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Fat content and essential fatty acid (EFA) composition of Congolese mature breast milk are influenced by mothers' nutritional status : poster IRD
Rocquelin, Gérard; Tapsoba, S.; Dop, Marie-Claude; Mbemba, F.; Traissac, Pierre; Martin-Prével, Yves.
Breast milk samples of Congolese women (n = 102) nursing 5 mo-old infants and living in Talangaï, a suburban district of Brazzaville, were collected and analyzed for their fat content and fatty acid (FA) composition. Mothers were questioned on their dietary habits. Compared with breast milk from various developed or developing countries ; Congolese mature breast milk was low in fat (28.70 plus or minus 11.33 g/L) but rich in 8:0-14:0 FAs (25.97 plus or minus 8.17% of total FAs) and in polyunsaturated FAs (PUFAs), particularly in n-3 PUFAs (2.39 plus or minus 0.68% of total FAs, mainly 18:3 and 22:6). No 18:1 trans was detected. This was associated with the frequent consumption by the mothers of high-carbohydrate foods (processed cassava roots, wheat bread,...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: SURVEILLANCE NUTRITIONNELLE; LAIT MATERNEL; TABLE DE COMPOSITION; ACIDE GRAS; COUTUME ALIMENTAIRE; ENQUETE NUTRITIONNELLE; BMI.BODY MASS INDEX; FEMME ALLAITANTE.
Ano: 1997 URL: http://www.documentation.ird.fr/hor/fdi:010021789
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Nutrition situation in Brazzaville (Congo) has worsened over the last ten years : poster IRD
Martin-Prével, Yves; Traissac, Pierre; Massamba, J.P.; Garnier, D.; Adoua-Oyila, G.M.; Delpeuch, Francis.
In 1986, 1991 and 1996, three anthropometric cross-sectional surveys were carried out in Brazzaville, the capital city of the Congo, on the representative samples of children less than 6 y. old (n = 2,265, 2,345 and 2,000, respectively) and their mothers. In addition all other members of the households were also investigated in 1991 and 1996. Comparisons between years were adjusted for age, district and, when necessary, sex. Prevalence of wasting (weight-for-height is less than -2 z-scores) among children showed a significant increase over the three surveys (2.9%, 3.9%, 4.6% - OR 96 vs 86 = 1.72, p = 0.001). The prevalence of low Body Mass Index (BMI is less than 18.5 Kg/m2) among mothers also significantly increased (8.4%, 10.5%, 14.2% - OR 96 vs 86 =...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: SURVEILLANCE NUTRITIONNELLE; ENFANT; ADULTE; INDICATEUR NUTRITIONNEL; DEFICIENCE; PREVALENCE; VARIATION INTERANNUELLE; ENQUETE NUTRITIONNELLE; BMI.BODY MASS INDEX.
Ano: 1997 URL: http://www.documentation.ird.fr/hor/fdi:010021787
Registros recuperados: 2
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