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Registros recuperados: 17
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Apports de nutriments et développement phytoplanctonique en baie de Seine ArchiMer
Aminot, Alain; Guillaud, Jean-francois; Andrieux Loyer, Francoise; Kerouel, Roger; Cann, Philippe.
As part of the Programme National d'Oceanographie Cotiere, the nutrient dynamics of the Bay of Seine were studied between 1992 and 1994 in order to complement work on ecological modelling. Firstly, the River Seine's nutrient fluxes were established: 80 000-130 000 t a(-1) of dissolved inorganic nitrogen, 6 400-8 400 t a(-1) of dissolved phosphorus and 20 000-77 000 t a(-1) of dissolved silicium. Estuarine processes were taken into account. Consequences of nutrient loading for the bay were then evaluated at the pelagic level (nutrient and chlorophyll enrichments) and the benthic level (distribution of various phosphorus fractions in superficial sediments). The large continental inputs always induce concentration gradients in the water from the mouth of the...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Baie de Seine; Rapport de consommation; Chlorophylle; Nutriment; Bay of Seine; Uptake ratio; Chlorophyll; Nutrient.
Ano: 1998 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/1998/publication-844.pdf
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Biogeochemical modelling in the Bay of Seine (France): an improvement by introducing phosphorus in nutrient cycles ArchiMer
Guillaud, Jean-francois; Andrieux-loyer, Francoise; Menesguen, Alain.
As part of the French National Programme for Coastal Oceanography, this paper focuses on improvement of biogeochemical modelling in the: Bay of Seine (Eastern Channel), by introducing phosphorus in nutrient cycles. The Bay of Seine receives the Seine river, which exhibits very high nutrient concentrations, and this coastal zone constitutes a typical case of eutrophication in a river plume area. In terms of analyses, sequential extraction and analysis of sedimentary phosphorus were used in order, to measure various forms of particulate phosphorus in suspended matter and sediment (calcium-bound phosphate, Fe/Al-bound phosphate, exchangeable phosphate and organic phosphorus). In the modelling approach, the Bay is divided into 42 boxes and a two-layer,...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Bay of Seine; Phytoplankton; Phosphorus; River plume; Biological two layer box model.
Ano: 2000 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/2000/publication-462.pdf
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Cycle du mercure en estuaire, baie de Seine et pays de Caux ArchiMer
Laurier, Fabien.
The Seine estuary and its adjacent region Pays de Caux are two significant sources of mercury for coastal marine environments. It is carried through fluvial means for the Seine bay and through karstic fresh water emergences for Pays de Caux's coastal area. Mercury cycle in the Seine estuary and bay is affected by additional anthropical activities. The estuary's maximal turbidity area acts like a trap and a chemical reactor for fluvial mercury. Within this area, we can confirm: (i) the non conservative behaviour of dissolved mercury; (ii) mercury enrichment of particles when comparing the Seine's and marine environment and we suggest mercury particle redistribution from the organic fraction to the oxyhydroxydes fraction. A large fraction of mercury is...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Bay of Seine; Pays de Caux; Estuary; Coastal zone; Speciation; Bioavailability; Mercury; Pays de Caux; Seine; Estuaire; Emergence; Zone côtière; Spéciation; Biodisponibilité; Mercure.
Ano: 2001 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/2001/these-1842.pdf
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Dynamics of particulate organic matter delta N-15 and delta C-13 during spring phytoplankton blooms in a macrotidal ecosystem (Bay of Seine, France) ArchiMer
Savoye, N; Aminot, Alain; Treguer, Paul; Fontugne, M; Naulet, N; Kerouel, Roger.
Two cruises (April and June 1997) were carried out in the Bay of Seine, a nitrate- and ammonium-enriched ecosystem of Western Europe, to identify the major mechanisms that control delta(15)N and VC in spring particulate organic matter (POM). Particulate organic nitrogen (PON) delta(15)N ranged between 0.8 and 5.2parts per thousand in April and between 2.2 and 6.2parts per thousand in June, while particulate organic carbon (POC) delta(13)C ranged between -24.3 and -19.7parts per thousand, and between -20.0 and -16.2parts per thousand during the same periods. During spring 1997, POM was highly dominated by autochthonous phytoplankton. It is shown that the variation of PON delta(15)N is due to both nitrate mixing between river and marine waters and...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: C and N stable isotopes; Phytoplankton; Coastal ecosystem; Nitrate utilization; Bay of Seine.
Ano: 2003 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00000/10645/7593.pdf
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Etude des nourriceries de la Baie de Seine orientale et de l'estuaire de la Seine ArchiMer
Morin, Jocelyne; Riou, Philippe; Bessineton, Christophe; Vedieu, Christophe; Lemoine, Michel; Simon, Serge; Le Pape, Olivier.
