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A Comparative Analysis of Regional Production Costs of Fed Beef Produced for the U.S. and Japanese Markets AgEcon
Sankey, Lee; Hayes, Dermot J.; Clemens, Roxanne.
This study compared and analyzed actual 1989 production costs for representative regional feedlots in the U.S. The results show that grain-surplus regions have lower total costs and poorer feeding efficiencies. The analysis suggests that Iowa has a comparative advantage in producing heavily marbled beef required by the Japanese market. Southwestern states have an advantage in producing leaner beef and stand to benefit if U.S. consumers develop a taste for Select-quality beef.
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Cattle production; Cattle feeding; Beef industry location; Competitiveness; Agribusiness; Livestock Production/Industries.
Ano: 1993 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/62329
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Association Mapping Considering Allele Dosage: An Example of Forage Traits in an Interspecific Segmental Allotetraploid Urochloa spp. Repositório Alice
MATIAS, F. I.; VIDOTTI, M. S.; MEIRELES, K. G. X.; BARRIOS, S. C. L.; VALLE, C. B. do; CARLEY, C. A. S.; FRITSCHE-NETO, R..
The breeding process in tropical segmental allopolyploid forage Urochloa is challenging due to the complex genetic control of the traits. Knowledge about genes associated with forage traits, expressed in the different cutting seasons, are extremely useful to support breeding programs and development of new cultivars. Thus, the aims of our study were (i) to identify genomic regions related to forage traits through genomewide association studies (GWAS), and (ii) to verify the influence of allele dosage on these results. A panel of 272 genotypes of Urochloa spp. [U. brizantha (Hoscht. ex A. Rich.) R. Webster ´ U. ruziziensis (Hoscht. ex A. Rich.) R. Webster] was evaluated in both the wet and dry seasons. The GWAS analyses were performed with 26,535 single...
Tipo: Artigo em periódico indexado (ALICE) Palavras-chave: Tropical regions; Urochloa; Forage; Animal proteins; Cattle feeding; Animal performance; Pastures.
Ano: 2019 URL: http://www.alice.cnptia.embrapa.br/alice/handle/doc/1117774
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Derived Demand for Cattle Feeding Inputs AgEcon
Mathews, Kenneth H., Jr.; Arnade, Carlos Anthony; Jones, Keithly G..
Derived demand relationships among four weight categories of feeder cattle entering Texas feedlots and their feed consumed are examined using a generalized McFadden dual cost function. Results demonstrate systematic differences in demand relationships among different weight categories. Positive cross-price elasticities among the three heaviest weight categories are consistent with input substitution among weight categories and consistent with objective functions associated with optimal placement weight. Anomalies in the form of negative cross-price elasticities between weight categories provide evidence for an alternative objective function associated with longer term feeding of light-weight feeder cattle. Results also demonstrate seasonality differences...
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Cattle feeding; Derived demand; Elasticity; Feeder cattle; Generalized McFadden cost function; Agribusiness; Demand and Price Analysis; Livestock Production/Industries.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/90552
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ECONOMIC FEASIBILITY OF THE CATTLE FEEDING INDUSTRY IN THE NORTHERN PLAINS AND WESTERN LAKES STATES AgEcon
Duncan, Marvin R.; Taylor, Richard D.; Saxowsky, David M.; Koo, Won W..
The five-state study area of the Northern Plains and Western Lakes States, Minnesota, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, and Wisconsin, has adequate feed supplies and feeder cattle to markedly increase cattle feeding. Feed costs in these states have historically been lower than in the Southern Plains States. However, higher transportation costs appear to offset that advantage. Close access to slaughter plants in these states could offset that transportation disadvantage. Backgrounding of cattle appears to be quite profitable and cattle feeding, especially in larger sized feedlots, can be profitable. However, the cattle feeding industry has an increasing level of excess capacity. To be successful, new feedlots in the Northern Plains and Western...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Cattle feeding; Northern Plains; Economies of scale; Cooperative ownership; Entrance strategies; Production Economics; Agribusiness.
Ano: 1997 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/23199
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ECONOMIC FEASIBILITY OF THE CATTLE FEEDING INDUSTRY IN THE NORTHERN PLAINS AND WESTERN LAKES STATES - SUMMARY AgEcon
Duncan, Marvin R.; Taylor, Richard D.; Saxowsky, David M.; Koo, Won W..
The five-state study area of the Northern Plains and Western Lakes States, Minnesota, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, and Wisconsin, has adequate feed supplies and feeder cattle to markedly increase cattle feeding. Feed costs in these states have historically been lower than in the Southern Plains States. However, higher transportation costs appear to offset that advantage. Close access to slaughter plants in these states could offset that transportation disadvantage. Backgrounding of cattle appears to be quite profitable and cattle feeding, especially in larger sized feedlots, can be profitable. However, the cattle feeding industry has an increasing level of excess capacity. To be successful, new feedlots in the Northern Plains and Western...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Cattle feeding; Northern Plains; Economies of scale; Cooperative ownership; Entrance strategies; Production Economics.
