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Advances in research and development of mango industry Rev. Bras. Frutic.
Bally,Ian S. E..
World mango production is spread over 100 countries that produce over 34.3 million tons of fruit annually. Eighty percent of this production is based in the top nine producing nations that also consume upward of 90% of their production domestically. One to 2 percent of fruit is traded internationally in to markets in the European Community, USA, Arabian Peninsula and Asia. This paper outlines some of the recent research and development advances in mango breeding and genomics, rootstock development, disease management and harvest technologies that are influencing the production and quality of mango fruit traded domestically and internationally.
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Australia; Breeding; Molecular markers; Rootstocks; Anthracnose; Harvesting; Sap-burn.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0100-29452011000500008
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AFLP markers differentiate isolates of Colletotrichum gossypii from C. gossypii var. cephalosporioides Trop. Plant Pathol.
Silva-Mann,Renata; Vieira,Maria G. G. Carvalho; Machado,José C.; Bernardino Filho,José Roberto; Salgado,Kalinka C. C.; Stevens,Mikel R..
Fungal diseases in cotton (Gossypium hirsutum), such as anthracnose caused by Colletotrichum gossypii and ramulose caused by C. gossypii var. cephalosporioides, are responsible for large yield losses. These pathogens are seed borne and morphologically similar although they induce different symptoms, which can lead to misdiagnosis using the blotter testing method. The present study was carried out to assess the viability of using Amplified Fragment Length Polymorphism (AFLP) markers to differentiate these pathogens. Five isolates, for each pathogen, were classified according to pathogenicity on cotton plants, and mycelial growth morphology. Conidial suspensions were sprayed on 30-day-old cotton plants and the symptoms assessed ten and 40 days after...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Molecular markers; Anthracnose; Ramulose; Cotton diseases; Seed borne pathogens.
Ano: 2005 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0100-41582005000200011
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Alternativas limpas para controle da podridão pós-colheita causada por Colletotrichum em banana. Infoteca-e
OLIVEIRA, E. S. de; VIANA, F. M. P.; MARTINS, M. V. V.; PESSOA, M. N. G..
bitstream/item/103333/1/BPD13012.pdf
Tipo: Boletim de Pesquisa e Desenvolvimento (INFOTECA-E) Palavras-chave: Controle natural; Natural control.; Musa sp; Antracnose; Controle Biológico.; Anthracnose; Biological control..
Ano: 2013 URL: http://www.infoteca.cnptia.embrapa.br/infoteca/handle/doc/982056
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Alternativas para o controle da Antracnose do açaí-solteiro. Infoteca-e
NOGUEIRA, S. R.; ANDRADE NETO, R. de C.; LUNZ, A. M. P.; COSTA, K. K. da.
A antracnose, causada por Colletotrichum gloesporioides, induz severos danos às folhas de açaizeiro (Euterpe precatoria), levando à morte de plantas, principalmente nas condições de viveiro. A doença é limitante para a produção de mudas de açaí-solteiro e consequentemente para expansão do seu cultivo. Os estudos com essa espécie ainda estão no início, sendo necessária a adoção de um conjunto de medidas para o controle eficiente da antracnose.
Tipo: Fôlder / Folheto / Cartilha (INFOTECA-E) Palavras-chave: Açaí solteiro; Cultivos de viveros; Enfermedades y desórdenes de las plantas; Enfermedades fungales de las plantas; Antracnosis; Control biológico; Control químico; Control cultural; Açaí; Viveiro; Doença de Planta; Doença Fúngica; Antracnose; Colletotrichum Gloeosporioides; Controle Biológico; Controle Químico; Controle Genético; Controle Cultural; Euterpe precatoria; Nursery crops; Plant diseases and disorders; Fungal diseases of plants; Anthracnose; Glomerella cingulata f. sp. aeschynomene; Biological control; Chemical control; Cultural control; Genetic resistance.
Ano: 2018 URL: http://www.infoteca.cnptia.embrapa.br/infoteca/handle/doc/1091660
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Antracnose. Infoteca-e
CORDEIRO, M. V. M.; LIMA, C. S.; SILVA, C. de F. B. da.
bitstream/item/210990/1/CLV19017.pdf
Tipo: Capítulo em livro técnico (INFOTECA-E) Palavras-chave: Antracnose; Tratamento Fitossanitário; Pós-Colheita; Doença; Folha; Ramo; Inflorescência; Fruto; Anthracnose; Branches; Inflorescences; Fruits.
