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A Comparative Study of China's and Australia's Cotton Production AgEcon
Zhao, Xufu; Tisdell, Clement A..
After providing information about the global importance of cotton as a textile and China’s and Australia’s contribution to global cotton production, this paper examines and compares trends in the time-series of cotton production of China and Australia for the period 1980-2007. In doing so, it takes account of changes in the area planted with cotton and its yield. Correlation estimates and decomposition analysis are used to determine the relative contribution to variations in the total output of cotton of changes in the total area planted with cotton and its yield in both countries. These relative contributions are found to be quite different for Australia and China. In addition, there is a comparative analysis of fluctuations in the production of cotton,...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Australia; Agricultural economics; China; Cotton production; Cotton supply responses; Fibre markets; Fluctuations in agricultural production; Crop Production/Industries; International Relations/Trade; Q00; Q10; Q11; Q13; Q18; Q19.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/90622
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A decomposition of China's productivity through calibration of an endogenous growth model AgEcon
Luckstead, Jeff; Choi, Seung Mo; Devadoss, Stephen; Mittelhammer, Ronald C..
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: China; IST; Human capital; International Development; O30.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/103072
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A Dynamic Approach to the FDI-Environment Nexus: The Case of China and India AgEcon
Baek, Jungho; Koo, Won W..
The cointegration analysis and a vector error-correction (VEC) model are applied to examine the short- and long-run relationships among foreign direct investment (FDI), economic growth, and the environment in China and India. The results show that FDI inflow plays a pivotal role in determining the short- and long-run movement of economic growth through capital accumulation and technical spillovers in the two countries. However, FDI inflow in both countries is found to have a detrimental effect on environmental quality in both the short- and long-run, supporting pollution haven hypothesis. Finally, it is found that, in the short-run, there exists a unidirectional causality from FDI inflow to economic growth and the environment in China and India - a change...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: China; Cointegration analysis; Environment; FDI; India; Vector error-correction; Research Methods/ Statistical Methods.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/6508
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A liberalização econômica da China e sua importância para as exportações do agronegócio brasileiro. Repositório Alice
MORAES, A. L. M. de.
Antecedentes da abertura econômica da China; A modernização da China; Crescimento da economia chinesa; Distorções econômicas; Investimentos externos diretos; Comércio exterior; Conseqüências da acessão da China à OMC; Desenvolvimento agrícola; Política agrícola; As relações bilaterais Brasil-China e suas perspectivas.
Tipo: Texto para Discussão (ALICE) Palavras-chave: Agrobusiness; Agronegócio; Comércio exterior; Economia; Brasil; China.
Ano: 2004 URL: http://www.alice.cnptia.embrapa.br/handle/doc/109088
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A method to identify and evaluate the legal and institutional framework for the management of water and land in Asia: the outcome of a study in Southeast Asia and the People’s Republic of China. AgEcon
Hannam, Ian.
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Water management; Land management; Legal aspects; Environmental policy; China; Laos; Bangladesh; Philippines; Crop Production/Industries; Environmental Economics and Policy; Farm Management; Resource /Energy Economics and Policy.
Ano: 2003 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/52970
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A Multidimensional Homo Economicus: Cultural Dimensions of Economic Preferences in Four Countries AgEcon
Ehmke, Mariah D.; Lusk, Jayson L.; Tyner, Wallace E..
Previous work in experimental economics reveals specific differences in economic behavior, especially reciprocity and free-riding behavior, across cultures. We expand the possible pallet of cross-cultural behavioral differences that may exist. We hypothesize that different kinds of strategic interaction and individual decision-making behaviors differ across locations. The variety of experiments we use allow us to report multidimensional rather than just single dimensional differences in behavior across locations. In order to build a broad Homo Economicus we conducted economic experiments in four dissimilar locations: Hangzhou, China; Niamey, Niger; Grenoble, France; Manhattan, Kansas; and West Lafayette, Indiana. Each subject completed an ultimatum...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Time preference; Risk preference; Voluntary contribution mechanism; Ultimatum bargaining game; Cultural; China; France; Niger; Kansas; Indiana; US; Institutional and Behavioral Economics.
