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A diagnostic procedure for applying the social-ecological systems framework in diverse cases Ecology and Society
Hinkel, Jochen; Global Climate Forum (GCF), Berlin, Germany; hinkel@globalclimateforum.org; Cox, Michael E.; Environmental Studies Program, Dartmouth College, New Hampshire; michael.e.cox@dartmouth.edu; Binder, Claudia R.; University of Munich, Germany; claudia.binder@geographie.uni-muenchen.de; Falk, Thomas; University of Marburg, Germany; falkt@staff.uni-marburg.de.
The framework for analyzing sustainability of social-ecological systems (SES) framework of Elinor Ostrom is a multitier collection of concepts and variables that have proven to be relevant for understanding outcomes in diverse SES. The first tier of this framework includes the concepts resource system (RS) and resource units (RU), which are then further characterized through lower tier variables such as clarity of system boundaries and mobility. The long-term goal of framework development is to derive conclusions about which combinations of variables explain outcomes across diverse types of SES. This will only be possible if the concepts and variables of the framework can be made operational unambiguously for the different types of SES, which, however,...
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Reports Palavras-chave: Common-pool resource; Commons; Complex commons; Public good; Resource system; Resource unit; SES; Social-ecological system; Social-ecological system framework; Sustainability.
Ano: 2015
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Certifying the commons: eco-certification, privatization, and collective action Ecology and Society
Foley, Paul; Environmental Policy Institute, Memorial University, Grenfell Campus; pfoley@grenfell.mun.ca; McCay, Bonnie; Department of Human Ecology, Rutgers the State University; mccay@AESOP.RUTGERS.EDU.
We examine new dynamics of privatization and collective action in common pool resource situations facilitated by the nonstate multistakeholder institutions of the Marine Stewardship Council (MSC), the global leader in sustainability certification for wild caught seafood. Through a review of the literature and two case studies of fishing cooperatives in Baja California Sur, Mexico and on Fogo Island in the Canadian Province of Newfoundland and Labrador (NL), we advance two interrelated arguments. First, certification and eco-labeling institutions privatize fisheries governance in largely unexamined ways through the injection of new forms of exclusive rights or privileges into common pool resource situations already complicated by access and property...
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Reports Palavras-chave: Baja California Sur Mexico; Collective action; Common pool resources; Commons; Community-based fisheries; Cooperatives; Environmental certification; Environmental governance; Fisheries; Fogo Island Newfoundland and Labrador Canada; Governance; Marine Stewardship Council; MSC; Northern shrimp; Privatization; Property rights; Spiny lobster; Sustainable.
Ano: 2014
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Estrategias de organización social para la administración del bosque de San Juan Evangelista Analco, Oaxaca Colegio de Postgraduados
Gómez Hernández, Rosalba.
La presente investigación tuvo por objeto analizar la organización social que existe en San Juan Evangelista Analco, Oaxaca para el manejo forestal comunitario. La compilación de datos se hizo mediante el uso de la “técnica etnográfica”, lo que hizo necesario aplicar técnicas de investigación de campo de tipo cualitativo, como la de “observación participante”, “genealogías” y “entrevistas”. Los resultados reflejaron que en la comunidad existe una organización comunitaria para la administración de los bosques basada en el capital social, que recae en el Comisariado de Bienes Comunales. Éste es el responsable directo del uso y manejo del recurso, bajo la dirección de la asamblea comunal, la que regula las acciones de esta asociación. Además del...
Tipo: Tesis Palavras-chave: Bienes comunales; Bosque templado; Capital social; Forestería comunitaria; Manejo forestal; San Juan Evangelista Analco; Maestría; Desarrollo Rural; Commons; Temperate forests; Social capital; Community forestry; Forest management.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://hdl.handle.net/10521/1278
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Farm-level data integration: future problems and consequences for public and private structures AgEcon
Mayer, Walter H..
One of the outcomes of the EC-FP7 project “Future Farm” was showing the need of INTEGRATION, something that PROGIS has been doing for 15 years. Within the whole sector agriculture–forestry-environment-risk management there is an enormous need for integration that is not available yet, because of on side the existing admin-sector-structures plus on the other side diverse public and/or private interests with opposite directions and in many cases the not streamlined interest of ALL involved parties. On the other hand we have the nature that is fully integrated and should be managed by us! Nothing happens without being related to something else within the nature. We have to be more aware of this and have also to understand that ICT will be the driver of...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Commons; Farm management; Valuation of land; ICT; Farm Management.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/99433
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Managing a Common Renewable Resource in Asymmetric Information AgEcon
Catro, D. Fuentes; Jayet, Pierre-Alain; Rotillon, Gilles.
