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Registros recuperados: 48
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A Latent-Variable Approach to Modelling Multiple and Resurgent Meat Scares in Italy AgEcon
Mazzocchi, Mario; Lobb, Alexandra E..
This paper aims to measure the time pattern of multiple and resurgent food scares and their direct and cross-product impacts on consumer response. The Almost Ideal Demand System (AIDS) is augmented by a flexible stochastic framework which has no need for additional explanatory variables such as a media index. Italian aggregate household data on meat demand is used to assess the time-varying impact of a resurgent BSE crisis (1996 and 2000) and the 1999 Dioxin crisis. The impact of the first BSE crisis on preferences seems to be reabsorbed after a few months. The second wave of the scare at the end of 2000 had a much stronger effect on preferences and the positive shift in chicken demand continued to persist after the onset of the crisis. Empirical results...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Meat demand; BSE; Shock; Almost Ideal Demand System; Kalman filter; Food Consumption/Nutrition/Food Safety; D12; I12.
Ano: 2005 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/24509
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A non-compensatory choice modeling analysis of Japanese consumers’ preferences for beef: A choice experiment approach AgEcon
Aizaki, Hideo; Sawada, Manabu; Sato, Kazuo; Kikkawa, Toshiko.
The purpose of this paper is to examine, using choice experiments, the Japanese consumers’ valuation of domestic Wagyu beef, domestic dairy beef, Australian beef, and US beef when considering their bovine spongiform encephalopathy (BSE) test status. Some Japanese consumers give high priority to food safety while purchasing beef; this is expected to cause a non-compensatory valuation of food safety. As compared to the results derived from a compensatory utility model, a random parameters logit (RPL) with a non-compensatory utility model provides estimation results that are fitter for the respondents’ decision-making rules and also provides more valid willingness to pay (WTP) for each type of beef. The results suggest that the RPL with the non-compensatory...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: BSE; Food safety; Consumers' valuation; Agribusiness; Agricultural and Food Policy; Consumer/Household Economics; Demand and Price Analysis; Food Consumption/Nutrition/Food Safety; Risk and Uncertainty; Q13; D18; D12.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/51656
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A Source-Differentiated Analysis of U.S. Meat Demand AgEcon
Mutondo, Joao E.; Henneberry, Shida Rastegari.
The Rotterdam model is used to estimate U.S. source-differentiated meat demand. Price and expenditure elasticities indicate that U.S. grain-fed beef and U.S. pork have a competitive advantage in the U.S. beef and pork markets, respectively. Expenditure elasticities reveal that beef from Canada has the most to gain from an expansion in U.S. meat expenditures, followed by ROW pork, U.S. grain-fed beef, and U.S. poultry. BSE outbreaks in Canada and the United States are shown to have small impacts on meat demand, while seasonality is found to have a significant effect in determining U.S. meat consumption patterns.
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: BSE; Rotterdam; Seasonalitiy; Source-differentiation; U.S. meat demand; Demand and Price Analysis; Livestock Production/Industries.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/7082
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An American BSE Crisis: Has it affected the Value of Traceability and Country-of-Origin Certifications for US and Canadian Beef? AgEcon
Ward, Ruby A.; Bailey, DeeVon; Jensen, Robert T..
With a BSE incident in the United States (US) in December of 2003, questions arose about the effect of the incident on consumers in the US. The purpose of this paper is to determine if traceability systems for beef can help preserve consumer demand following the discovery of BSE. Auctions were conducted approximately 3 weeks before and after the December 2003 BSE incident in the U.S It was found that overall there was no effect on the size of the bribes needed by the BSE incidence. However, for some groups there were important changes. The results indicate that information about traceability and country of origin is valuable to consumers. They also suggest that greater uncertainty about certifications and assurances for beef existed among the participants...
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: BSE; Traceability; Country-of-origin; Beef market; Auctions; Food Consumption/Nutrition/Food Safety; Livestock Production/Industries.
Ano: 2005 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/8160
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An Economic Assessment of the BSE Crisis in Canada: Impact of Border Closure and BSE Recovery Programs AgEcon
Weerahewa, Jeevika; Meilke, Karl D.; Le Roy, Danny G..
This article assesses the economic consequences of three alternative government responses to the BSE crisis in Canada: 1) expansion in slaughter capacity; 2) partial destruction of the cattle herd; and 3) deficiency payments. Each of these policies is evaluated under four different border situations: 1) autarky; 2) free trade in young beef only; 3) free trade in young beef and cattle; and 4) complete free trade. The results of the policy analysis are quite sensitive to the border assumptions, making it impossible to select a “best” policy without perfect foresight with respect to the timing and the extent of the border opening.