Ano: 2005 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/19225
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A new ctenochasmatid pterosaur from the Lower Cretaceous, western Liaoning, China Anais da ABC (AABC)
Jiang,Shunxing; Wang,Xiaolin.
A nearly complete skull of a new ctenochasmatid pterosaur, Pterofiltus qiui gen. et sp. nov., from the Lower Cretaceous deposits of Liaoning, China, is described here. The specimen (IVPP V12339), was collected from the shale of the lower Yixian Formation (125 Ma) at the Zhangjiagou locality. It has the following combination of characters: about 112 teeth in total (including the upper and lower jaws); the dentition occupies more than 50% of the skull length; the anterior teeth vary in size; the mandibular symphysis is longer than half of the whole mandible length; in ventral view, an apparent symphyseal trough in the median part of the symphysis.
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Lower Cretaceous; Yixian Formation; Pterofiltus qiui; Ctenochasmatidae; Liaoning; China.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0001-37652011000400011
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A new species in the genus Ropalophorus Curtis (Hymenoptera: Braconidae) from China, parasitizing adults of the bark beetle Ips subelongatus (Coleoptera: Scolytidae), with a key to world species of the genus Naturalis
Yang, Z.; Gu, Y.; Song, Y..
A new species of the genus Ropalophorus Curtis (Hymenoptera: Braconidae: Euphorinae) from Palaearctic China is described and illustrated. A key to world species is added.
Tipo: Article / Letter to the editor Palavras-chave: Hymenoptera; Braconidae; Euphorinae; Ropalophorus; Coleoptera; Curculionidae; Scolytinae; Ips; Larix; Distribution; World; China; New species; 42.75.
Ano: 2003 URL: http://www.repository.naturalis.nl/record/216174
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A Performance Analysis of the Supply of Public Goods in Rural Communities Based on the System Implementation Costs - Taking Chongren county Bailu village, Taihe County Yongchang village as examples AgEcon
Zheng, Shuang-sheng.
Based on the survey of Chongren county Bailu village, Taihe county Yongchang village and by focusing on the system implementation costs, the public goods is divided into tangible products and intangible products these 2 parts to carry out a perfomance analysis of the supply of public goods in rural communities. It points out that in both the well-acquainted and rare-acquainted communities in rural areas there are some long-existing informal systems, such as religions. Because of their born nature, the system implementation costs are relatively lower. However, the implementation costs of the embedded foreign systems are relatively higher because of their weaker lasting features and the rare social basis. Therefore, proposing putting the efficient supply of...
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Public goods; Village community association; System implementation costs; Sustainable development; China; Agribusiness.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/93405
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A Perspective on Organic Agriculture in China - Opportunities and Challenges Organic Eprints
Zhang, Fusuo; Qiao, Yuhui; Wang, Fanghao; Zhang, Weifeng.
With the rapid development of international production and trade in organic food, organic agriculture is also boosting in China. The milestone of Chinese organic agri-culture was set in 1990 with the first export of a certified organic product (tea) from Lin’an county of Zhejiang Province, China, which marked the launch of organic pro-duction in China. By the end of 2005, there had been about 4.384 million ha organic land, including 1.694 million ha organic, 0.61 million ha conversion as well as 2.08 million ha collection area, about half of which is certified area. About 4.93 million tons organic products and nearly 1600 projects had been certified with 300~400 varieties. According to the above data, now China ranks the 3rd largest country of organic...
Tipo: Conference paper, poster, etc. Palavras-chave: China.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://orgprints.org/10388/1/10388_Zhang_Vortrag.pdf
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A Prediction Model of Peasants’ Income in China Based on BP Neural Network AgEcon
Guo, Qing-chun; He, Zhen-fang; Li, Li; Kong, Ling-jun; Zhang, Xiao-yong; Kou, Li-qun.
