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Registros recuperados: 81
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Acao coletiva e organizacao dos agricultores no Nordeste semi-arido. Repositório Alice
SABOURIN, E..
Este trabalho procura sistematizar as dinamicas de organizacao dos agricultores familiares da regiao semi-arida do Nordeste brasileiro. A primeira parte analisa a origem e as logicas das diferentes formas de organizacao dos produtores a partir de exemplos em varios municipios do Sertao nordestino. Na segunda parte sao identificadas sequencias de evolucao das organizacoes de produtores, assim como indicadores de transicao na passagem de uma situacao a outra. O texto conclui com a formalizacao do processo de organizacao dos produtores na regiao.
Tipo: Artigo em anais de congresso (ALICE) Palavras-chave: Pequeno agricultor; Agricultura familiar; Organizacao socioeconomica; Acao coletiva; Transicao; Brasil; Nordeste; Small farmers; Familiar farms; Socioeconomic organization; Collective action; Transition; Brazil; Northeast.
Ano: 1999 URL: http://www.alice.cnptia.embrapa.br/handle/doc/133075
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Acción colectiva y capital social en las Organizaciones Agrarias. El caso de la Cooperativa Agropecuaria Cholollan en el valle de Puebla. Colegio de Postgraduados
Rincón Pérez, Fernando.
La organización social en las áreas rurales adquiere especial relevancia en las dos últimas décadas, en las cuales se han diseñado una serie de políticas que buscan aprovechar esta capacidad como una alternativa para mejorar las condiciones de vida de la población de estas áreas. La presente investigación se realizó en localidades pertenecientes a la región del Valle del Estado de Puebla, durante el año 2007. El propósito de la investigación consistió en el análisis del papel del capital social en un proceso de acción colectiva. Para ello fue necesario definir los aspectos del capital social a estudiar e identificar su presencia en dos momentos de un proceso organizativo. El estudio se sustenta en la teoría de la acción colectiva, y del capital social como...
Palavras-chave: Acción colectiva; Capital social; Organizaciones agrarias; Valle de Puebla; Collective action; Social capital; Rural organization; Puebla; EDAR; Maestría; Estrategias para el Desarrollo Agrícola Regional.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://hdl.handle.net/10521/333
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ANALYSING THE LOW ADOPTION OF WATER CONSERVATION TECHNOLOGIES BY SMALLHOLDER FARMERS IN SOUTHERN AFRICA AgEcon
Perret, Sylvain R.; Stevens, Joe B..
Natural resource degradation and water scarcity are a global concern, which typically threatens the sustainability of smallholder farmers' livelihoods in semi-arid developing areas. As part of research efforts, a number of water-conservation technologies (WCT) have been developed, yet with low adoption rates in smallholder farming environments. This paper discusses the concepts of adoption and innovation, comparing the perspectives of research operators to the ones of smallholder farmers. Discrepancies are highlighted and ultimately explain low uptake of technologies by farmer. Then it addresses socio-economic factors affecting such adoption. It is argued that WCT show specific traits: (1) diversity and applicability to different time and spatial...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Adoption; Innovation; Water conservation; Technologies; Collective action; Property rights; Sustainability; Livelihoods; Resource /Energy Economics and Policy.
Ano: 2003 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/18028
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Applying the social-ecological system framework to the diagnosis of urban lake commons in Bangalore, India Ecology and Society
Nagendra, Harini; Ashoka Trust for Research in Ecology and the Environment; Indiana University; nagendra@atree.org; Ostrom, Elinor; Indiana University; ostrom@indiana.edu.
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Reports Palavras-chave: Collective action; Decentralization; Leadership; Peri-urban SES; Polycentricity.
Ano: 2014
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Are Geographical Indications a way to "decommodify" the coffee market? AgEcon
Galtier, F.; Belletti, Giovanni; Marescotti, Andrea.
The commodity nature of green coffee is the main cause of “the coffee paradox” (decreasing prices at production level and rising prices at consumption level). So, a requirement to reach a less unfair distribution of the added value between the supply chain would be to “decommodify” the coffee market not only at the final consumer level, but also at the production level. Certifications (like Fair Trade, Organic, Rainforest Alliance, Utz Kapeh, or Birdfriend) are often presented as a way to reach this result, but according to some authors these schemes seem to be rather an extension of the standardization wave to new quality attributes (linked to social and/or environmental characteristics of the production process). Geographical indications (GIs) seems to...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Coffee; Geographical Indications; Collective action; Marketing.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/43834
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Assessing the Factors Underlying Differences in Group Performance: Methodological Issues and Empirical Findings from the Highlands of Central Kenya AgEcon
Place, Frank; Kariuki, Gatarwa; Wangila, Justine; Kristjanson, Patricia; Makauki, Adolf; Ndubi, Jessica.
