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Registros recuperados: 22
Primeira ... 12 ... Última
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A new approach to determine the distributional effects of quota management in fisheries ArchiMer
Bellanger, Manuel; Macher, Claire; Guyader, Olivier.
Quota allocation mechanisms have distributional effects that are highly relevant to the economic organization of fisheries. In France, where fishing allocations are non-transferable, quotas are shared among Producer Organizations (POs) based on the historical landings of their members. Each PO is then responsible for implementing their own internal rules that provide individual or collective allocations to their members. This study investigates the distributional effects of the various quota management systems adopted by POs on quotas and production for the Bay of Biscay sole fishery. A comparison between initial allocations by vessel based on historical landings and actual observed landings is presented. Inequality metrics are used to quantify...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Distribution; Inequality; Producer organizations; Catch shares; Common-pool resources; Fishery management.
Ano: 2016 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00332/44359/43999.pdf
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A Review of Design Principles for Community-based Natural Resource Management Ecology and Society
Cox, Michael; Indiana University; miecox@indiana.edu; Arnold, Gwen; Indiana University; gbarnold@indiana.edu.
In 1990, Elinor Ostrom proposed eight design principles, positing them to characterize robust institutions for managing common-pool resources such as forests or fisheries. Since then, many studies have explicitly or implicitly evaluated these design principles. We analyzed 91 such studies to evaluate the principles empirically and to consider what theoretical issues have arisen since their introduction. We found that the principles are well supported empirically and that several important theoretical issues warrant discussion. We provide a reformulation of the design principles, drawing from commonalities found in the studies.
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Synthesis Palavras-chave: Common-pool resources; Design principles; Diagnostics; Institutions.
Ano: 2010
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Advancing the understanding of behavior in social-ecological systems: results from lab and field experiments Ecology and Society
Janssen, Marco A; Arizona State University; Marco.Janssen@asu.edu; Lindahl, Therese; Beijer Institute of Ecological Economics, Royal Swedish Academy of Science; Stockholm Resilience Centre, Stockholm University; therese.lindahl@beijer.kva.se; Murphy, James J; Nankai University; University of Alaska Anchorage; Chapman University; murphy@uaa.alaska.edu.
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Synthesis Palavras-chave: Behavioral economics; Common-pool resources; Experimental economics; Public goods; Social-ecological systems.
Ano: 2015
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Balancing Accuracy and Meaning in Common-Pool Resource Theory Ecology and Society
Cox, Michael; School of Public and Environmental Affairs, Indiana University; Workshop in Political Theory and Policy Analysis, Indiana University; miecox@indiana.edu.
Common-pool resources are managed in complex environments that are amenable to understanding, analysis, and management at multiple levels. This paper develops a heuristic criterion to identify the costs and benefits of adopting various levels of analysis when constructing theory for common-pool resource management. It argues that there is no single optimal level for such analysis. Instead, a trade-off is posed where theories at higher levels tend to be more accurate but less meaningful than theories at lower levels.
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Synthesis Palavras-chave: Common-pool resources; Complexity; Institutional analysis; Scale.
Ano: 2008
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Biological and Ecological Mechanisms Supporting Marine Self-Governance: the Seri Callo de Hacha Fishery in Mexico Ecology and Society
Basurto, Xavier; Indiana University; Duke University; Comunidad y Biodiversidad AC; xbasurto@indiana.edu.
My goal was to describe how biological and ecological factors give shape to fishing practices that can contribute to the successful self-governance of a small-scale fishing system in the Gulf of California, Mexico. The analysis was based on a comparison of the main ecological and biological indicators that fishers claim to use to govern their day-to-day decision making about fishing and data collected in situ. I found that certain indicators allow fishers to learn about differences and characteristics of the resource system and its units. Fishers use such information to guide their day-to-day fishing decisions. More importantly, these decisions appear unable to shape the reproductive viability of the fishery because no indicators were correlated to the...
