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Registros recuperados: 15
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Estrategias de organización social para la administración del bosque de San Juan Evangelista Analco, Oaxaca Colegio de Postgraduados
Gómez Hernández, Rosalba.
La presente investigación tuvo por objeto analizar la organización social que existe en San Juan Evangelista Analco, Oaxaca para el manejo forestal comunitario. La compilación de datos se hizo mediante el uso de la “técnica etnográfica”, lo que hizo necesario aplicar técnicas de investigación de campo de tipo cualitativo, como la de “observación participante”, “genealogías” y “entrevistas”. Los resultados reflejaron que en la comunidad existe una organización comunitaria para la administración de los bosques basada en el capital social, que recae en el Comisariado de Bienes Comunales. Éste es el responsable directo del uso y manejo del recurso, bajo la dirección de la asamblea comunal, la que regula las acciones de esta asociación. Además del...
Tipo: Tesis Palavras-chave: Bienes comunales; Bosque templado; Capital social; Forestería comunitaria; Manejo forestal; San Juan Evangelista Analco; Maestría; Desarrollo Rural; Commons; Temperate forests; Social capital; Community forestry; Forest management.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://hdl.handle.net/10521/1278
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Evaluating Forest Management in Nepal: Views across Space and Time Ecology and Society
Nagendra, Harini; Indiana University; nagendra@indiana.edu; Karmacharya, Mukunda; Nepal Forestry Resources and Institutions; Nepal@ifri.wlink.com.np; Karna, Birendra; Nepal Forestry Resources and Institutions; Nepal@ifri.wlink.com.np.
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Reports Palavras-chave: Buffer zone; Community forestry; Co-management; Institutions; Land-cover change; Nepal; Protected area; Remote sensing.
Ano: 2005
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Illusions of empowerment? Questioning policy and practice of community forestry in Kenya Ecology and Society
Chomba, Susan W.; University of Copenhagen; ASB Partnership for the Tropical Forest Margins; schomba@gmail.com; Nathan, Iben; University of Copenhagen; in@ifro.ku.dk; Minang, Peter A.; ASB Partnership for the Tropical Forest Margins; World Agroforestry Centre (ICRAF); A.Minang@CGIAR.ORG; Sinclair, Fergus; Bangor University, Wales; World Agroforestry Centre (ICRAF); f.sinclair@cgiar.org.
The extent to which community forestry (CF) contributes to empowerment of local communities remains hotly contested. We develop a unified theory of empowerment at the intersection of asset-based agency and institution-based opportunity and apply it to examine the extent to which the implementation of CF has led to local empowerment. Our empirical data are drawn from review of national level policies and a field study of Ngare Ndare Community Forest Association (CFA) in Kenya. We investigated what types of powers were transferred to the local level, how representative the local institution was of the local community, and how its formation and composition affected the empowerment of socially and economically differentiated groups, with competing claims over...
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Reports Palavras-chave: Community forestry; Empowerment; Kenya; Representation.
Ano: 2015
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Improving the Effectiveness of Collective Action: Sharing Experiences From Community Forestry in Nepal AgEcon
Acharya, Krishna P.; Gentle, Popular.
The forest management strategy of Nepal is based on people’s participation, which is known as community forestry. This approach was formally introduced in 1978 to encourage active participation of local people in forest management activities as a means to improve their livelihoods. Under the community forestry structure, local people make decisions regarding forest management, utilization and distribution of benefits from a forest; they are organized as a Community Forest User Group. Presently about 1.2 million hectares of forest is under the control of about 14,000 Community Forest User Groups. It has received highest priority within the forestry sector and is one of the most successful development initiatives in Nepal. However, emerging evidence...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Community forestry; Nepal; Gender; Poverty; Forest management and governance; Resource /Energy Economics and Policy.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/42493
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Mismatch Between Scales of Knowledge in Nepalese Forestry: Epistemology, Power, and Policy Implications Ecology and Society
Ahlborg, Helene; Environmental Systems Analysis, Chalmers University of Technology; helene.ahlborg@chalmers.se; Nightingale, Andrea J.; Institute of Geography and the Lived Environment, School of GeoSciences, University of Edinburgh; School of Global Studies, University of Gothenburgh; andrea.nightingale@ed.ac.uk.
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Reports Palavras-chave: Community forestry; Knowledge scales; Natural resource management; Nepal; Power; Scale.
Ano: 2012
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Placing community-based multiple-use forest management at the centre of the forest policy agenda. Repositório Alice
EULER, A. M. C.; GUEDES, M. C.; MOCHIUTTI, S.; YARED, J. A. G..
Brazilian forestry law recognizes forests as public heritage for all citizens, and further recognizes their role in promoting social welfare for rural communities, which use and have domain of over 50% of Amazon public forests. However, there is a clear lack of public policies to support this notion. As such, a key issue for the community forestry sector is the need to focus on integration of traditional and technical knowledge and the promotion of institutional and local capacity of communities to manage these forests, and as such maintain in the long-term their economic and environmental goods and services. Rural education and training has a central role in the formation of a new generation of forest producers with management skills, though the response...
