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Registros recuperados: 17
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Body composition and lipodystrophy in prepubertal HIV-infected children BJID
Palchetti,Cecilia Zanin; Patin,Rose Vega; Gouvêa,Aída de Fátima Thomé Barbosa; Szejnfeld,Vera Lúcia; Succi,Regina Célia de Menezes; Oliveira,Fernanda Luisa Ceragioli.
OBJECTIVE: To identify lipodystrophy in prepubertal HIV-infected children using anthropometric parameters and body composition assessment. METHODS: Cross-sectional study including 40 prepubertal HIV-infected children of both genders seen at the Care Center of the Division of Pediatric Infectious Diseases - Universidade Federal de São Paulo, São Paulo city, Brazil, was carried out from August to December 2008. Age, clinical and immunological status, prophylaxis, transmission and highly active antiretroviral therapy were recorded. Body mass index z-score and height-for-age z-score were calculated to characterize the nutritional status. Circumferences were measured with flexible tape and skinfolds were assessed by an adipometry. Fat mass and lean mass were...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: HIV; Child; Lipodystrophy; Body composition; Anthropometry.
Ano: 2013 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1413-86702013000100001
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Common infectious diseases and skin test anergy in children from an urban slum in Northeast Brazil BJID
Castro,Melânia X.; Soares,Alberto M.; Fonsêca,Walter; Rey,Luís C.; Guerrant,Richard L.; Lima,Aldo A. M..
BACKGROUND: Acute respiratory infection (ARI), diarrheal disease (DD) and infective dermatitis (ID) are important causes of morbidity in children under five, in Northeast Brazil. Objectives: (a) to evaluate the morbidity of ARI, DD and ID; and (b) to determine their association with cellular immunity in poor urban children from Fortaleza, Brazil. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A prospective cohort study. At enrollment, multipuncture skin-tests (Multitest CMI) were performed and interpreted according to standard procedures. Children were followed for infectious diseases by weekly home visits. RESULTS: Seventy-one children aged 6 to 21 months were recruited in an ongoing cohort of newborns. A mean of 39 (6 to 63) home visits per child were made, which detected 184.5...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Diarrhea; Acute respiratory infection; Cellular immunity; Skin test; Child.
Ano: 2003 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1413-86702003000600006
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Diagnosis of pulmonary tuberculosis by score system in children and adolescents: a trial in a reference center in Bahia, Brazil BJID
Sant'Anna,Clemax Couto; Santos,Marilene Augusta R. C.; Franco,Rosana.
Since 2002, the Brazilian Ministry of Health has recommended a score system for tuberculosis diagnosis of children and adolescents that does not need bacteriological positivity, because most cases in this age group have few bacteria. An observational, transversal study was carried out at the outpatient health care service of the reference medical service in Salvador, Bahia, including 164 patients with pulmonary tuberculosis, with ages ranging between 1 and 15 years of age, who were treated from 1990 to 2001. The gold standard used to establish the diagnosis was clinical, radiological, epidemiological and based on follow-up data. The score system for diagnosis purposes was tested retrospectively. The median age and the average age of the 164 patients were 6...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Pulmonary tuberculosis; Diagnosis; Child; Adolescents.
Ano: 2004 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1413-86702004000400006
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DNA damage in children and adolescents with cardiovascular disease risk factors Anais da ABC (AABC)
Kliemann,Mariele; Prá,Daniel; Müller,Luiza L.; Hermes,Liziane; Horta,Jorge A.; Reckziegel,Miriam B.; Burgos,Miria S.; Maluf,Sharbel W.; Franke,Silvia I.R.; Silva,Juliana da.
The risk of developing cardiovascular disease (CVD) is related to lifestyle (e.g. diet, physical activity and smoking) as well as to genetic factors. This study aimed at evaluating the association between CVD risk factors and DNA damage levels in children and adolescents. Anthropometry, diet and serum CVD risk factors were evaluated by standard procedures. DNA damage levels were accessed by the comet assay (Single cell gel electrophoresis; SCGE) and cytokinesis-blocked micronucleus (CBMN) assays in leukocytes. A total of 34 children and adolescents selected from a population sample were divided into three groups according to their level of CVD risk. Moderate and high CVD risk subjects showed significantly higher body fat and serum CVD risk markers than low...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Cardiovascular diseases; Micronucleus test; Comet assay; Diet; Anthropometry; Child; Adolescent.