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Reports Palavras-chave: Atrina tuberculosa; Callo de hacha; Common-pool resources; Diving fisheries; Gulf of California; Mexico; Pen shells; Pinna rugosa; Resilience; Scallop; Seri; Small-scale fisheries; Social-ecological systems.
Ano: 2008
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Can Co-Management Improve the Governance of A Common- Pool Resource? Lessons From A Framed Field Experiment in A Marine Protected Area in the Colombian Caribbean AgEcon
Moreno-Sanchez, Rocio del Pilar; Maldonado, Jorge Higinio.
Complexities associated with the management of common pool resources (CPR) threaten governance at some marine protected areas (MPA). In this paper, using economic experimental games (EEG), we investigate the effects of both external regulation and the complementarities between internal regulation and non-coercive authority intervention—what we call co-management—on fishermen’s extraction decisions. We perform EEG with fishermen inhabiting the influence zone of an MPA in the Colombian Caribbean. The results show that co- management exhibits the best results, both in terms of resource sustainability and reduction in extraction, highlighting the importance of strategies that recognize communities as key actors in the decision-making process for the...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Common-pool resources; Governance; Co-management; Experimental economic games; Fisheries; Latin America.; Environmental Economics and Policy; C93; C72; D02; D70; Q01; Q22; Q28; C23; C25.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/60731
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Collective action and the risk of ecosystem regime shifts: insights from a laboratory experiment Ecology and Society
Schill, Caroline; The Beijer Institute of Ecological Economics, The Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences; Stockholm Resilience Centre, Stockholm University; caroline.schill@beijer.kva.se; Lindahl, Therese; The Beijer Institute of Ecological Economics, The Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences; Stockholm Resilience Centre, Stockholm University; therese.lindahl@beijer.kva.se.
Ecosystems can undergo regime shifts that potentially lead to a substantial decrease in the availability of provisioning ecosystem services. Recent research suggests that the frequency and intensity of regime shifts increase with growing anthropogenic pressure, so understanding the underlying social-ecological dynamics is crucial, particularly in contexts where livelihoods depend heavily on local ecosystem services. In such settings, ecosystem services are often derived from common-pool resources. The limited capacity to predict regime shifts is a major challenge for common-pool resource management, as well as for systematic empirical analysis of individual and group behavior, because of the need for extensive preshift and postshift data. Unsurprisingly,...
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Reports Palavras-chave: Common-pool resources; Cooperation; Ecological dynamics; Laboratory experiments; Regime shifts; Risk; Social-ecological systems; Thresholds; Uncertainty.
Ano: 2015
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Collective Activities for the Management of Rural Common-Pool Resources: A Case Study of Irrigation System from Niigata Prefecture, Japan AgEcon
Furuzawa, Shinichi; Kiminami, Lily; Kiminami, Akira.
Generally, an appropriate maintenance and management of the common-pool resources (CPRs) in rural areas can contribute to the enhancement of the “quality of life” of inhabitants through improvement of the local environment, etc. In recent years, with the aging of farm households and the rise in the number of non-farm households, it is becoming increasingly difficult for the farm households alone to maintain and manage the CPRs in the farm villages of Japan. Therefore, the cooperation by beneficiaries including non-farm households is considered to be desirable. However such cooperation may be difficult to achieve, as the participation of non-farm households in the management of such resources leads to the diversification of stakeholders. In this study, we...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Common-pool resources; Diversification of stakeholders; Cost-benefit calculus; Community/Rural/Urban Development; Institutional and Behavioral Economics; Land Economics/Use; Q10; Q2.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/51542
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Do Static Externalities Offset Dynamic Externalities? An Experimental Study of the Exploitation of Substitutable Common-Pool Resources AgEcon
Giordana, Gaston A.; Montginoul, Marielle; Willinger, Marc.
