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A COMPETITIVIDADE, SEGUNDO A ANÁLISE DE UM GRANDE CLUSTER DE PRODUÇÃO AGROINDUSTRIAL AgEcon
Sugano, Joel Yutaka; Santos, Antonio Carlos dos.
Given that the fast transformations occurred in national and international scenery point out to a necessity of gain of efficiency to increase in competitiveness to the firms, the environment which into they are and into they develop, assume a vital importance as been the supporter foundation of this development. For this environment can be understood as the process of space concentration of many correlative segments of a production chain, also called as clusterization process, which this special conformation gives to the firms special conditions to develops the superior competitive advantages than the others firms isolated. In this sense, this paper aim to arise how occurs the process of conformation of a big cluster, culminating in satisfaction of ten...
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Cluster; Competitiveness; Agribusiness Chain..
Ano: 2000 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/43356
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AGROHOLDINGS AND CLUSTERS IN KAZAKHSTAN’S AGRO-FOOD SECTOR AgEcon
Wandel, Jurgen.
The paper provides an overview of the institutional arrangements on the micro level that have evolved in the agro-food sector of Kazakhstan in the course of transition. Emphasis is laid on more complex arrangements like "agroholdings" and "clusters", hitherto mostly unknown in the agro-food sectors of established market economies. It is shown that "agroholdings" are concentrated mainly in the northern part of Kazakhstan and to a large extent in the grain sector, while in the south a scattered small scale (individual) farm structure has emerged. Parallel to this market-driven development, the Kazakhstani government tries to promote other institutional arrangements that it deems to be of superior competitiveness, especially agro-food clusters. Refering to...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Agroholdings; Cluster; Kazakhstan; Agricultural policy; Institutional change; Agroholdings; Cluster; Kasachstan; Agrarpolitik; Institutioneller Wandel.; Agribusiness; Agricultural and Food Policy; Community/Rural/Urban Development; Farm Management; Industrial Organization; Land Economics/Use; Production Economics; Productivity Analysis; Q13; Q18; L 22.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/91766
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Alternativas para seleção de bovinos da raça Brahman para características produtivas, de carcaça e reprodutivas por meio de análises multivariadas. Repositório Alice
ASSIS, A. S. de; MAGNABOSCO, C. de U.; LOPEA, F. B.; SOUZA, F. M. de; NARCISO, M. G.; NAKAGAWA, A. F.; GONZALEZ, R. D. S.; COSTA, M. F. O. e.
Objetivou-se avaliar a eficiência das análises multivariadas na identificação de grupos de animais com diferenças esperadas nas progênies (DEPs)s superiores para características produtivas, de carcaça e reprodutivas, de animais nascidos entre os anos de 1998 e 2011. A DEP para os pesos aos 120 e 210 dias de idade (P120 e P210), peso aos 365 e 450 dias de idade (P365 e P450), acabamento de carcaça (ACAB), área de olho de lombo (AOL), idade ao primeiro parto (IPP), período de gestação (PG), produtividade acumulada (PAC) e stayability (STAY) foram utilizadas para classificação de 2.422 bovinos da raça Brahman, divididos em três grupos por meio do método de k-médias. Foi possível classificar e agrupar animais semelhantes de forma eficiente ao utilizar análises...
Tipo: Artigo em anais de congresso (ALICE) Palavras-chave: Análises discriminantes; Cluster; Brasil; Discriminant analysis; Reprodução animal; Animal reproduction; Brazil.
Ano: 2014 URL: http://www.alice.cnptia.embrapa.br/handle/doc/1007890
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Characteristics of the dairy farmers who perform financial management in Paraná State, Brazil R. Bras. Zootec.
Zimpel,Roney; Bánkuti,Ferenc Istvan; Zambom,Maximiliane Alavarse; Kuwahara,Kellen Cristina; Bánkuti,Sandra Mara Schiavi.
ABSTRACT The objective of this paper was to analyze financial management practices in dairy production systems. More specifically, we sought to identify which milk producers adopt financial management practices. We conducted 55 semi-structured questionnaires in the Western Region of Paraná. The data were processed through descriptive and multivariate statistical analysis. The analysis of hierarchical clusters defined, based on variables related to financial management practices, two distinct groups. The first group included milk producers who do not adopt financial management practices (N = 49) and the second group described the milk producers who do adopt these practices (N = 6). We then used Common Factor Analysis, along with structural, technical,...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Cluster; Costs; Factor analysis.
