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Adaptation du métabolisme respiratoire de l'huître creuse Crassostrea gigas ArchiMer
Le Moullac, Gilles.
Summer mortality of the oyster result from the interaction of many factors. A respiratory assumption proposes a link between the supposed causes of the energy state, the cultivation methods and the medium. This work is focused towards the search for specific metabolic markers of environmental stresses. The cDNA of genes coding for PK and PEPCK were cloned and sequenced in order to detect their regulation level. The sediment nearness affects the state of energy reserves, the metabolic pathways of energy production implying a regulation of the PK. Face to the dissolved oxygen decline, oysters were oxyregulator but with a low regulation ability. In hypoxia, glycolysis was slowed down. PK activity was inhibited resulting from an increase in alanine sensitivity...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Régulation; Enzyme; Expression génique; Anoxie; Bivalve.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/2008/these-4315.pdf
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An amylase gene polymorphism is associated with growth differences in the Pacific cupped oyster Crassostrea gigas ArchiMer
Prudence, Marie; Moal, Jeanne; Boudry, Pierre; Daniel, Jean-yves; Quere, Claudie; Jeffroy, Fanny; Mingant, Christian; Ropert, Michel; Bedier, Edouard; Van Wormhoudt, A; Samain, Jean-francois; Huvet, Arnaud.
This study investigated the non-neutrality of genetic polymorphism in two alpha-amylase genes (AMYA and AMYB) in the oyster Crassostrea gigas. Bi-parental oyster families, bred to be polymorphic for markers in these genes, were monitored for growth and survival for 1 year under standard culture conditions in two French production sites. Within-family genotype frequencies indicated that the two amylase genes were closely linked (c. 1.7 cM). Within two of three families, significant differences in growth were observed between genotypes at one of the two production sites, suggesting that this polymorphism is not neutral and might be under selection because of its role in digestive function. Estimated daily yields were different between amylase genotypes,...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Growth; Genotype; Digestive enzyme; Bivalve; Alpha amylase.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/2006/publication-1691.pdf
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Analysis of shell colour determinism in the Manila clam Ruditapes philippinarum ArchiMer
Peignon, Jean-marie; Gerard, Andre; Naciri, Yamama; Ledu, Christophe; Phelipot, Pascal.
The Manila clam presents a large polymorphism for shell colours and patterns. No experiment has been conducted to study the determinism of such a polymorphism which has been well known for a long time. The aim of this study was firstly to determine the genetic variation for shell colour and secondly to produce some homozygous lines for the shell colouring. These lines could then be used as controls for laboratory experiments. The colouring is defined by three characters: asymmetry, ornamentation and hue. Clams with asymmetrical colouring are not fully pigmented, except for a posterior band on the left valve. Clams with symmetrical colouring are fully pigmented on the two valves. Four cross series were conducted between the different characters: Asymmetry...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Mollusque; Bivalve; Palourde; Ruditapes philippinarum; Génétique; Hérédité mendélienne; Coloration; Asymétrie; Mollusc; Bivalve; Manila clam; Ruditapes philippinarum; Genetics; Mendelian inheritance; Colouration; Asymmetry.
Ano: 1995 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/1995/publication-3204.pdf
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Aspects économiques et techniques de la perliculture en Polynésie Française. Contribution à l'étude de l'alimentation de l'huître perlière Pinctada margaritifera ArchiMer
Hautefeuille, Fanny.
Cultured black pearls are now the tirst export value of French Polynesia. This fast growing activity encourage the retum of the islanders to their native islands and the revival of the economy of the archipelagoes. However, the importance of the development induced sorne technical and economical problems. New reglementations are needed to organize the market and stabilize the black pearl price, the quotation of which is falling since 1990. After the important mortalities which occured in 1985-1 986, the mother of pearl general investigation program was set up. Il aims at the study of the biology and the ecology of the mother of pearl Pinclada margaritifera. The study of the nutrition of this oyster is part of this program and will contribute to the...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Perliculture; Polynésie Française; Problèmes; Bivalve; Huître perlière; Pinctada margaritifera; Bilan énergétique; Contenu stomacal; Assimilation; Conover; Perliculture; French Polynesia; Problems; Bivalvia; Pearl oyster; Pinctada margaritifera; Energetic balance; Stomacal contents; Assimilation; Conover.