Overexploitation of coastal aquifers may lead to seawater intrusion, which irreversibly degrades groundwater. The seawater intrusion process may imply that its consequences would not be perceptible until after decades of accumulated overexploitation. In such a dynamic setting, static externalities may enhance the users’ awareness about the resource’s common nature, inducing more conservative individual behaviors. Aiming to evaluate this hypothesis, we experimentally test predictions from a dynamic game of substitutable common-pool resource (CPR) exploitation. The players have to decide whether to use a free private good or to extract from one of two costly CPRs. Our findings do not give substantial support to the initial conjecture. Nevertheless, the...
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Common-pool resources; Substitutable goods; Dynamic externalities; Survival data; Proportional hazard; Experiment; Institutional and Behavioral Economics; Resource /Energy Economics and Policy.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/90842
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Ecologically sustainable but unjust? Negotiating equity and authority in common-pool marine resource management Ecology and Society
Klain, Sarah C; University of British Columbia; s.klain.ubc@gmail.com; Beveridge, Rachelle; University of Victoria; rachelle.beveridge@gmail.com; Bennett, Nathan J; Univeristy of British Columbia; Visiting Research Fellow at University of Victoria; nathan.bennett@ubc.ca.
Under appropriate conditions, community-based fisheries management can support sound resource stewardship, with positive social and environmental outcomes. Evaluating indigenous peoples’ involvement in commercial sea cucumber and geoduck fisheries on the central coast of British Columbia, Canada, we found that the current social-ecological system configuration is relatively ecologically sustainable according to stock assessments. However, the current system also results in perceived inequities in decision-making processes, harvesting allocations, and socioeconomic benefits. As a result, local coastal resource managers envision a transformation of sea cucumber and geoduck fisheries governance and management institutions. We assessed the potential...
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Reports Palavras-chave: Benthic fisheries; Common-pool resources; CPR design principles; Environmental governance; Indigenous or aboriginal peoples; Resource management; Small-scale fisheries; Social-ecological system framework.
Ano: 2014
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Incorporating local institutions in irrigation experiments: evidence from rural communities in Pakistan Ecology and Society
Javaid, Aneeque; Leibniz Center for Tropical Marine Ecology (ZMT); Jacobs University; aneeque.javaid@zmt-bremen.de; Falk, Thomas; University of Marburg; falkt@staff.uni-marburg.de.
Many irrigation systems are special cases of common-pool resources (CPRs) in which some users have preferential access to the resource, which in theory aggravates collective action challenges such as the under-provision of necessary infrastructure as a result of unequal appropriation of water resources. We present experimental evidence based on an irrigation game played in communities that are dependent on one of the largest contiguous irrigation network: the Indus basin irrigation system in Punjab, Pakistan. Furthermore, we simulate two institutional mechanisms that are neglected in experimental studies, despite their importance in many CPR governance systems: traditional authorities and legal pluralism. In our experiments, Punjabi farmers (N = 160)...
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Reports Palavras-chave: Asymmetric access; Common-pool resources; Field experiments; Irrigation management; Punjab Pakistan; Traditional authorities.
Ano: 2015
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Introducing Ecological Dynamics into Common-Pool Resource Experiments Ecology and Society
Janssen, Marco A; School of Human Evolution and Social Change, Arizona State University; Marco.Janssen@asu.edu.
Case-study analysis shows that long-lasting social–ecological systems have institutional arrangements regulating where, when, and how to appropriate resources instead of how much. Those cases testify to the importance of the fit between ecological and institutional dynamics. Experiments are increasingly used to study decision making, test alternative behavioral models, and test policies. In typical commons dilemma experiments, the only possible decision is how much to appropriate. Therefore, conventional experiments restrict the option to study the interplay between ecological and institutional dynamics. Using a new real-time, spatial, renewable resource environment, we can study the informal norms that participants develop in an experimental...
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Reports Palavras-chave: Common-pool resources; Communication; Institutional innovation; Laboratory experiments; Problem of fit.
