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A gap analysis of confined field trial application forms for genetically modified crops in East Africa: evaluating the potential for harmonization AgEcon
Linacre, Nicholas A.; Cohen, Joel I..
The regulatory approval of genetically modified crops in the field initially requires small, restricted experimental trials known as confined field trials. These small scale experiments provide researchers with important information on environmental interactions and agronomic performance of the crop in a safe and contained manner. To authorize confined field trials regulatory review is required, with formats for obtaining relevant information differing from country to country. In this paper, a Gap Analysis is used to identify informational gaps and potential for harmonization of confined field trial application processes in three East African countries - Tanzania, Kenya, and Uganda. The basic principle behind gap analysis is a comparison of the status quo...
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Genetically modified crops; Gap analysis; Confined field trials; Biotechnology; Biosafety; Crop Production/Industries.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/55421
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Accidents with biological material among undergraduate nursing students in a public Brazilian university BJID
Reis,Renata Karina; Gir,Elucir; Canini,Silvia Rita M. S..
During their academic activities, undergraduate nursing students are exposed to contamination by bloodborne pathogens, as well as by others found in body fluids, among which are the Human Immunodeficiency (HIV), Hepatitis B and C viruses. We developed a profile of victimized students, characterizing accidents with biological material occurring among undergraduate nursing students at a public university in São Paulo State, Brazil. We identified the main causes and evaluated the conduct adopted by students and their reactions and thoughts concerning the accidents. Seventy-two accidents were identified, of which 17% involved potentially contaminated biological material. Needles were the predominant cause of accidents. The most frequently involved topographic...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Undergraduate students; Occupational accident; Biosafety.
Ano: 2004 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1413-86702004000100003
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Alimentos transgênicos: discurso e polêmica: análise do discurso da mídia sobre os produtos transgênicos. Repositório Alice
AVIDOS, M. F. D..
bitstream/item/174966/1/ID-22447-1.pdf
Tipo: Tese/dissertação (ALICE) Palavras-chave: Transgênicos; Transgenics; Biossegurança; Biotecnologia; Análise do discurso; Organismos geneticamente modificados; Biosafety; Biotechnology; GMO; Mass media; Newspapers.
Ano: 2002 URL: http://www.alice.cnptia.embrapa.br/alice/handle/doc/183705
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An analysis of trade related international regulations of genetically modified food and their effects on developing countries AgEcon
Gruere, Guillaume P..
This paper reviews current trade-related regulations of genetically modified (GM) food and discusses their effects on developing countries. There is a large heterogeneity in current import approval and marketing policies of GM food worldwide. At the international level, the harmonization efforts are led by the Codex Alimentarius Commission, the Cartagena Protocol on Biosafety and the World Trade Organization. While internationally harmonized guidelines for safety approval have been finalized, we show that there is no clear consensus on labeling regulations for GM food, and there is an increasing risk of conflicts among international agreements. We analyze the GM food regulations of two large rich importers, Japan and the European Union (EU) and discuss...
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Genetically modified food; Developing countries; Biotechnology; Biosafety; Trade regulation; Labeling; International trade; Tariff; International Relations/Trade.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/55422
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Anais... Infoteca-e
SIMPÓSIO BRASIL SUL DE AVICULTURA, 18.; BRASIL SUL POULTRY FAIR, 9., 2016, Chapecó..
2017
Tipo: Livro técnico (INFOTECA-E) Palavras-chave: Avicultura; Produção animal; Cadeia produtiva; Agronegócio; Biossegurança; Sanidade animal; Aviculture; Poultry production; Agribusiness; Biosafety; Animal health.
Ano: 2017 URL: http://www.infoteca.cnptia.embrapa.br/handle/doc/1070017
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Artificial tritrophic exposure system for environmental risk analysis on aphidophagous predators. Repositório Alice
PAULA, D. P.; SOUZA, L. M. de; ANDOW, D. A.; SOUSA, A. A. T. C. de; PIRES, C. S. S.; SUJII, E. R..
2016
Tipo: Artigo em periódico indexado (ALICE) Palavras-chave: Beneficial insects; Biosafety; Ecotoxicology; Exposure routes.