Ano: 1994 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00424/53540/54397.pdf
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Association among growth, food consumption-related traits and amylase gene polymorphism in the Pacific oyster Crassostrea gigas ArchiMer
Huvet, Arnaud; Jeffroy, F; Fabioux, C; Daniel, Jean-yves; Quillien, Virgile; Van Wormhoudt, A; Moal, Jeanne; Samain, Jean-francois; Boudry, Pierre; Pouvreau, Stephane.
To examine further a previously reported association between amylase gene polymorphism and growth in the Pacific oyster Crassostrea gigas, ecophysiological parameters and biochemical and molecular expression levels of alpha-amylase were studied in Pacific oysters of different amylase genotypes. Genotypes that previously displayed significantly different growth were found to be significantly different for ingestion and absorption efficiency. These estimated parameters, used in a dynamic energy budget model, showed that observed ingestion rates (unlike absorption efficiencies) allowed an accurate prediction of growth potential in these genotypes. The observed association between growth and amylase gene polymorphism is therefore more likely to be related to...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Ingestion; Gene expression; Bivalve; Alpha amylase.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/2008/publication-5165.pdf
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Bacterial problems associated with scallop Pecten maximus larval culture ArchiMer
Nicolas, Jean-louis; Corre, S; Gauthier, Gilles; Robert, Rene; Ansquer, Dominique.
Scallop Pecten maximus larvae have been cultured at the Argenton and Tinduff (Brittany, France) hatcheries with antibiotic treatment (chloramphenicol at 8 ppm) for 15 yr. Without treatment, outbreak of disease has normally occurred between Day 12 and Day 19 or sometimes earlier. A bacteriological study of larvae reared with and without antibiotic was performed over a 4 yr period. Among the collected strains, 2 clusters (C and F) of vibrios were present at high densities only in larvae cultured without treatment. One cluster (C) was routinely isolated over the 4 yr of study, while the other (F) was collected only in the third year. Their virulence with respect to scallop larvae and their lack of infectivity with respect to oyster larvae were demonstrated in...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Larvae; Bivalve; Vibrio; Scallop.
Ano: 1996 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00090/20077/17716.pdf
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Bilan énergétique chez les mollusques bivalves : terminologie et méthodologie - Compte rendu du groupe de travail réuni au laboratoire national "Ecosystème conchylicole" de l'IFREMER La Tremblade (13 et 14 septembre 1984) ArchiMer
Heral, Maurice; Lucas, Albert; Deslous Paoli, Jean-marc; Goulletquer, Philippe; Masse, Henri; LABEIM (Laboratoire de Biologie et d'Ecologie des Invertébrés Marins).
En septembre 1984, MM. HERAL et DESLOUS-PAOLI organisèrent à La Tremblade, une "réunion méthodologie expérimentale mollusques". Cette rencontre faisait suite à un bref état qui s'était engagé au Congrès de Montpellier sur les "Bases biologiques de l'Aquaculture", où il était apparu que la terminologie et la méthodologie concernant le métabolisme des bivalves devaient être clarifiées. Grâce à une large information auprès des spécialistes français de la physiologie des bivalves, la réunion à La Tremblade a réuni un grand nombre de participants très motivés. Pendant 2 jours des discussions très animées ont permis de bien comprendre les échanges entre les bivalves et leur environnement et d'y jeter un regard neuf, ce qui impliquait une analyse critique du...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Terminologie; Méthodologie; Bilan d'énergie; Physiologie; Bivalve; Terminology; Methodology; Energy budget; Physiology; Bivalve molluscs.