This paper examines the performance of rural groups in Kenya and addresses the methodological issues and challenges faced in doing this, and presents the empirical evidence regarding various hypothesized explanatory factors for relative performance levels. Eighty-seven groups and 442 households were surveyed using several approaches. Various performance measures were tested. Both descriptive analysis and regression models were used to gain a better understanding of the group-level and household-level factors that explain performance. Collective action is desired and practiced for a large number of tasks. The findings highlight the incredible number, diversity and dynamic nature of groups in the highlands of Kenya (and we suspect this finding is not...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Collective action; Natural resource management; Technology adoption; Institutions; Kenya; Calliandra; Farm Management.
Ano: 2002 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/50060
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Banana Value Chains in Central Africa: Constraints and Opportunities AgEcon
Ouma, Emily Awuor; Jagwe, John.
Smallholder farmers in developing countries need to improve their position in food value chains in order to improve their margins and as a strategy for coping with agricultural food price volatility through innovations within the chains. Value chain mappings and gross margin analysis were employed to assess constraints and opportunities for existing value chains for bananas in Central Africa using market survey data. The results showed weak linkages within the banana value chains with poor integration of value chain actors and minimal involvement with regional markets and high-value domestic chains such as supermarkets. Value addition in terms of agroprocessing was carried out at small scale levels using rudimentary techniques limiting the final product to...
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Banana value chains; Smallholder farmers; Central Africa; Collective action; Crop Production/Industries.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/96169
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Building resilient pathways to transformation when “no one is in charge”: insights from Australia's Murray-Darling Basin Ecology and Society
Abel, Nick; Land and Water, Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation ; nick.abel@csiro.au; Wise, Russell M.; Land and Water, Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation; russell.wise@csiro.au; Colloff, Matthew J.; Land and Water, Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation; Matt.Colloff@csiro.au; Walker, Brian H.; Land and Water, Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation; brian.walker@csiro.au; Butler, James R. A.; Land and Water, Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation; james.butler@csiro.au; Ryan, Paul; Australian Resilience Centre; paulryan@internode.on.net; Norman, Chris; Goulburn Broken Catchment Management Authority; chrisn@gbcma.vic.gov.au; Langston, Art; Land and Water, Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation; art.langston@csiro.au; Anderies, John M.; Arizona State University; m.anderies@asu.edu; Gorddard, Russell; Land and Water, Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation; Russell.Gorddard@csiro.au; Dunlop, Michael; Land and Water, Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation; michael.dunlop@csiro.au; O'Connell, Deborah; Land and Water, Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation; deborah.o'connell@csiro.au.
Climate change and its interactions with complex socioeconomic dynamics dictate the need for decision makers to move from incremental adaptation toward transformation as societies try to cope with unprecedented and uncertain change. Developing pathways toward transformation is especially difficult in regions with multiple contested resource uses and rights, with diverse decision makers and rules, and where high uncertainty is generated by differences in stakeholders’ values, understanding of climate change, and ways of adapting. Such a region is the Murray-Darling Basin, Australia, from which we provide insights for developing a process to address these constraints. We present criteria for sequencing actions along adaptation pathways: feasibility...
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Insight Palavras-chave: Adaptation pathways; Climate change; Collective action; Domain shift; Equity; Irrigation; Resilience; Social conflict; Transformation; Wetlands.
Ano: 2016
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Building ties: social capital network analysis of a forest community in a biosphere reserve in Chiapas, Mexico Ecology and Society
Dahringer, Guillaume; Pronatura-Sur A.C.; dahringer@pronatura-sur.org; Reyes, Felipe; Universidad de Ciencias y Artes de Chiapas; felipe.reyes@unicach.mx.
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Reports Palavras-chave: Collective action; Community forest management; Ejido; Mexico; Social capital; Social network analysis.
Ano: 2012
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Certifying the commons: eco-certification, privatization, and collective action Ecology and Society
Foley, Paul; Environmental Policy Institute, Memorial University, Grenfell Campus; pfoley@grenfell.mun.ca; McCay, Bonnie; Department of Human Ecology, Rutgers the State University; mccay@AESOP.RUTGERS.EDU.
We examine new dynamics of privatization and collective action in common pool resource situations facilitated by the nonstate multistakeholder institutions of the Marine Stewardship Council (MSC), the global leader in sustainability certification for wild caught seafood. Through a review of the literature and two case studies of fishing cooperatives in Baja California Sur, Mexico and on Fogo Island in the Canadian Province of Newfoundland and Labrador (NL), we advance two interrelated arguments. First, certification and eco-labeling institutions privatize fisheries governance in largely unexamined ways through the injection of new forms of exclusive rights or privileges into common pool resource situations already complicated by access and property...
