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Child Labor AgEcon
Udry, Christopher R..
Child labor exists because it is the best response people can find in intolerable circumstances. Poverty and child labor are mutually reinforcing: because their parents are poor, children must work and not attend school, and then grow up poor. Child labor has two important special features. First, when financial markets are imperfect, the separation in time between the immediate benefits and long-delayed costs of sending children to work lead to too much child labor. Second, the costs and benefits of child labor are borne by different people. Targeted subsidies for school attendance are very effective in reducing child labor because they successfully address both of these problems.
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Child labor; Human capital; Household economics; Labor and Human Capital; J24; O15.
Ano: 2003 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/28393
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Child Labor and Schooling Responses to Production and Health Shocks in Northern Mali AgEcon
Dillon, Andrew.
This paper investigates children’s time allocation to schooling, home production, and market production using a unique data set collected from northern Mali. Production shocks from harvest period pest infestations induce households to withdraw children from school and increase the probability that they are selected into farm work. Health shocks to women increases the probability that a child participates in the family business and childcare activities. These results are robust to varying assumptions about the structure of unobserved heterogeneity at the household and village levels. Different measures of household assets are also constructed to test whether assets serve as a buffer against increased child labor in response to shocks. Assets such as...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Child labor; Production shocks; Health shocks; Labor substitution effects; Labor and Human Capital.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/42806
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Fertility, Child Work and Schooling Consequences of Family Planning Programs: Evidence from an Experiment in Rural Bangladesh AgEcon
Sinha, Nistha.
Despite the attractiveness of experiments from the perspective of program evaluation, there have been very few program experiments in the area of family planning. This paper evaluates an ongoing family planning program experiment in rural Bangladesh. The paper estimates the effect of mothers'’ program exposure on fertility and children’'s time allocation. The results show that while the program was effective in reducing fertility, it had no significant impact on children’'s school enrollment. However, the program appears to have significantly raised boys'’ participation in the labor force.
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Fertility; Child labor; School enrollment; Program evaluation; Labor and Human Capital; J13; J22; I21.
Ano: 2003 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/28457
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Infancia migrante transfronteriza, trabajo infantil y derechos humanos : zona cafetalera, Soconusco, Chiapas. Colegio de Postgraduados
Ramírez Ramos, Laura Itzel.
El sistema capitalista ha generado dinámicas de desprotección humana que obligan a grandes conglomerados de personas a buscar estrategias que les aseguren mínimos de subsistencia. Este es el caso de las y los jornaleros migrantes guatemaltecos en la frontera sur de México, para quienes la migración y el trabajo infantil, su estrategia, los expone a contextos de alta vulnerabilidad en donde la violación de sus derechos humanos es recurrente. En este marco contextual el objetivo de la presente investigación es aportar datos cuantitativos y cualitativos que describan las características del trabajo infantil, el derecho a la salud y educación de niños y niñas migrantes guatemaltecos en tres fincas cafetaleras en la zona del Soconusco, Chiapas, espacio...
Palavras-chave: Migración laboral; Trabajo infantil; Género; Derechos humanos; Chiapas; Guatemala; Labor migration; Child labor; Gender; Human rights; Desarrollo Rural; Maestría.
Ano: 2013 URL: http://hdl.handle.net/10521/1878
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O impacto do trabalho infantil no setor agrícola sobre a saúde AgEcon
Nicolella, Alexandre Chibebe; Kassouf, Ana Lucia; Barros, Alexandre Lahóz Mendonça de.
The aim of this dissertation is to identify the causal relation between rural child labour and health. The analysis utilized the PNAD, a Brazilian household survey, from 1998 and 2003. The econometric modeling was based on the pseudo-panel approach and was considered the children from 5 to 15 years old in 1998 and from 10 to 20 years old in 2003. The results show that work and work in risky jobs in the agricultural sector do not differ from those impacts of other sectors. It was also presented, for all individuals that work in the agricultural sector does not impact the health capital and work in the non rural sector impact negatively the health capital. So, the government intervention in rural areas should be different from the one implemented on the...
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Child labor; Health; Pseudo-panel; Agribusiness; I12; R21; C23.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/61231
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The Effect of Parents' Occupation on Child Labor and School Attendance in Brazil AgEcon
Parikh, Anokhi; Sadoulet, Elisabeth.
This paper investigates how child labor and schooling are responsive to opportunities to work, in particular to opportunities provided by children's own parents. The paper demonstrates that after controlling for household, parental, regional, and child characteristics, children whose parents are self-employed or employers are more likely to work than children of employees, irrespective of the sector of parent activity. Furthermore, the paper also confirms a recent finding that children from areas with high average adult employment rates are more likely to work than children from areas with low average adult employment rates. Finally, since twice as many children of the self-employed and employers both work and go to school as those of employees, the paper...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Child labor; Schooling; Latin America; Brazil; Labor and Human Capital.
Ano: 2005 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/25045
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The effects of globalization on child labor in developing countries AgEcon
Dagdemir, Ozcan; Acaroglu, Hakan.
This paper inquires the effects of globalization on child labor in developing countries via cross-country analysis by decomposing globalization to its components; foreign direct investment (FDI) and trade. The findings reveal that the relationship between the child labor supply and gross domestic product per capita (PCGDP) can be expressed as a U shape. The study indicates that the child labor increases in the developing countries whose PCGDP levels are above $7500 since the net effect of globalization is positive for the positive substitution effect is bigger than the negative income effect. Data have been collected from UNICEF and World Bank.
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Child labor; Globalization; Trade; FDI; Developing countries.; International Development; Labor and Human Capital; C31; F14; F15; F16; J49.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/95959
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