This study, carried out from 1995 to 1997, within the framework of "Le Havre" harbour extension project, concerned halieutic populations and the characterization of a coastal nursery in the oriental part of the Seine bay and the Seine estuary . The main objective was to describe the specific and demographic composition of marine populations and their spatio-temporal distribution, and so assess the biological and halieutic role of this area. This study also included a research about the dietary needs of fish juveniles living in the estuary. Autumn and winter surveys results show that the estuary and area under direct influence are the richest from a biological and halieutic point of view. The mouth estuary isthe richest area in terms of diversity of...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Bay of Seine; Estuary; Food; Trophic; Juvenile; Nursery; Baie de Seine; Estuaire; Alimentation; Trophique; Juvénile; Nourricerie.
Ano: 1999 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/1999/rapport-1507.pdf
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Evaluation du stock de coquilles Saint-Jacques de la Baie de Seine et du Proche Extérieur. COMOR 32 (8-23 juillet 2002) ArchiMer
Foucher, Eric.
Scientific scallop surveys called COMOR are carried out in the bay of Seine since 1976. Results are used by fishermen’ associations and by fishing administration to lead management measures. In this report, the scientific results of the survey COMOR 32 realised in July 2002 are described. Abundance and growth indices for scallop, by age and area, are presented. During these surveys, data about most abundant benthic species are also collected since 1998. A first assessment with five years data is made here. A global descriptive analysis is undertaken about all the species present on scallops grounds. A special zoom is applied on both species whitch could be exploited (whelk Buccinum undatum and queen scallop Aequipecten opercularis) and three competitive...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Coquille Saint-Jacques; Pecten maximus; Baie de Seine; Évaluation directe; Stock; Diagnostic; Scallop survey; Pecten maximus; Bay of Seine; Assessment; Stock.
Ano: 2003 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00341/45178/44575.pdf
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Evaluation du stock de coquilles Saint‐Jacques Pecten maximus de la baie de Seine. Résultats de la campagne scientifique COMOR 2019 (2 au 20 juillet 2019). ArchiMer
Foucher, Eric.
The assessment of the King scallop stock of the Bay of Seine (Pecten maximus) was carried out in July 2019, in the Bay of Seine sensu stricto, located in French territorial waters (from the Normandy coast to the south to the limit of 12 nautical miles to the North), as well as the bordering zone lying north of this 12-mile limit and up to a latitude of 49°48N to the North, called "Extérieur Baie de Seine". For this, a scientific survey, based on a stratified random sampling plan, was conducted aboard the F/R Thalia, a coastal research vessel of the French Oceanographic Fleet. Nearly 170 sampling points were completed in the whole area. Analysis of these data leads to an overall increase in exploitable biomass over the entire area. Outside the Bay of Seine,...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Coquille Saint-Jacques; Pecten maximus; Manche Est; Baie de Seine; Evaluation de stock; King scallop; Pecten maximus; Eastern Channel; Bay of Seine; Stock assessment.
Ano: 2019 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00516/62739/67128.pdf
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Evaluation du stock de coquilles Saint-Jacques Pecten maximus du gisement de la baie de Seine. Résultats de la campagne de prospection COMOR 2018 (1er au 19 juillet 2018). ArchiMer
Foucher, Eric.
The assessment of the King scallop stock of the Bay of Seine (Pecten maximus) was carried out in July 2018, in the Bay of Seine sensu stricto, located in French territorial waters (from the Normandy coast to the south to the limit of 12 nautical miles to the North), as well as the bordering zone lying north of this 12-mile limit and up to a latitude of 49°48N to the North, called "Extérieur Baie de Seine". For this, a scientific survey, based on a stratified random sampling plan, was conducted aboard the F/R Thalia, a coastal research vessel of the French Oceanographic Fleet. Nearly 170 sampling points were completed in the whole area. Analysis of these data leads to an overall increase in exploitable biomass over the entire area. In the area “Exterieur...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Coquille Saint-Jacques; Pecten maximus; Manche Est; Baie de Seine; Evaluation de stock; King scallop; Pecten maximus; Eastern Channel; Bay of Seine; Stock assessment.
Ano: 2019 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00480/59162/61795.pdf
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Évolution pléistocène de la Seine fluviatile préservée en Baie de Seine ArchiMer
Benabdellouahed, Massinissa; Dugue, Olivier; Tessier, Bernadette; Thinon, Isabelle; Guennoc, Pol.
