Sabiia Seb
PortuguêsEspañolEnglish
Embrapa
        Busca avançada

Botão Atualizar


Botão Atualizar

Ordenar por: RelevânciaAutorTítuloAnoImprime registros no formato resumido
Registros recuperados: 21
Primeira ... 12 ... Última
Imagem não selecionada

Imprime registro no formato completo
6-n-propyltiouracil (PROP) taster status in Brazilian adults Ciênc. Tecnol. Aliment.
Von Atzingen,Maria Carolina Batista Campos; Silva,Maria Elisabeth Machado Pinto e.
The objective of this study was to determine PROP (6-n-propyltiouracil) taster status in adults and its relationship with anthropometric variables and pleasantness of sugar, salt, and fat. A total of 123 subjects rated the intensity of PROP and sodium cloride (NaCl) solutions using the labeled magnitude scale. For pleasantness evaluation, it was used concentrated orange juice (sugar) and mashed potato (salt and fat). The subjects were classified as non-tasters (n = 35), medium-tasters (n = 33) and super-tasters (n = 55). In this study, no relationship was found between PROP taster status and age, sex, weight, body mass index, and pleasantness. Although genetic markers may influence the degree of liking of certain foods, one must consider that the...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Propylthiouracil; Body mass index; Pleasantness.
Ano: 2012 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0101-20612012000400006
Imagem não selecionada

Imprime registro no formato completo
Are birth weight and maternal smoking during pregnancy associated with malnutrition and excess weight among school age children? BJMBR
Tomé,F.S.; Cardoso,V.C.; Barbieri,M.A.; Silva,A.A.M. da; Simões,V.M.F.; Garcia,C.A.; Bettiol,H..
In the late 1980's child malnutrition was still prevalent in Brazil, and child obesity was beginning to rise in the richest regions of the country. To assess the extent of the nutritional transition during the period and the influence of birth weight and maternal smoking on the nutritional condition of schoolchildren, we estimated the prevalence of excess weight and malnutrition in a cohort of Brazilian schoolchildren from 1987 to 1989. We calculated the body mass index (BMI) of 8- to 10-year-old schoolchildren born in Ribeirão Preto in 1978/79. We considered children with a BMI <5th percentile (P5) to be malnourished, children with P5³BMI<P85 to be thin and normal, and children with BMI ³P85 to be overweight. We evaluated the association of these...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Child malnutrition; Child obesity; Body mass index; Schoolchildren; Socioeconomic level.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0100-879X2007000900009
Imagem não selecionada

Imprime registro no formato completo
Association of a serotonin transporter gene (SLC6A4) 5-HTTLPR polymorphism with body mass index categories but not type 2 diabetes mellitus in Mexicans Genet. Mol. Biol.
Peralta-Leal,Valeria; Leal-Ugarte,Evelia; Meza-Espinoza,Juan P.; Dávalos-Rodríguez,Ingrid P.; Bocanegra-Alonso,Anabel; Acosta-González,Rosa I.; Gonzales,Enrique; Nair,Saraswathy; Durán-González,Jorge.
The serotonergic system has been hypothesized to contribute to the biological susceptibility to type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) and body-mass index (BMI) categories. We investigate a possible association of 5-HTTLPR polymorphism (L and S alleles) in the promoter region of the serotonin transporter gene (SLC6A4) with the development of T2DM and/or higher BMI by analyzing a sample of 138 individuals diagnosed with T2DM and 172 unrelated controls from the Mexican general population. In the total sample genotypes were distributed according to Hardy- Weinberg equilibrium, and S allele frequency was 0.58. There was no statistical association between 5-HTTLPR polymorphism and the development of T2DM in this Mexican population sample (p = 0.12). Nevertheless,...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: SLC6A4 gene; 5-HTTLPR polymorphism; Type 2 diabetes mellitus; Body mass index.
Ano: 2012 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1415-47572012000400007
Imagem não selecionada

