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Registros recuperados: 43
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A choice experiment method to assess vegetables producers’ preferences for crop insurance AgEcon
Mercade, Lluc; Gil, Jose Maria; Kallas, Zein; Serra, Jordi.
Agricultural producers face many risks in their economic activity due to weather conditions, plant or animal diseases, price volatility, policy changes and so on. One of the management tools to deal with some of these risks is the crop insurance system. In Catalonia (North-East of Spain) farmers’ participation in crop insurance for vegetables is low. Only 5 percent of the vegetables area is insured, when in Spain, as a whole, this percentage is around 20 percent. Different reasons have been suggested to explain this low participation ratio such as low risk perception, risk diversification, insurance cost or crop damage assessment rules, among others. However, no systematic research has been undertaken to assess farmers’ preferences for crop insurance in...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Crop insurance; Vegetables; Choice experiments; Catalonia.; Agricultural and Food Policy; Food Consumption/Nutrition/Food Safety.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/58090
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A CHOICE-EXPERIMENT BASED ANALYSIS OF PROTECTION MOTIVATION THEORY: HEALTH RELATED BEHAVIOR OF CONSUMERS WITH CELIAC DISEASE AgEcon
Zhang, Jing; Steiner, Bodo E..
The underlying components of protection motivation theory (PMT; Rogers 1983) are explored through choice experiment-based analysis within a random utility framework, to account for some of the motivational, cognitive, and affective processes that likely affect celiacs’ propensity to use a novel health-risk reducing product. Those four groups of variables that are aimed to capture threat appraisal and coping appraisal processes as part of the standard PMT (Rogers 1975, 1983; Floyd et al. 2000) are found to contribute significantly to explaining the adaptive response of celiacs. Self-assessed vulnerability and perceived product efficacy form a most significant part of respondents’ threat appraisal process. Standard socio-demographic and lifestyle...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Celiac disease; Protection motivation theory; Choice experiments; Confidence; Risk perceptions; Vulnerability; Efficacy; Agricultural and Food Policy; Consumer/Household Economics; Demand and Price Analysis; Food Consumption/Nutrition/Food Safety; Food Security and Poverty; Health Economics and Policy; D03; D12.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/116454
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A Comparative Analysis of US and Canadian Consumers' Perceptions Towards BSE Testing and the use of GM Organisms in Beef Production: Evidence from a Choice Experiment AgEcon
Steiner, Bodo E.; Yang, Jun.
Replaced with revised version of paper 07/24/07.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Choice experiments; Multinomial logit; Beef labeling; Livestock Production/Industries; D12; L66; C35.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/9977
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An Application of Conjoint Analysis in Agricultural Sustainability Assessment AgEcon
Sydorovych, Olha; Wossink, Ada.
Increasing public interest in the concept of sustainable agriculture has resulted in the development of a number of methods that could be used for the assessment of sustainability of various agricultural production systems. Because of its complex, multi-dimensional nature, sustainability is most often assessed using numerous indicators, which make aggregate comparisons among systems difficult. In this paper we propose a methodology that could be beneficial in aggregate sustainability assessment. We apply conjoint analysis to identify economic, social, and ecological attributes that are perceived as important for agricultural sustainability by different stakeholders and to assess their relative impact on the overall sustainability measure.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Conjoint analysis; Choice experiments; Sustainability assessment; Environmental Economics and Policy.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/44464
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An Economic Assessment of the Amenity Benefits Associated with Alternative Coastal Protection Options AgEcon
Christie, Mike; Colman, Oliver.
Current government guidelines for the appraisal of coastal defence projects in the UK do not require that non-market amenity benefits to be considered . However, a new option in coastal defence, namely multi-purpose reefs, provides an opportunity to integrate coastal defence with significant amenity provision. This paper reports the findings of a choice experiment study that evaluated the amenity benefits of four alternative coastal defence systems currently being considered for Borth in west Wales. The results indicate that traditional coastal defence options such as timber and rock groynes do not generate amenity benefits, while a multipurpose reef would generate significant benefits in terms of improvements in the visual appeal of the beach, safer...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Choice experiments; Amenity value; Coastal defence; Multi-purpose reef; Resource /Energy Economics and Policy; Q26; Q51; Q58.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/25541
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An Experimental Investigation of the Impact of Fat Taxes: Prices Effects, Food Stigma, and Information Effects on Economics Instruments to Improve Dietary Health AgEcon
Cash, Sean B.; Lacanilao, Ryan D.; Adamowicz, Wiktor L.; Raine, Kim.