Ano: 2012 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0001-37652012000300025
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Efficacy of cognitive behavioral therapy in children and adolescents with insomnia: a systematic review and meta-analysis BJMBR
Ma,Zhong-Rui; Shi,Li-Jun; Deng,Ming-Hong.
Insomnia is highly prevalent in children and adolescents. However, the efficacy of cognitive behavioral therapy for insomnia (CBT-i) in children and adolescents remains controversial. Therefore, this systematic review and meta-analysis aimed to assess the efficacy of CBT-i in children and adolescents. We conducted a search of PubMed, EMBASE, the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, CINAHL, and PsycINFO to select primary studies evaluating CBT-i in children and adolescents that were primarily diagnosed through standardized diagnostic criteria. The primary outcomes of the meta-analysis included sleep onset latency (SOL), wake after sleep onset (WASO), total sleep time (TST), and sleep efficiency (SE%). Six randomized controlled trials and four...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Insomnia; Cognitive behavioral therapy; CBT-i; Child; Adolescent; Meta-analysis.
Ano: 2018 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0100-879X2018000600616
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Impaired bone mineral accrual in prepubertal HIV-infected children: a cohort study BJID
Palchetti,Cecília Zanin; Szejnfeld,Vera Lúcia; Succi,Regina Célia de Menezes; Patin,Rose Vega; Teixeira,Patrícia Fonseca; Machado,Daisy Maria; Oliveira,Fernanda Luisa Ceragioli.
ABSTRACT OBJECTIVE: To evaluate bone mass accrual and determine the influence of clinical, anthropometric, dietary and biochemical parameters on bone mass. METHODS: A cohort study including 35 prepubertal HIV-infected children, between 7 and 12 years, attended at a referral center. At time 1 (T1) and time 2 (T2), patients were assessed according to clinical, anthropometric, dietary, biochemical parameters and bone mineral density (BMD). At T2, patients were divided into prepubertal and pubertal. RESULTS: Despite the increase in bone mass absolute values, there was no improvement in lumbar spine BMD (LSBMD) Z-score (p = 0.512) and worsening in total body BMD (TBMD) Z-score (p = 0.040). Pubertal patients (n = 19) showed higher bone mineral content...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: HIV; Child; Body composition; Bone mineral density.
Ano: 2015 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1413-86702015000600623
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LANGUAGE LEARNING - PHYSIOLOGICAL AND PSYCHOLOGICAL ASPECTS AgEcon
Tarnoveanu, Dorina.
There are several stages in the linguistic development of a child; he will not merely reproduce the sentences he hears, but a personal production is often noticed. Children do not acquire the grammar of their native language through theoretical teaching; exposure to the speaking community will lead to the acquisition of the grammatical structures of their language. Little is known about how little children acquire the rules of their native language; yet, we may distinguish between physiological and psychological aspects.
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Language; Speech; Acquisition; Learning; Grammar; Child; Native; Physiological and psychological aspects.; Research and Development/Tech Change/Emerging Technologies; 81.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/92389
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Left Ventricular Mass in Normal Children and its Correlation with Weight, Height and Body Surface Area International Journal of Morphology
Kervancioglu,Piraye; Kervancioglu,Mehmet; Tuncer,M. Cudi; Hatipoglu,E. Savas.
Echocardiographic measurement of left ventricular mass (LVM) is being used for the diagnosis of left ventricular hypertrophy in children with various cardiovascular diseases. The purposes of this study was to establish normal values of LVM according to weight, height and body surface area (BSA) in children and to determine the sex differences. We evaluated 208 children (143 males and 65 females), aged 1 day to 14 years who had no cardiovascular disease. The end-diastolic left ventricular internal dimension (LVIDd), end-diastolic left ventricular posterior wall thickness (LVPWd) and end-diastolic interventricular septum (IVSd) values were determined by M-mode echocardiographic examination. By using these values, left ventricular mass was calculated. The...
Tipo: Journal article Palavras-chave: Echocardiograpy; Child; Normal values; Gender difference.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://www.scielo.cl/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0717-95022011000300054
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Myroides odoratimimus soft tissue infection in an immunocompetent child following a pig bite: case report and literature review BJID
Maraki,Sofia; Sarchianaki,Emmanouela; Barbagadakis,Sophia.