Imprime registro no formato completo
Association of body mass index with disease severity and prognosis in patients with non-cystic fibrosis bronchiectasis BJMBR
Qi,Q.; Li,T.; Li,J.C.; Li,Y..
The objective of this observational, multicenter study was to evaluate the association of body mass index (BMI) with disease severity and prognosis in patients with non-cystic fibrosis bronchiectasis. A total of 339 patients (197 females, 142 males) diagnosed with non-cystic fibrosis bronchiectasis by high-resolution computed tomography were classified into four groups: underweight (BMI<18.5 kg/m2), normal weight (18.5≤BMI<25.0 kg/m2), overweight (25.0≤BMI<30.0 kg/m2), and obese (BMI≥30.0 kg/m2). Clinical variables expressing disease severity were recorded, and acute exacerbations, hospitalizations, and survival rates were estimated during the follow-up period. The mean BMI was 21.90 kg/m2. The underweight group comprised 28.61% of all patients....
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Bronchiectasis; Body mass index; Prognosis; Survival; Underweight.
Ano: 2015 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0100-879X2015000800715
Imagem não selecionada

Imprime registro no formato completo
Combined effect of short stature and socioeconomic status on body mass index and weight gain during reproductive age in Brazilian women BJMBR
Sichieri,R.; Silva,C.V.C.; Moura,A.S..
Short stature, a marker for undernutrition early in life, has been associated with obesity in Brazilian women, but not in men. We tested the hypothesis that weight gain during the reproductive years could explain this gender difference. A national two-stage household survey of mothers with one or more children under five years of age was conducted in Brazil in 1996. The subjects were women aged 20 to 45 years (N = 2297), with last delivery seven months or more prior to the interview. The regions of the country were divided into rural, North/Northeast (urban underdeveloped) and South/Southeast/Midwest (urban developed). The dependent variables were current body mass index (BMI) measured, BMI prior to childbearing (reported), and BMI change. Socioeconomic...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Parity; Body mass index; Weight gain; Pregnancy; Overweight; Stature.
Ano: 2003 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0100-879X2003001000007
Imagem não selecionada

Imprime registro no formato completo
Do early life factors influence body mass index in adolescents? BJMBR
Goldani,M.Z.; Haeffner,L.S.B.; Agranonik,M.; Barbieri,M.A.; Bettiol,H.; Silva,A.A.M..
The association between early life factors and body mass index (BMI) in adulthood has been demonstrated in developed countries. The aim of the present study was to assess the influence of early life factors (birth weight, gestational age, maternal smoking, and social class) on BMI in young adulthood with adjustment for adult socioeconomic position. A cohort study was carried out in 1978/79 with 6827 mother-child pairs from Ribeirão Preto city, located in the most developed economic area of the country. Biological, economic and social variables and newborn anthropometric measurements were obtained shortly after delivery. In 1996, 1189 males from this cohort, 34.3% of the original male population, were submitted to anthropometric measurements and were asked...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Adolescence; Body mass index; Perinatal factors; Life stile.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0100-879X2007000900010
Imagem não selecionada

Imprime registro no formato completo
Do intrauterine growth restriction and overweight at primary school age increase the risk of elevated body mass index in young adults? BJMBR
Bettiol,H.; Sabbag Filho,D.; Haeffner,L.S.B.; Barbieri,M.A.; Silva,A.A.M.; Portela,A.; Silveira,P.; Goldani,M.Z..
Obesity is one of the rising public health problems characterized as a risk factor for many chronic diseases in adulthood. Early life events such as intrauterine growth restriction, as well as life style, are associated with an increased prevalence of this disease. The present study was performed to determine if intrauterine growth restriction interacts with overweight at primary school age to affect body mass index (BMI) in young adults. From June 1, 1978 to May 31, 1979, 6827 singleton liveborns from Ribeirão Preto, São Paulo State, Brazil, corresponding to 98% of all births at the 8 maternity hospitals, were examined and their mothers were interviewed. Samples from the initial cohort were examined again at primary school age (8 to 11 years of age) and...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Intrauterine growth restriction; Overweight; Body mass index; Obesity.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0100-879X2007000900011
Imagem não selecionada

Imprime registro no formato completo
Does Where You Live Make You Fat? Obesity and Access to Chain Grocers AgEcon
Chen, Susan E.; Florax, Raymond J.G.M.; Snyder, Samantha D..
This paper investigates the role that aspects of the physical environment play in determining health outcomes in adults as measured by body mass index (BMI). Using spatial econometric techniques that allow for spatial spillovers and feedback processes, this research specifically examines how differing levels of access to large chain grocers has on individual health outcomes. While other studies have investigated the impact of proximity to food retailers, the point-coordinate data used in this paper is uniquely suited to spatial econometric estimation at the individual level. In addition to modeling spatial dependence and allowing for unobserved neighborhood effects, the flexibility of the model is increased by incorporating potential spatial...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Body mass index; Obesity; Spatial dependence; Obesogenic environments; Food Consumption/Nutrition/Food Safety; Food Security and Poverty; Health Economics and Policy; C31; D12; I12; I18.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/53838
Imagem não selecionada