There is currently no published research on how food taxes may affect consumer behaviour when the imposition of the tax itself may be considered a source of consumer information. The work undertaken here seeks to address this gap in the literature by using experimental methods to enhance understanding on the joint effects of price changes induced by a fat tax and the stigma associated with the application of the tax. First, we conduct an interdisciplinary literature review (drawing from economics, psychology, and health promotion) and theoretical investigation of the impact of stigma on economic choice behaviours. We then employ Attribute-Based Stated Choice Methods (ABSCM) to elicit consumer response to fat tax scenarios that rely only on price changes,...
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Obesity; Health policy; Fat taxes; Warning labels; Choice experiments; Agribusiness; Agricultural and Food Policy; Consumer/Household Economics; Demand and Price Analysis; Food Consumption/Nutrition/Food Safety; I18; Q18.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/45499
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Analysis of Vocational and Residential Preferences of Rural Population: Application of an Experimental Technique to Rural Slovenia AgEcon
Zanni, Alberto M.; Davidova, Sophia; Bailey, Alastair.
This study represents the first application of Choice Experiments to the analysis of the monetary and non-pecuniary determinants of vocational choice and spatial labor supply. It identifies the determinants of individual’s choice of jobs and place of residence, and provides a better understanding of the process of rural labor adjustments in a country in transition, Slovenia. The results indicate that the effect of wages, as the main factor influencing employment choice, is counterbalanced by other determinants affecting working conditions and residence. A considerable degree of immobility in terms of migration and commuting has been revealed. As a result, a rapid urbanisation process is unlikely to happen in the near future, according to individuals’...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Choice experiments; Labor supply; Migration; Rural; Slovenia; Community/Rural/Urban Development; Labor and Human Capital; J0; P0; C0.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/25534
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Applying Geographically Weighted Regression to Conjoint Analysis: Empirical Findings from Urban Park Amenities AgEcon
Tanaka, Katsuya; Yoshida, Kentaro; Kawase, Yasushi.
The objective of this study is to develop spatially-explicit choice model and investigate its validity and applicability in CA studies. This objective is achieved by applying locally-regressed geographically weighted regression (GWR) and GIS to survey data on hypothetical dogrun facilities (off-leash dog area) in urban recreational parks in Tokyo, Japan. Our results show that spatially-explicit conditional logit model developed in this study outperforms traditional model in terms of data fit and prediction accuracy. Our results also show that marginal willingness-to-pay for various attributes of dogrun facilities has significant spatial variation. Analytical procedure developed in this study can reveal spatially-varying individual preferences on attributes...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Choice experiments; Conjoint analysis; Dogrun; Geographically weighted regression; Spatial econometrics; Research Methods/ Statistical Methods; Resource /Energy Economics and Policy.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/6233
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Are Agricultural Measures for Groundwater Protection Beneficial When Compared to Purification of Polluted Groundwater? AgEcon
Hasler, Berit; Lundhede, Thomas.
The groundwater resource, the drinking water areas and the surface water quality can be protected by measures, e.g. by reductions of pesticide and nutrient applications, conversion of arable land to grasslands or forests etc. The objective of the paper is to estimate the benefits of groundwater protection by the valuation method choice experiments. This method allows for separate estimation and comparison of the different attributes connected to groundwater protection i.e. the effects on drinking water and surface water quality as compared to the benefits from cleaning and treatment of polluted drinking water to make it suitable for drinking water consumption. The results indicate that the benefits are significant, and that the willingness to pay for...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Groundwater; Pollution; Drinking water; Valuation; Choice experiments; Environmental Economics and Policy; Resource /Energy Economics and Policy; Q25; Q26; Q28; C42; D62.
Ano: 2005 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/24587
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Beef Labeling After BSE: Do Consumers Care about BSE Testing and GMO Labeling? Evidence from Canada and the US AgEcon
Steiner, Bodo E.; Yang, Jun.