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: BSE; Cattle and beef; Partial equilibrium model; Simulation; Trade ban; International Relations/Trade; Livestock Production/Industries.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/6176
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Analysis of Marketing Margins under Food Recalls and BSE Outbreaks in the U.S. Beef Industry AgEcon
Dhoubhadel, Sunil P.; Castillo, Sergio C.; Capps, Oral, Jr..
It is generally observed that whenever there are cases of disease outbreaks or food recalls, there is a concomitant decline in commodity prices. However, it is still not clear what happens to price spreads among affected agents in the marketing chain. To shed light on this issue, we estimate the collective impact of Bovine Spongiform Encephalopathy (BSE) and food recalls on marketing margins associated with the U.S. beef industry over time. In previous research, the effects of these variables on the market demand of meat were estimated separately. By including these variables together in the same model specification we avoid the possibility of confounding their effects, and we are in position to obtain more precise estimates of elasticities of price...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Marketing margins; Elasticities of price transmission; BSE; Food recalls; U.S. beef industry; Agribusiness; Demand and Price Analysis; Marketing.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/49386
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Bridging the gap between BSE risk assessment and consumer perception of the surveillance system in Japan OAK
KADOHIRA, Mutsuyo; HILL, Glen; SAWADA, Manabu; YOSHIDA, Seiko; 門平, 睦代; ヒル, グレン; 澤田, 学; 吉田, 省子.
Since the first case of bovine spongiform encephalopathy (BSE) was encountered in Japan in 2001, the country quickly responded with a change from passive to active surveillance. The response has not been a smooth one, though, and news media have contributed to opening the public’s eyes to inadequate behavior from government sources responsible for monitoring and protecting the health of consumers. The resultant information“gap” has served to augment the typical Japanese perceptions of risk assessment, as assessed in surveys from 2003 to 2005. Such false beliefs have caused consumers to call for 100% testing of animals for BSE despite accepted scientific standards which do not support such comprehensive and costly surveillance. Instead, testing agencies...
Palavras-chave: BSE; Risk assessment; Surveillance; Risk perception; リスク評価; サーベイランス; リスク認知.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://ir.obihiro.ac.jp/dspace/handle/10322/3110
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BSE and the Dynamics of Beef Consumption: Influences of Habit and Trust AgEcon
Ding, Yulian; Veeman, Michele M.; Adamowicz, Wiktor L..
This study relates habit persistence and trust to recurring food safety incidents in the context of a series of three BSE incidents in Canada. We examined the dynamics of monthly beef expenditure shares of a sample of Canadian households for monthly time periods during year 2002 through 2005 using micro level panel data which followed meat expenditures by Canadian households before and after the first three BSE cases which were discovered in 2003 and 2005. Our results suggest that households’ reactions to the first three BSE events followed a similar general pattern: households reduced beef purchase expenditures following the discovery of BSE but these expenditures subsequently recovered, suggesting that concern diminished over time. Following the first...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: BSE; Habit; And trust; Demand and Price Analysis; Food Consumption/Nutrition/Food Safety.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/49284
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BSE Disease Outbreaks, Structural Change and Market Power in the Canadian Beef Industry AgEcon
Clark, J. Stephen; Cechura, Lukas; Berhanu, Adugna.
This study examines farm to wholesale prices spreads to measure the impact of the Bovine Spongiform Encephalopathy (BSE) disease outbreak on the Canadian beef industry. The study uses structure break tests developed by Gregory and Hansen (1996) and Hansen (1992) examine possible breaks within cointegrating relationships. The study finds evidence that the industry began a realignment as a result of the UK BSE disease outbreak, and the Canadian BSE disease outbreak was simply the largest realignment of the process beginning with the UK disease outbreak. However, the only statistically significant break was the BSE disease outbreak itself in May 2003. Stability was not restored until the border was reopened in 2005. Specific results indicated that the...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: BSE; Market power; Canada; Beef industry; Agribusiness; Industrial Organization; International Relations/Trade.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/114097
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BSE(牛海綿状脳症)の診断法 OAK
古岡, 秀文.
Palavras-chave: BSE; 病理; 診断.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://ir.obihiro.ac.jp/dspace/handle/10322/894
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Changes in Import Demand Elasticity for Red Meat and Livestock: Measuring the Impacts of Animal Disease and Trade Policy AgEcon
Susanto, Dwi; Rosson, C. Parr, III; Henneberry, Shida Rastegari.