Ano: 1997 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/23338
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Impact of the Ethanol Boom on Livestock and Dairy Industries: What Are They Going to Eat? AgEcon
Anderson, David P.; Anderson, John D.; Sawyer, Jason.
Increased demand for corn for ethanol production has helped push grain prices to record levels. This has increased livestock production costs, and producers have responded with changes to production systems. This paper explores the degree to which costs can be mitigated with alternative feeds, the effect this might have on physical performance, and the impact of alternative feeds on the competitive position of different species.
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Cattle feeding; Corn; Cost of production; Ethanol; Agribusiness; Farm Management; Livestock Production/Industries; Production Economics; Research and Development/Tech Change/Emerging Technologies; Q12; Q13.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/47199
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Levels of supplementation in the performance for beef heifers, in granzing, during the dry season. Repositório Alice
PORTO, M. O.; PAULINO, M. F.; VALADARES FILHO, S. C.; DETMANN, E.; SALES, M. F. L.; CAVALI, J.; COUTO, V. R. M.; MONNERAT, J. P. I. S.; ASSIS, A. A. R..
Productive performance of crossbreds Nellore beef heifers, in the growing stage receiving different supplement levels for three months grazing Brachiaria decumbens pasture were evaluated. The area was divided in five paddocks of 2.5 ha, with dry matter availability and potentially of dry matter digestible of 3.85 and 2.12 t/ha, respectively. Forty beef heifers of 191 ± 3.99 kg initial weight and 8.5 ± 0.15 months of age were assigned in a completely randomized experimental design with five treatments, and four supplementation levels. Mineral mixture (MM) (60 g/day) and multiple supplements, formulated to supply different supplementation levels in the amounts of 0.5, 1.0, 1.5 and 2.0 kg/animal more MM (60 g/day) were evaluated. The supplement had 300 g of...
Tipo: Artigo em anais de congresso (ALICE) Palavras-chave: Gado de corte; Gado Nelore; Nutrição animal; Suplemento mineral; Pastagem; Gramínea forrageira; Capim Brachiaria; Brachiaria decumbens; Ganho de peso; Beef cattle; Nellore; Animal nutrition; Dietary mineral supplements; Pastures; Forage grasses; Cattle feeding; Ganado de carne; Raza de bovinos Nelore; Nutrición animal; Suplementos dietéticos minerales; Pastizales; Pastos forrajeros; Alimentación de ganado.
Ano: 2014 URL: http://www.alice.cnptia.embrapa.br/handle/doc/990138
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OPTIMAL HEDGING STRATEGIES FOR THE U.S. CATTLE FEEDER AgEcon
Leuthold, Raymond M.; Noussinov, Mikhail A..
Multiproduct optimal hedging for simulated cattle feeding is compared to alternative hedging strategies using weekly price data for 1983-95. Out-of-sample means and variances of hedged feeding margins using estimated hedge ratios for four commodities suggest that there is no consistent domination pattern among the alternative strategies, leaving the hedging decision up to the agent's degree of risk aversion. However, all hedging strategies significantly reduce the feeding margin's means and variances compared to no hedging, with variance reduction always exceeding 50%. Hedging results appear quite sensitive to the data set and its size.
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Cattle feeding; Hedge ratios; Hedging strategies; Multiproduct hedging; Optimal hedging; Marketing.
Ano: 1999 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/14679
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Peso a desmama de bezerros Nelore em propriedades comerciais com sistema de cria, recria e engorda. Repositório Alice
BRAGA, A. P.; CARNEIRO JUNIOR, J. M.; PINHEIRO, A. K..
O peso a desmama é uma importante medida de desenvolvimento ponderal a ser considerada em um programa de seleção, pois está correlacionada positivamente com pesos futuros e serve para avaliar a capacidade materna das vacas do rebanho, além de orientar na comercialização dos animais, tanto para descarte, como para reprodução. Este estudo teve como objetivo avaliar o peso a desmama em animais da raça Nelore provenientes de um rebanho comercial com sistema de cria, recria e engorda localizado na zona rural do município de Rio Branco/AC.
Tipo: Resumo em anais de congresso (ALICE) Palavras-chave: Rio Branco (AC); Acre; Amazônia Ocidental; Western Amazon; Amazonia Occidental; Gado de corte; Gado Nelore; Bezerro de corte; Peso; Desmama; Recria; Engorda; Beef cattle; Nellore; Calves; Weight control; Weaning; Rearing; Cattle feeding; Ganado de carne; Raza de bovinos Nelore; Terneros; Control de peso; Destete; Criando (animales); Alimentación de ganado.
Ano: 2017 URL: http://www.alice.cnptia.embrapa.br/alice/handle/doc/1081909
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Probabilistic Models of Yield, Price, and Revenue Risks for Fed Cattle Production AgEcon
Belasco, Eric J.; Taylor, Mykel R.; Goodwin, Barry K.; Schroeder, Ted C..