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Reports Palavras-chave: Baja California Sur Mexico; Collective action; Common pool resources; Commons; Community-based fisheries; Cooperatives; Environmental certification; Environmental governance; Fisheries; Fogo Island Newfoundland and Labrador Canada; Governance; Marine Stewardship Council; MSC; Northern shrimp; Privatization; Property rights; Spiny lobster; Sustainable.
Ano: 2014
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Climatic variability and cooperation in rangeland management: a case study from Niger AgEcon
McCarthy, Nancy; Vanderlinden, Jean-Paul.
In this paper, we develop an empirical model of an agro-pastoral system subject to high climatic risk to test the impact of rainfall variability on livestock densities, land allocation patterns and herd mobility observed at the community level. Also, because grazing land is a common-pool resource, we determine the impact of cooperation on these decision variables. To capture different abilities of communities to manage these externalities, we construct indices comprised of factors considered to affect the costliness of achieving successful cooperation found in the collective action literature. We then test hypotheses regarding the impact of rainfall variability and cooperation using data collected in a semi-arid region of Niger. Results indicate that...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Rangelands; Environmental risk; Natural resource management; Pastoralism; Collective action; Cooperation; Institutions; Livestock stocking densities; Mobility; Niger; Land Economics/Use; Resource /Energy Economics and Policy.
Ano: 2002 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/50058
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Collective Action and Marketing of Underutilized Plant Species: The Case of Minor Millets in Kolli Hills, Tamil, Nadu, India AgEcon
Gruere, Guillaume P.; Nagarajan, Latha; King, E.D.I. Oliver.
Minor millets are examples of underutilized plant species, being locally important but rarely traded internationally with an unexploited economic potential. In the Kolli hills of Tamil Nadu, India, a genetically diverse pool of minor millet varieties are grown by the tribal farming communities to meet their subsistence food needs. Most of these minor crops were not traded outside the farming community. Despite a consumption preference among the farming communities for minor millets, in the recent past the acreage under minor millet crops have declined considerably due to the availability of substitute cash crops. As a response, the M.S. Swaminathan Research Foundation (MSSRF) based in Chennai has led targeted conservation cum commercialization intervention...
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Underutilized species; Agricultural marketing; Collective action; Agrobiodiversity; Agribusiness.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/47910
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Collective Action and Property Rights for Poverty Reduction: A Review of Methods and Approaches AgEcon
Mwangi, Esther; Markelova, Helen.
While much attention has been given to examining various aspects of poverty, a number of studies have shown that institutional environment in which the poor exist conditions welfare outcomes, thus highlighting the inherently crucial importance of institutions for poverty reduction. The institutions of property rights and collective action are among those identified as playing a major role in the livelihood strategies of the poor. This paper highlights ways to operationalize the conceptual framework developed by Di Gregorio and colleagues (2008), which provides an analytical tool to study poverty through the institutional lens with a special focus on collective action and property rights. By emphasizing the multidimensionality of poverty, the authors...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Collective action; Property rights; Poverty reduction; Evaluation; Vulnerability; Power; Institutions; Wellbeing; Resource /Energy Economics and Policy.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/44355
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Collective Action and Vulnerability: Burial Societies in Rural Ethiopia AgEcon
Dercon, Stefan; Hoddinott, John; Krishnan, Pramila; Woldehanna, Tassew.
Collective action can help individuals, groups, and communities achieve common goals, thus contributing to poverty reduction. Drawing on longitudinal household and qualitative community data, the authors examine the impact of shocks on household living standards, study the correlates of participation in groups and formal and informal networks, and discuss the relationship of networks with access to other forms of capital. In this context, they assess how one form of collective action, iddir, or burial societies, help households attenuate the impact of illness. They find that iddir effectively deal with problems of asymmetric information by restricting membership geographically, imposing a membership fee, and conducting checks on how the funds were spent....
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Collective action; Burial societies; Shocks; Vulnerability; Poverty; Networks; Ethiopia; Resource /Energy Economics and Policy.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/44356
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Collective Action for Innovation and Small Farmer Market Access: The Papa Andina Experience AgEcon
Devaux, Andre; Velasco, Claudio; Lopez, Gaston; Bernet, Thomas; Ordinola, Miguel; Pico, Hernan; Thiele, Graham; Horton, Douglas.
The Andean highlands are home to some of the poorest rural households in South America. Native potato varieties and local knowledge for their cultivation and use are unique resources possessed by farmers in these areas. As the forces of globalization and market integration penetrate the Andes, they present both challenges and opportunities for farmers there. This paper reports on how the Papa Andina Regional Initiative is promoting the use of collective action to reduce poverty in the Andes, by developing market niches and adding value to potatoes, particularly the native potatoes grown by poor farmers. Since 1998, Papa Andina has worked with partners in Bolivia, Ecuador and Peru to stimulate pro-poor innovation within market chains for potato-based...
