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Registros recuperados: 8
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A Comparison of Actual and Hypothetical Willingness to Pay of Parents and Non-Parents for Protecting Infant Health: The Case of Nitrates in Drinking Water AgEcon
Loomis, John B.; Bell, Paul; Cooney, Helen; Asmus, Cheryl.
We estimate adults’ willingness to pay (WTP) to reduce health risks to their own or other families’ infants to test for altruism. A conjoint analysis of adults paying for bottled water found marginal WTP for reduction in risk of shock, brain damage, and mortality in the cash treatment of $2, $3.70, and $9.43, respectively. In the hypothetical market these amounts were $14, $26, and $66, indicating substantial hypothetical bias, although not unexpected due to the topic of infant health. Statistical tests confirm a high degree of altruism in our WTP results, and altruism held even when real money was involved.
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Altruism; Conjoint; Drinking water; Nitrates; Validity; Willingness to pay; Agricultural and Food Policy; Consumer/Household Economics; Food Consumption/Nutrition/Food Safety; Health Economics and Policy; Institutional and Behavioral Economics; I10; Q53.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/56657
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A Comparison of Actual and Hypothetical Willingness to Pay of Parents and Non-Parents for Protecting Infants' Health: The Case of Nitrates in Drinking Water AgEcon
Loomis, John B.; Asmus, Cheryl; Bell, Paul.
The objective of this research was to estimate adults' willingness to pay to reduce health risks to their or other families's infants, the latter to test for altruism. A choice experiment was conducted by having adults pay for bottled water for infants to reduce infants' exposure to nitrates in drinking water. Since nitrates only affect infants' health, we have isolated the adults' willingness to pay just for infants' health by buying bottled water to avoid infants' nitrate intake. Respondents were separated into two treatments, one with hypothetical choices, and the other where respondents were told that one of their four choices would be binding, and they would actually buy bottled water using money given to them at the beginning of the experiment....
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Altruism; Conjoint; Drinking water; Validity; Willingness to pay; Health Economics and Policy.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/9358
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Altruism, Favoritism, and Guilt in the Allocation of Family Resources: Sophie's Choice in Mao's Mass Send Down Movement AgEcon
Li, Hongbin; Rosenzweig, Mark R.; Zhang, Junsen.
In this paper, we use new survey data on twins born in urban China, among whom many experienced the consequences of the forced mass rustication movement of the Chinese “cultural revolution,” to identify the distinct roles of altruism and guilt in affecting behavior within families. Based on a model depicting the choices of the allocation of parental time and transfers to multiple children incorporating favoritism, altruism and guilt, we show the conditions under which guilt and altruism can be separately identified by experimental variation in parental time with children. Based on within-twins estimates of affected cohorts, we find that parents selected children with lower endowments to be sent down; that parents behaved altruistically, providing more...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Guilt; Altruism; China; Health Economics and Policy; International Development; J12; J13; O12.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/43524
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Consumer versus citizen preferences in contingent valuation: evidence on the role of question framing AgEcon
Ovaskainen, Ville; Kniivila, Matleena.
Rather than individual consumer preferences, responses to referendum-style contingent valuation surveys on environmental goods may express citizen assessments that take into account benefits to others. We reconsider the consumer versus citizen hypothesis with a focus on the role of framing information. Survey data on conservation areas in Ilomantsi, Finland, are used. Different versions of the valuation question were used to encourage the respondents to take the consumer or the citizen role. The citizen version expectedly resulted in substantially fewer zero-WTP responses and protests and higher mean and median WTP, suggesting that the framing information has a major effect on the preferences expressed. The findings support the idea of multiple...
Tipo: Article Palavras-chave: Altruism; Benefit–cost analysis; Conservation areas; Contingent valuation; Multiple preference orderings; Referendum; Spike model; Consumer/Household Economics.
Ano: 2005 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/118585
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Motives for Household Private Transfers in Burkina Faso AgEcon
Kazianga, Harounan.
Resource transfers among households have received considerable interest among economists in recent years. Two of the main reasons for the surge of interest in household transfers are the information on human nature conveyed by transfer behavior and the implication on income redistribution policy that private transfer might have. Empirical studies, however, provide mixed results on transfer behavior. This is because previous inquiries were confronted with several estimation issues and have focused on data from developed countries where private transfers are already small. This paper contributes to the literature on transfer behavior by using a multifaceted econometric approach to examine the motives of household transfers in Burkina, a low-income country...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Private transfers; Altruism; Exchanges; Risk sharing; Consumer/Household Economics; D63; D64; I15; I30.
Ano: 2004 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/28463
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Pervivencia de lo sagrado en el control del acceso, uso y manejo del monte-agua en la montaña texcocana. Colegio de Postgraduados
Madrigal Calle, Beatriz Elena.
Este Trabajo buscó entender cómo la noción de lo sagrado controla el acceso, uso y manejo del monte-agua en las comunidades de Santa Catarina del Monte y Tequexquinahuac del municipio de Texcoco, Edo. de México. Durante 2011-2013, se hizo observación participante en las comunidades y entrevistas a los y las encargados(as) del agua, mayordomía, autoridades civiles, religiosas, jóvenes, ancianos, integrantes del Consejo Indígena Náhuatl de Texcoco, en Santa Catarina del Monte y, en Tequexquinahuac a especialistas rituales para describir las prácticas rituales relacionadas con la gestión del agua, los lugares sagrados, entender la religiosidad en los demás eventos de las comunidades, la opinión de los diversos grupos participantes y su mundo sagrado. Esto se...
Palavras-chave: Ritualidad; Conservación; Lugares sagrados; Altruismo; Naturaleza; Rituality; Conservation; Sacred places; Altruism; Nature; Desarrollo Rural; Doctorado.
Ano: 2013 URL: http://hdl.handle.net/10521/2116
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The Value of Private Risk Versus the Value of Public Risk: An Experimental Analysis of the Johannesson et al. Conjecture AgEcon
Messer, Kent D.; Poe, Gregory L.; Schulze, William D..
In 1996 Johannesson et al. published a paper in this journal entitled “The Value of Private Safety versus the Value of Public Safety.” Based on preliminary evidence from a hypothetical contingent valuation study, these authors argue that consumers behave as “pure altruists” and reject the notion of paternalistic preferences for safety in a coercive tax setting. These pure altruists consider the cost of a program that might be imposed on other voters when they decide whether to vote for or against public safety programs. The authors conclude that further empirical research in this area is warranted. This paper presents a set of laboratory economics experiments to test Johannesson et al.’s conjecture under controlled conditions in which participants face an...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Altruism; Risk; Voting; Public goods; Research Methods/ Statistical Methods; Risk and Uncertainty; D81; D64; H41; C91; C92; D72.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/51141
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Voluntary Pollution Abatement and Regulation AgEcon
Delgado, Michael S.; Khanna, Neha.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Altruism; Voluntary Pollution Abatement; Regulation; Environmental Economics and Policy; Q52; Q58; K32.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/103886
Registros recuperados: 8
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