Members of the genus Myroides are aerobic Gram-negative bacteria that are common in environmental sources, but are not components of the normal human microflora. Myroides organisms behave as low-grade opportunistic pathogens, causing infections in severely immunocompromised patients and rarely, in immunocompetent hosts. A case of Myroides odoratimimus cellulitis following a pig bite in an immunocompetent child is presented, and the medical literature on Myroides spp. soft tissue infections is reviewed.
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/report Palavras-chave: Myroides species; Soft tissue infection; Child; Immunocompetent.
Ano: 2012 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1413-86702012000400015
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Randomized controlled trials of serotonin-norepinephrine reuptake inhibitor in treating major depressive disorder in children and adolescents: a meta-analysis of efficacy and acceptability BJMBR
Xu,Y.; Bai,S.J.; Lan,X.H.; Qin,B.; Huang,T.; Xie,P..
New generation antidepressant therapies, including serotonin-norepinephrine reuptake inhibitor (SNRIs), were introduced in the late 1980s; however, few comprehensive studies have compared the benefits and risks of various contemporary treatments for major depressive disorder (MDD) in young patients. A comprehensive literature search of PubMed, Cochrane, Embase, Web of Science, and PsycINFO databases was conducted from 1970 to January 2015. Only clinical trials that randomly assigned one SNRI or placebo to patients aged 7 to 18 years who met the diagnostic criteria for major depressive disorder were included. Treatment success, dropout rate, and suicidal ideation/attempt outcomes were measured. Primary efficacy was determined by pooling the risk ratios...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Adolescent; Child; Major depressive disorder; Meta-analysis; Randomized controlled trial; Serotonin and norepinephrine reuptake inhibitor.
Ano: 2016 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0100-879X2016000600704
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REDUCING CONSUMPTION OF FOOD WITH HIGH LEVEL OF FAT, SUGAR AND/OR SALT AMONG YOUNG GENERATION AgEcon
Szucs, Robert Sandor; Csapo, Zsolt.
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Obesity; Fat tax; Marketing; Child; Unhealthy food; Marketing.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/104676
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REDUCING CONSUMPTION OF FOOD WITH HIGH LEVEL OF FAT, SUGAR AND/OR SALT AMONG YOUNG GENERATION AgEcon
Szucs, Robert Sandor; Csapo, Zsolt.
The young generation is the most influenced and vulnerable segment of the market. Food with high level of fat, sugar and/or salt are popularised for this segment. At the same time nearly 7 people die of obesity or from complications of obesity in Hungary each hour – one every 9 minutes. Less than 10% of youth are of the belief of eating healthy and more then one third of youth don’t take care about healthy eating. The young generation can be especially influenced by use of well-known persons, prize games and free gifts. The idea of fat tax’s introduction could be an obvious proposal.
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Obesity; Fat tax; Marketing; Child; Unhealthy food; Food Consumption/Nutrition/Food Safety.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/91117
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Relationship between genetic mutation variations and acute-phase reactants in the attack-free period of children diagnosed with familial Mediterranean fever BJMBR
Kosan,C.; Cayir,A.; Turan,M.I..
Familial Mediterranean fever (FMF) is a periodic autoinflammatory disease characterized by chronic inflammation. This study investigated the relationship between acute-phase reactants and gene mutations in attack-free periods of childhood FMF. Patients diagnosed with FMF were divided into four groups based on genetic features: no mutation, homozygous, heterozygous, and compound heterozygous. These groups were monitored for 2 years, and blood samples were collected every 6 months during attack-free periods. Erythrocyte sedimentation rate, C-reactive protein, fibrinogen, and white blood cell count were measured. A disease severity score was determined for each patient. Mean values for erythrocyte sedimentation rate and fibrinogen were significantly different...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Familial Mediterranean fever; Child; Genetic mutation; Acute-phase reactants.
Ano: 2013 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0100-879X2013001000904
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Rotavirus gastroenteritis in a children's hospital specialized in craniofacial malformations J. Venom. Anim. Toxins incl. Trop. Dis.
Vieira,NA; Pereira,PCM; Carvalho,LR.