This paper estimates import demand functions for red meat and live cattle and investigates the impact of BSE and the trade ban on Canadian Cattle and beef on U.S. import demand elasticity using an error correction model (ECM). The results show that beef, pork, and live cattle were price inelastic prior to the BSE case. There has been statistical evidence of the effect of BSE and the trade bans on import demand elasticity in favor of more elastic demand. The effect is, however, quite small in absolute values for pork and beef imports and is relatively more elastic for live cattle. But the import demand elasticities of the three products are still inelastic. The use of ECM model provides efficient and robust estimates of the parameters.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: BSE; Elasticity; Import demand; Red meat and live cattle; Trade bans; International Relations/Trade; Livestock Production/Industries.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/6337
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Competitiveness of U.S. Meats in Japan and South Korea: A Source Differentiated Market Study AgEcon
Mutondo, Joao E.; Henneberry, Shida Rastegari.
The restricted source differentiated almost ideal demand system (RSDAIDS) is used to estimate the parameters of the Japanese and South Korean source differentiated meat demand models. Expenditure and own-price elasticities indicate that Japanese beef, Canadian and Danish pork, and Brazilian and Thai poultry have a competitive advantage in Japan. The BSE outbreak in Japan decreased the shares of Japanese and U.S. beef. Regarding South Korea, the results indicate that imported beef from the U.S. and Australia, Danish pork, and South Korean and Thai poultry have a competitive advantage. The U.S. BSE outbreak decreased the market shares of U.S. beef in the South Korean beef market.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: BSE; Competitive advantage; FMD; Japanese meat demand; RSDAIDS; South Korean Meat Demand; Demand and Price Analysis.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/9713
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Conceptual Links between Two Mad Cow Crises: The Absence of Paradigmatic Change and Policymaking Implications AgEcon
Labrecque, Joanne; Charlebois, Sylvain.
On March 20, 1996, a day known as Black Wednesday to the British beef industry, the British Secretary of State of Health announced that a possible link existed between BSE and the Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease (vCJD), the human variant of mad cow. Seven years later, a somewhat comparable fate struck the Canadian beef industry. In May 2003, the discovery of the first native North American case of BSE in Canada deflated the prospects of the industry across the country, consequently creating environmental uncertainty. This paper conceptually analyses the events that occurred in Britain by considering the beef industry as a political economy. The authors find that socio-political structures, driven by power and dependency relations, socio-political processes, and...
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: BSE; Food safety policies; Food marketing; Food distribution; Crisis management; Agricultural and Food Policy; Livestock Production/Industries.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/8198
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Consequences of BSE disease outbreaks in the Canadian beef industry AgEcon
Stephen Clark, J.; Cechura, Lukas.
This study examines farm to wholesale prices spreads to measure the impact of the BSE disease outbreak on the Canadian beef industry. The study uses structure break tests developed by Gregory and Hansen (1996) and Hansen (1992) examine possible breaks within co integrating relationships. The study finds evidence that the industry began realignment as a result of the UK BSE disease outbreak, and the Canadian BSE disease outbreak was simply the largest realignment of the process beginning with the UK disease outbreak. However, the only statistically significant break was the BSE disease outbreak itself in May 2003. Stability was not restored until the border was reopened in 2005. Specific results indicated that the processing sector exploited the border...
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Beef industry; Price transmission; BSE; Market power; Parameter instability; Cointegration with structural break; Agribusiness; Agricultural and Food Policy; Agricultural Finance; GA; IN.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/102490
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Consumer acceptance and valuation of beef that has been tested for BSE AgEcon
Cranfield, John A.L..
In light of the discovery of BSE infected cattle in Canada in 2003, a number of efforts have been undertaken to ensure the safety of beef produced in Canada. Recent discussion has focused on testing live cattle for the BSE prion. This paper investigates consumer acceptance and valuation of beef from live cattle that have been tested for BSE. Using data from an internet-­‐based survey of English speaking Canada, single bound estimates of WTP are measured. Expected WTP is 43 per cent for the entire sample, but ranges from 52 per cent for respondents with a high purchase intention to 28 per cent for those with less than a high purchase intention. Nevertheless, the proportion of respondents who were predicted to purchase a tested beef product was small, and...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Consumer demand; Beef; BSE; Willingness to pay; Consumer/Household Economics; Marketing.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/103458
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Consumer Welfare and the Loss Induced by Withheld Information: The Case of BSE in Italy AgEcon
Mazzocchi, Mario; Stefani, Gianluca.