Ano: 2016 URL: http://www.alice.cnptia.embrapa.br/handle/doc/1053152
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Artificial tritrophic exposure system for environmental risk analysis on aphidophagous predators Anais da ABC (AABC)
PAULA,DÉBORA P.; SOUZA,LUCAS M. DE; ANDOW,DAVID A.; SOUSA,ALEX A.T. CORTÊS DE; PIRES,CARMEN S.S.; SUJII,EDISON R..
ABSTRACT We evaluated an artificial tritrophic exposure system for use in ecotoxicological evaluations of environmental stressors on aphidophagous predators. It consists of an acrylic tube with a Parafilm M sachet containing liquid aphid diet, into which can be added environmental stressors. Immature Cycloneda sanguinea, Harmonia axyridis and Chrysoperla externa, and adult H. axyridis were reared on Myzus persicae. Larval and pupal development and survival of all species and reproductive parameters of H. axyridis were similar to published results. The system provides a suitable tritrophic exposure route, enables ex-ante evaluation of stressors, and improves the accuracy of the assessment.
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Beneficial insects; Biosafety; Ecotoxicology; Exposure routes.
Ano: 2016 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0001-37652016000401569
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Biossegurança de OGM: LAC BIOSAFETY. Repositório Alice
CAPALBO, D. M. F.; DUSI, A. N.; PAULA, D. P.; LEDO, C. A. da S.; SUJII, E. R.; PIRES, C. S. S.; MENDES, S. M.; SILVEIRA, J. M.; ARANTES, O. M. N..
2014
Tipo: Artigo em anais de congresso (ALICE) Palavras-chave: Planta transgênica; Biossegurança; Transgenic plants; Biosafety.
Ano: 2014 URL: http://www.alice.cnptia.embrapa.br/handle/doc/1011724
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Biotechnology and biosafety: integration and opportunities in Mercosur. Repositório Alice
JESUS, K. R. E. de; PLONSKI, G. A..
Abstract: This work is the result of joint efforts by researchers from Argentina and Brazil to offer the scientific and business community an updated compilation of the main laws and regulations governing research, development and marketing of biotechnology in the countries of Mercosur (the Common Market of the South).
Tipo: Livro científico (ALICE) Palavras-chave: Mercosul; Biossegurança; Biotecnologia; Engenharia genética; Biosafety; Biotechnology.
Ano: 2013 URL: http://www.alice.cnptia.embrapa.br/handle/doc/1066307
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Brazilian capacity building experiences in biosafety: impacts in governance and supporting decision-making. Repositório Alice
CAPALBO, D. M. F.; VICIEN, C. E..
GMOs are widely spread around the world, and Brazil is now the second producer behind the USA (1). Initially a defined policy in biosafety was put in place by 1995 which was revised in 2005 (2) with the participation of politicians, decision makers, scientific organization representatives, and groups from organized civil society. The main decision body in place since then is CTNBio, comprised of 27 PhD members and their respective alternates who hold a two-year term, renewable for up to two consecutive periods. So, a significant technical capacity had to be gathered and a critical mass had to be prepared. As expertise is gained with practice and experience, it was recognized that capacity-building initiatives were urgent for different levels of audiences....
Tipo: Resumo em anais de congresso (ALICE) Palavras-chave: Biosegurança; Biosafety.
Ano: 2017 URL: http://www.alice.cnptia.embrapa.br/alice/handle/doc/1078058
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Comparative analysis of the national biosafety regulatory systems in East Africa AgEcon
Jaffe, Gregory.
This paper analyzes the current and proposed biosafety systems in Kenya, Tanzania, and Uganda using a set of components and characteristics common to functional and protective biosafety regulatory systems. It also assesses how those systems take into account the major international legal obligations that relate to biosafety, such the Cartagena Biosafety Protocol. The paper identifies certain areas in each country’s biosafety regulatory systems where further development and clarification would improve the biosafety system, making it more functional and protective. Those areas include: (1) the addition of procedures to ensure the food safety of genetically engineered organisms; (2) the inclusion of the standard and criteria for making an approval decision;...