Ano: 1987 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00014/12562/9432.pdf
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Characterization of GnRH-related peptides from the Pacific oyster Crassostrea gigas ArchiMer
Bigot, Laetitia; Zatylny-gaudin, Celine; Rodet, Franck; Bernay, Benoit; Boudry, Pierre; Favrel, Pascal.
Gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH), a key neuropeptide regulating reproduction in vertebrates has now been characterized in a number of non-vertebrate species. Despite the demonstration of its ancestral origin, the structure and the function of this family of peptides remain poorly known in species as distant as lophotrochozoans. In this study, two GnRH-related peptides (Cg-GnRH-a and CgGnRH-G) were characterized by mass spectrometry from extracts of the visceral ganglia of the Pacific oyster Crassostrea gigas. These peptides showed a high degree of sequence identity with GnRHs of other mollusks and annelids and to a lesser extent with those of vertebrates or with AKH and corazonins of insects. Both the mature peptides and the transcript encoding the...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Mollusk; Bivalve; Oyster; Neuroendocrinology; Reproduction; GnRH.
Ano: 2012 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00079/19003/17477.pdf
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Connectivities with shellfish farms and channel rivers are associated with mortality risk in oysters ArchiMer
Gangnery, Aline; Normand, Julien; Duval, Cyrielle; Cugier, Philippe; Grangeré, Karine; Petton, Bruno; Petton, Sebastien; Orvain, Francis; Pernet, Fabrice.
Oyster diseases have major consequences on fisheries and aquaculture. In France, young Pacific oysters Crassostrea gigas are severely hit by the ostreid herpesvirus, whereas adults suffer mortalities presumably caused by pathogenic bacteria. Here we investigated the origin and spread of mortalities that affect both young and adult oysters, and we identified and compared their risk factors. Mortality was monitored in 2 age classes of oysters deployed in early spring at 39 sites spread over a 37 km2 surface area inside and outside of shellfish farms. Environmental data obtained from numerical modelling were used to investigate risk factors. Mortality of young oysters associated with ostreid herpesvirus occurred in the oyster farming area. Hydrodynamic...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Aquaculture; Bivalve; Disease; Epidemiology and health; Ecological modelling; Hydrodynamic connectivity.
Ano: 2019 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00588/69983/67896.pdf
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Contribution à l'étude du système neuroendocrine de la moule Mytilus edulis (Mollusca: Bivalvia) ArchiMer
Kellner-cousin, Kristell.
Dans le cadre de ce travail, l'étude du système neuroendocrine de la moule Mytilus edulis a été envisagée sous plusieurs aspects qui définissent les quatre grandes parties de la thèse. Dans une première partie est décrit le travail de préparation et de caractérisation d'anticorps monoclonaux (AcMc) spécifiques de ganglions cérébroïdes (GC) de Mytilus edulis. Le développement de techniques de préparation d'AcMc dirigés contre des antigènes non purifiés a en effet permis de produire un ensemble de réactifs de type AcMc dirigés contre différents antigènes issus d'un broyat de GC de moule. La spécificité de ces AcMc a été étudiée en microscopie optique puis électronique selon des techniques immunocytochimiques (immunopéroxydase indirecte et immunogold). La...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Mollusque; Bivalve; Mytilus edulis; Cellules neurosécrétrices; Système nerveux; Système immunitaire; Controle de la croissance; Insuline; Anticorps monoclonaux; Immunocytocbimie; ELISA; PCR; Banque d'ADNc.
Ano: 1993 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00109/22019/19642.pdf
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Contrôle de la ploidie par imagerie numérique dans des expériences d'induction de la triploidie chez les mollusques bivalves ArchiMer
Gerard, Andre; Peignon, Jean-marie; Chagot, Dominique.
Individual determination of ploidy level in experimentally induced triploid bivalve molluscs using image cytometry. The sexual maturation in bivalve molluscs causes decreased growth and sometimes increased mortalities. These drawbacks can be avoided by genetic sterilization (triploidy). Triploïdy induction require a egg treatment and a ploidy control at each generation. The ploidy level is usually determined by counting the chromosomes, a technique which is relatively easy for the trochophora stage and for juveniles measuring from 5 mm to 3 cm only. ln order to be able to follow up the evolution of the ploidy rate during any stage of animallife, we have developed an estimation method based on image cytometry. Individual DNA content is determined by...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Image cytometry; Caryology; Triploidy; Bivalve; Imagerie numérique; Caryologie; Triploïdie; Bivalve.