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Collective action; Potatoes; Andean region; Participatory methods; Market chains; Innovation; Stakeholder platform; Agribusiness.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/47909
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Collective Action for Small-Scale Producers of Agricultural Biodiversity Products AgEcon
Kruijssen, Froukje; Keizer, Menno; Giuliani, Alessandra.
The role of well-functioning markets for development is now widely recognized, however the challenge remains to make these markets benefit the poor and the environment. Increasing attention is being given to the potential role markets can play for agrobiodiversity conservation through product diversification and increasing competitiveness in niche and novelty markets. Bioversity International has undertaken several studies that explore the use of market-based approaches to on-farm agrobiodiversity management and livelihood improvement. Case studies have been developed on a range of species, varieties and derived products, including underutilized species and commodities in several regions of the world. This paper explores how the theory of collective action...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Agricultural biodiversity; Market chain; Market access; Livelihoods; Collective action; Agribusiness.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/50002
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Collective Action for the Conservation of On-Farm Genetic Diversity in a Center of Crop Diversity: An Assessment of the Role of Traditional Farmers’ Networks AgEcon
Badstue, Lone B.; Bellon, Mauricio R.; Berthaud, Julien; Ramirez, Alejandro; Flores, Dagoberto; Juarez, Xochitl; Ramirez, Fabiola.
This project explored the possible role of collective action among small-scale farmers in managing and maintaining genetic resources in a center of crop diversity. It focused on the local institutions that ensure the supply of seed of diverse maize landraces to small-scale farmers in the Central Valleys of Oaxaca, Mexico. The key hypothesis was that the medium-to-long-term supply of a diverse set of varieties to any individual smallscale maize farmer depends on an agreement among a group of farmers to manage and supply the seed of these landraces to each other, if the need arises, and that this constitutes a form of collective action. Six communities were studied, three of them indepth. Methodologies used included in-depth semi-structured interviews with...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Maize; Small-scale farmers; Informal seed systems; Genetic resources; Mexico; Collective action; Crop Production/Industries; Resource /Energy Economics and Policy.
Ano: 2005 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/50067
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Collective Action for Water Harvesting Irrigation in Lerma-Chapala Basin, Mexico AgEcon
Scott, Christopher A.; Silva-Ochoa, Paula.
Water and watersheds are difficult to separate for management purposes. Providing irrigation as a supplement to rainfall for crop production requires considerable collective action at the watershed level to mobilize labor and other resources, as well as to make decisions and implement the distribution of benefits. Small- scale water harvesting irrigation systems in Mexico have endured for centuries. They now face considerable challenges with changes in the ejido property rights over land and water, the growing importance of alternative sources of livelihoods, and increasing scarcity and competition for water within the river basins. Two case studies of water harvesting irrigation systems in the Lerma-Chapala Basin illustrate the response of communities to...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Irrigation; Watershed; Water harvesting; Water; Collective action; Property rights; Mexico; Resource /Energy Economics and Policy.
Ano: 2001 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/50057
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Collective Action to Secure Property Rights for the Poor: A Case Study in Jambi Province, Indonesia AgEcon
Komarudin, Heru; Siagian, Yuliana L.; Colfer, Carol.
This study presents an approach to analyzing decentralized forestry and natural resource management and land property rights issues, and catalyzing collective action among villages and district governments. It focuses on understanding the current policies governing local people’s access to property rights and decision making processes, and learning how collective action among community groups and interaction among stakeholders can enhance local people’s rights over lands, resources, and policy processes for development. The authors applied participatory action research in two villages, one each in the Bungo and Tanjabbar districts of Jambi province (Sumatra), Indonesia, to facilitate identification of priorities through phases of planning, action,...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Decentralization; Natural resource management; Forest; Collective action; Property rights; Action research; Indonesia; Food Security and Poverty; Resource /Energy Economics and Policy.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/44363
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Community Watershed Management in Semi-Arid India: The State of Collective Action and its Effects on Natural Resources and Rural Livelihood AgEcon
Shiferaw, Bekele A.; Kebede, Tewodros A.; Reddy, V. Ratna.
Spatial and temporal attributes of watersheds and the associated market failures that accelerate degradation of agricultural and environmental resources require innovative institutional arrangements for coordinating use and management of resources. Effective collective action (CA) allows smallholder farmers to jointly invest in management practices that provide collective benefits in terms of economic and sustainability gains. The Government of India takes integrated watershed management (IWM) as a key strategy for improving productivity and livelihoods in the rain-fed and drought-prone regions. This study investigates the institutional and policy issues that limit effective participation of people in community watershed programs and identifies key...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Collective action; Institutions; Property rights; Watershed management; Poverty; Environmental impacts; Resource /Energy Economics and Policy.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/44358
Registros recuperados: 81
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