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Acid Ammonium Citrate as P Extractor for Fertilizers of Varying Solubility Rev. Bras. Ciênc. Solo
Santos,Wedisson Oliveira; Mattiello,Edson Marcio; Barreto,Matheus Sampaio Carneiro; Cantarutti,Reinaldo Bertola.
ABSTRACT: There are several globally accepted methods to chemically characterize P-fertilizers, but not all are suitable to predict the agronomic efficiency of the P sources in terms of plant nutrition. Our aim was to investigate the performance of P extractors for fertilizers, investigating the consistency of different methods for P sources of varying properties and the related plant responses. The experiment was carried out in a greenhouse, using corn as a model plant. Phosphorus values extractable in water, 2 % citric acid, 2 % formic acid, ammonium neutral citrate + water, and acid ammonium citrate were evaluated for eight P fertilizers of varied solubility and correlated with P uptake by corn. The extractors citric acid and formic acid recovered no...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Phosphorus fertilizers; Citric acid; Ammonium neutral citrate.
Ano: 2019 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0100-06832019000100503
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ARCHER DANIELS MIDLAND: PRICE FIXER TO THE WORLD AgEcon
Connor, John M..
Both market structure and corporate practices of Archer Daniels Midland fostered the implementation of the largest price- fixing conspiracies seen in modern times. These events have spurred renewed attention by U.S. antitrust authorities in prosecuting international cartels. The overcharges imposed on buyers of lysine and citric acid during 1994-1995 by ADM and its co-conspirators amounted to at least $200 million, and the total amount of public penalties, private damages, and legal costs exceeds $500 million. Perpetrators of price-fixing now face monetary exposures that are five times the amount of the harm caused to buyers.
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Price fixing; Lysine; Citric acid; Sweeteners; Wet-corn milling; Starch industry; Archer Daniels Midland; Market structure; Monopoly overcharge; Antitrust law; Legal damages; U.S. Department of Justice; Demand and Price Analysis.
Ano: 1997 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/28653
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ARCHER DANIELS MIDLAND: PRICE FIXER TO THE WORLD (Third Edition) AgEcon
Connor, John M..
Both market structure and corporate practices of Archer Daniels Midland fostered the implementation of the largest price-fixing conspiracies seen in modern times. The overcharges imposed on U.S. buyers of lysine and citric acid during 1994-1995 by ADM and its co-conspirators amounted to at least $250 million, and the total amount of public penalties, private damages, and legal costs exceeds $740 million. Perpetrators of price-fixing now face monetary exposures that are five times the amount of the harm caused to buyers. These events have spurred renewed attention by U.S. antitrust authorities in prosecuting international cartels.
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Price fixing; Lysine; Citric acid; Sweeteners; Wet-corn milling; Starch industry; Archer Daniels Midland; Market structure; Monopoly overcharge; Antitrust law; Legal damages; U.S. Department of Justice; Demand and Price Analysis.
Ano: 1998 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/28680
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Biotechnological production of citric acid BJM
Max,Belén; Salgado,José Manuel; Rodríguez,Noelia; Cortés,Sandra; Converti,Attilio; Domínguez,José Manuel.
This work provides a review about the biotechnological production of citric acid starting from the physicochemical properties and industrial applications, mainly in the food and pharmaceutical sectors. Several factors affecting citric acid fermentation are discussed, including carbon source, nitrogen and phosphate limitations, pH of culture medium, aeration, trace elements and morphology of the fungus. Special attention is paid to the fundamentals of biochemistry and accumulation of citric acid. Technologies employed at industrial scale such as surface or submerged cultures, mainly employing Aspergillus niger, and processes carried out with Yarrowia lipolytica, as well as the technology for recovering the product are also described. Finally, this review...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Citric acid; Fermentation; Review; Aspergillus niger.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1517-83822010000400005
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Cambios en los compuestos volátiles de un concentrado de sabor limón por la presencia de ácido cítrico OceanDocs
Pino, J. A.; Sauri-Duch, E.; Cuevas-Glory, L..