Ano: 1991 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/1991/acte-3202.pdf
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Culturally significant fisheries: keystones for management of freshwater social-ecological systems Ecology and Society
Noble, Mae; Fenner School of Environment and Society, The Australian National University; mae.noble@anu.edu.au; Duncan, Phil; Gamilaroi Traditional Owner, NSW Aboriginal Land Council; phil.duncan@alc.org.au; Perry, Darren; Murray Lower Darling Rivers Indigenous Nations; ngintait@gmail.com; Prosper, Kerry; Paq'tnekek Mi'kmaq First Nations; kerryp@paqtnkek.ca; Rose, Denis; Gunditj Mirring Traditional Owners Aboriginal Corporation; Denis@gunditjmirring.com; Schnierer, Stephan; School of Environment, Science and Engineering, Southern Cross University; stephan.schnierer@scu.edu.au; Tipa, Gail; Tipa and Associates Ltd.; gttipa@vodafone.co.nz; Williams, Erica; National Institute of Water and Atmospheric Research; Erica.Williams@niwa.co.nz; Woods, Rene; National Cultural Flows Program; Murray Lower Darling River Indigenous Nations; woodsre83@gmail.com; Pittock, Jamie; Fenner School of Environment and Society, The Australian National University; jamie.pittock@anu.edu.au.
Indigenous peoples of North America, Australia, and New Zealand have a long tradition of harvesting freshwater animals. Over generations of reliance and subsistence harvesting, Indigenous peoples have acquired a profound understanding of these freshwater animals and ecosystems that have become embedded within their cultural identity. We have identified trans-Pacific parallels in the cultural significance of several freshwater animal groups, such as eels, other finfish, bivalves, and crayfish, to Indigenous peoples and their understanding and respect for the freshwater ecosystems on which their community survival depends. In recognizing such cultural connections, we found that non-Indigenous peoples can appreciate the deep significance of freshwater animals...
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Synthesis Palavras-chave: Adaptive freshwater management; Aquatic resources; Bivalve; Comanagement; Crayfish; Cultural keystone species; Eel; Indigenous ecological knowledge; Indigenous water rights; Lamprey; Salmon; Social-ecological resilience.
Ano: 2016
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DEB2009 Symposium : Dynamic Energy Budget, 30 years of research for metabolic organization, Book of abstracts ArchiMer
We are pleased to welcome you to at the first Symposium on Metabolic organization in Brest, 19-22 April, 2009. This conference is being organized jointly by Ifremer (French Institute for the Research and Exploitation of the Sea), the Department of Theoretical Biology at Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam, the Universities of Brest (UBO), Marseille (LMGEM-UMR CNRS 6117), Caen (UMRPE2M, LBBM) and Lisbon (Instituto Superior Técnico), the IRD (French Research Institute for Development), the INRA (French National Institute for Agricultural Research), the NIOZ (RoyalNetherlands Institute for Sea Research), the IMARES Wageningen (Institute for Marine Resources and Ecosystem Studies), as all these research teams are involved in research on DEB theory. You are 81 persons...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Ecology; Bivalve; Chemistry; Ecotoxicology; Physiology; Dynamic energy budget; Biology.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/2009/acte-6790.pdf
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Derivation of toxicity equivalency factors for marine biotoxins associated with Bivalve Molluscs ArchiMer
Botana, Luis M.; Hess, Philipp; Munday, Rex; Nathalie, Arnich; Degrasse, Stacey L.; Feeley, Mark; Suzuki, Toshiyuki; Van Den Berg, Martin; Fattori, Vittorio; Gamarro, Esther Garrido; Tritscher, Angelika; Nakagawa, Rei; Karunasagar, Iddya.
