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C/N ratio-induced structural shift of bacterial communities inside lab-scale aquaculture biofilters ArchiMer
Michaud, Luigi; Lo Giudice, Angelina; Interdonato, Filippo; Triplet, Sebastien; Ying, Luo; Blancheton, Jean-paul.
In Recirculating Aquaculture Systems (RAS) various chemical compounds (mainly nitrates and organic carbon) accumulate in the rearing water. These chemical substrata regulate the ecophysiology of the bacterial communities of the biofilter and have an impact on its nitrification efficiency and reliability. In the present study chemical and microbiological parameters in static mineral bed (SBB) and moving plastic bed (MBB) biological filters were monitored at increasing C/N ratios ranging from 0 (pure nitrification) to 4 (combined nitrification and organic carbon removal), with the aim to investigate the shift of the bacterial community structure and major taxa relative abundances. Results suggest that the MBB are less subjected to the nitrification...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Recirculating aquaculture system; Biofilters; C/N ratio; Microbial community structure.
Ano: 2014 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00167/27846/26070.pdf
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Comparison of C and N stable isotope ratios between surface particulate organic matter and microphytoplankton in the Gulf of Lions (NW Mediterranean) ArchiMer
Harmelin Vivien, M; Loizeau, Veronique; Mellon-duval, Capucine; Beker, B; Arlhac, D; Bodiguel, Xavier; Ferraton, Franck; Hermand, R; Philippon, Xavier; Salen Picard, C.
Carbon and nitrogen stable isotope ratios of particulate organic matter (POM) in surface water and 63-200 mu m-sized microphytoplankton collected at the fluorescence maximum were studied in four sites in the Gulf of Lions (NW Mediterranean), a marine area influenced by the Rhone River inputs, in May and November 2004. Some environmental (temperature, salinity) and biological (POM, Chlorophyll a and phaeopigments contents, phytoplankton biomass and composition) parameters were also analysed. Significantly different C and N isotopic signatures between surface water POM and microphytoplankton were recorded in all sites and seasons. Surface water POM presented systematically lower delta C-13 (similar to 4.2 parts per thousand) and higher delta N-15 (similar to...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Seasonal variation; PON/Chl a; C/N ratio; Stable isotopes; Fluorescence maximum; Phytoplankton composition; Particulate organic matter.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/2008/publication-5919.pdf
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Decomposição da fitomassa de plantas de cobertura e liberação de nitrogênio em função da quantidade de resíduos aportada ao solo sob sistema plantio direto. Repositório Alice
ACOSTA, J. A. de A.; AMADO, T. J. C.; SILVA, L. S. da; SANTI, A.; WEBER, M. A..
O sucesso do sistema plantio direto (SPD) está alicerçado na rotação de culturas, que proporciona elevada adição de diferentes tipos de resíduos culturais ao solo. Entretanto, cada resíduo cultural tem uma cinética específica de decomposição, o que é determinante na mineralização e imobilização líquida de nitrogênio (N) no solo. Este trabalho teve como objetivo avaliar a taxa de decomposição e a liberação de N de plantas de cobertura de inverno, quando diferentes quantidades de fitomassa da parte aérea foram aportadas à superfície do solo. O experimento foi conduzido em Argissolo arênico na área do Departamento de Solos da Universidade Federal de Santa Maria (UFSM), com delineamento experimental de blocos ao acaso, com três repetições, durante as safras de...
Tipo: Artigo em periódico indexado (ALICE) Palavras-chave: Adubação verde; Mineralização de N; Relação C/N; Imobilização de N; Green manure; N mineralization; C/N ratio; N immobilization.
Ano: 2014 URL: http://www.alice.cnptia.embrapa.br/handle/doc/1007383
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Decomposicao da palhada e liberacao de nitrogenio e fosforo numa rotacao aveia-soja sob plantio direto. Repositório Alice
WISNIEWSKI, C.; HOLTZ, G.P..
O objetivo do trabalho foi estudar a dinamica da decomposicao da palhada e da liberacao de N e P durante o ciclo das culturas da aveia-preta (Avena strigosa) e da soja (Glycine Max) em rotacao, sob plantio direto. Monitorou-se, periodicamente, durante 370 dias, a perda de peso e teores de C, N e P da palhada de milho e de aveia-preta, numa rotacao aveia-soja, em plantio direto, em um Latossolo Vermelho-Escuro, no Campo Demonstrativo e Experimental Batavo em Carambei, PR. A palhada de milho decompos-se mais lentamente, perdendo 49% de peso, devido a sua mais alta relacao C/N (43:1), a distribuicao mais heterogenea e a maior quantidade de residuo inicial (9,8 contra 6,8 t.ha). A palhada de aveia-preta perdeu 71% de peso em 179 dias. Os teores medios de C e...
