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A COMPETITIVENESS STUDY OF FOUR RICE PRODUCTION SYSTEMS IN TRINIDAD AND TOBAGO AgEcon
Seecharan, Denny; Jacque, Andrew Eliel.
Rice imports into Trinidad and Tobago in 2005 represented approximately 95% of domestic demand. Local production has been declining since reaching a peak of 21,000 tonnes in 1992. Present production is 3,500 tonnes. Rice is produced under a variety of production systems and on farms of varying sizes, productivity and quality of output. This paper examines the competitiveness of four production systems used in Trinidad and Tobago, viz.: the transplanting system (ST), the broadcast seeded system (SB)(both being small farms and highly labour intensive), the partially mechanized system of medium sized farms (MM) and a fully mechanized large farm utilizing aerial technology in the production system (CRP). The methodology involved the collection of data on...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Rice; Policy analysis matrix; Competitiveness; Comparative advantage; Production systems; Trinidad and Tobago; CAES; Agribusiness; Agricultural and Food Policy; Agricultural Finance; Demand and Price Analysis; Farm Management.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/36948
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A versenyképesség fogalma és mérési módszerei az agrárgazdaságban AgEcon
Karacsony, Peter.
The examination of competitiveness – thanks to its many definitions and the applied research methods – is a complex task, and this is especially true in the case of agricultural products. The competitiveness of Hungarian agricultural product has to this day been examined by several foreign and Hungarian experts and the results of their examinations have been made public. At the same time very little special literature deals with the different explanations and interpretations of the concept of competitiveness, and the analysis of the suitability of the measurement methods. In my essay I attempt to show the locatable definitions of competitiveness, and to show without aiming for completeness, the measurement methods which are deemed acceptable in special...
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Competitiveness; Agrarian economy; Comparative advantage; Profitability; Agribusiness; Production Economics.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/54038
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Assessing the Comparative Advantage of Albanian Olive Oil Production AgEcon
Mane-Kapaj, Ana; Kapaj, Ilir; Chan-Halbrendt, Catherine; Totojani, Orkida.
The main objective of this study is to evaluate the comparative advantage of olive oil production in Albania using Policy Analysis Matrix (PAM) method. The result indicates that olive oil production in Albania is profitable for the producers. Whereas the DRC ratio equals to 2.2, meaning that olive oil production in Albania does not have a comparative advantage for the given situation of production, prices and technology. This means that while it is profitable for private producers to manufacture olive oil for the domestic market, it does not have a comparative advantage with other EU countries. In order for Albania to develop an olive oil industry comparable to neighboring countries with similar climatic and soil conditions, the country will need to...
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Olive oil production; PAM; Comparative advantage; Albania; Agricultural Finance; Crop Production/Industries; Q1.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/92640
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Characteristics and Advantages of Regional Grain Production in Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region of China AgEcon
Zhang, Fei; Yan, Zhi-qiang; Wei, Yan-fei.
According to the latest Land Use Planning of Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region, Guangxi is divided into five regions, which are eastern Guangxi, western Guangxi, southern Guangxi, northern Guangxi, and central Guangxi. Regional variation characteristics of grain production are introduced from two aspects of the decline of grain sowing area and the increase of grain output. According to the data in Guangxi Statistical Yearbook, comparative advantages of regional grain production in Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region are analyzed by the method of Comprehensive Comparative Dominance index. Result shows that eastern Guangxi and northern Guangxi have the maximum comprehensive dominance indices with the minimum increasing amount of dominance indices. Their...
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Grain production; Comparative advantage; Dominance index; Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region of China,China; Agribusiness.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/97988
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Climate change and Australia’s comparative advantage in broadacre agriculture AgEcon
Sanderson, Todd; Ahmadi-Esfahani, Fredoun Z..