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Biosafety; Food safety; Genetically modified organisms; Genetic engineering; Regulatory systems; Food Consumption/Nutrition/Food Safety.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/55425
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Comunicação estratégica aplicada no projeto Lacbiosafety no Brasil. Repositório Alice
SOUZA, T. O. de; CAPALBO, D. M. F.; ARANTES, O. M. N..
O projeto LAC Biosafety é constituído por dois componentes ?América Latina: construção de capacidade multipaíses para atendimento ao Protocolo de Cartagena sobre Biossegurança? e ?Capacitação para comunicação e percepção pública?. O projeto vem sendo desenvolvido em conjunto com pesquisadores do Brasil, Colômbia, Costa Rica e Peru e financiado pelo GEF/Banco Mundial. O componente ?Capacitação? teve como objetivo desenvolver uma comunicação estratégica para sanar dúvidas e divulgar o conhecimento científico sobre os organismos geneticamente modificados (OGM) e sua biossegurança. Numa primeira etapa avaliou o nível de conhecimento do público sobre os OGM e o Protocolo de Cartagena e identificou conflitos e necessidades de informação. Para isso foi utilizado...
Tipo: Artigo em anais de congresso (ALICE) Palavras-chave: Consulta social; Divulgação científica; Plantas geneticamente modificadas; Biossegurança; Comunicação; Planta transgênica; Biosafety; Communication; Transgenic plants.
Ano: 2012 URL: http://www.alice.cnptia.embrapa.br/handle/doc/944566
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Comunidade bacteriana como indicadora do efeito de feijoeiro geneticamente modificado sobre organismos não alvo. Repositório Alice
KNUPP, A. M.; MARTINS, C. M.; FARIA, J. C. de; RUMJANEK, N. G.; XAVIER, G. R..
2009
Tipo: Artigo em periódico indexado (ALICE) Palavras-chave: Feijão transgênico; Impacto ambiental; Phaseolus vulgaris; Biosafety.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://www.alice.cnptia.embrapa.br/handle/doc/663464
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Concept of familiarity in risk assessment - experience of the Americas. Repositório Alice
CAPALBO, D. M. F.; ABRAHÃO, O. S.; MODENA, N.; VICIEN, C. E..
The International Life Science Institute (ILSI) is structured, in all countries where it operates, in Scientific Committees, among which Biotechnology. The ILSI Biotechnology Committees of Argentina and Brazil have been working together for a few years to identify issues of greatest interest for development and training in the various countries of the Americas. Due to their intrinsic importance for the problem formulation (the starting point of the risk analysis), the topics ?familiarity? and ?history of safe use? (HOSU) have stood out as shared topics of interest for this collaboration in the last 5 years. Particularly, the familiarity topic has been deeply discussed by the Committees to explore related concepts as stacked events, data transportability...
Tipo: Resumo em anais de congresso (ALICE) Palavras-chave: Análise de Risco; Biotecnologia; Risk assessment; Biosafety; Biotechnology.
Ano: 2019 URL: http://www.alice.cnptia.embrapa.br/alice/handle/doc/1116371
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Conservation, recovery, and sustainable use of ecosystems. Repositório Alice
FONTES, E. M. G.; SOTTA, E. D.; FAVARO, S. P.; GERHARD, P.; VILELA, G. F..
bitstream/item/202983/1/2SDG-15.pdf
Tipo: Capítulo em livro científico (ALICE) Palavras-chave: Biological Diversity; Microorganism culture collections; Nagoya Protocol; Controle Biológico; Biological control; Pollinators; Biosafety; Climate change.
Ano: 2019 URL: http://www.alice.cnptia.embrapa.br/alice/handle/doc/1113187
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Desenvolvimento de comunicação estratégica sobre biossegurança de plantas geneticamente modificadas: o caso do projeto Lac-Biosafety no Brasil. Repositório Alice
SANTOS, D. R. C.; SOUZA, A. de; CAPALBO, D. M. F.; ARANTES, O. M. N..