According to the related data affecting the peasants’ income in China in the years 1978-2008, a total of 13 indices are selected, such as agricultural population, output value of primary industry, and rural employees. According to standardized method and BP neural network method, the peasants’ income and the artificial neural network model are established and analyzed. Results show that the simulation value agrees well with the real value; the neural network model with improved BP algorithm has high prediction accuracy, rapid convergence rate and good generalization ability. Finally, suggestions are put forward to increase the peasants’ income, such as promoting the process of urbanization, developing small and medium-sized enterprises in rural areas,...
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: BP Neural Network; Peasants’ income; Forecast; China; Agribusiness.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/113491
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A Regional Decomposition Analysis of CO2 Emissions and Their Evolutions in China AgEcon
Dong, Fengxia; Lu, Jing; Du, Xiaodong.
CHINA is currently the world largest emitter of energy-related carbon dioxide (CO2). Understanding the driving forces governing CO2 emission levels and their evolutions in China can provide useful information for policy makers who aim to reduce green house gas emissions. Because of policy and historical reasons, considerable regional growth and income disparities exist in China. The regional disparities may influence energy use and CO2 emissions. Therefore, this study is to investigate the driving forces governing CO2 emission levels and their evolutions at regional level in China.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Carbon dioxide emission; Decomposition analysis; Region; China; Environmental Economics and Policy; Resource /Energy Economics and Policy.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/61390
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A Research on Competitiveness of Guangxi City - Based on System Clustering Method and Principal Component Analysis Method AgEcon
Fan, Chang-ke; Wu, Yu.
A total of 10 indices of regional economic development in Guangxi are selected. According to the relevant economic data, regional economic development in Guangxi City is analyzed by using System Clustering Method and Principal Component Analysis Method. Result shows that System Clustering Method and Principal Component Analysis Method have revealed similar results analysis of economic development level. Overall economic strength of Guangxi is weak and Nanning has relatively high scores of factors due to its advantage of the political, economic and cultural center. Comprehensive scores of other regions are all lower than 1, which has big gap with the development of Nanning. Overall development strategy points out that Guangxi should accelerate the...
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Clustering Analysis Method; Factor Analysis Method; Economic development level; Economic strength; China; Agribusiness.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/93467
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A Research to Village Combination and the Analysis of the Influences of Which Having on Social Economy During the Urbanization Process of Yantai City AgEcon
Yu, Huilu; Xia, Yanling; Lu, Qingshui.
With the rapid development of urbanization of our country, serious conflicts on land using appear. Village combination in rural areas is an important way to increase cultivated land, promote the development of urbanization and effectively solve conflicts on land using, which plays an significant role in solving agriculture problems, countryside problems and peasant problems, assuring foods safety and constructing social new countryside.Taking Yantai City as example, the paper firstly makes analyses on the necessaries and the feasibility of village combination. And then based on the mode GM (1,1) of grey theory, the paper forecasts the urbanization ratio, the proportion of urban and rural areas to the whole population and finally programs the rational scale...
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Village combination; Urbanization; Reclaimation; China; Agribusiness.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/118309
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A Review of Two Payment Schemes for Watershed Services from China and Vietnam: the Interface of Government Control and PES Theory Ecology and Society
Kolinjivadi, Vijay K; Center for International Forestry Research (CIFOR); vijay.kolinjivadi@mail.mcgill.ca; Sunderland, Terry; Center for International Forestry Research (CIFOR); T.Sunderland@cgiar.org.
China and Vietnam have developed some of the most ambitious payments for ecosystem services (PES) initiatives for watershed conservation and forest management. These include the Sloping Land Conversion Programme in China and pilot projects designed to implement Decision 380 and the subsequent national PES law in Vietnam. This study reviews how these two government-driven initiatives are achieving their environment and development objectives in terms of their institutional arrangements, implementation in practice, and sustainability prospects. Although it remains too soon to determine the effects of these programs on watershed services, early evidence indicates that they are resulting in vulnerable land being retired from cultivation supported, in some...
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Synthesis Palavras-chave: China; Environment; Payments for ecosystem services; Vietnam; Well-being.