Background Seafood toxins pose an important risk to human health, and maximum levels were imposed by regulatory authorities throughout the world. Several toxin groups are known, each one with many analogues of the major toxin. Regulatory limits are set to ensure that commercially available seafood is not contaminated with unsafe levels. Scope and Approach The mouse bioassay was used to measure the toxicity in seafood extracts to determine if a sample exceeded regulatory limits. The advantage of this approach was to provide an estimation of the total toxicity in the sample. As instrumental methods of analysis advance and serve as replacements to the mouse bioassay, the challenge is translating individual toxin concentrations into toxicity to determine...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Marine toxins; Toxicity Equivalency Factors; FAO; WHO; Bivalve; Mollusc.
Ano: 2017 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00358/46960/46874.pdf
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Detection of early effects of a single herbicide (diuron) and a mix of herbicides and pharmaceuticals (diuron, isoproturon, ibuprofen) on immunological parameters of Pacific oyster (Crassostrea gigas) spat ArchiMer
Luna-acosta, Andrea; Renault, Tristan; Thomas-guyon, Helene; Faury, Nicole; Saulnier, Denis; Budzinski, Helene; Le Menach, K.; Pardon, P.; Fruitier-arnaudin, I.; Bustamante, Paco.
In the context of massive summer mortality events of the Pacific oyster Crassostrea gigas, the aim of this study was to investigate the early effects on genes, enzymes and haemocyte parameters implicated in immune defence mechanisms in C. gigas oysters exposed to a potentially hostile environment, i.e. to an herbicide alone or within a mixture. Following 2 h of exposure to the herbicide diuron at 1 mu g L-1 the repression of different genes implicated in immune defence mechanisms in the haemocytes and the inhibition of enzyme activities, such as laccase-type phenoloxidase (PO) in the plasma, were observed. The inhibition of superoxide dismutase (SOD) activity in the plasma was also observed after 6 and 24 h of exposure. In the mixture with the herbicides...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Bivalve; Pollution; Gene expression; Laccase; Superoxide dismutase; Phagocytosis.
Ano: 2012 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00083/19435/17475.pdf
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Does bivalve mucus favour the growth of their main food source, microalgae? ArchiMer
Cognie, B; Barille, Laurent.
Bivalves, by releasing inorganic nutrients, can stimulate the growth of the primary producers on which they feed. Dissolved excretion and mineralization of biodeposits (pseudofaeces and faeces), two indirect processes related to their feeding activity, have already been identified. This study investigated whether microalgal growth is also dependent on the mucus secreted by bivalves and rejected with their biodeposits. An experimental study based on algal growth tests was conducted to determine whether the mucus coating the pseudofaeces and faeces of the oyster Crassostrea gigas (Thunberg) could stimulate the growth of nine marine microalgae: a Prasinophyceae [Tetraselmis suecica (Butcher)] and eight Diatomophyceae [Amphora sp. (Ehrenberg), Chaetoceros sp....
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Bivalve; Microphyte; Mucus; Fèces; Pseudofèces; Bivalve; Microalgae; Mucus; Faeces; Pseudofaeces.
Ano: 1999 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00325/43607/43926.pdf
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Early gametogenesis in the Pacific oyster: new insights using stem cell and mitotic markers ArchiMer
Cavelier, Patricia; Cau, Julien; Morin, Nathalie; Delsert, Claude.
While our knowledge of bivalve gametogenesis has progressed in recent times, more molecular markers are needed in order to develop tissue imaging. Here, we identified stem cell and mitotic markers to further characterize oyster early gametogenesis, mainly through immunofluorescence microscopy. Intense alkaline phosphatase activity, a non-specific marker for stem cells, was detected on the outer edge of the gonad ducts at the post-spawning stage, suggesting an abundance of undifferentiated cells very early during the sexual cycle. This observation was confirmed using an antibody against Sox2, a transcription factor specific for stem or germline cells, which labeled cells in the gonad duct inner mass and ciliated epithelium early during the initial oyster...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Germline cells; Cell cycle; Reproduction; Bivalve; Marine invertebrates.