Ano: 2019 URL: http://www.infoteca.cnptia.embrapa.br/infoteca/handle/doc/1117841
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Characterization of Colletotrichum lindemuthianum isolates using differential cultivars of common bean in Santa Catarina State, Brazil BABT
Gonçalves-Vidigal,Maria Celeste; Thomazella,Claudia; Vidigal Filho,Pedro Soares; Kvitschal,Marcus Vinícius; Elias,Haroldo Tavares.
In 2003 and 2004, 32 isolates of Colletotrichum lindemuthianum obtained from the infected plants of field-grown common bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) in Santa Catarina state, Brazil were analyzed based on the virulence to 12 differential cultivars of Phaseolus vulgaris L.. Thirteen distinct races were identified, six of which had not been reported previously in Santa Catarina. This is the first report of the occurrence of 67, 83,101,103,105, and 581 races of C. lindemuthianum. Race 65 was most common (34%). All the isolates were compatible to the cultivars Michelite and Mexico 222. Some isolates infected not only differential cultivar of Mesoamerican origin, but also the ones of Andean origin.
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Anthracnose; Common bean; New races; Phaseolus vulgaris L..
Ano: 2008 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1516-89132008000500002
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Colletotrichum isolates related to Anthracnose of cashew trees in Brazil: morphological and molecular description using LSU rDNA sequences BABT
Lopez,Ana Maria Queijeiro; Lucas,John Alexander.
Thirty six isolates of fungi obtained from anthracnose lesions of cashew and associated host plants in Brazil, were compared by their cultural, morphological and partial sequences of the 28S ribosomal DNA characters. They showed a high degree of cultural variability. The average mycelial growth rate on all tested media ranged from 10.2-13.3 mm/day between the isolates. Most of them produced perithecia (sterile and fertile) and some produced setae (sterile and fertile). All the isolates produced acervuli with predominantly cylindrical conidia (12.4-17.7 µmX 4.8-6.0 µm in width) with round ends, which became septate on germination, and produced unlobed or slightlylobed appressoria. Comparison of the D2 domain of the large subunit (LSU) rDNA sequences with...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Anthracnose; Inflorescence blight; Colletotrichum; RDNA; Cashew; Anacardium occidentale.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1516-89132010000400001
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Common bean genotypes for agronomic and market-related traits in VCU trials Scientia Agricola
Chiorato,Alisson Fernando; Carbonell,Sérgio Augusto Morais; Bosetti,Fátima; Sasseron,Graziele Ramos; Lopes,Rodrigo Lorencetti Tunes; Azevedo,Cleber Vinícius Giaretta.
Value for Cultivation and Use (VCU) trials are undertaken when evaluating improved common bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) lines, and knowledge of agronomic and market-related traits and disease reaction is instrumental in making cultivar recommendations. This study evaluates the yield, cooking time, grain color and reaction to anthracnose (Colletotrichum lindemuthianum), Fusarium wilt (Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. phaseoli) and Curtobacterium wilt (Curtobacterium flaccumfaciens pv. flaccumfaciens) of 25 common bean genotypes derived from the main common bean breeding programs in Brazil. Seventeen VCU trials were carried out in the rainy season, dry season and winter season from 2009 to 2011 in the state of São Paulo. Analyses of grain color and cooking time were...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Phaseolus vulgaris; Fusarium wilt; Curtobacterium wilt; Anthracnose; Selection.
Ano: 2015 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0103-90162015000100034
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Control of Colletotrichum gloeosporioides (penz.) Sacc. In yellow passion fruit using Cymbopogon citratus essential oil BJM
Anaruma,Nina Duarte; Schmidt,Flávio Luís; Duarte,Marta Cristina Teixeira; Figueira,Glyn Mara; Delarmelina,Camila; Benato,Eliane Aparecida; Sartoratto,Adilson.