Tipo: Artigo em periódico indexado (ALICE) Palavras-chave: Avena strigosa; Zea mays; Relacao carbono/nitrogenio; Relacao carbono/fosforo; Palhada de milho; Palhada de aveia-preta; Latossolo Vermelho-Escuro; Green manures; C/N ratio; C/P ratio; Oxisol.
Ano: 1997 URL: http://www.alice.cnptia.embrapa.br/handle/doc/88519
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Growth of the Ectomycorrhizal Fungus Pisolithus Microcarpus in different nutritional conditions BJM
Rossi,Márcio José; Oliveira,Vetúria L..
The most important plant species employed in reforestation programs depend on ectomycorrhizal fungi for their establishment and growth. The exploitation of this symbiosis to improve forest productivity requires fungal inoculants in a large scale level. To develop such a technology it is necessary to define the optimal composition of the culture medium for each fungus. With these objectives in mind, the effect of the composition of the culture medium on biomass production of the ectomycorrhizal fungus Pisolithus microcarpus (isolate UFSC-Pt116) was studied. The original composition of two culture media, already employed for cultivation of ectomycorrhizal fungi, was submitted to several variations with the C/N ratio as the main variable. A variation of the...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Pisolithus microcarpus; Culture media; C/N ratio; Submerged cultivation.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1517-83822011000200027
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Mineralization of nitrogen and carbon from organic compost from animal production waste. Repositório Alice
ARAÚJO, M. D. M.; FEITOSA, M. M.; PRIMO, A. C. A.; TANIGUCHI, C. A. K.; SOUZA, H. A. de.
bitstream/item/213286/1/ART20002.pdf
Tipo: Artigo em periódico indexado (ALICE) Palavras-chave: Relação C/N; Pequenos ruminantes; C/N ratio; Compostagem; Composting; Small ruminants.
Ano: 2020 URL: http://www.alice.cnptia.embrapa.br/alice/handle/doc/1122607
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Nitrogen efficiency in oat yield through the biopolymer hydrogel AGRIAMBI
Scremin,Osmar B.; Silva,José A. G. da; Mamann,Ângela T. W. de; Mantai,Rubia D.; Brezolin,Ana P.; Marolli,Anderson.
ABSTRACT The retainers of water in the soil can favor nitrogen (N) use efficiency in oat yield. The aim of the study was to determine if the conditions of use of the biopolymer hydrogel increase the fertilizer-N use efficiency in oat yield in succession systems of high and low residual-N release. In each succession system (soybean/oat, corn/oat), two experiments were conducted in 2014 and 2015, one to quantify biomass yield and the other to estimate grain yield and lodging. The design was randomized blocks with four replicates in a 4 x 4 factorial scheme for hydrogel doses (0, 30, 60 and 120 kg ha-1), added in the furrow with the seed, and N fertilizer doses (0, 30, 60 and 120 kg ha-1) applied in the fourth-expanded-leaf stage. The use of hydrogel...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Avena sativa L.; Biodegradable; C/N ratio; Lodging; Biomass.
Ano: 2017 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1415-43662017000600379
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Nutrient recycling of sorghum straw and soil biological attributes in Eastern Amazon Ciência e Agrotecnologia
Maia,Patrícia Ribeiro; Fernandes,Antonio Rodrigues; Melo,Vânia Silva; Santos,Elaine Rodrigues; Silva,Gisele Barata da.
The microbial biomass and activity are biological indicators sensitive to environmental changes caused by agricultural use and can provide important information for the planning of adequate land use. The objective of this research was to evaluate the nutrient recycling, persistence, and biological attributes of sorghum straw in Oxisol as a function of soil management systems. The experiment was carried out at the Federal Rural University of Amazonia in randomized block design with 3 x 2 factorial and four replicates. Three sorghum hybrids and two soil management systems were the factors used to assess straw decomposition. In order to evaluate the biological attributes, a 2 x 2 factorial experiment with four replicates was carried out using two soil...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Microbial biomass; C/N ratio; Oxisol.