The paper develops a measure of consumer welfare losses associated with withheld information about BSE linkage with vCJD. food safety. The Cost of Ignorance (COI) is measured by comparing the utility of the informed choice with the utility of the uninformed one, under condition of improved information. Unlike previous work, based on a single equation demand model, the measure is obtained retrieving a cost function from a dynamic Almost Ideal Demand System. The results indicate that Italian consumers bore a significant loss because of the delayed release of information.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Food safety; Welfare analysis; Information; Food Consumption/Nutrition/Food Safety; BSE; D80; D60; D12.
Ano: 2002 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/24927
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Consumer's behaviour with respect to meat demand in the presence of animal disease concerns: the special case of consumers who eat bison, elk, and venison AgEcon
Myae, Aye C.; Goddard, Ellen W..
Prion diseases have raised concerns in consumer’s minds about food safety associated with meat world-wide. Bovine Spongiform Encephalopathy (BSE) and Chronic Wasting Disease (CWD) both exist in Canada and consumer markets for beef, bison, elk and deer may have been affected by the diseases. While numerous studies have examined Canadian consumer beef purchasing behavior in the presence of BSE (Lomeli (2005), John(2007)), no examination of the impact of the animal diseases on consumer behavior for households who consume bison, elk and venison as part of their protein intake has been undertaken. In this study, meat consumption behavior for these specific households is examined, in particular, examining meat substitution possibilities between the exotic meats...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Consumer's behaviour with respect to meat demand; Consumers who eat bison; Elk; And venison; BSE; CWD; Media coverage; Agribusiness; Agricultural and Food Policy; Consumer/Household Economics; Demand and Price Analysis; Environmental Economics and Policy; Food Consumption/Nutrition/Food Safety; Health Economics and Policy; Industrial Organization; Institutional and Behavioral Economics; Livestock Production/Industries; Marketing; Political Economy; Production Economics.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/61468
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Consumers' Short- and Long-Term Response to "Mad Cow": Beef Consumption and Willingness-to-Pay for Organic Beef in Italy AgEcon
Corsi, Alessandro.
This paper aims at assessing: 1) consumers' habits concerning beef consumption and their responses to the BSE both immediately and at a longer term; 2) consumers' attitudes and willingness to pay for organic beef, an obvious alternative to regular beef in terms of safety. It is based on two random telephone surveys, the first one conducted in 2001 (few months after the BSE crisis) and the second one in 2003. The analysis shows that though the effect of the BSE crisis has weakened along with time distance, it left some permanent signs in consumers' behaviour. The analysis of the effect of the time distance from the BSE crisis on consumers' attitudes towards organic beef leads to the main conclusion that the demand for organic beef reduced, but that in the...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: BSE; Organic beef; Willingness to pay; Consumer/Household Economics; Food Consumption/Nutrition/Food Safety; Q13; Q21.
Ano: 2005 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/24569
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Context-Dependent BSE Impacts on Canadian Food-at-Home Beef Purchases AgEcon
Maynard, Leigh J.; Wang, Xin.
Household-level Canadian scanner data from 2002 – 2005 were used to identify consumer reactions to the early BSE discoveries that severely impacted Canada’s beef industry. In all provinces, consumers reacted to the initial BSE event by purchasing more beef, apparently to support struggling ranchers. Subsequent BSE events, however, met with reduced beef purchases. The results were consistent across three measures of monthly beef purchases: participation, units purchased, and beef expenditure share. Failing to account for the context of individual BSE events would have produced little evidence of consumer reaction, a common finding among prior North American BSE studies.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: BSE; Mad cow disease; Food safety; Consumer behavior; Canada; Demand and Price Analysis; Food Consumption/Nutrition/Food Safety; D12; Q11.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/48431
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DID BSE ANNOUNCEMENTS REDUCE BEEF PURCHASES? AgEcon
Kuchler, Fred; Tegene, Abebayehu.
This study examines consumers’ retail purchases of beef and beef products for evidence of a response to the 2003 U.S. government announcements of finding cows infected with Bovine Spongiform Encephalopathy (BSE). We constructed weekly estimates of quantities of beef products consumers purchased from 1998 through 2004 using ACNielsen Homescan data. While the variance in purchases was large, most could be explained by trend and seasonality. Deviations from established purchase patterns following the BSE announcements varied across beef products, but were limited to no more than 2 weeks in all cases.
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Food safety; Bovine Spongiform Encephalopathy; BSE; Retail beef purchases; Government announcements; Retrospective analysis; Consumer/Household Economics.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/7251
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