Tipo: Resumo em anais de congresso (ALICE) Palavras-chave: Amazon; Community forestry; Silvicultura comunitária; Desenvolvimento florestal; Politica florestal; Forestry development; Forest policy.
Ano: 2017 URL: http://www.alice.cnptia.embrapa.br/alice/handle/doc/1078255
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Potential of Forest Resources to Alleviate Poverty and Unemployment in Rural Nepal AgEcon
Dhakal, Bhubaneswor; Bigsby, Hugh R.; Cullen, Ross.
The study examines the importance of community forest resources for income and employment in rural areas of Nepal by studying the effect of current forestry policy on forestland use. Using data from 259 households in six community forest user groups in three hilly districts (Dolakha, Kavre and Nuwakot), the results show that the resources available from private lands and community forests with current policies are inadequate to fully utilize the family labour force of many rural households and are insufficient to meet the bare survival income of the poorest households. Current government policy dictates the use of all community forestland for limited timber production and environmental conservation, and provides little scope for fodder and firewood...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Community welfare model; Livelihood; Community forestry; Incomes; Community/Rural/Urban Development; Consumer/Household Economics; Food Security and Poverty; Labor and Human Capital; Resource /Energy Economics and Policy.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/31962
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Poverty Alleviation or Aggravation? The Impacts of Community Forestry Policies in Nepal AgEcon
Dhakal, Bhubaneswor; Bigsby, Hugh R.; Cullen, Ross.
This research studies the effects on income and employment when externally imposed policies constrain use of common forest resources. Using a mixed-integer linear programming model, the study examines the impacts of conservation-oriented community forest policies in Nepal on three household income groups. The results show that current community forest policies, which direct forest use towards environment conservation and timber production, cause large reductions in employment and income of the poorest households and largely explain the recent increase in rural poverty.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Community forestry; Policy; Poverty; Nepal; Resource /Energy Economics and Policy; Q1.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/25576
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Produtividade e custos operacionais da colheita madeireira com micro-trator em sistema de manejo florestal de pequena escala. Repositório Alice
ARAUJO, H. J. B. de; CORREIA, M. F.; CARDOSO, G. A.; FONSECA, F. L. da.
O manejo florestal de pequena escala, ou comunitário, tem apresentado forte expansão na Amazônia. Em 1995, a EMBRAPA Acre iniciou o desenvolvimento de um projeto de manejo florestal comunitário no Projeto de Colonização Pedro Peixoto, no Acre, o qual propõe métodos acessíveis para produtores rurais de baixa renda e que consideram suas relações com a floresta, os meios que dispõem e suas tradições como agricultores familiares. Originalmente, no sistema de manejo do PC Peixoto o transporte primário da madeira da floresta até as vias de escoamento é praticado com animais (bois de carga), no entanto, é verificado que a eficiência desse método é baixa. Diante dessa limitação, foi proposto substituir os animais por micro-tratores, acoplados a carretas...
Tipo: Artigo em anais de congresso (ALICE) Palavras-chave: Manejo florestal comunitário; Microtrator; Projeto de Colonização Pedro Peixoto; Acre; Amazônia Ocidental; Western Amazon; Amazonia Occidental; Extração da madeira; Colheita; Equipamento agrícola; Trator; Produtividade; Custo operacional; Community forestry; Logging; Agricultural machinery and equipment; Tractors; Economic productivity; Operating costs; Silvicultura comunitaria; Explotación forestal; Maquinaria y equipamiento agrícola; Tractores; Productividad económica; Costos de explotación.
Ano: 2012 URL: http://www.alice.cnptia.embrapa.br/handle/doc/943316
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Social capital, conflict, and adaptive collaborative governance: exploring the dialectic Ecology and Society
McDougall, Cynthia; Knowledge, Technology, and Innovation Group (KTI), Department of Social Sciences, Wageningen University; c.mcdougall@cgiar.org; Banjade, Mani Ram; Center for International Forestry Research, Bogor, Indonesia; m.banjade@cgiar.org.
Previously lineal and centralized natural resource management and development paradigms have shifted toward the recognition of complexity and dynamism of social-ecological systems, and toward more adaptive, decentralized, and collaborative models. However, certain messy and surprising dynamics remain under-recognized, including the inherent interplay between conflict, social capital, and governance. In this study we consider the dynamic intersections of these three often (seemingly) disparate phenomena. In particular, we consider the changes in social capital and conflict that accompanied a transition by local groups toward adaptive collaborative governance. The findings are drawn from multiyear research into community forestry in Nepal using comparative...
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Reports Palavras-chave: Adaptive collaborative governance; Community forestry; Conflict; Equity; Livelihoods; Nepal; Participatory action research; Social capital.
Ano: 2015
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Teores de carbono em espécies exploradas em regime de manejo florestal comunitário na Amazõnia Ocidental. Repositório Alice
SILVA, C. S. da; OLIVEIRA, L. C. de.