2011
Tipo: Artigo em anais de congresso (ALICE) Palavras-chave: Plantas geneticamente modificadas; Consulta social; Divulgação científica; Biossegurança; Planta transgênica; Comunicação; Biosafety; Transgenic plants; Communication.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://www.alice.cnptia.embrapa.br/handle/doc/916316
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Desenvolvimento de comunicação estratégica sobre biossegurança de plantas geneticamente modificadas: o caso do projeto LAC-Biosafety no Brasil. Infoteca-e
ARANTES, O. M. N.; SILVEIRA, J. M. F. J. da; BORGES, I. de C.; CAPALBO, D. M. F.; SCHNEIDER, D. R. S.; GATTAZ, N. C.; LIMA, E. de S..
2011
Tipo: Documentos (INFOTECA-E) Palavras-chave: Plantas geneticamente modificadas; Consulta social; Divulgação científica; Biossegurança; Planta transgênica; Comunicação; Biosafety; Transgenic plants; Communication.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://www.infoteca.cnptia.embrapa.br/handle/doc/898401
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Detecting adventitious transgenic events in a maize center of diversity Electron. J. Biotechnol.
Gamarra,Luis Fernando Rimachi; Delgado,Jorge Alcántara; Villasante,Yeny Aquino; Ortiz,Rodomiro.
Background: The genetic diversity of maize in Peru includes several landraces (within race clusters) and modern open pollinated and hybrid cultivars that are grown by farmers across various regions, thereby making this country a secondary center of diversity for this crop. A main topic of controversy in recent years refers to the unintended presence of transgenic events in locally grown cultivars at main centers of crop diversity. Peru does not yet have biosafety regulations to control or permit the growing of genetically modified crops. Hence, the aim of this research was to undertake a survey in the valley of Barranca, where there were recent claims of authorized transgenic maize grown in farmers fields as well as in samples taken from feed storage and...
Tipo: Journal article Palavras-chave: Biosafety; Corn; Sampling; Transgenes; Zea mays.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://www.scielo.cl/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0717-34582011000400009
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Does Bt maize cultivation affect the non-target insect community in the agro ecosystem? Repositório Alice
RESENDE, D. C.; MENDES, S. M.; MARUCCI, R. C.; SILVA, A. de C.; CAMPANHA, M. M.; WAQUIL, J. M..
The cultivation of genetically modified crops in Brazil has led to the need to assess the impacts of thistechnology on non-target species. Under field conditions, the potential effect on insect biodiversity wasevaluated by comparing a homogeneous corn field with conventional and transgenic maize, expressingdifferent Bt proteins in seven counties of Minas Gerais, Brazil. The richness pattern of non-target insectspecies, secondary pests and natural enemies were observed. The results do not support the hypothesisthat Bt protein affects insect biodiversity. The richness and diversity data of insects studied were depend-ent on the location and other factors, such as the use of insecticides, which may be a major factor wherethey are used.
Tipo: Artigo em periódico indexado (ALICE) Palavras-chave: Biosafety; GM maize; Tri-trophic interactions; Integrated pest managementa.
Ano: 2016 URL: http://www.alice.cnptia.embrapa.br/handle/doc/1032866
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Does Bt maize cultivation affect the non-target insect community in the agro ecosystem? Rev. Bras. entomol.
Resende,Daniela Chaves; Mendes,Simone Martins; Marucci,Rosangela C.; Silva,Alessandra de Carvalho; Campanha,Mônica Matoso; Waquil,José Magid.
ABSTRACT The cultivation of genetically modified crops in Brazil has led to the need to assess the impacts of this technology on non-target species. Under field conditions, the potential effect on insect biodiversity was evaluated by comparing a homogeneous corn field with conventional and transgenic maize, expressing different Bt proteins in seven counties of Minas Gerais, Brazil. The richness pattern of non-target insect species, secondary pests and natural enemies were observed. The results do not support the hypothesis that Bt protein affects insect biodiversity. The richness and diversity data of insects studied were dependent on the location and other factors, such as the use of insecticides, which may be a major factor where they are used.
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Biosafety; GM maize; Tri-trophic interactions; Integrated pest management.
Ano: 2016 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0085-56262016000100082
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