Imprime registro no formato completo
Economic Factors and Body Weight: An Empirical Analysis AgEcon
Schroeter, Christiane; Lusk, Jayson L..
With this study, we investigate the effects of changes in economic factors on body weight by constructing a utility theoretic model. The model is empirically estimated by combining data on individuals’ body weight, demographic and physical activity information, and statelevel measures pertaining to the prices of food away from home, food at home, and wages. By combining these data sources, we aim to estimate directly the weight effects of price and income changes. The empirical analysis suggests that decreasing the price of food at home could decrease body weight, a finding which has important public policy implications.
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Body mass index; Body weight; Obesity; Subsidy; Tax; Agribusiness; Consumer/Household Economics; D11; D12; I18; H20; R22.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/46991
Imagem não selecionada

Imprime registro no formato completo
Effects of Anthropometric Factors on Foot Size in Normal Preschool Children of Iran International Journal of Morphology
Bayat,Parvin- Dokht; Ahmadi,Mohammad Mehdi; Moradi,Mojtaba; Ghanbari,Ali.
The growth pattern of children is affected by anthropometric dimensions. This study was aimed to investigate anthropometric factors related to growth of preschool children of a sample population in Iran. This study was performed in year 2011 on 1320 of 4­7 years old preschool children in Arak. To classify, body mass index (BMI), height and weight were recorded. The four contact points (head, back, buttocks, and heels) were maintained against the spine of the stadiometer during measurement. The head was positioned in the Frankfurt plane, and the sliding bar was lowered the crown of the head. Height was measured and recorded by the researchers. A pair of manual calibrated Seca scales was used to measure body mass in kilograms. The participants were least...
Tipo: Journal article Palavras-chave: Anthropometry; Body mass index; Iran; Obesity; Sex.
Ano: 2015 URL: http://www.scielo.cl/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0717-95022015000300053
Imagem não selecionada

Imprime registro no formato completo
Ethnicity as a risk factor for obstructive sleep apnea: comparison of Japanese descendants and white males in São Paulo, Brazil BJMBR
Genta,P.R.; Marcondes,B.F.; Danzi,N.J.; Lorenzi-Filho,G..
Some studies showed that Asians with obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) are thinner than Caucasians. Because obesity is a major risk factor for OSA, it was concluded that Asians are predisposed to OSA. However, body fat composition varies for a same body mass index (BMI) according to ethnicity. We firstly compared anthropometric characteristics, symptoms and associated disorders in all consecutive male Japanese descendants and white males with OSA referred for polysomnography. In a second analysis, all Japanese descendants were compared to a subgroup of white males, matched for apnea/hypopnea index and age. In the first analysis, age, symptoms, OSA severity and co-morbidities were similar among Japanese descendants (N = 54) and white patients (N = 466)....
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Asians; Obesity; Obstructive sleep apnea; Japanese; Ethnicity; Body mass index.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0100-879X2008000800015
Imagem não selecionada

Imprime registro no formato completo
Food Labels and Weight Loss: Evidence from the National Longitudinal Survey of Youth AgEcon
Mandal, Bidisha.
This study investigates the role of nutrition and ingredients information, included in the food labels, as useful tools for individuals who are trying to lose weight. This research has three objectives - examine personal characteristics as predictors of willingness to lose weight conditional on individual's current body mass index, investigate whether those who are trying to lose weight are more likely to read food labels to gather nutritional and ingredients information, and, analyze whether those who want to lose weight and read food labels have a greater propensity to lose weight. Estimates from random effects logistic regressions indicate higher usage of food labels by those who are trying to lose weight, irrespective of their current body mass...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Nutritional information; Ingredient information; Body mass index; Panel data; Food Consumption/Nutrition/Food Safety.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/6200
Imagem não selecionada