En el presente trabajo se estudiaron los cambios de los componentes volátiles de un concentrado de sabor limón para preparar bebidas de limón durante 6 meses de conservación a 40 ºC. Se identificaron 44 compuestos aislados mediante microextracción en fase sólida del espacio de cabeza en combinación con la cromatografía de gases- espectrometría de masas. El limoneno, γ-terpineno, acetato de citronelilo, acetato de nerilo y acetato de geranilo, disminuyeron su contenido significativamente, mientras que el 1,4-cineol, 1,8-cineol, p-cimeno, p-cimeneno, p-menta-1,3- dien-8-ol, α-terpineol, trans-α-bergamoteno, ar-curcumeno, (E,E)-α-farneseno y β-bisaboleno la incrementaron. El neral y geranial parecen disminuir su contenido, pero estos cambios no explican todo...
Tipo: Journal Contribution Palavras-chave: Volatile compounds; Stability; Flavourings; Concentrates; Lemons; Spoilage; Citric acid.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://hdl.handle.net/1834/4893
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Characterization of Ornamental Rock Residue and Potassium Liberation Via Organic Acid Application Rev. Bras. Ciênc. Solo
Machado,Ramires Ventura; Andrade,Felipe Vaz; Passos,Renato Ribeiro; Ribeiro,Roberto Carlos da Conceição; Mendonça,Eduardo Sá; Mesquita,Luiz Felipe.
ABSTRACT Organic acids present in organic matter and, or, exudates by microorganisms and plants can increase the liberation of potassium present in minerals. The objective of this study was to characterize the residue from ornamental rocks and evaluate the release of K from these residues after the application of organic acids. The experiment was conducted under laboratory conditions and followed a 2 × 3 × 5 factorial design with three replicates. The studied factors were: two organic acids (citric acid and malic acid), three ornamental rock residues (R1, R2 and R3) and five organic acid rates (0, 5, 10, 20 and 40 mmol L-1). After agitation, K concentrations were determined in the equilibrium solution. Successive extractions were performed (1, 5, 10, 15,...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Stonemeal; Fertilization; Citric acid; Silicate rocks.
Ano: 2016 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0100-06832016000100505
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Citric acid production from glucose by yeast Candida oleophila ATCC 20177 under batch, continuous and repeated batch cultivation Electron. J. Biotechnol.
Anastassiadis,Savas; Rehm,Hans-Jürgen.
The effect of air saturation on citric acid production in batch, repeated batch and chemostat cultures has been studied. It was shown that, under continuous fermentation (chemostat mode), the highest concentration of citric acid equal of 98 g/l was produced at 20% of air saturation. In contrary to continuous fermentation, displaying an optimum at 20%, 80% air saturation yielded higher values in repeated batch fermentation process. 167 g/l citric acid were produced continuously with the fill and drain technique at 4.85 days, at 80% air saturation, compared with 157.6 g/l achieved within 5.4 days at 20%. Under repeated batch fermentation, the formation rate of the generic product (Rj) as well as the specific citric acid productivity (m p) reached a maximum...
Tipo: Journal article Palavras-chave: Air saturation influence; Chemostat; Citric acid; Citric acid fermentation; Repeated batch; Oxygen influence.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://www.scielo.cl/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0717-34582006000100005
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Citric acid production from orange peel wastes by solid-state fermentation BJM
Torrado,Ana María; Cortés,Sandra; Salgado,José Manuel; Max,Belén; Rodríguez,Noelia; Bibbins,Belinda P; Converti,Attilio; Domínguez,José Manuel.
Valencia orange (Citrus sinensis) peel was employed in this work as raw material for the production of citric acid (CA) by solid-state fermentation (SSF) of Aspergillus niger CECT-2090 (ATCC 9142, NRRL 599) in Erlenmeyer flasks. To investigate the effects of the main operating variables, the inoculum concentration was varied in the range 0.5·10³ to 0.7·10(8) spores/g dry orange peel, the bed loading from 1.0 to 4.8 g of dry orange peel (corresponding to 35-80 % of the total volume), and the moisture content between 50 and 100 % of the maximum water retention capacity (MWRC) of the material. Moreover, additional experiments were done adding methanol or water in different proportions and ways. The optimal conditions for CA production revealed to be an...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Orange peel; Citric acid; Aspergillus niger; Solid-state fermentation.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1517-83822011000100049
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Crescimento radicular e produção de ácidos orgânicos em cultivares de soja com diferentes tolerâncias ao alumínio. Repositório Alice
MENOSSO, O.G.; COSTA, J.A.; ANGHINONI, I.; BOHNEN, H..
