale; Alimento alternativo; Valor nutritivo; Performance; Alternative feedstuffs; Nutritive value; Triticales.
Ano: 2000 URL: http://www.alice.cnptia.embrapa.br/handle/doc/101286
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