Imprime registro no formato completo
High Postprandial Triglycerides Serum Levels: Is Obesity a Good Predictor? Anais da ABC (AABC)
NOGAROTO,VIVIANE; RODRIGUES,MARCOS R.S.; VICARI,MARCELO R.; ALMEIDA,MARA C. DE; MILLÉO,FÁBIO Q.; SANTOS,FÁBIO A. DOS; ARTONI,ROBERTO F..
The aim of this study was to analyze the correlation between triglyceride (TG) serum levels in obese and non-obese patients in a simulated postprandial state. Both groups showed TG levels < 150 mg/dL when fasting. After 12 h fasting, the subjects ingested a lipid overload diet and blood samples were collected. The variation between fasting and the postprandial TG peak levels were analyzed. The peak of postprandial TG levels occurred 4 h after the lipid overload in both groups. When the subjects were not fasting, the majority of non-obese subjects remained within the range of normal TG values, but the values for the obese group remained elevated. There was a significant correlation between Body Mass Index (BMI) and TG at each time point until 2 h after...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Body mass index; Lipid metabolism; Risk factor; ROC curve.
Ano: 2015 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0001-37652015000100437
Imagem não selecionada

Imprime registro no formato completo
Implication of anthropometric profile and alimentary consumption on risk for diseases among school children in the 1st to 4th grades BJPS
Monteiro,Vanessa; Matioli,Graciette.
This study aimed to determine the anthropometric profile and diet of 652 school children from the 1st to 4th grades of elementary education in six private schools in the city of Maringá, Paraná, Brazil. Children's weight and height were classified according to the Body Mass Index proposed by Must et al. (1991). Food consumption was evaluated by means of a questionnaire about daily food frequency. Statistical analysis was carried out using linear and logistic regression tests, with a significance level of 5%. High rates of overweight and obesity, 21.9% and 13.3% respectively, were observed, which did not show a significant relationship with total food consumption. The data obtained were: high consumption of foods rich in energy, such as sugar- and fat-rich...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Alimentary habits; Obesity; Body mass index; Infant nutrition.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1984-82502010000300007
Imagem não selecionada

Imprime registro no formato completo
Maintaining rear-fanged snakes for venom production: an evaluation of mortality and survival rates for Philodryas olfersii and P. patagoniensis in captivity J. Venom. Anim. Toxins incl. Trop. Dis.
Braz,HB; Rocha,MMT; Furtado,MFD.
This study evaluates the mortality and average survival rates of captive female Philodryas olfersii and Philodryas patagoniensis snakes maintained for venom production. Also, two factors likely to reduce captive survival were studied - body condition at admission and seasonality. Mortality peaks occurred during the second month in captivity. More than half the individuals were dead at the end of the third month. This suggests that the first three months in captivity are the most critical in terms of survival and adaptation. Females collected and admitted during spring and summer lived less time than those collected in autumn and winter. As gravidity and egg-laying occur during spring and summer, we suggest that the lower survival rates in these seasons may...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Animal husbandry; Snake venom; Seasonal variation; Body mass index.
Ano: 2012 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1678-91992012000200006
Imagem não selecionada

Imprime registro no formato completo
Molecular forms of butyrylcholinesterase and obesity Genet. Mol. Biol.
Boberg,Dellyana R.; Furtado-Alle,Lupe; Souza,Ricardo L.R.; Chautard-Freire-Maia,Eleidi A..
This study compared obese (N = 134) and unobese (N = 92) male blood donors, regarding the relative intensity (RI) and activity of different molecular forms (G1, G2, G4 and G1-ALB) of butyrylcholinesterase (BChE, EC 3.1.1.8) found in plasma, thereby searching for an association between these variables with obesity and SNPs of exons 1 and 4 of the BCHE gene. It was shown that obese and unobese individuals do not differ in the RI of each BChE band, even when classifying the sample into three genotypes of exons 1 and 4 of the BCHE gene (-116GG/539AA, -116GG/539AT, -116GA/539AT). Although the mean BChE activity of each band was significantly higher in obese than in unobese blood donors, the proportions of BChE bands were maintained, even under the metabolic...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Butyrylcholinesterase; Body mass index; Obesity; BCHE gene SNPs.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1415-47572010000300011
Imagem não selecionada