The use of antibiotics in agriculture is limited when compared to their applications in human and veterinary medicine. On the other hand, the use of antimicrobials in agriculture contributes to the drug resistance of human pathogens and has stimulated the search for new antibiotics from natural products. Essential oils have been shown to exert several biological activities including antibacterial and antifungal actions. The aim of this study was to determine the activity of 28 essential oils from medicinal plants cultivated at CPMA (Medicinal and Aromatic Plants Collection), CPQBA/UNICAMP, against Colletotrichum gloeosporioides (Penz.) Sacc., the anthracnose agent in yellow passion fruit (Passiflora edulis Sims f. flavicarpa Deg), as well as evaluating...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Yellow passion fruit; Colletotrichum gloeosporioides; Anthracnose; Antimicrobial activity; Minimal inhibitory concentration.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1517-83822010000100012
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Controle de Colletotrichum gloeosporioides em mamoeiro, utilizando extratos vegetais, indutores de resistência e fungicida - DOI: 10.4025/actasciagron.v30i3.3500 Agronomy
Nascimento, Luciana Cordeiro do; Universidade Federal da Paraíba; Nery, Aparecida Rodrigues; UFP; Rodrigues, Luís Nery; UFCG.
O presente trabalho teve como objetivo avaliar o controle de doenças do mamoeiro, utilizando extratos vegetais (alho, angico e manjericão), óleos naturais (urucum e algodão), indutores de resistência (Bion®, Ecolife® e Agro-mos®) e fungicida Mancozeb/Dithane. O Experimento I consistiu-se da avaliação dos tratamentos sobre o crescimento micelial de Colletotrichum gloeosporioides, in vitro; no Experimento II, efetuou-se a inoculação artificial do fungo sobre frutos sadios de mamão e avaliou-se a severidade da podridão peduncular, por meio de escala de notas e, no Experimento III, aplicaram-se os tratamentos em mudas de mamoeiro, inoculadas artificialmente com C. gloeosporioides, avaliando-se a antracnose com escala de notas. Os resultados obtidos...
Palavras-chave: 5.01.00.00-9 Agronomia Carica papaya L.; Antracnose; Produtos naturais; Pós-colheita Fitossanidade Carica papaya L.; Anthracnose; Natural products; Postharvest.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://periodicos.uem.br/ojs/index.php/ActaSciAgron/article/view/3500
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Development of Colletotrichum gloeosporioides isolated from green pepper in different culture media, temperatures, and light regimes Scientia Agricola
Mello,Alexandre Furtado Silveira; Machado,Andressa Cristina Zamboni; Bedendo,Ivan Paulo.
Control of anthracnose in green pepper involves the use of resistant varieties and/or fungicides. The selection of varieties and efficient products demands great amounts of conidia as inoculum. It is thus necessary to optimize the production of Colletotrichum gloeosporioides conidia in the laboratory, establishing the best conditions for fungus development. The present study aimed at determining the most favorable culture media, temperature, and light conditions for the production of fungus inoculum. The fungus was isolated from green pepper fruits (Capsicum annuum L.) and transferred to four culture media (PDA, oat, filtered pepper extract, and autoclaved pepper extract), under different temperatures (15, 20, 25, 30, and 35ºC) and light conditions (24h...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Capsicum annuum; Anthracnose; Mycelium growth; Sporulation.
Ano: 2004 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0103-90162004000500013
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Differences in competitive ability among races of Colletotrichum graminicola in mixtures Trop. Plant Pathol.
CASELA,CARLOS R.; FERREIRA,ALEXANDRE S.; SANTOS,FREDOLINO G..
Mixtures of races of Colletotrichum graminicola, causing sorghum (Sorghum bicolor) anthracnose and differing in their virulence range, were inoculated for five and six generations on the susceptible sorghum cultivar BR009 (Tx623), in two experiments in a greenhouse. In each generation a sample of 50 single spore isolates was obtained and inoculated on a standard differential set to determine the proportion of each race in the mixture. Isolates of the race 30A, with the narrowest virulence range, predominated over isolates of the more complex races 31B, 31C and 31E indicating the existence of differences in the survival ability among races of this pathogen.
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/other Palavras-chave: Colletotrichum graminicola; Virulence; Fitness; Sorghum bicolor; Anthracnose.
Ano: 2001 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0100-41582001000200019
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Diversidade genética estimada através de marcadores ISSR de Colletotrichum graminicola no Brasil. Infoteca-e
COSTA, R. V. da; SILVA, D. D. da; COTA, L. V.; PARREIRA, D. F.; ZAMBOLIM, L.; GOMES, E. A.; LANA, U. G. de P.; NEVES, W. dos S.; FIGUEIREDO, J. E. F..
