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BMAA et cyanotoxines : microalgues productrices et niveaux d’accumulation dans les organismes marins ArchiMer
Reveillon, Damien.
BMAA (â-N-methylamino-L-alanine) is a non proteinogenic neurotoxic amino acid that has been associated with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis. Its analytical detection is widely debated thus the global production of BMAA by cyanobacteria is questioned. We first aimed at developing an analytical method allowing for highly selective identification of BMAA and isomers, using HILIC chromatography coupled to mass spectrometry. Then, we have cultivated and analyzed more than 50 microalgae (e.g. cyanobacteria, diatoms). Unlike DAB, one of its natural isomer, BMAA was only reported in five diatom species and cannot be accounted as a cyanotoxin anymore. In parallel, we have evaluated the presence of BMAA on the three French coasts. The presence of BMAA in different...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: DAB; Cyanotoxines; CL-SM/SM; Diatomées; Cyanobactéries; Bivalves; BMAA; DAB; Cyanotoxins; LC-MS/MS; Diatoms; Cyanobacteria; Bivalves.
Ano: 2015 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00295/40651/39617.pdf
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Écophysiologie des dinoflagellés du genre Azadinium, production toxinique et transfert trophique vers les mollusques bivalves ArchiMer
Jauffrais, Thierry.
This study has been conducted in order to develop the analysis of AZAs and to produce AZAs from A. spinosum culture. It also aimed at studying the effect of environmental and nutritional factors on growth and toxin production. The study also demonstrated a link between A. spinosum and the accumulation of AZAs in shellfish, followed by the clarification of the processes of accumulation, detoxification and biotransformation of AZAs into mussels. A quantitative analysis of AZAs in A. spinosum cultures was developed, and the formation and structure of the AZA methylated analogues was explained and minimised. This work also demonstrated the feasibility of a sustainable production of AZAs from A. spinosum culture and highlighted the main factors influencing...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Azadinium spinosum; Mytilus edulis; Azaspiracides; Phycotoxines; Dinoflagellés; Écophysiologie; CL-SM/SM; Azadinium spinosum; Mytilus edulis; Azaspiracids; Phycotoxins; Dinoflagellate; Ecophysiology; LC-MS/MS.
Ano: 2012 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00111/22217/19891.pdf
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