Cattle feeding enterprises operate amid variability originating in prices and production. This research explicitly models yield risks related to cattle feeding by relating the mean and variance of yield performance factors to observable conditioning variables. The results demonstrate that pen characteristics, such as entry weight, gender, placement season, and location influence the mean and variability of yield factors, defined as dry matter feed conversion, average daily gain, mortality, and animal health costs. Ex ante profit distributions, conditional on cattle placement characteristics, are derived through simulation methods to evaluate the effects of price or yield shocks on the distributional characteristics of expected profits.
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Conditional variance; Production risk; Cattle feeding; Yields; Agribusiness; Livestock Production/Industries; Production Economics; Productivity Analysis; Risk and Uncertainty; D24; D81; Q12.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/48761
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Production Inefficiency in Fed Cattle Marketing and the Value of Sorting Pens into Alternative Marketing Groups Using Ultrasound Technology AgEcon
Koontz, Stephen R.; Hoag, Dana L.; Brethour, John R.; Walker, Jodine L..
The cattle industry batch markets animals in pens. Because of this, animals within any one pen can be both underfed and overfed. Thus, there is a production inefficiency associated with batch marketing. We simulate the value of sorting animals through weight and ultrasound measurements from original pens into smaller alternative marketing groups. Sorting exploits the production inefficiency and enables cattle feeding enterprises to avoid meat quality discounts, capture premiums, more efficiently use feed resources, and increase returns. The value of sorting is between $15 and $25 per head, with declining marginal returns as the number of sort groups increases.
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Cattle feeding; Production efficiency; Simulation; Sorting; Value-based marketing; Ultrasound; Agribusiness; Livestock Production/Industries; Marketing; Research and Development/Tech Change/Emerging Technologies; C15; D21; D23; Q12.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/47266
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Supplementation levels for growing beef cattle grazing in the dry-rainy transition season. Repositório Alice
SALES, M. F. L.; PAULINO, M. F.; VALADARES FILHO, S. de C.; FIGUEIREDO, D. M. de; PORTO, M. O.; DETMANN, E..
The objective of this experiment was to study the effects of different levels of supplementation on the performance, intake, digestibility, pH and rumen ammonia concentration in growing bulls grazing Brachiaria decumbens Stapf. pasture, during the dry-rainy transition season. For evaluation of performance, intake and digestibility, it was used 25 non-castrated steers at 11 months of age and initial average body weight of 270 kg, grouped in five plots of five animals each, following a completely randomized design. Each plot received one of the following feeding treatments: mineral mixture and supplement at the proportion of 0.5, 1.0, 1.5 and 2.0 kg/animal/day, corresponding to 0.18, 0.36, 0.54 and 0.72% of the average body weight of the animals. The area...
Tipo: Artigo em periódico indexado (ALICE) Palavras-chave: Amônia ruminal; Rumen ammonia; Amoníaco ruminal; Dry-rainy transition season; Transição seca-águas; Gado de corte; Gado Zebu; Novilho de corte; Nutrição animal; Ganho de peso; Suplemento alimentar; Pastagem; Gramínea forrageira; Capim Brachiaria; Brachiaria decumbens; Digestibilidade; Performance; Consumo alimentar; Ph; Amônia; Beef cattle; Zebu; Calves; Animal nutrition; Cattle feeding; Dietary supplements; Pastures; Forage grasses; Urochloa decumbens; Digestibility; Growth performance; Ganado de carne; Alimentación de ganado; Cebú; Terneros; Nutrición animal; Suplementos dietéticos; Pastizales; Pastos forrajeros; Digestibilidad; Desempeño del crecimiento.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://www.alice.cnptia.embrapa.br/handle/doc/902545
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Uso econômico do concentrado por meio do controle leiteiro: cartilhas elaboradas conforme a metodologia e-Rural. Infoteca-e
PEREIRA, L. G. R.; CARNEIRO, J. da C.; BERNARDO, W. F.; MOREIRA, M. S. de P.; MIRANDA, J. E. C. de; MAGALHAES, V. M. A. de.
E-BOOK: Esta publicação tem por objetivo discutir e apresentar a melhor forma de utilizar o concentrado na alimentação de vacas de leite. O que chamamos de "concentrado", os produtores chamam no dia a dia de "ração". Esse alimento é fornecido no cocho e complementa a alimentação das vacas de leite. Como o concentrado é caro, ele deve ser usado de forma muito cuidadosa para não reduzir o lucro final da venda do leite. O uso do concentrado deve ser feito por mérito da vaca. Ou seja, a vaca que produz mais leite merece receber mais concentrado. A vaca que produz pouco leite recebe menos concentrado. Mas o que é uma boa vaca? A que produz mais leite ou a que dá mais lucro? Para conhecer a produção de cada vaca é preciso pesar o leite e anotar estas informações...
Tipo: Fôlder / Folheto / Cartilha (INFOTECA-E) Palavras-chave: Alimentação; Bovinos; Bovinos leiteiros; Concentrado; Nutrição; Concentrates; Cattle feeding.
Ano: 2017 URL: http://www.infoteca.cnptia.embrapa.br/handle/doc/1061232
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