A elucidação dos mecanismos que definem o comportamento diferencial entre genótipos de soja quanto à toxidez de Al facilita a utilização da variabilidade genética existente ou produzida. O objetivo deste trabalho foi avaliar a influência do Al no crescimento radicular, na modificação do pH da solução e no conteúdo de ácidos orgânicos em extratos de raízes de cultivares de soja tolerantes ao Al, FT-1 e FT-6 (Veneza) e sensíveis, IAC-13 e Paraná. As plantas cresceram por nove dias em solução contendo 50 mg L-1 de Ca e 0,0 e 0,2 mg L-1 de Al, com pH inicial de 4,76. Houve maior crescimento de raízes nas cultivares tolerantes e não houve alterações do pH da solução relacionadas à tolerância das cultivares ao alumínio. A presença do Al reduziu o conteúdo dos...
Tipo: Artigo em periódico indexado (ALICE) Palavras-chave: Ácido cítrico; Raízes; Extratos; PH; Citric acid; Roots; Extracts; Soybeans.
Ano: 2001 URL: http://www.alice.cnptia.embrapa.br/handle/doc/444309
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Crescimento radicular e produção de ácidos orgânicos em cultivares de soja com diferentes tolerâncias ao alumínio. Repositório Alice
MENOSSO, O.G.; COSTA, J.A.; ANGHINONI, I.; BOHNEN, H..
A elucidação dos mecanismos que definem o comportamento diferencial entre genótipos de soja quanto à toxidez de Al facilita a utilização da variabilidade genética existente ou produzida. O objetivo deste trabalho foi avaliar a influência do Al no crescimento radicular, na modificação do pH da solução e no conteúdo de ácidos orgânicos em extratos de raízes de cultivares de soja tolerantes ao Al, FT-1 e FT-6 (Veneza) e sensíveis, IAC-13 e Paraná. As plantas cresceram por nove dias em solução contendo 50 mg L-1 de Ca e 0,0 e 0,2 mg L-1 de Al, com pH inicial de 4,76. Houve maior crescimento de raízes nas cultivares tolerantes e não houve alterações do pH da solução relacionadas à tolerância das cultivares ao alumínio. A presença do Al reduziu o conteúdo dos...
Tipo: Artigo em periódico indexado (ALICE) Palavras-chave: Glycine max; Ph; Ácido cítrico; Raízes; Extratos; Citric acid; Roots; Extracts.
Ano: 2001 URL: http://www.alice.cnptia.embrapa.br/handle/doc/105851
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Effect of acidified drinking water on the recovery of Salmonella enteritidis from broiler crops Rev. Bras. Ciênc. Avic.
Avila,LAF de; Nascimento,VP do; Canal,CW; Salle,CTP; Moraes,HL de S.
Crop is a known source of Salmonella contamination during broiler carcass processing. The effect of drinking water acidification by lactic acid or citric acid or a combination of those with cupric sulfate and d-limonene in the reduction of Salmonella Enteritidis (SE) recovered from the crop of broilers was evaluated. Treatments were administered during 8 hours of preslaughter fasting period (Experiments I and II) and during the last 32 hours of preslaughter (Experiment III). It was observed that acidification reduced water intake when treatments began at preslaughter feed withdrawal, and affected the possible reducing effect of these acids on SE recovering (Experiments I and II). Water intake during preslaughter feed withdrawal was not affected when...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Broilers; Citric acid; Crop; Cupric sulphate; D-Limonene; Lactic acid; Organic acids; Pre-slaughter feed withdrawal; Salmonella enteritidis.
Ano: 2003 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1516-635X2003000300005
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Effect of citric acid on the proteolytic activity of Zea mays L. Ciência e Agrotecnologia
Martinez-Pacheco,Mauro Manuel; Flores-Garcia,Alberto; Venegas-Gonzalez,Eulalio; Cepeda-Villegas,Mario Alberto.