Ano: 2017 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1516-35982017000500421
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Classification of some Linseed (Linum usitatissimum L.) Genotypes for Salinity Tolerance using Germination, Seedling Growth, and Ion Content Chilean J. Agric. Res.
Demir Kaya,Mehmet; Day,Sibel; Cikili,Yakup; Arslan,Neset.
Salinity reduces germination, delays emergence, and inhibits seedling growth of linseed (Linum usitatissimum L.) while some varieties are less affected by salinity than others. In this study, we aimed to determine the effects of NaCl levels (0, 5, 10, 20 and 30 dS m-1) on germination and seedling growth of 10 linseed genotypes (lines 87, 89, 104, 114, 193, 194, 209, 215, C-90 and cv. San-85) and to classify the genotypes for salinity tolerance using germination and seedling characteristics. Germination percentage, mean germination time, root and shoot length, seedling fresh and dry weight, Na+ content and Na:K ratio of seedlings were investigated. Classification of linseed genotypes for salinity tolerance was done according to (i) combination of Principal...
Tipo: Journal article Palavras-chave: NaCl; Tolerance; Cluster; Ion accumulation.
Ano: 2012 URL: http://www.scielo.cl/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0718-58392012000100005
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Classification of the EU countries labour markets AgEcon
Kaba, Bohumil.
The objective of the paper is to classify the labour markets of the EU member states on the basis of selected employment and unemployment indicators. In order to achieve the study target, the adequate multivariate exploration procedures have been chosen. In the first part of processing original data, principal component analysis (PCA) was employed. PCA is a multivariate statistical procedure used to reduce the number of observed variables into a smaller number of uncorrelated variables with a minimum loss of information. Moreover, the PCA results can be used for effective ranking of the EU countries according to observed indicators of labour markets. This paper describes the crucial steps in PCA and procedure for ranking mentioned and it reviews how...
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Classification; Employment; Unemployment; Principal component analysis; Cluster; International Development; Public Economics; Research Methods/ Statistical Methods; GA; IN.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/99227
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Comparação entre dois programas na análise de dados obtidos por meio de marcadores dominantes ISSR. Repositório Alice
SILVA, J. H. O.; OLIVEIRA, R. de S.; GOMES, M. F. da C.; VALENTE, S. E. dos S.; ARAUJO NETO, R. B. de; LIMA, P. S. da C..
O presente trabalho teve como objetivo avaliar as divergências entre dois programas quanto aos resultados das análises de uma matriz binária de dados, baseada em presença ou ausência de bandas amplificadas por marcadores dominantes do tipo ISSR.
Tipo: Resumo em anais de congresso (ALICE) Palavras-chave: PAST; Plataforma R; Cluster.
Ano: 2017 URL: http://www.alice.cnptia.embrapa.br/alice/handle/doc/1120564
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Competitiveness levels in cattle herd farms Ciência Rural
Marques,Pedro Rocha; Barcellos,Júlio Otávio Jardim; Dill,Matheus Dhein; Dias,Eduardo Antunes; Azevedo,Eduardo Vaz Torres; Lampert,Vinícius do Nascimento; McManus,Concepta Margaret.
The aim of this experiment was to identify improvement demands for farms with different levels of competitiveness in the west of Rio Grande do Sul state, Brazil. A total of 63 owners of large farms were interviewed (farms with an area greater than 900ha) by applying a semi-structured questionnaire, guided by four drivers: technology (TEC), management (MAN), market relations (MR) and the institutional environment (IE).It was used the Statistical Analysis System 9.2 software to perform the cluster analysis and identify farmers' characteristics. Three random clusters with different levels of competitiveness were observed: low competitiveness level (LCL), middle competitiveness level (MCL) and high competitiveness level (HCL). The 29 variables (sub factors)...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Cluster; Level of impact; Management; Ranking; Stratification.
Ano: 2015 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0103-84782015000300480
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Cooking quality of upland and lowland rice characterized by different methods Ciênc. Tecnol. Aliment.
Garcia,Diva Mendonça; Bassinello,Priscila Zaczuk; Ascheri,Diego Ramiro Palmirez; Ascheri,José Luis Ramirez; Trovo,José Benedito; Cobucci,Rosário de Maria Arouche.