Following the May 2003 Canadian BSE case, food safety issues have become even more prominent to policymakers and consumers. In both Canada and the US, governments and industry have responded with a variety of quality assurance, traceability and labeling schemes. However, there is little information available on the extent to which consumer perceptions differ regionally across North America towards labeling schemes. This paper attempts to fill this gap, by providing results on a variety of beef labeling strategies from choice experiments that were conducted in Alberta (Canada) and Montana (US). The analysis focuses on consumers' perceptions towards negative voluntary labeling with regard to BSE testing, genetically modified organisms (GMO) and the use of...
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Choice experiments; Multinomial logit; Beef labeling; Food Consumption/Nutrition/Food Safety; D12; L66; C35.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/6836
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Bewertung von Landschaftsfunktionen mit Choice Experiments AgEcon
Schmitz, Kim; Schmitz, P. Michael; Wronka, Tobias C..
The first application of choice experiments as an environmental valuation method in Germany clearly demonstrates the potential of this method for the valuation of agriculture's multifunctionality. Choice experiments are a reasonable enhancement of the conjoint analysis as they are capable of calculating the theoretically correct welfare measures in the form of implicit prices. In combination with business and ecological models this allows for the comprehensive valuation of agriculture's multifunctionality in the sense, that in addition to the supply or cost side of land use scenarios the demand or benefit side is accounted for. In this study the integrated ecological and economical valuation of land use scenarios was demonstrated for two different...
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Choice experiments; Environmental valuation; Multifunctional agriculture; Environmental Economics and Policy.
Ano: 2003 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/98082
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Comparing responses from web and paper-based collection modes in a choice modelling experiment AgEcon
Windle, Jill; Rolfe, John.
Comparing responses from web and paper-based collection modes in a choice modelling experiment
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Web-based surveys; Internet surveys; Paper-based surveys; Stated preference; Collection mode; Choice experiments; Environmental Economics and Policy.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/59261
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Comparing Welfare Estimates from Fixed Status Quo Attributes vs People’s Perceived Attributes of Water Quality AgEcon
Marsh, Dan; Mkwara, Lena Asimenye.
Data from a choice experiment on the community’s preferences for water quality improvements in streams was used to assess the effect of using a fixed status quo versus people’s perceived status quo on willingness to pay values. More than 50% of respondents perceived the quality of water in streams to be different to the status quo in the initial experimental design. Study results have shown that respondents who opted for their own perceived status quo alternative had stronger preferences and higher willing to pay for water quality improvements than their counterparts.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Choice experiments; Fixed status quo; People’s perceived status quo; Willingness to pay; Agricultural and Food Policy; Community/Rural/Urban Development; Crop Production/Industries; Environmental Economics and Policy; Farm Management; Health Economics and Policy; Land Economics/Use.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/97155
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Consumers want safer meat - but not at all costs AgEcon
Morkbak, Morten Raun; Christensen, Tove; Gyrd-Hansen, Dorte E..
Consumers, the public authorities, and the food industry are all concerned with the safety of meat. The increasing demand for safer food from the consumers and the public authorities puts pressure on producers to identify efficient methods to reduce risks. Earlier studies have shown that consumers state a willingness to pay for safer meat – but we know very little about how different methods to reduce risks affect the consumers’ preferences for safer meat. In the present study, a choice experiment for a representative sample of the Danish population was conducted to elicit whether consumers’ willingness to pay for reducing the risks of Salmonella infections was affected by the specific risk reduction methods (risk reductions using the current policy, at...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Food safety; Consumer valuation; Choice experiments; Food Consumption/Nutrition/Food Safety.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/44319
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Contractual Choice and Food Safety Strategy: Some Empirical Findings in Italian Poultry Sector AgEcon
Furesi, Roberto; Martino, Gaetano; Pulina, Pietro.
The analysis of contract choice is here related to the contracting nature of the hybrid governance structures. The approach of the empirical analysis is concerned with the transaction between farmers and processor in poultry supply chains and it is based upon a choice experiment to estimate the marginal values of contract attributes. Final remarks take into account the role of contract attributes in ensuring the degree of food safety and suggest a tentative organizational explanation of the degree of safety supplied. The study is funded by VI European Research Program (Strep Project “Poultryflorgut”).
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Hybrid form; Food safety; Contract choices; Choice experiments; Food Consumption/Nutrition/Food Safety; Livestock Production/Industries.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/7715
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Demand for non-commodity outputs from mountain olive groves AgEcon
Arriaza Balmón, Manuel; Gomez-Limon, Jose Antonio; Kallas, Zein; Nekhay, Olexandr.