New high-resolution seismic data complemented with bedrock samples allowed us to propose a revised geological map of the Bay of Seine and to better define the control by the geological substrate on the morphogenesis and evolution of the Seine River during Pleistocene times. The new data confirm previous works. The Bay of Seine can be divided into two geological parts: a Mesozoic monocline domain occupying most of the bay and a syncline domain, mostly Tertiary, in the north, at the transition with the Central English Channel area. The highlighting of Eocene synsedimentary deformations, marked by sliding blocks in the syncline domain, is one of the most original inputs of this new study in the Bay of Seine that underlines the significant role of the...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Pléistocène; Normandie; Baie de Seine; Paléo-Seine; Sismique haute résolution; Incision; Nappes étagées; Nappes emboîtées; Contrôle tectonique; Normandy; Bay of Seine; Pleistocene; Paleo-Seine river; High-resolution seismic; Incision; Strath terraces; Fill terraces; Tectonic control.
Ano: 2013 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00167/27800/26000.pdf
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First and repeated records of the tropical-temperate crab Asthenognathus atlanticus Monod, 1932 (Decapoda: Brachyura) in the eastern part of the Bay of Seine (eastern English Channel, France) ArchiMer
Jourde, Jerome; Alizier, Sandrine; Dancie, Chloe; Dauvin, Jean-claude; Desroy, Nicolas; Dubut, Severine; Gentil, Franck; Grall, Jacques; Hanin, Camille; Lanshere, Julien; Thiebaut, Eric.
Asthenognathus atlanticus Monod, 1932, has been reported for the first time from the eastern part of the Bay of Seine (eastern English Channel). A total of 30 specimens were collected between the years 2008 and 2011, along the Normandy coast from Ouistreham to Antifer, mainly on mud and muddy sand habitats, between 10 and 25 m depth. The distribution range of A. atlanticus has been previously known to cover eastern Atlantic coasts from Angola to the western English Channel, where it reached its northern limits. It is also present in the western part of the Mediterranean Sea. The changes in the sediment composition of the eastern Bay of Seine have probably led to the development of a potentially favorable habitat for this species. However, the data...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Crustacea Decapoda; Asthenognathus atlanticus; Bay of Seine; Geographical extension; Eastern English Channel.
Ano: 2012 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00131/24178/22365.pdf
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La baie de Seine : hydrologie, nutriments, chlorophille (1978-1994) ArchiMer
Aminot, Alain; Guillaud, Jean-francois; Kerouel, Roger.
The data of hydrology, nutrients and chlorophyll obtained in the Bay of Seine over the period 1978-1994, from 14 océanographie cruises, are synthetised and illustrated by an atlas. The Bay is a typical example of a coastal area influenced by a large river. In winter, the nutrient input is drained off into the eastern Channel. In spring, nutrients are consumed intensively. Silicate is the first that drops to limiting levels. The spring bloom generally begins in the centre-east of the Bay. Chlorophyll a can reach up to 40-70 µg/l during the year, values typical of eutrophic coastal areas. Despite the regular increase of nitrogen inputs, the biomass (as chlorophyll) has not significantly changed over a fifteen year period.
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Chlorophyll; Nutrients; Hydrology; Bay of Seine; Chlorophylle; Nutriments; Hydrologie; Baie de Seine.
Ano: 1997 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/1997/rapport-1428.pdf
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Les campagnes d'évaluation du stock de coquilles Saint-Jacques en Manche orientale : méthodologie et estimation des indices d'abondance ArchiMer
Vigneau, Joel; Fifas, Spyros; Foucher, Eric.
The methodology used for obtaining absolute abundance indices for Eastern Channel scallop is described in this paper. For the survey (COMOR), stratified multi-stage random sampling is used. The number of sampled units is computed based on variance estimates from the last survey. Knowledge of gear (Brittany dredge with a diving plate) selectivity and efficiency parameters is required for estimating total exploitable biomass and absolute abundance indices by age and strata. Details of the mathematical development of all estimators are given. A non parametric bootstrap provides confidence intervals for all estimates.
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Eastern Channel; Bay of Seine; Dredge; Pecten maximus; Scallop; Survey; Assessment; Manche orientale; Baie de Seine; Drague; Pecten maximus; Coquille Saint Jacques; Campagne; Evaluation.
Ano: 2001 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/2001/rapport-6550.pdf
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Modélisation sur vingt ans (1976-1995) de la production phytoplanctonique en baie de Seine ArchiMer
Guillaud, Jean-francois; Menesguen, Alain.
This paper presents an ecological modelling of the Bay of Seine (Eastern Channel) over the last twenty years, chosen as a typical case of eutrophication in a river plume. In the physical sub-model, the Bay is divided into 42 boxes and water fluxes between them are calculated automatically using Ifremer's "Elise" software. A two-layer, vertical thermohaline model is then linked with the horizontal circulation scheme in order to take vertical stratification into account. The biological submodel deals with two chemical elements, nitrogen and silicon, and splits phytoplankton into diatoms and flagellates. Results from this ecological model point out the spatial concordance of highest phytoplanktonic concentrations with the river plume spreading in the bay....