Rice cooking quality is usually evaluated by texture and stickiness characteristics using many different methods. Gelatinization temperature, amylose content, viscosity (Brookfield viscometer and Rapid Visco Analyzer), and sensory analysis were performed to characterize culinary quality of rice grains produced under two cropping systems and submitted to different technologies. All samples from the upland cropping system and two from the irrigated cropping system presented intermediate amylose content. Regarding stickiness, BRS Primavera, BRS Sertaneja, and BRS Tropical showed loose cooked grains. Irrigated cultivars presented less viscosity and were softer than upland cultivars. Upland grain samples had similar profile on the viscoamylografic curve, but...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Oryza sativa L; Texture; Stickiness; Amylase; Gelatinization temperature; Cluster.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0101-20612011000200010
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Credit Constraints, Organizational Choice, and Returns to Capital: Evidence from a Rural Industrial Cluster in China AgEcon
Ruan, Jianqing; Zhang, Xiaobo.
Traditional economic theory posits that a well functioning capital market is a necessary condition for industrialization and economic growth. However, in reality it is observed that micro and small enterprises are ubiquitous because entrepreneurs can set up business in low-return activities with minimal barriers to entry. Using a cashmere sweater cluster in China as an example, this paper shows that organizational choice can overcome the prohibitive cost of investment. Facing credit constraints, firms are more likely to concentrate in divisible production technologies in the form of industrial clusters. With clusters, a vertically integrated production process can be decomposed into many small incremental stages, making them more accessible for small...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Cluster; Putting-out; Subcontract; Industrialization; Entrepreneurship; China; Industrial Organization; International Development.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/50334
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Desvendando a infraestrutura de TI nos bastidores da implementação de cenários de virtualização utilizando o Xen. Infoteca-e
FERREIRA, D. M..
Este documento visa disseminar na Embrapa todo o conhecimento adquirido na Embrapa Informática Agropecuária para implementação de uma solução de virtualização, considerando desde um cenário mais simples, com o uso de apenas um servidor físico de grande porte, até o mais complexo, que envolve a utilização de diversos servidores físicos em cluster, switches e storages de disco.
Tipo: Documentos (INFOTECA-E) Palavras-chave: Virtualização; Alta disponibilidade; Xen; Cluster; Storage; Tecnologia da informação; Information technology.
Ano: 2016 URL: http://www.infoteca.cnptia.embrapa.br/handle/doc/1064123
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Diversidade morfologica de frutos e sementes de baru (Dipteryx alata vog.). Repositório Alice
SANO, S.M.; VIVALDI, L.J.; SPEHAR, C.R..
O objetivo deste estudo foi identificar caracteres morfologicos distintos que possibilitem agrupar plantas semelhantes pertencentes a populacoes de baru (Dipteryx alata Vog.). Foram marcadas 63 plantas nos estados de Goias e Minas Gerais. Avaliaram-se 20 frutos e sementes por planta, coletados no chao em 1994 e 1995. Mediram-se os parametros: peso, comprimento, largura e espessura dos frutos e das respectivas sementes, e cor do tegumento das sementes. Realizaram-se analises de componentes principais e de agrupamento. Observou-se variabilidade entre plantas nos frutos e nas sementes de baru. A analise dos componentes principais mostrou que a distribuicao espacial dos dados e da forma continua. Os dois primeiros componentes explicaram 75% e 80% da variacao...
Tipo: Artigo em periódico indexado (ALICE) Palavras-chave: Agrupamento; Drupa; Tamanho; Dimensao; Cerrado; Cluster; Drupe; Fruit size; Fruit dimension; Savanna.
Ano: 1999 URL: http://www.alice.cnptia.embrapa.br/handle/doc/89234
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Egg production evaluation of laying hens by multivariate analysis Arq. Bras. Med. Vet. Zootec.
Ferreira,P.B.; Rorato,P.R.N.; Mello,F.C.B.; Bevilaqua,B.; Macedo,A.; Brittes,L.B.P..
ABSTRACT This study aimed to verify the existence of differences between hens from the Barred Plymouth Rock (PRB) breed and White Plymouth Rock (PRW) breed by multivariate analysis of weekly egg production and cumulative during the years of 1998 and 2010, from the Laboratório de Avicultura (LAVIC) of the Departamento de Zootecnia at the Universidade Federal de Santa Maria (UFSM). For the analysis of the univariate and multivariate variance, the experimental design was completely randomized with two treatments (breed) and 299 repetitions of the PRW breed and 350 of the PRB breed. The parameters analyzed were the weekly productions of eggs per bird from the 21st to the 50th week of age (P21, P22, ..., P50) and production of eggs accumulated being from the...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Analysis of multivariate variance; Cluster; Principal components.