Agricultural multifunctionality is the recognition of the joint exercise of economic, environmental and social functions by this sector. In order to make this concept operative to support the design of public policies, it is necessary to estimate the social demand for such functions. The main objective of this article is to present an empirical application in this line. For this purpose we have adopted the agricultural system of mountain olive groves in Andalusia (Southern Spain) at risk of abandonment after the decoupling of the EU subsidies as a case study. The economic valuation technique used is the Choice Experiments. According to the results, each attribute included in the concept of multifunctionality makes a different contribution to the...
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Agricultural multifunctionality; Economic valuation; Choice experiments; Olive groves; Andalusia (Spain); Agricultural and Food Policy.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/93800
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Demand for Non-Commodity Outputs from Spanish Extensive Agricultural Systems AgEcon
Kallas, Zein; Gomez-Limon, Jose Antonio; Arriaza Balmón, Manuel.
Agricultural multifunctionality is the recognition of the joint exercise of economic, environmental and social functions by this sector. In order to make this concept operative to support the design of public policies, it is necessary to estimate the social demand for such functions. The main objective of this article is to present two empirical applications in this line. For this purpose we have adopted the agricultural system of mountain olive groves in Andalusia (Southern Spain) at risk of abandonment after the decoupling of the EU subsidies and the agricultural system of cereal steppes in Tierra de Campos (North-western Spain). The economic valuation technique used is the Choice Experiment. The results suggest the existence of a significant demand for...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Agricultural multifunctionality; Economic valuation; Choice experiments; Extensive agriculture; Andalusia; Castilla-Leon (Spain); Farm Management.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/9427
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Designing choice experiments to Test for Anchoring and Framing Effects AgEcon
Kragt, Marit Ellen; Bennett, Jeffrey W..
Choice experiments (CE) are increasingly used as a stated preference technique to value changes in non-market goods. Respondents to a CE survey are asked to make repeated choices between alternatives. Each alternative is described by a number of attributes – the attributes levels vary across alternatives and choice sets. A monetary attribute is typically included so that marginal values for changes in the non-market attributes presented can be estimated. The monetary attribute has central importance. However, there has been limited research on the impacts on respondents’ choices of changing the (range in) levels of the monetary attribute presented in CE surveys. This is known as the ‘anchoring’ effect. The ‘framing’ of non-market attributes may also...
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Choice experiments; Valuation; Anchoring effect; Starting point bias; Environmental Economics and Policy; Research Methods/ Statistical Methods.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/94810
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Developing a Questionnaire for Valuing Changes in Natural Resource Management in the George Catchment, Tasmania AgEcon
Kragt, Marit Ellen; Bennett, Jeffrey W..
review, expert interviews, biophysical modelling and focus group discussions were used to design a Choice Modelling (CM) questionnaire. This questionnaire was used to value changes in natural resource management in the George catchment, Tasmania. This report describes the questionnaire development, the selection of George catchment attributes and the assessment of attribute levels. The (experimental) design and delivery of the questionnaire are also presented.
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Choice experiments; Valuation; Survey development; Tasmania; Catchment management; Environmental Economics and Policy; Land Economics/Use.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/94807
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Does respondent’s perceived knowledge of the status quo affect attribute attendance and WTP in choice experiments? Evidence from the Karapiro Catchment Freshwater streams AgEcon
Marsh, Dan; Mkwara, Lena Asimenye; Scarpa, Riccardo.
In environmental valuation studies with stated preference methods researchers often provide descriptions of status quo conditions which may differ from those perceived by respondents. Ignoring this difference in utility baselines may affect the way attributes are attended to in choice tasks and further affect the magnitude of utility changes and hence bias the implied estimates of benefits from the proposed environmental policies. We investigate this issue using data from a choice experiment on a community’s willingness to pay for water quality improvements in streams. About 60% of respondents perceived the description of the quality of water in streams to be better than the one we provided in our scenario. Our results show some differences in serial...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Choice experiments; Fixed status quo; People’s perceived status quo; Willingness to pay.; Community/Rural/Urban Development; Environmental Economics and Policy; Health Economics and Policy; Land Economics/Use.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/96809
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