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Eutrophication; Flagellate; Diatom; Bay of Seine; Two layer model; Eutrophisation; Diatomée; Diatomée; Baie de Seine; Modèle bicouche.
Ano: 1998 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/1998/publication-842.pdf
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Phytoplancton en baie de Seine. Influence du panache fluvial sur la production primaire ArchiMer
Videau, Christiane; Ryckaert, Mireille; L' Helguen, Stéphane.
Phytoplankton distribution and primary productivity were investigated in the Bay of Seine (eastern English Channel, France) in spring and early summer of 1992 and 1994. In 1992, the horizontal distribution of phytoplankton species was determined over the whole Bay of Seine. In 1994, species distribution and primary productivity were studied along the salinity gradient of the Seine plume and in the neighbouring marine waters. Phytoplankton distribution was characterised by the permanent diatom dominance from early spring to early summer. The spring bloom did not occur uniformly over the bay, but was initiated in the marine waters, in the middle of the bay and progressed towards the coast where it developed, in June, in the diluted waters of the Seine plume....
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Bay of Seine; Primary productivity; Phytoplankton; Baie de Seine; Production primaire; Phytoplancton.
Ano: 1998 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/1998/publication-843.pdf
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Phytoplancton en baie de Seine. Influence du panache fluvial sur la production primaire ArchiMer
Videau, Christiane; Ryckaert, Mireille; L' Helguen, Stéphane.
Phytoplankton distribution and primary productivity were investigated in the Bay of Seine (eastern English Channel, France) in spring and early summer of 1992 and 1994. In 1992, the horizontal distribution of phytoplankton species was determined over the whole Bay of Seine. In 1994, species distribution and primary productivity were studied along the salinity gradient of the Seine plume and in the neighbouring marine waters. Phytoplankton distribution was characterised by the permanent diatom dominance from early spring to early summer. The spring bloom did not occur uniformly over the bay, but was initiated in the marine waters, in the middle of the bay and progressed towards the coast where it developed, in June, in the diluted waters of the Seine plume....
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Baie de Seine; Production primaire; Phytoplancton; Bay of Seine; Primary productivity; Phytoplankton.
Ano: 1998 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00333/44398/44057.pdf
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The ecological quality status of the Bay of Seine and the Seine estuary: Use of biotic indices ArchiMer
Dauvin, Jean-claude; Ruellet, Thierry; Desroy, Nicolas; Janson, Anne-laure.
Using recent indices developed, in part, for use under the European Water Framework Directive (AMBI, BENTIX, BOPA BQI, I2EC and the trophic index ITI), the ecological quality status of two highly contaminated environments-the Bay of Seine and the Seine estuary (Eastern English Channel)-was determined on several spatial and temporal scales. Data from 604 observations gathered over a 14-year period (1988-2002) were analyzed, and the results used to show the relationship between biotic indices, environmental variables and classic descriptors (e.g., number of species, total abundance, dominance index, ES(50) and Shannon/Brillouin diversities). Though the specific ecological quality (EcoQ) values calculated with the various indices were different, the overall...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Benthic index; Biotic index; Macrobenthos; English Channel; Bay of Seine; Seine estuary.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/2007/publication-2510.pdf
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The presence of Melinna palmata (Annelida : Polychaeta) and Ensis directus (Mollusca : Bivalvia) related to sedimentary changes in the Bay of Seine (English Channel, France) ArchiMer
Dauvin, J; Ruellet, T; Thiebaut, E; Gentil, F; Desroy, Nicolas; Janson, A; Duhamel, S; Jourde, J; Simon, S.
Since late 1990s the annelid polychaete Melinna palmata and the mollusc bivalve Ensis directus have been collected in the eastern part of the Bay of Seine (English Channel), indicating changes in the benthic communities. Melinna palmata was never collected prior to 2002, whereas it was reported in the muddy fine sands of the western part of the Channel, along the French (e.g. Bay of Cherbourg) and southern UK (e.g. Southampton Waters) coasts. Ensis directus was first reported in 1998 and now appears to be well implanted, given the abundant population collected in 2006. The colonization of Melina palmata seems to be a consequence of recent increase of the fine sediment in the eastern part of the Bay, while that of the invasive Ensis directus seems more...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Invasive species; Environmental disturbances; New records; Range expansion; English Channel; Bay of Seine; Ensis directus; Melinna palmata.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/2007/publication-3567.pdf
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