Imprime registro no formato completo
Obesity inversely correlates with prostate-specific antigen levels in a population with normal screening results of prostate cancer in northwestern China BJMBR
Zhang,J.; Ma,M.; Nan,X.; Sheng,B..
Serum prostate-specific antigen (PSA) is a diagnostic biomarker of prostate cancer and is possibly associated with obesity. This study aimed to explore the relationships between obesity indicators [body mass index (BMI) and waist circumference (WC)] with PSA in Chinese men. A cross-sectional study of men aged 30-85 years undergoing prostate cancer screening was conducted from August 2008 to July 2013 in Xi'an, China. Data were obtained from clinical reports, condition was recorded based on self-report including demographics, weight, height, and WC (>90 cm=obese). Fasting blood glucose (FBG) and prostate volume (PV) were assessed clinically. Patients were grouped by BMI (normal=22.9, overweight=23-27.4, obese≥27.5 kg/m2). PSA parameters of density...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Prostate-specific antigen; Body mass index; Obesity; Prostate cancer; Screening.
Ano: 2016 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0100-879X2016000800704
Imagem não selecionada

Imprime registro no formato completo
Percent body fat is a better predictor of cardiovascular risk factors than body mass index BJMBR
Zeng,Qiang; Dong,Sheng-Yong; Sun,Xiao-Nan; Xie,Jing; Cui,Yi.
The objective of the present study was to evaluate the predictive values of percent body fat (PBF) and body mass index (BMI) for cardiovascular risk factors, especially when PBF and BMI are conflicting. BMI was calculated by the standard formula and PBF was determined by bioelectrical impedance analysis. A total of 3859 ambulatory adult Han Chinese subjects (2173 males and 1686 females, age range: 18-85 years) without a history of cardiovascular diseases were recruited from February to September 2009. Based on BMI and PBF, they were classified into group 1 (normal BMI and PBF, N = 1961), group 2 (normal BMI, but abnormal PBF, N = 381), group 3 (abnormal BMI, but normal PBF, N = 681), and group 4 (abnormal BMI and PBF, N = 836). When age, gender, lifestyle,...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Obesity; Body composition; Body mass index; Cardiovascular disease; Risk factor; Percent body fat; Bioelectrical impedance.
Ano: 2012 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0100-879X2012000700005
Imagem não selecionada

Imprime registro no formato completo
Prevalence of Obesity in a Sample of Schoolchildren from Municipalized Schools in the IX Region of Chile 2008-2009 International Journal of Morphology
Carrasco,Vanessa; Martínez,Cristián; Silva,Héctor; Collipal,Erika; Campos,Christian; Silva,Tamara.
Obesity is a prevalent disease in Chile. The multitude of cause factors makes it a complex disease and therefore very difficult to treat, since its roots lie in the earliest stages of life. We evaluated pupils from 21 municipalized primary schools, in rural and urban communities from the 10 districts of the IX Region. The sample consisted of 275 subjects in Kindergarten and first year primary school in the year 2008, who were monitored over two years. The results show a trend indicating an increase in the prevalence of obesity in the sample, the difference being statistically significant, p=0.000. These results show that obesity is increasing, and that more action is needed to slow this disease occurring from early childhood.
Tipo: Journal article Palavras-chave: Anthropometry; Body mass index; Childhood obesity.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://www.scielo.cl/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0717-95022011000300027
Imagem não selecionada

Imprime registro no formato completo
Relations between Different Dimensions of Self-Perception, Self-Esteem and Body Mass Index of Female Students International Journal of Morphology
Bratovcic,Vesna; Mikic,Branimir; Kostovski,Zarko; Teskeredzic,Amela; Tanovic,Izudin.
The aims of this study were to investigate the association of body mass index with different dimensions of self-perception and the level of self-esteem among female students of first and second year at the University of Tuzla. The study was conducted on a sample of 120 female students of the first and second year at the University of Tuzla. The study used the following instruments: Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale (ROSF), Questionnaire PD/form A and Body Mass Index calculation. Results indicate that self-esteem and self-worth, and a sense of comfort and discomfort affect the experience of body perception unrelated to body mass index. It is also determined which variables are significant predictors of the experience of body perception and the level of...
Tipo: Journal article Palavras-chave: Self-perception; Body mass index; Self-esteem; Students.
Ano: 2015 URL: http://www.scielo.cl/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0717-95022015000400024
Registros recuperados: 21
Primeira ... 12 ... Última
 

Empresa Brasileira de Pesquisa Agropecuária - Embrapa
Todos os direitos reservados, conforme Lei n° 9.610
Política de Privacidade
Área restrita

Embrapa
Parque Estação Biológica - PqEB s/n°
Brasília, DF - Brasil - CEP 70770-901
Fone: (61) 3448-4433 - Fax: (61) 3448-4890 / 3448-4891 SAC: https://www.embrapa.br/fale-conosco

Valid HTML 4.01 Transitional