A antracnose do milho causada pelo fungo Colletotrichum graminicola é uma das principais doenças da cultura no Brasil e no mundo, atacando praticamente todas as partes da planta. Neste trabalho foi avaliada a variabilidade genética de 95 isolados monospóricos de C. graminicola, provenientes dos estados brasileiros de Goiás, Minas Gerais, Santa Catarina, São Paulo, Paraná e Rio Grande do Sul. O DNA de cada isolado foi amplificado via PCR, utilizando-se 15 primers ISSR (do inglês, inter-simpled sequence repeat) como marcadores moleculares. Os fragmentos de DNA gerados pelo PCR-ISSR foram avaliados por eletroforese em gel de agarose com a visualização da posição das bandas formadas nos géis. Do total de 15, nove primers foram selecionados em função do maior...
Tipo: Boletim de Pesquisa e Desenvolvimento (INFOTECA-E) Palavras-chave: Variabilidade genética; UPGMA; Marcador molecular; Antracnose; Zea mays; Doença de planta; Plant diseases and disorders; Anthracnose.
Ano: 2014 URL: http://www.infoteca.cnptia.embrapa.br/infoteca/handle/doc/1012069
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Efeito da antracnose foliar na produção de grãos em genótipos de sorgo. Infoteca-e
COTA, L. V.; SILVA, D. D. da; COSTA, R. V. da.
bitstream/item/95065/1/circ-192.pdf
Tipo: Circular Técnica (INFOTECA-E) Palavras-chave: Doença de planta; Doença fungica; Sorghum bicolor; Fungal diseases of plants; Anthracnose.
Ano: 2013 URL: http://www.infoteca.cnptia.embrapa.br/infoteca/handle/doc/975361
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Factors affecting the production and regeneration of protoplasts from Colletotrichum lindemuthianum Ciência e Agrotecnologia
Ishikawa,Francine Hiromi; Barcelos,Quélen de Lima; Souza,Elaine Aparecida de; Dias,Eustáquio Souza.
The present work reports factors affecting the production and regeneration of protoplasts from Colletotrichum lindemuthianum. The usefulness of protoplast isolation is relevant for many different applications and has been principally used in procedures involving genetic manipulation. Osmotic stabilizers, lytic enzymes, incubation time and mycelial age were evaluated in terms of their effects on protoplast yield. The optimal condition for protoplast production included the incubation of young mycelia (48 h) in 0.6 mol l-1 NaCl as the osmotic stabilizer, with 30 mg ml-1 Lysing Enzymes from Trichoderma harzianum for 3 h of incubation. In these conditions protoplasts production was higher than 10(6) protoplatos ml-1 in the digestion mixture, number suitable...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Protoplast formation; Lytic enzyme; Anthracnose; Osmotic stabilizer; Filamentous fungi.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1413-70542010000100009
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High species diversity in Colletotrichum associated with citrus diseases in Europe Naturalis
Guarnaccia, V.; Groenewald, J.Z.; Polizzi, G.; Crous, P.W>.
Species of Colletotrichum are considered important plant pathogens, saprobes, and endophytes on a wide range of plant hosts. Several species are well-known on citrus, either as agents of pre- or post-harvest infections, such as anthracnose, postbloom fruit drop, tear stain and stem-end rot on fruit, or as wither-tip of twigs. In this study we explored the occurrence, diversity and pathogenicity of Colletotrichum spp. associated with Citrus and allied genera in European orchards, nurseries and gardens. Surveys were carried out during 2015 and 2016 in Greece, Italy, Malta, Portugal and Spain. A total of 174 Colletotrichum strains were isolated from symptomatic leaves, fruits, petals and twigs. A multi-locus phylogeny was established based on seven genomic...
Tipo: Article / Letter to the editor Palavras-chave: Anthracnose; Citrus; Multi-locus sequence typing; Pathogenicity.
Ano: 2017 URL: http://www.repository.naturalis.nl/record/630359
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Induction of chalcone synthase and phenylalanine ammonia-lyase by salicylic acid and Colletotrichum lindemuthianum in common bean Braz. J. Plant Physiol.
Campos,Ângela Diniz; Ferreira,Alfredo Gui; Hampe,Magdolna Maria Vozári; Antunes,Irajá Ferreira; Brancão,Nely; Silveira,Expedito P.; Silva,João Batista da; Osório,Vera Algayer.
