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Chlorinated drinking water for lightweight laying hens Arq. Bras. Med. Vet. Zootec.
Schneider,A.F.; Almeida,D.S.; Moraes,A.N.; Picinin,L.C.A.; Oliveira,V.; Gewehr,C.E..
ABSTRACT The study aimed to evaluate the effect of different levels of chlorine in drinking water of laying hens on zootechnical performance, eggs shell quality, hemogasometry levels and calcium content in tibia. 144 Hy-Line laying hens, 61 weeks old, were used distributed in 24 metabolism cages. They were subjected to water diets, for a period of 28 days, using sodium hypochlorite as a chlorine source in order to obtain the following concentrations: 5ppm (control), 20ppm, 50ppm, and 100ppm. Their performance was evaluated through water consumption, feed intake, egg production and weight, egg mass, feed conversion. Shell quality was measured by specific gravity. At the end of the experiment, arterial blood was collected for blood gas level assessment and a...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Chlorine; Eggs; Hemogasometry; Posture; Shell.
Ano: 2016 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0102-09352016000601690
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Contamination chimique du milieu marin : de la mesure à l'évaluation des risques ArchiMer
Abarnou, Alain.
This activity report entitled (“Chemical contamination of the marine environment: from measurement to risk assessment”) summarizes the main stages my career at Ifremer from November 1975 to june 2013. The first chapter deals with the seawater chlorination and chlorinated waters released into the sea, the identification and the conditions of the formation of various by-product of these processes. The second chapter concerns PCBs, their nature, their chemical analysis in environmental matrices. PCBs are considered as the best examples of persistant and bioaccumulable compounds and therefore, in all this report they are flagship contaminants to which other groups of studied substances are compared. The third chapter refers to studies performed within marine...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Chlore; Chloration de l’eau de mer; Oxydant; Bromoforme; Impact environnemental; Mécanismes réactionnels; Désinfection; Polluants organiques persistants (POP); PCB; Dioxines; HAP; PBDE; Chlordécone; Baie de Seine; Organismes marins; Moules; Poissons; Surveillance environnementale; Analyse; Bioaccumulation; Chlorine; Seawater chlorination; Oxidizing agent; Bromoform; Environmental impact; Reaction mechanisms; Disinfection; Persitsent organic pollutants (POPs); PCBs; Dioxins; PAHs; PBDEs; Chlordecone (kepone); Baie de Seine; Marine organisms; Mussel; Fish; Environmental monitoring; Chemical analysis; Bioaccumulation.
Ano: 2013 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00168/27946/26237.pdf
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Detecção de Salmonella em pimenta-do-reino e métodos para descontaminação. Repositório Alice
HÜHN, S.; DANTAS, R. B.; MORAES, C. A. C.; FREITAS, I. M. de; BRITO, M. J. B.; MEDEIROS, N. L..
1997
Tipo: Artigo em anais de congresso (ALICE) Palavras-chave: Pimenta-do-reino; Contaminação biológica; Desinfecção; Controle químico; Salmonelose; Etileno de amino-tetra-acetico; Hipoclorito de sodio; Higiene de alimento; Piper nigrum; Biological contamination; Chemical control; Salmonella; Chelating agents; Chlorine; Desinfectants; Food hygiene; Disinfection.
Ano: 1997 URL: http://www.alice.cnptia.embrapa.br/handle/doc/394596
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Different sodium levels and electrolyte balances in pre-starter diets for broilers Rev. Bras. Ciênc. Avic.
Maiorka,A; Magro,N; Bartels,HAS; Kessler,AM; Penz Jr,AM.
An experiment with 400 one-day-old male chicks (Ross) was conducted to evaluate the effects of different Na levels (0.10, 0.22, 0.34 and 0.46%) and different cation/anion balances (Na+K-Cl) (100, 150, 200, 250 and 300 meq/kg) in pre-starter diets on broiler performance. The corn and soybean-based diets had 22% crude protein and 2,900 kcal/kg metabolizable energy and were fed ad libitum. Performance data showed a positive quadratic effect of increasing Na levels on feed and water consumption, weight gain and feed conversion. Na+K-Cl also had a quadratic influence on feed intake and weight gain. None of the effects tested affected the amount of water measured in excreta. Derivatives of obtained regression equations pointed to optimal Na levels of 0.45% for...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Broiler; Chlorine; Electrolyte balance; Performance; Potassium; Sodium; Water.
Ano: 2004 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1516-635X2004000300002
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Electrolytic Balance in Broiler Chicks During the First Week of Age Rev. Bras. Ciênc. Avic.
Borges,SA; Maiorka,A; Laurentiz,AC; Fischer da Silva,AV; Santin,E; Ariki,J.