Sumidouros de Carbono em florestas maduras mostram-se vulneráveis a alguns fatores como desmatamento, exploração seletiva, aumento da fragmentação e mortalidade causada por efeito borda. Em florestas manejadas, em função da maior produção por área e tempo de residência dos estoques de Carbono, as taxas de incremento de CO2 na atmosfera podem diminuir através da redução do desmatamento, do aumento do florestamento e do uso sustentado da biomassa florestal . Os teores de Carbono exportados pela biomassa na forma de pranchas, raramente são abordados em estudos de dinâmica de florestas, constituindo-se em uma lacuna da pesquisa.
Tipo: Resumo em anais de congresso (ALICE) Palavras-chave: Cumaru cetim; Apuleia molaris; Cumaru ferro; Dypterix odorata; Hymenolobium excelsum; Roxinho; Peltogyne catingae; Manejo florestal comunitário; Projeto de Colonização Pedro Peixoto; Floresta tropical; Angelim; Carbono; Medição; Tropical wood; Community forestry; Madera tropical; Silvicultura comunitaria.
Ano: 2002 URL: http://www.alice.cnptia.embrapa.br/alice/handle/doc/503015
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The contribution of multiple use forest management to small farmers' Annual Incomes in the Eastern Amazon. Repositório Alice
SIST, P.; SABLAYROLLES, P.; BARTHELON, S.; SOUSA-OTA, L.; KIBLER, J.-F.; RUSCHEL, A.; SANTOS-MELO, M.; EZZINE-DE-BLAS, D..
Small-scale farmers in the Brazilian Amazon collectively hold tenure over more than 12 million ha of permanent forest reserves, as required by the Forest Code. The trade-off between forest conservation and other land uses entails opportunity costs for them and for the country, which have not been sufficiently studied. We assessed the potential income generated by multiple use forest management for farmers and compared it to the income potentially derived from six other agricultural land uses. Income from the forest was from (i) logging, carried out by a logging company in partnership with farmers? associations; and (ii) harvesting the seeds of Carapa guianensis (local name andiroba) for the production of oil. We then compared the income generated by...
Tipo: Artigo em periódico indexado (ALICE) Palavras-chave: Manejo florestal; Uso múltiplo; Manejo florestal comunitário; Produto florestal não-madeireiro; Amazônia; Multiple-use forest management; Community forestry; Non-timber forest products; Small farming; Agricultura familiar.
Ano: 2014 URL: http://www.alice.cnptia.embrapa.br/handle/doc/989173
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The Reflective Practitioner: Learning and Teaching in Community-based Forest Management Ecology and Society
The world's natural forests, whose rich ecosystems support wildlife and human populations, are declining. In my 17 years as an international community forester, observing this decline has hardened my resolve to look for answers "outside the box." This paper is a reflection of some of the important lessons I am learning: to keep an open mind at all times, to remember that I can never be certain of the outcome of any given effort, to control my biases, to listen carefully, and to find common ground.
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Reports Palavras-chave: Action research; Collaborative forest management; Community forestry; Community-based forest management; Development theory; Education; Joint forest management; Participatory forest management; Uncertainty..
Ano: 2001
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Who are Controlling Community Forestry User Groups in Nepal? Scrutiny of Elite Theory AgEcon
Yadav, Bhagwan Dutta; Bigsby, Hugh R.; MacDonald, Ian.
Nepal has established community forestry institutions to manage natural resources at the local community level under the assumption that there will be better management than under Government agencies. However, community forestry has not been entirely successful as it has not addressed the needs of poor and marginalised groups. The main goal of this study is to examine how Nepalese social structure guides the structure of the Executive Committee (EC) of Community Forestry User Groups and in particular, whether the EC is dominated by elite groups that could in turn hinder the needs of poor and marginalised groups. This paper uses data from the middle hill district of Baglung, Nepal. Statistical analysis indicates that decision-making is dominated by the...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Social structure; Leadership; Caste; Community forestry; Decision making; Community/Rural/Urban Development; Environmental Economics and Policy; Political Economy.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/96666
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Why some community forests are performing better than others: a case of forest user groups in Nepal AgEcon
Chand, Narendra; Kerr, Geoffrey N.; Bigsby, Hugh R..
Management of many Nepalese forests has been devolved to local communities. Forest products, which are used by the community and which may also be traded, are essential contributors to community well-being. Forests are also important contributors of ecosystem services, such as flood protection and wildlife habitat. Nepalese communities were surveyed to measure flows of forest products from their community forests. A stochastic frontier analysis shows that communities are not producing forest products efficiently and there is potential for improvement. The results shows that forest products benefit and environmental performance are associated products. In addition, analysis reveals that factors such as social capital, support from government and knowledge...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Community forestry; Stochastic frontier; Production efficiency; Nepal; Community/Rural/Urban Development; Environmental Economics and Policy; Farm Management; Productivity Analysis.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/96827
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