Ano: 2017 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00409/52100/52809.pdf
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Effect of a mono-specific algal diet on immune functions in two bivalve species - Crassostrea gigas and Ruditapes philippinarum ArchiMer
Delaporte, Maryse; Soudant, Philippe; Moal, Jeanne; Lambert, Christophe; Quere, Claudie; Miner, Philippe; Choquet, Gwenaelle; Paillard, Christine; Samain, Jean-francois.
The impact of diets upon the fatty acid composition of haemocyte polar lipids and consequently upon immune parameters has been tested in the oyster Crassostrea gigas and the clam Ruditapes philippinarum. Oysters and clams were fed each of three cultured algae: Chaetoceros calcitrans, which is rich in 20:5(n-3) and 20:4(n-6) and poor in 22:6(n-3) fatty acids; T-Iso (Isochrysis sp.), which is rich in 22:6(n-3) and deficient in 20:5(n-3) and 20:4(n-6); and Tetraselmis suecica, which is deficient in 22:6(n-3) and contains only small amounts of 20:5(n-3) and 20:4(n-6). Fatty acid composition of haemocyte polar lipids was greatly affected by the diet. Oysters and clams fed C. calcitrans maintained a higher proportion of 20:5(n-3) and 20:4(n-6) in their haemocyte...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Ruditapes philippinarum; Crassostrea gigas; Polyunsaturated fatty acids; Phagocytosis; Oxidative activity; Haemocyte membrane; Nutrition; Immunology; Bivalve; Immunologie; Bivalve; Ruditapes philippinarum; Crassostrea gigas; Acides gras poly insatures; Phagocytose; Flambee respiratoire; Membrane; Hemocyte; Nutrition.
Ano: 2003 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/2003/publication-354.pdf
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Effect of sampling location, release technique and time after activation on the movement characteristics of scallop (Pecten maximus) sperm ArchiMer
Suquet, Marc; Quere, Claudie; Mingant, Christian; Lebrun, Luc; Ratiskol, Dominique; Miner, Philippe; Cosson, Jacky.
Sperm characteristics of scallops have not been well described in the scientific literature. The effects of sperm release technique (thermal shock versus serotonin injection), of sperm collection technique (testis sampling versus serotonin injection), of sperm sampling location along the genital tract, of in vitro sperm maturation, and of time post activation on scallop sperm characteristics were assessed in the present work. Whatever sperm release technique used, no significant differences were observed regarding the percentage of motile spermatozoa and the velocity of the average path (YAP). Compared to testicular sperm, a higher percentage of motile spermatozoa, YAP and intracellular adenosine triphosphate (ATP) content were observed for sperm shed...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Spermatozoa; CASA; Maturation; Sperm motility; Bivalve; Pecten maximus.
Ano: 2013 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00157/26852/24983.pdf
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Estimating Symbiont Abundances and Gill Surface Areas in Specimens of the Hydrothermal Vent Mussel Bathymodiolus puteoserpentis Maintained in Pressure Vessels ArchiMer
Duperron, Sebastien; Quiles, Adrien; Szafranski, Kamil M.; Leger, Nelly; Shillito, Bruce.
The hydrothermal vent mussel Bathymodiolus puteoserpentis hosts gill-associated sulfur- and methane-oxidizing bacteria which sustain host nutrition and allow it to reach high densities at various sites along the northern Mid-Atlantic Ridge. Previous studies have demonstrated that in similar dual symbioses, relative abundances of each bacterial type could change following variations in symbiont substrate availabilities. In this study, pressurized recovery and incubations in pressure vessels were used to test whether B. puteoserpentis symbionts displayed similar behavior in the presence of symbiont substrates. The relative abundances of both types of symbionts were analyzed using fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) and group-specific gene copy numbers...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Symbiosis; In vivo experiments; Pressurized recovery; Bivalve; Mid-Atlantic Ridge.
Ano: 2016 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00484/59533/62525.pdf
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