Ano: 2017 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0102-09352017000300676
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European food quality policy: the importance of geographical indications, organic certification and food quality insurance schemes in European countries AgEcon
Becker, Tilman C.; Staus, Alexander.
The protection of geographical indications, organic certification and food quality assurance schemes are the cornerstones of European food quality policy. In this paper the importance of these voluntary quality policy schemes in the different Member States of the European Union is investigated. Member States may be grouped into four cluster according to the food quality orientation.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Food quality policy; Protected geographical indications; Organic certification; Quality assurance schemes; Europe; Cluster; PDO; PGI; TSG; Agricultural and Food Policy; Food Consumption/Nutrition/Food Safety.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/44455
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Finance and Cluster-Based Industrial Development in China AgEcon
Ruan, Jianqing; Zhang, Xiaobo.
The traditional literature emphasizes the causal role of finance in promoting industrial growth. China’s rapid industrialization over the past several decades, which has occurred in the absence of well-functioning financial markets, seems to defy the conventional wisdom. By studying a cashmere sweater cluster in China, this paper argues that rural industrial clustering, as a new business model, lowers the entry barriers of initial capital investment through the division of labor. Within these clusters, enterprises can often acquire trade credits from upstream or downstream firms and obtain informal financing from friends and relatives, and use these funds to mitigate constraints of working capital. These findings help explain China’s rapid...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Industrialization; Cluster; Finance; China; Growth; Financial Economics; International Development.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/42322
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FORMING A CLUSTER STRATEGY FOR TEXTILE INDUSTRY DEVELOPMENT IN UZBEKISTAN AgEcon
Nasirkhodjaeva, Dilyafruz.
The article confers urgency of establishing clusters in textile industry. Particular focus is given to resource interaction among compound elements of national textile cluster. Policy recommendations targeted to development of cluster in the textile sector of Uzbekistan are provided.
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Cluster; Textile industry; Competitiveness; Cotton fiber; Innovations.; Industrial Organization; Marketing; Production Economics; L67; O25.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/94646
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From the help desk: Bootstrapped standard errors AgEcon
Guan, Weihua.
Bootstrapping is a nonparametric approach for evaluating the distribution of a statistic based on random resampling. This article illustrates the bootstrap as an alternative method for estimating the standard errors when the theoretical calculation is complicated or not available in the current software.
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Bootstrap; Cluster; Nl; Instrumental variables; Research Methods/ Statistical Methods.
Ano: 2003 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/116034
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From the help desk: It's all about the sampling AgEcon
McDowell, Allen; Pitblado, Jeffrey S..
Effective estimation and inference, when the data are collected using complex survey designs, requires estimators that fully account for the sampling design. This article explores, by means of Monte Carlo simulations of the power of simple hypothesis tests, the consequences of parameter estimation and inference when naive estimators are employed with survey data.
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Cluster; Design; Power; Strata; Svy; Svymean; Svyset; Research Methods/ Statistical Methods.
Ano: 2002 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/115961
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Genetic divergence among accessions of melon from traditional agriculture of the Brazilian Northeast. Repositório Alice
ARAGAO, F. A. S. de; TORRES FILHO, J.; NUNES, G. H. S.; QUEIRÓZ, M. A.; BORDALLO, P. do N.; BUSO, G. S. C.; FERREIRA, M. A.; COSTA, Z. P.; BEZERRA NETO, F..
2013
Tipo: Artigo em periódico indexado (ALICE) Palavras-chave: Cucumis melo; Germoplasma; Simples repetição de seqüência; Cluster; Descrição; Cucumis melo; Germplasm; Simple sequence repeat; Cluster; Description.
Ano: 2013 URL: http://www.alice.cnptia.embrapa.br/handle/doc/981929
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Genetic divergence among accessions of melon from traditional agriculture of the Brazilian Northeast. Repositório Alice
ARAGAO, F. A. S.; TORRES FILHO, J.; NUNES, G. H. S.; QUEIRÓZ, M. A.; BORDALLO, P. do N.; BUSO, G. S. C.; FERREIRA, M. A.; COSTA, Z. P.; BEZERRA NETO, F..
bitstream/item/179960/1/gmr3481.pdf
Tipo: Artigo em periódico indexado (ALICE) Palavras-chave: Simple sequence repeat; Cluster; Descriptors; Cucumis Melo; Germplasm.
Ano: 2013 URL: http://www.alice.cnptia.embrapa.br/alice/handle/doc/980721
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