Ano: 2012
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A revision of the genus Aulacocentrum Brues (Hymenoptera: Braconidae: Macrocentrinae) from China Naturalis
He, J.; Achterberg, C. van.
The species of the genus Aulacocentrum Brues (Braconidae: Macrocentrinae) from China are revised and keyed. Two new species are described and illustrated.
Tipo: Article / Letter to the editor Palavras-chave: Braconidae; Macrocentrinae; Aulacocentrum; Key; Distribution; Oriental; Palaeartic; China; 42.75.
Ano: 1994 URL: http://www.repository.naturalis.nl/record/318760
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A revision of the subtribe Brulleiina van Achterberg (Hymenoptera: Braconidae: Helconinae) from China Naturalis
Chen, X.; He, J.; Achterberg, C. van.
The species of the genera Brulleia Szepligeti, 1904, and Parabrulleia van Achterberg, 1983, of the subtribe Brulleiina van Achterberg (Braconidae: Helconinae) from China are revised and keyed. Ten species are recognized, and all nine Brulleia species are new to science. Xuexin Chen & Junhua He, Institute of Applied Entomology, Zhejiang Agricultural University, Hangzhou 310029, China.
Tipo: Article / Letter to the editor Palavras-chave: Braconidae; Helconinae; Brulleiina; Brulleia; Parabrulleia; New species; Key; Distribution; Oriental; Palaearctic; China; 42.75.
Ano: 1993 URL: http://www.repository.naturalis.nl/record/318573
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A Study Evaluation Model and Index System of Industrial Resource and Energy Consumption in Small Towns AgEcon
Tong-sheng, Zhang.
Based on the principles of hierarchy, representativeness, operability and completeness, 10 indices are selected from 3 aspects of resource consumption, energy consumption and environmental emissions during small town development. Comprehensive evaluation index system for industrial source-energy saving and pollution reducing in small towns in constructed. According to the fuzzy mathematical method, qualitative calculation model of two-level hierarchical structure is constructed. Among them, the first-level model focuses on each specific evaluation index. It calculates the membership degree of region to resource-energy and pollution reducing in evaluation index set, and sorts the calculation results. The second-level model focuses on the first-level...
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Small towns; Resource; Energy; Energy saving; Pollution reducing; China; Agribusiness.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/93239
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A Study on the Countermeasures of Modern Agricultural Development from a Perspective of E-Commerce --A Case of Suzhou, China AgEcon
Sun, Xun-wen.
Based on the fact that E-commerce promotes the development of modern agriculture, the paper summarizes the present situation of agricultural E-commerce through related materials. Taking Suzhou city as an example, the paper analyzes the features of modern agriculture. And the modern agriculture is characterized with apparent industrialization and scale requirements, the branded and particular agriculture has more advantages, leisure agriculture is the very special one. In order to upgrade the degree of agricultural industrialization of Suzhou, promote the communication of agricultural information and sales of products and lower the risks of agricultural production, the E-commerce countermeasures of modern agriculture have been put forward. Firstly,...
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Modern agriculture; Agricultural e-commerce; Agricultural e-commerce model; E-commerce talents; China; Agribusiness.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/96064
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A Tale of Two Countries: Emissions Scenarios for China and India AgEcon
Massetti, Emanuele.
The aim of the paper is to present evidence that China and India are, and will remain, two very different actors in international negotiations to control global warming. We base our conclusions on historical data and on scenarios until 2050. The Business-as-Usual scenario (BaU) is compared to four Emissions Tax scenarios to draw insights on major transformations in energy use and in energy supply and to assess the possible contribution of China and India to a future international climate architecture. We study whether or not the Copenhagen intensity targets require more action than the BaU scenario and we assess whether the emissions reductions induced by the four tax scenarios are compatible with the G8 and MEF pledge to reduce global emissions by 50% in...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Climate Change; China; India; Energy Efficiency; Energy and Development; Environmental Economics and Policy; Q32; Q43; Q54; Q43; O53; P52.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/101378
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