Ano: 2012 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1413-70542012000500004
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Production, carbon and nitrogen in stover fractions of corn ( Zea mays L.) in response to cultivar development Ciência e Agrotecnologia
Barbosa,Julierme Zimmer; Ferreira,Carla Fernanda; Santos,Nicolas Zendonadi dos; Motta,Antonio Carlos Vargas; Prior,Stephen; Gabardo,Juarez.
ABSTRACT Changes in quantity and quality of corn crop stover can have a large impact on soil conservation and soil carbon (C) sequestration over large areas. The aim of this study was to evaluate changes in production, concentration and amount of C and nitrogen (N) in corn stover fractions due to cultivar development. Two field experiments were conducted in the city of Rolândia (Paraná State, Brazil) using ten cultivars representing five technological levels: single cross hybrids, double or triple hybrids, commercial varieties, and creole cultivars. Plant heights and stalk, leaf, cob, husk and tassel weights were determined at final harvest. Elemental C and N analyses were performed in triplicate for each stover fraction. In general, the creole cultivars...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: C/N ratio; Genetic breeding; No-tillage system; Integrated crop-livestock systems; Renewable energy.
Ano: 2016 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1413-70542016000600665
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Soybean productivity under different grazing heights of Brachiaria ruziziensis in an integrated crop-livestock system Rev. Ciênc. Agron.
Ferreira,Gilberto Alves; Oliveira,Paulo Sérgio Rabello de; Alves,Sérgio José; Costa,Antonio Carlos Torres da.
ABSTRACTThe aim was to evaluate the effects of grazing height of Brachiaria ruziziensis on the production of straw, and the establishment and grain yield of a soybean crop, under an integrated crop-livestock system, on a typic dystrophic Red Latosol at the Experimental Farm of the Agronomic Institute of Paraná (IAPAR), in Xambrê, in the state of Paraná, Brazil (PR). The study was carried out between September of 2010 and April of 2012. The experimental design was of randomised blocks, in lots split over time, with five treatments and three replications. The following were determined for the Brachiaria ruziziensis: shoot dry matter weight, plant residue dry matter weight, and total dry matter weight (Brachiaria ruziziensis shoot weight + plant residue...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Establishment; Straw; No tillage; C/N ratio.
Ano: 2015 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1806-66902015000400755
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Spatial distribution of organic matter in the surface sediments of Ubatuba Bay (Southeastern - Brazil) Anais da ABC (AABC)
BURONE,LETICIA; MUNIZ,PABLO; PIRES-VANIN,ANA MARIA S.; RODRIGUES,MARCELO.
Analyses of organic matter content, organic carbon, nitrogen, sulfur and granulometric variables were performed on 101 surface sediment samples from Ubatuba Bay in order to investigate the spatial distribution of organic matter, its origin and the relationships among its components. The samples were obtained with a manual corer, from water depths between 1 and 15m during 5 cruises of the R/V "Veliger II'', two months apart. Pearson correlation, regression and Principal Component Analysis (PCA) statistical methods were used to analyze the data. Strong correlations between organic matter and fine sediment fractions were obtained. The PCA revealed at least two main sample groups that reflect the different environmental conditions prevalent in the bay. There...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Organic matter; Sediment; C/N ratio; Ubatuba; Brazil.
Ano: 2003 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0001-37652003000100009
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Studies on production of single cell protein by Aspergillus niger in solid state fermentation of rice bran BABT
Anupama,; Ravindra,Pogaku.
An attempt was made to apply the solid state fermentation (SSF) for the production of single cell protein (SCP) using oil free rice bran waste as substrate. A local isolate of Aspergillus niger, was used as protein source for the studies. Total proteins were extracted to estimate the mycelial biomass from the moldy bran. Carbonate-bicarbonate extraction buffer and a pH 10 was found to be most efficient among the buffers used for the extraction of the proteins from the organism. The effect of supplementation by various sources of nitrogen and mineral solution on the final biomass yield was compared. The influence of C/N ratio on the protein yield was also studied. Sodium nitrate at C/N ratio of 1.387 was found to be an effective nitrogen-supplementing...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Single cell protein; Solid State Fermentation; Aspergillus niger; Rice bran; C/N ratio.
Ano: 2001 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1516-89132001000100011
Registros recuperados: 12
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