Ano: 2010
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Irrigation experiments in the lab: trust, environmental variability, and collective action Ecology and Society
Baggio, Jacopo A.; Center for Behavior, Institutions and the Environment, Arizona State University; Department of Environment and Society, Utah State University; jbaggio@asu.edu; Rollins, Nathan D.; Center for Behavior, Institutions and the Environment, School of Human Evolution and Social Change, Arizona State University; nathan.rollins@asu.edu; Janssen, Marco A.; Center for Behavior, Institutions and the Environment, School of Sustainability, Arizona State University; Marco.Janssen@asu.edu.
Research on collective action and common-pool resources is extensive. However, little work has concentrated on the effect of variability in resource availability and collective action, especially in the context of asymmetric access to resources. Earlier works have demonstrated that environmental variability often leads to a reduction of collective action in the governance of shared resources. Here we assess how environmental variability may impact collective action. We performed a behavioral experiment involving an irrigation dilemma. In this dilemma participants invested first into a public fund that generated water resources for the group, which were subsequently appropriated by one participant at a time from head end to tail end. The amount of resource...
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Reports Palavras-chave: Asymmetry; Common-pool resources; Feedbacks; Laboratory experiments; Trust; Variability.
Ano: 2015
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Local perceptions as a guide for the sustainable management of natural resources: empirical evidence from a small-scale society in Bolivian Amazonia Ecology and Society
Cabeza, Mar; Metapopulation Research Centre (MRC), Department of Biosciences, University of Helsinki; cabeza@cc.helsinki.fi.
Research on natural resource management suggests that local perceptions form the basis upon which many small-scale societies monitor availability and change in the stock of common-pool natural resources. In contrast, this literature debates whether local perceptions can be effective in guiding the sustainable management of natural resources. With empirical evidence on this matter still highly limited, we explored the role of local perceptions as drivers of harvesting and management behavior in a small-scale society in Bolivian Amazonia. We conducted structured interviews to capture local perceptions of availability and change in the stock of thatch palm (Geonoma deversa) among the Tsimane', an indigenous society of foragers-horticulturalists (n = 296...
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Reports Palavras-chave: Change perceptions; Collective action; Common-pool resources; Local peoples; Overharvesting; Tsimane'.
Ano: 2016
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Local perceptions on social-ecological dynamics in Latin America in three community-based natural resource management systems Ecology and Society
Several examples of community-based natural resource management in Latin American social-ecological systems exist in which communities control the management of common-pool resources. Understanding community perceptions of the performance of these systems is essential to involve communities in sustainable management strategies. In this analysis of three areas in Colombia, Mexico, and Argentina, we analyzed the local perceptions of the social and environmental challenges faced by these social-ecological systems and how these challenges and drivers affect their resilience. To do this, we combined prospective structural analysis to unravel stakeholders’ perceptions of each system’s functioning along with network analysis to assess...
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Reports Palavras-chave: Argentina; Colombia; Common-pool resources; Environmental challenges; Governance; Mexico; Network analysis; Ostrom; Prospective structural analysis; Social-ecological resilience.
Ano: 2015
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Modeling Soft Institutional Change and the Improvement of Freshwater Governance in the Coastal Zone Ecology and Society
Prou, Jean ; Ifremer, head of La Tremblade Station; Jean.Prou@ifremer.fr; Lample, Michel; University of Brest, UMR Amure;; Vanhoutte-Brunier, Alice; Ifremer, UMR Amure, Marine Economics Department;; Bordenave, Paul; Cemagref, ADER Research Unit;.
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Reports Palavras-chave: Common-pool resources; Ecosystem services; Freshwater management; Governance; Institutional arrangements.
Ano: 2011
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Modeling soft institutional change and the improvement of freshwater governance in the coastal zone ArchiMer
Mongruel, Remi; Prou, Jean; Balle-beganton, Johanna; Lample, Michel; Vanhoutte Brunier, Alice; Rethoret, Harold; Perez Agundez, José A.; Vernier, Françoise; Bordenave, Paul; Bacher, Cedric.