Hybrids of Zea mays L. (Buffalo, Falcon, H360 y HV313) were treated with citric acid (2000 ppm). Grain yield, soluble protein and proteolytic activity were monitored when the crop reached physiological maturity. Citric acid was applied before the appearance of the flag leaf, and induced an increase in the grain yield from 4222 to 5780 kg/ha, in the soluble protein from 6.34 to 7.91 mg/mg and into the proteolytic activity from 14.3 to 65.7 µU mg prot-1. This is an increase of 2 to 12 times in the Falcon, H360 and HV313 hybrids, while the Buffalo hybrid responded with less intensity to the treatment with citric acid. In the H360 hybrid treated with citric acid, an increase in the proteolytic activity of aspartyl serine proteases was observed. The results...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Maize; Citric acid; Proteolytic activity.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1413-70542011000500007
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Effectiveness evaluation of alternative sanitizers in microbiological quality of strawberry (Fragaria ananassa Duch Var. Oso Grande) after artificial contamination by Escherichia coli Ciênc. Tecnol. Aliment.
BASTOS,Renan Gomes; OLIVER,Josidel Conceição; GERMANO,Jaqueline de Lima; FERNANDES,Gislene Regina; VEIGA,Sandra Maria Oliveira Morais.
Abstract Washing and sanitization are considered particularly critical steps for the microbiological quality of fruits. At this stage, it is important to select the sanitizer which must have microbiological effectiveness. In the literature, there is a great interest on alternative sanitizers for microbiological quality control of food. This study aimed at verifying the effectiveness of sodium hypochlorite, ozone, ultrasound and citric acid as well as associations of ultrasound to the other techniques mentioned above in the microbiological quality control of strawberries cv. Oso Grande. In these trials, the fruits were initially subjected to artificial contamination by a strain of Escherichia coli ATCC 25922 and thereafter part of them was reserved as...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Sanitization; Strawberries; Citric acid; Ultrasound; Ozone.
Ano: 2019 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0101-20612019000600470
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Effects of antibrowning solution and chitosan-based edible coating on the quality of fresh-cut apple. Repositório Alice
PILON, L.; SPRICIGO, P. C.; BRITTO, D.; ASSIS, O. B. G. de; CALBO, A. G.; FERRAUDO, A. S.; FERREIRA, M. D..
2013
Tipo: Artigo em periódico indexado (ALICE) Palavras-chave: Apple; Chitosan; Citric acid; Firmness.
Ano: 2013 URL: http://www.alice.cnptia.embrapa.br/handle/doc/995812
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Influences of phenolic compounds on citric acid productivity by Aspergillus niger in stirred fermentor Electron. J. Biotechnol.
Çevrml,Bekir Stk; Karipta,Ergin; Yaar,Ahmet; Ytolu,Mustafa.
Influences of phenol, ?-naphtol and ?-naphtol, which are toxic chemicals, on citric acid biosynthesis and biomass in the artificial culture setting of Aspergillus niger using batch fermenter are examined in the most favorable fermentation conditions, and a model is proposed. Addition of certain concentrations of phenol, ?-naphtol and ?-naphtol to the culture increases the citric acid production. According to this model, maximum citric acid concentration is 48.3 g L-1 in a culture that does not contain any toxic chemicals, whereas the maximum concentrations obtained in cultures containing 25 mg L-1 phenol, 25 mg L-1 alpha-naphtol and 15 mg L-1 beta-naphtol are 62.5 g L-1, 78.1 g L-1 and 86.0 g L-1, respectively. Moreover, addition of toxic chemicals to the...
Tipo: Journal article Palavras-chave: A. niger; Citric acid; Fermenter; Toxic chemicals (phenols).
Ano: 2010 URL: http://www.scielo.cl/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0717-34582010000600008
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Microbial production of citric acid BABT
Vandenberghe,Luciana P. S; Soccol,Carlos R; Pandey,Ashok; Lebeault,Jean-Michel.
Citric acid is the most important organic acid produced in tonnage and is extensively used in food and pharmaceutical industries. It is produced mainly by submerged fermentation using Aspergillus niger or Candida sp. from different sources of carbohydrates, such as molasses and starch based media. However, other fermentation techniques, e.g. solid state fermentation and surface fermentation, and alternative sources of carbon such as agro-industrial residues have been intensively studied showing great perspective to its production. This paper reviews recent developments on citric acid production by presenting a brief summary of the subject, describing micro-organisms, production techniques, and substrates, etc.