This study aimed to verify the relationship between acute diarrhea provoked by rotavirus and different indicators of craniofacial malformations. In the Hospital for Rehabilitation of Craniofacial Anomalies, 8,724 children with cleft lip and cleft palate were divided into the following groups: acute diarrhea and infection due to rotavirus (C1, n = 62), acute diarrhea (C2, n = 153) and without acute diarrhea (C3, n = 8,509). In C1, 29.03% of the cases consisted of hospital infections associated with the hospitalization period while 38.71% of the patients were aged less than six months. The percentage of children not having breastfed was significantly higher in acute diarrhea groups. Additionally, there was a seasonal prevalence of rotavirus infection between...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Rotavirus; Gastroenteritis; Diarrhea; Child.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1678-91992010000200015
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The Prevalence of Under-Nourished Child Obese Mother Phenomenon in Rural Areas: Evidence from Central Province of Kenya AgEcon
Mburu, John G.; Okello, Julius Juma.
Attainment of nutritional security is a major focus of the Millennium Development Goals. Despite efforts, Sub-Saharan Africa countries are yet to make significant progress in becoming nutritionally secure. Over the years, maternal obesity and child under-nutrition have concurrently been on the increase. The rise in obesity and child under-nutrition is attributed to, among others, urbanization-driven shifts in eating habits and lifestyle, changes in purchasing power, food assistance and stress-related medical conditions. Studies in Asia and Latin America have associated co-existence of adult obesity and child under-nutrition with urban areas. In this paper we examine the prevalence of child under-nutrition and mother obesity in rural Kenya. We find that 22...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Child; Kenya; Mother; Nutrition; Agricultural and Food Policy; Consumer/Household Economics; Food Consumption/Nutrition/Food Safety.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/52160
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Usefulness of pharmacy dispensing records in the evaluation of adherence to antiretroviral therapy in Brazilian children and adolescents BJID
Ernesto,Aline Santarem; Lemos,Renata Muller Banzato Pinto de; Huehara,Maria Ivone; Morcillo,André Moreno; Vilela,Maria Marluce dos Santos; Silva,Marcos Tadeu Nolasco da.
INTRODUCTION: Adherence, which is crucial to the success of antiretroviral therapy (HAART), is currently a major challenge in the care of children and adolescents living with HIV/AIDS. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the prevalence of nonadherence to HAART using complementary instruments in a cohort of children and adolescents with HIV/AIDS followed in a reference service in Campinas, Brazil. METHODS: The level of adherence of 108 patients and caregivers was evaluated by an adapted standardized questionnaire and pharmacy dispensing records (PDR). Non-adherence was defined as a drug intake lower than 95% (on 24-hour or seven-day questionnaires), or as an interval of 38 days or more for pharmacy refills. The association between adherence and clinical, immunological,...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Acquired immunodeficiency; Syndrome; Child; Adolescent; Highly active antiretroviral therapy; Medication adherence.
Ano: 2012 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1413-86702012000400001
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Viral detection profile in children with severe acute respiratory infection BJID
Canela,Luciana Nascimento Pinto; Magalhães-Barbosa,Maria Clara de; Raymundo,Carlos Eduardo; Carney,Sharon; Siqueira,Marilda Mendonca; Prata-Barbosa,Arnaldo; Cunha,Antonio José Ledo Alves da.
ABSTRACT Objectives: The role of viral co-detection in children with severe acute respiratory infection is not clear. We described the viral detection profile and its association with clinical characteristics in children admitted to the Pediatric Intensive Care Unit (PICU) during the 2009 influenza A(H1N1) pandemic. Method: Longitudinal observational retrospective study, with patients aged 0–18 years, admitted to 11 PICUs in Rio de Janeiro, with suspected H1N1 infection, from June to November, 2009. The results of respiratory samples which were sent to the Laboratory of Fiocruz/RJ and clinical data extracted from specific forms were analyzed. Results: Of 71 samples, 38% tested positive for H1N1 virus. Of the 63 samples tested for other viruses, 58 were...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Pandemic H1N1 Influenza; Co-detection; Pediatric intensive care unit; Severe acute respiratory infection (SARI); Child.
Ano: 2018 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1413-86702018000500402
Registros recuperados: 17
Primeira ... 1 ... Última
 

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