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ECONOMIC EFFECTS OF A BAN AGAINST ANTIMICROBIAL DRUGS USED IN U.S. BEEF PRODUCTION AgEcon
Mathews, Kenneth H., Jr..
Economic effects for three scenarios of antimicrobial drug use in livestock production -- a no-ban scenario and two levels of bans -- are examined through cost minimization and a partial equilibrium analysis. Results indicate that regulating antimicrobial drug use in livestock production would increase per-unit costs of producers previously using drugs and reduce beef supplies in the short run, reducing consumer surplus. Producers not previously using drugs would benefit from short-run price increases.
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Antimicrobial drug; Ban; Beef production; Cost minimization; Feed efficiency; Growth function; Growth promotant; Livestock Production/Industries; C61; D21; D41; I118; Q11; Q12; Q18; R38.
Ano: 2002 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/15068
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Economic Impact of a Ban on the Use of Over-the-Counter Antibiotics in U.S. Swine Rations AgEcon
Hayes, Dermot J.; Jensen, Helen H.; Backstrom, Lennart; Fabiosa, Jacinto F..
Antibiotic drugs are currently used in 90 percent of starter feeds, 75 percent of grower feeds, more than 50 percent of finishing feeds and at least 20 percent of sow feeds (USDA/APHIS). A ban on the use of feed-grade antibiotics would lead to changes in production processes and practices in production of pork, and hence would have an economic impact on the U.S. pork industry and pork market. This study considers the economic effects of a ban in pork production, with no change of regulation on other meats. The analysis uses a set of technical assumptions that are based in large part on a historical analysis of how the Swedish ban influenced the Swedish pork industry to anticipate the potential economic effects. A range of cases is examined. The cases use...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Antibiotic; Ban; Economic impact; Finishing feeds; Grower feeds; Hog farms; Over-the-counter; Pork industry; Pork market; Sow; Starter feeds; Livestock Production/Industries.
Ano: 1999 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/18667
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Phasing Out Registered Pesticide Uses as an Alternative to Total Bans: A Case Study of Methyl Bromide AgEcon
Ferguson, Walter L.; Yee, Jet.
The short-term effect of pesticide bans generally is less efficient production, with higher consumer prices. The higher commodity prices provide windfall profits to producers of affected crops who did not need the banned pesticide, while those producers who were previous users of the banned pesticide may gain or lose, depending on price elasticities of demand and supply. Increased imports may dampen consumer prices and reduce previous gains made by some producers. A crop-by-crop phase-out, based on economic effects in place of an immediate ban on all affected crops, could reduce the adverse effects on consumers, producers, and the balance of trade, while still achieving many of the human health and environmental benefits of an immediate total ban of all...
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Ban; Methyl bromide; Pesticide; Phase-out strategy; Soil fumigation; Agribusiness; Agricultural and Food Policy; Crop Production/Industries.
Ano: 1997 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/90406
Registros recuperados: 3
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