The clear definition of property rights is not a sufficient condition to prevent congestion effects in commons. In this paper we present how interesting can be the coordination among owners in the preservation of the common good. Our approach takes into account economic dynamics and incentive mechanisms in a hidden information context. We consider a natural resource which is being used up for a continuum of producers on a common property regime. We also consider that each producer has an individual performance index which is a hidden information of the rest of players. We introduce coordination in the sense of a global maximization of the joint profit. If there is no coordination among the producers, their behavior leads to complete rent dissipation....
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Commons; Natural Resources; Dynamics; Asymmetric Information; Contracts; Environmental Economics and Policy.
Ano: 2000 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/24893
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Meanings, drivers, and motivations for community-based conservation in Latin America Ecology and Society
Schunko, Christoph; Department of Sustainable Agricultural Systems, University of Natural Resources and Life Sciences (BOKU); christoph.schunko@boku.ac.at; Corbera, Esteve; Institute of Environmental Science and Technology (ICTA), Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona; Department of Economics and Economic History, Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona; esteve.corbera@uab.cat.
Indigenous and rural communities have developed strategies aimed at supporting their livelihoods and protecting biodiversity. Motivational factors underlying these local conservation strategies, however, are still a largely neglected topic. We aimed to enrich the conceptualization of community-based conservation by exploring trigger events and motivations that induce local people to be engaged in practical institutional arrangements for successful natural resource management and biodiversity conservation. By examining the history and development of three community conservation initiatives in Brazil, Mexico, and Bolivia, we have illustrated and discussed two main ways of understanding community-based conservation from the interaction between extrinsic and...
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Reports Palavras-chave: Biodiversity; Commons; Governance; Latin America; Protected areas.
Ano: 2015
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Public Fisheries Ecology and Society
Eagle, Josh; University of South Carolina School of Law; josh.eagle@yahoo.com; Kuker, Amanda; University of South Carolina School of Law; kuker@mailbox.sc.edu.
There is almost universal agreement that the most effective solution to open-access natural resource problems lies in some form of ownership. Authors disagree on the secondary question of which ownership form, i.e., private, community, or government, will produce the most efficient or equitable results under particular conditions. There has been little attention paid to the fact that government ownership, that is, regulation, is certain to produce results that all interested subsets of the public will view as inefficient and inequitable. Dissatisfaction flows inevitably from the requirements and realities of democratic decision-making structures and constraints. In other words, a democracy puts more emphasis on fair process and the incorporation of...
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed article Palavras-chave: Commons; Fisheries; Fisheries law; Law and policy; United States.
Ano: 2010
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Subdividing the Commons: The Politics of Property Rights Transformation in Kenya’s Maasailand AgEcon
Mwangi, Esther.
This paper discusses the internal processes and decisions that characterized the transition from collectively held group ranches to individualized property systems among the Maasai pastoralists of Kajiado district in Kenya. It addresses the question of why group ranch members would demand individualized property systems, but then turn against the outcome. In addressing this puzzle the paper discusses the process of land allocation and distribution during group ranch subdivision. It examines who the main actors were during subdivision, their degree of latitude in crafting and changing rules, and the interactions between Maasai and state institutions. Findings suggest that, because the process by which property rights change is so intertwined with politics,...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Commons; Policy process; Property rights; Kenya; Land tenure; Pastoralism; Group ranches.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/42510
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The tragedy of the extinguished commons: public forest and land property rights in the North of Portugal IPB - Escola Superior Agrária
Rodrigues, Orlando.
The village communities in Northern Portugal have combined a system of private property and common property regimes during a long historic period. In the early years of the XIX century the question of the commons gains notoriety. The belief that these lands are non productive lands and the attractiveness of the physiocratics ideas justify this particular attention. This paper discusses the relationship state / commons and searches some explanations for the resilience of this property regime.
Tipo: ConferenceObject Palavras-chave: Commons; Land ownership history.
Ano: 2003 URL: http://hdl.handle.net/10198/2679
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The Tragedy of the Park: an Agent-based Model of Endogenous and Exogenous Institutions for Forest Management Ecology and Society
Vallino, Elena; Department of Economics and Statistics, University of Torino, Italy; elenavallino@hotmail.com.
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Reports Palavras-chave: Agent-based models; Commons; Institutions; Participatory conservation; Protected areas.
Ano: 2014
Registros recuperados: 10
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