The contribution of soft institutional change to improve freshwater governance in the coastal zone will be examined. Freshwater management seeks to reduce losses due to overexploitation of the common-pool resources provided by river catchments and their associated ecosystems. Due to the complexity of the governance system, improving the performance of one coastal social-ecological system means searching for the appropriate “soft” institutional change. In the Pertuis Charentais region, increasing scarcity of freshwater in summer threatens the health of the coastal ecosystem and the sustainability of human activities, which depend on the use of natural resources. The allocation of freshwater among competing uses or concerns is a core issue for integrated...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Common-pool resources; Ecosystem services; Freshwater management; Governance; Institutional arrangements.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00055/16665/14158.pdf
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Resilience, Social-Ecological Rules, and Environmental Variability in a Two-Species Artisanal Fishery Ecology and Society
Duer-Balkind, Marshall; Department of the Environment, Washington, DC; School of Forestry and Environmental Studies, Yale University, New Haven, CT, USA; marshall@aya.yale.edu; Jacobs, Kasey R.; NOAA Coastal Management Fellow at the Puerto Rico Coastal Zone Management Program, San Juan, PR; School of Forestry and Environmental Studies, Yale University, New Haven, CT, USA; kasey.jacobs@aya.yale.edu; Basurto, Xavier; Duke Marine Lab, Nicholas School of the Environment, Duke University, Beaufort, NC, USA; xavier.basurto@duke.edu.
Social-ecological resilience is an increasingly central paradigm for understanding sustainable resource management. In this study, we aimed to better understand the effect of environmental variability on the resilience of fishery systems, and the important role that social institutions and biophysical constraints play. To explore these issues, we built a dynamic model of the pen shell fishery of the indigenous Seri people in the Gulf of California, Mexico. This model included the dynamics of the two dominant species in the fishery (Atrina tuberculosa and Pinna rugosa), several institutional rules that the Seri use, and a number of ecological constraints, including key stochastic variables derived from empirical data. We found that modeling with multiple...
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Reports Palavras-chave: Artisanal fisheries; Common-pool resources; Environmental variability; Gulf of California Mexico; Multi-species; Resilience; Social-ecological systems; Stochasticity; System dynamics.
Ano: 2013
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Rules Compliance and Age: Experimental Evidence with Fishers from the Amazon River Ecology and Society
Lopez, Maria Claudia; Department of Community Sustainability, Michigan State University, USA; mclopezperez@gmail.com.
We report the results of common-pool resource economic experiments conducted with indigenous communities in the Colombian Amazon. The experiments recreate two contexts: a limited open access with no institutions regulating the fisheries and a nonmonetary external regulation that limits individual extraction when a fisher is found to be overextracting. We find that variables that did not explain behavior under limited open access do so under the regulatory institution. In particular, when the nonmonetary external regulation was introduced, we found a nonlinear significant effect of age on individual harvest. This result implies a negative relationship between age and individual extraction that reaches a peak around age 54. Our results suggest that in our...
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Reports Palavras-chave: Age; Common-pool resources; Field experiments regulations; Social dilemmas.
Ano: 2013
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Social Norms and Behavior in the Local Commons Through the Lens of Field Experiments AgEcon
Cardenas, Juan-Camilo.
Behavior in the local commons is usually embedded in a context of regulations and social norms that the group of users face. Such norms and rules affect how individuals value material and non-material incentives and therefore determine their decision to cooperate or over extract the resources from the common-pool. This paper discusses the importance of social norms in shaping behavior in the commons through the lens of experiments, and in particular experiments conducted in the field with people that usually face these social dilemmas in their daily life. Through a large sample of experimental sessions with around one thousand people between villagers and students, I test some hypothesis about behavior in the commons when regulations and social norms...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Social norms; Regulations; Cooperation; Collective action; Common-pool resources; Experimental economics; Field experiments.; Public Economics; D71; Q0; Q2; C9; H3; H4.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/91168
Registros recuperados: 22
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