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Citric acid; Aspergillus niger; Submerged fermentation; Solid state fermentation; Substrates.
Ano: 1999 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1516-89131999000300001
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Modelos de curvas de deshidratado de plátano roatan en verde (Musa acuminata). Colegio de Postgraduados
Pérez Prado, José Adán.
El plátano es el frutal en segundo lugar en importancia económica en México, el 95% se destina al consumo nacional y el 5% restante a la exportación. No obstante, las pérdidas por manejo postcosecha justifican buscar métodos para conservarlo. El plátano presenta cambios en volumen debido al intercambio de calor y masa, por lo que decrece su superficie bajo la contracción de los tejidos por pérdida parcial de agua. En consecuencia, todos los parámetros que dependen de cambios de dimensión interna y externa, requieren del uso de modelos de simulación mediante curvas de secado que nos permitan describir dicho comportamiento en los alimentos. Por lo anterior, el presente trabajo presenta una serie de modelos de regresión (exponencial, lineal, logarítmico y...
Palavras-chave: Acido cítrico; Enzimas; Obscurecimiento; Harina; Madurez; Citric acid; Enzyme; Darkening; Flour; Ripening; Maestría Tecnológica; Agroindustria.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://hdl.handle.net/10521/331
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Níveis de frutose, ácido cítrico e proteína total no plasma seminal de caprinos no Nordeste do Brasil. Repositório Alice
PINHEIRO, R. R.; MACHADO, R.; SIMPLICIO, A. A.; ANDRIOLI, A..
1992
Tipo: Resumo em anais de congresso (ALICE) Palavras-chave: Proteína total; Total protein; Caprino; Sêmen; Frutose; Ácido cítrico; Goats; Proteins; Fructose; Citric acid.
Ano: 1992 URL: http://www.alice.cnptia.embrapa.br/handle/doc/514451
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Organic acid adsorption and mineralization in oxisols with different textures Rev. Bras. Ciênc. Solo
Andrade,Felipe Vaz; Mendonça,Eduardo de Sá; Silva,Ivo Ribeiro da.
Organic acids play an important role in the nutritional conditions of plants. Their relevance is related to their formation dynamics, mineralization rate and adsorption by soil colloids. This study was carried out to evaluate the dynamics of mineralization and adsorption of organic acid (acetic acid - AA, citric acid - CA and humic acid - HA) applied to the soil. Samples of two Oxisols were used: Rhodic Haplustox (LV) and Typic Haplustox (LVA). The mineralization experiment was arranged in a 2 x 3 x 5 factorial design, based on the factors: two soils (LV and LVA) x three organic acid (OA) types (AA, CA and HA) x five OA rates (0, 1, 2, 4, and 8 mmol dm-3). Organic carbon mineralization in samples was measured by the C-CO2 efflux, produced by the microbial...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Citric acid; Humic acids; Sorption; Biodegradation.
Ano: 2013 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0100-06832013000400015
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Oxygen and temperature effect on continuous citric acid secretion in Candida oleophila Electron. J. Biotechnol.
Anastassiadis,Savas; Rehm,Hans-Jürgen.
The influence of air saturation and temperature on continuous citric acid secretion was studied in chemostat cultures of Candida oleophila ATCC 20177 (var.). Simultaneous measurements of intra- and extracellular concentration of glucose, citric and isocitric acid confirmed the involvement of a specific active transport system in citrate secretion, favouring citric acid over isocitrate. An optimum air oxygen saturation of 20% and temperature of 30-31ºC were determined for the continuous citric acid secretion. The highest values of citric acid concentration (98 g/L), citrate to isocitrate ratio (33.3:1), volumetric citric productivity (1.8 g/(L x h)), and specific citric acid productivity (0.1 g/(g x h)), were reached at 20% air saturation at a...
Tipo: Journal article Palavras-chave: Candida oleophila; Citric acid; Citric acid secretion.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://www.scielo.cl/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0717-34582006000400010
Registros recuperados: 32
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