The activities of the enzymes chalcone synthase (CHS) and phenylalanine ammonia-lyase (PAL) were measured in leaf extracts obtained from four cultivars of the common bean (AB 136, Rio Tibagi, Carioca and Macanudo). Two stages of plant development were examined: plantlets (V2) and the onset of blooming (R6). Initially, the plants were either treated with salicylic acid or inoculated with the delta race of Colletotrichum lindemuthianum (inductive fungus) and after three days they were evaluated for enzyme activity. Afterwards, all plants were inoculated (challenged) with the virulent pathotype 33/95 of C. lindemuthianum except for the water control. Five days later, the activities of PAL and CHS were evaluated. There were significant changes in the...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Anthracnose; Phaseolus vulgaris; Systemic acquired resistance.
Ano: 2003 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1677-04202003000300001
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Inheritance of resistance to races 69 and 453 of Colletotrichum lindemuthianum in the common bean BABT
Poletine,Juliana P.; Gonçalves-Vidigal,M.C.; Vidigal Filho,Pedro S.; Scapim,Carlos Alberto; Silvério,Lucas; Thomazella,Cláudia.
The cultivars, AB 136 and G 2333 both resistant to Colletotrichum lindemuthianum races 69 and 453, were crossed with the cultivars Michelite and Perry Marrow (susceptible to both races), with Dark Red Kidney and Cornell 49242 (resistant to both races) and F1 and F2 generations were obtained. Plants were inoculated using a spore suspension at 1.2 x 10(6) concentration. The reaction of F1 and F2 populations showed that Dark Red Kidney, Cornell 49242 and AB 136 cultivars had the dominant genes A (Co-1), Are (Co-2) and Co-6, respectively, was conferring resistance to races 69 and 453. The segregation data obtained from F2 populations indicated that G 2333 carried two dominant resistance genes Co-5 gene and another one Co-7 for 69 and 453 races. The dominant...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Phaseolus vulgaris; Colletotrichum lindemuthianum; Anthracnose; Resistance.
Ano: 2000 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1516-89132000000500006
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Lantana camara: Phytochemical Analysis and Antifungal Prospective Planta Daninha
BASHIR,S.; JABEEN,K.; IQBAL,S.; JAVED,S.; NAEEM,A..
ABSTRACT: In the current study phytochemical analysis and in vitro antifungal potential of fruits, leaves and stem of Lantana camara L. were studied. The phytochemical analysis indicated the presence of alkaloids, flavonoids, tannins, saponins, glycosides and terpenoids in fruit, stem and leaves of L. camara. The in vitro antifungal activity of fruit, stem and leaves of L. camara was tested against Colletotrichum gloeosporioides Penz. Different concentrations (1-5%) of methanolic extract of all the selected parts of L. camara were applied in vitro against the test fungus. The results of in vitro experiment revealed that higher concentration of methanolic fruit extract (5%) significantly reduced the biomass C. gloeosporioides up to 66%. This effective...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Anthracnose; Bioactivity; Colletotrichum gleosporioides; GC-MS; Phytochemicals.
Ano: 2019 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0100-83582019000100167
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Molecular Analysis in the differentiation of Colletotrichum gloeosporioides isolates from the cashew and mango trees BABT
Serra,Ilka Márcia Ribeiro de Souza; Menezes,Maria; Coelho,Rildo Sartori Barbosa; Ferraz,Gabriela Moraes Guerra; Montarroyos,Angélica Virginia Valois; Martins,Luiza Suely Semem.
The aim of the present work was to analyze the molecular methods in the differentiation of Colletotrichum gloeosporioides isolates obtained from the cashew and mango trees. The different molecular taxonomic methods used proved to be efficient regarding intraspecific characterization. Similarly, molecular methods also proved to be efficient in differentiation of the C. gloeosporioides isolates in relation to host specificity. In the analysis of the ITS sequence of the ribosomal DNA, all the isolates amplified with the CgInt and ITS4 primers, confirming that they pertained to C. gloeosporioides. The results from this study suggested that methods based on the pathogenicity, isozyme analysis and RAPD were effective in differentiating C. gloeosporioides...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Anacardium occidentale; Anthracnose; ITS-rDNA; Mangifera indica.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1516-89132011000600004
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