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Registros recuperados: 5
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Comparaison de methodes directes (microscopiques) et indirectes (par mise en culture) dans l'evaluation d'une pollution bacterienne d'origine fecale. Etude preliminaire ArchiMer
Munro, P; Bianchi, M.
Cells of two serotypes of Escherichia coli (O26B6 and 0111B4) were counted using epifluorescence and immunofluorescence microscopy (nonavalent serum) and plate count on specific medium. Values from indirect counts were 10 fold smaller than those from both microscopic counts. In a sample of sea water from an area receiving a fecal pollution, the highest number of bacteria was obtained by epifluorescence microscopy. In that case, the number of cells counted by immunofluorescence microscopy was 10 fold smaller than the number of bacteria able to grow on the medium. It could be due to: the diversity of the natural community, the possibility to other bacteria than E. coli to grow on the used culture medium, the restrictiveness of the serum for "pathogenic...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Escherichia coli; Bacteria; Microbiological culture; Pathogenic bacteria; Microbial contamination; Bacterial counters; Fluorescence microscopy; Bacteria collecting devices; Indicator species.
Ano: 1984 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/1984/acte-1001.pdf
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Determination du profil des flores bacteriennes des zones littorales. Application a l'evaluation de l'impact des rejets ArchiMer
Bunetel, L; Segui, A; Guerin, J; Lerman, I; Cormier, M.
The principle of this method is to evaluate, by counts exercised upon selective media, the relative importance of the different bacteria families in the flora of the coastal waters. It is important to separate the contaminant species and the commensal species in the marine environment. Ten culture media distributed into four categories (selective, non selective, saline and non saline) were examined by numeration. Counts were transferred on a diagram allowing to plot down a profile of bacterial flora of water sampled from a given geographical area. The profiles are arranged by a classification method. The sampling points with similar or adjoining profiles were assembled and marked on the chart. In this way, the authors obtained areas representing the impact...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Bacteria; Coastal waters; Microbiological culture; Sewage disposal; Microbial contamination; Bacterial counters; Bacteria collecting devices.
Ano: 1984 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/1984/acte-1004.pdf
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Isolement et identification de vibrions halophiles d'une station experimentale de mariculture ArchiMer
Bruni, V; Crisafi, E; Maugeri, T; Zaccone, R.
110 Vibrio strains were isolated, at various times of the year, from samples of sea-water supply, breeding-tank water and discarded fish used as food at the breeding stations. From the results obtained by the biochemical and cultural tests, it was possible to identify most of the isolated strains as Vibrio anguillarum . Strains with intermediate characteristics, above-all positive saccharose, proved to be numerous. The authors discuss the occurrence, in particular environments such as those being studied, of atypical or intermediate vibrio strains which are difficult to classify.
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Vibrio; Microbiological culture; Bacteria; Food; Minced products; Fish ponds; Sea water; Identification; Marine aquaculture; Bacteria collecting devices; Microbiological analysis.
Ano: 1984 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/1984/acte-997.pdf
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Methods for microbial biomass, community structure and metabolic activities on surfaces. ArchiMer
White, D.
Microbes in nature are often concentrated on surfaces where they exist in microcolonies of mixed composition. The assay of these mixed microbial consortia by utilizing biochemical components eliminates the problems associated with cultural selectivity of viable counts or the requirement for quantitative release from surfaces required in some microscopic techniques. The assay of cellular components restricted to subsets of the microbial community gives insights into the community structure of the biofilm whereas assay of cellular components common to all cells can be used for biomass estimations. Formation of endogenous storage materials can be utilized as measures of nutritional status and rates of formation or turnover of specific "signatures" from...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Bacteria; Fouling; Bioassays; Metabolism; Surfaces; Bacteria collecting devices; Culture media; Microbiological analysis.
Ano: 1984 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/1984/acte-963.pdf
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Plasmid-associated phenathrene degradation by Chesapeake Bay sediment bacteria. ArchiMer
Okpokwasili, G; Somerville, C; Grimes, D; Colwell, R.
A differential, phenanthrene-enrichment agar plating technique was used to isolate phenanthrene-degrading bacteria from phenanthrene-enriched Chesapeake Bay sediment. One of the isolates, a yellow pigmented, slime-producing, Gram-negative rod identified as Flavobacterium sp. has been studied in detail. It has been found to carry a single plasmid with a mass of about 34 megadaltons. Results of hydrocarbon adherence tests showed that the organism adhered only minimally to n-octane and n-hexadecane, but emulsified cyclohexylbenzene and 1,2,3,4,-tetrahydronaphthalene (tetralin). Curing of the plasmid with 3 mu g/ml novobiocin resulted in loss of phenanthrene clearing ability. Ability to degrade phenanthrene was confirmed using super(14)C-labeled phenanthrene.
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Flavobacterium; Microbiological culture; Culture media; Bacteria; Sediment pollution; Biodegradation; Bacteria collecting devices.
Ano: 1984 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/1984/acte-1014.pdf
Registros recuperados: 5
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