Two experiments were carried out using 712 day-old chicks to evaluate the electrolytic balance (Na+K-Cl) in pre-starter (1-7 days) broiler diets. The feed, based on corn and soybean meal with 21.5 % protein and 2,900 kcal ME/kg, was offered ad libitum. In experiment I, K level was fixed, and Na and Cl levels were changed, using four 4 treatments and eight replicates of 16 birds. In experiment II, increasing levels of Na and K were used, with a total of four treatments and five repetitions of 10 birds. In both experiments, the dietary electrolytic balance was 40; 140; 240 and 340 mEq/kg. Electrolytic balance caused a quadratic effect on weight gain and feed:gain ratio, and a linear increase in feed intake when the electrolytic balance was increased by the...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Broilers; Chlorine; Electrolytes; Potassium; Sodium.
Ano: 2002 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1516-635X2002000200008
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Influence de la Chloration sur les Premiers Stades Larvaires de Palaemon serratus (Pennant). ArchiMer
Lassus, Patrick; Maggi, Pierre; Le Baut, Claire; Bardouil, Michèle; Bocquene, Gilles; Le Dean, Loïc; Truquet, Philippe.
In order to estimate the effects of chlorine used in cooling systems of electric power plants on zooplankton, some experiments have been realized with the four first larval stages of the prawn (P. serratus Pennant). Chlorine injection was performed by constant adding at 16 and 20 degree C with times exposures of 5, 15 and 25 minutes. If there is no detectable variations in sensitivity of different stages, toxic effects of oxydants issued from chlorination can be observed (for both the two acclimatation temperatures) at 15 minutes exposure with a LD 50 : 32 mg/l of chlorine.
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Palaemon serratus; Pollution effects; Larval development; Chlorine; Toxicity.
Ano: 1981 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/1981/publication-1886.pdf
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Principais deficiências minerais em bovinos de corte. Infoteca-e
MORAES, S. da S..
Deficiências e desequilíbrios minerais em bovinos são descritas em quase todas as regiões do mundo. Os elementos minerais comumente deficientes para bovinos com dieta exclusiva de pasto são: P, Na, I, Cu, Co, e Se. Em algumas regiões sob condições especificas, Ca, Mg e Mn. Por outro lado, Fe e Mn estão, normalmente, em excesso nas regiões do Cerrado Central do Brasil e Pantanal. A ingestão de dietas deficientes ou desequilibradas de elementos minerais torna mais difícil a manutenção de concentrações ótimas nos tecidos . No inicio, causa lesões bioquímicas que induzem a trocas nas formas de funcionamento, concentração e atividade do elemento nos fluidos e tecidos do corpo. Essas alterações diferem conforme os elementos e suas funções, com o grau de duração...
Tipo: Documentos (INFOTECA-E) Palavras-chave: Bovino de corte; Deficiência mineral; Calcio; Fósforo; Magnésio; Sódio; Cloro; Potássio; Enxofre; Ferro; Manganês; Cobre; Zinco; Iodo; Cobalto; Selênio; Brasil; Beef cattle; Mineral deficiencies; Calcium; Phosphorus; Magnesium; Sodium; Chlorine; Potassium; Sulphur; Iron; Manganese; Copper; Zinc; Yodine; Cobalt; Selenium; Brazil.
Ano: 2001 URL: http://www.infoteca.cnptia.embrapa.br/handle/doc/325198
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Qualidade microbiológica no glaciamento de peixe-prego. Repositório Alice
SOUZA, A. L. M. DE; GUIMARÃES, J. DE T.; BRIGIDA, A. I. S.; LUIZ, D. de B.; FRANCO, R. M.; MESQUITA, E. DE F. M. DE.
bitstream/item/176584/1/Proceedings-BIP-158.pdf
Tipo: Artigo em anais de congresso (ALICE) Palavras-chave: Água de glaciamento; Carga microbiana; Qualidade do pescado; Cloro; Contaminação; Chlorine; Food contamination.
Ano: 2018 URL: http://www.alice.cnptia.embrapa.br/alice/handle/doc/1091312
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Water quality and head loss in irrigation filters Scientia Agricola
Ribeiro,Túlio Assunção Pires; Paterniani,José Euclides Stipp; Airold,Rogério Pereira da Silva; Silva,Marcelo Jacomini Moreira da.
Among the irrigation systems used today, trickle irrigation is one of the most efficient methods. This research, conducted by means of field tests, had the objective of comparing head loss evolution on water filtration with a disc filter (130 mum) and a non-woven synthetic fabric filter used in a drip irrigation system. The test consisted of fertirrigation with organic fertilizer, and chemical treatment of the water with sodium hypochlorite. Physical, chemical, and biological parameters were analyzed, such as: pH, turbidity, suspended solids, dissolved solids, EC, hardness, Langelier index, total iron, manganese, sulfides, algae, and bacteria. The water source used in this experiment was from an open reservoir, where an experimental trickle irrigation...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Drip irrigation; Filtration; Chlorine; Non-woven synthetic fabric; Fertilizers.
Ano: 2004 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0103-90162004000600001
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