Australia has long been a major exporter of the products of broadacre agriculture, a production system well suited to the economic and climatic conditions of the country. According to the conventional wisdom, Australia holds a comparative advantage in these products, among which wheat and livestock products predominate. However, the future validity of this proposition is sensitive to the projected impacts of climate change. This paper develops a framework with which to quantify the future patterns of comparative advantage in broadacre agriculture given the projections of several global climate models. We find empirical support for the conventional wisdom, and note substantial resilience in Australia’s comparative advantage to adverse yield change.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Comparative advantage; Climate change; Broadacre agriculture; Agricultural and Food Policy; Environmental Economics and Policy; Land Economics/Use; Livestock Production/Industries.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/96493
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Comparative Advantage Analysis of the Main Grain Crops in Henan Province AgEcon
Sun, Hai-chao; Lu, Dao-wen; Qi, Guo-bing; Wang, Jin-hong; Wang, Yong-shi; Niu, Yong-feng; Wang, Hai-li.
Based on the summarization of the status quo of the research both at home and abroad, the changing trend of the production of the main grain crops, covering the planting structure, seed structure and the trend of the per unit yields of garlic are analyzed. According to the comparative advantage theory, the comprehensive comparative advantages indices, which have been revised, can be used as the main research methods. By using the relevant data from 2000 to 2006, the scale comparative advantage, the efficient comparative advantage and the comprehensive comparative advantages of the main grain crops (wheat, millet, corn, soybean, rice and tuber crops) in each city of Henan Province are measured. The results show that among the main grain crops in Henan...
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Main grain crops; Comparative advantage; China; Agribusiness.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/94276
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Comparative Advantage: From an Individual to the Economy AgEcon
Rajsic, Predrag.
This paper identifies an internal inconsistency in the Heckscher-Ohlin (H-O) models of international exchange. The inconsistency stems from assuming homogeneity of inputs within a population. This assumption annihilates individual comparative advantage, benefits from exchange and, consequently, existence of autarky prices. In order to remove this inconsistency, I build a two-good multi-individual model by using the microeconomic concept of individual comparative advantage stemming from differences in endowments of qualitatively heterogeneous inputs. The model shows how differences in the distribution of individual production possibilities result in individual specialization, exchange and differences in autarky prices between hypothetically isolated...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Comparative advantage; Heckscher-Ohlin model; Input heterogeneity; Microeconomic foundations; International Relations/Trade; F11; D51.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/61299
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COMPARATIVE ADVANTAGES IN AGRO-FOOD TRADE OF HUNGARY, CROATIA AND SLOVENIA WITH THE EUROPEAN UNION AgEcon
Bojnec, Stefan; Ferto, Imre.
This paper investigates comparative trade advantages in agro-food trade. We analyze comparative advantages of Hungarian, Croatian and Slovenian agro-food trade in the European Union (EU) markets. Both the levels and pattern of the revealed comparative advantage measure are investigated. The empirical research seeks to explain how revealed comparative advantages have developed across countries, main product groups and over time and what are likely their implications for multifunctional rural development in the enlarged EU. We employ a disaggregated trade dataset to identify the revealed comparative advantages to provide broader policy implications. The empirical results confirmed bulk of agro-food and forestry products with revealed comparative advantages...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Comparative advantage; Croatia; Hungary; Slovenia.; Agribusiness; Community/Rural/Urban Development; Food Consumption/Nutrition/Food Safety; International Relations/Trade; Marketing; Political Economy; Production Economics; F14; Q17.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/90870
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Comparative Advantages of Cross-strait Aquatic Products Trade and Zhoushan Countermeasures AgEcon
Zhang, Yan-ru.
In the initial stage, the status quo of aquatic products industry in Taiwan and Zhoushan is analyzed. The aquatic products industry in Taiwan is characterized by high input, high output, advanced fishery import and export trade, refined and specialized fishery organizations and the dominant role played by the government. However, in Zhoushan, there are many problems in the development of aquatic products industry, featuring weak brand consciousness, inadequate famous brand and pillar industries, frequently restricted by green trade barrier and disordered competition of aquatic products market. The comparative advantages of aquatic products Cross-Straits are measured by using revealed comparative advantage index (RCA) and trade specialized index (TSC), the...
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Comparative advantage; Aquatic products trade; Cooperation modality; International comparativeness; China; Agribusiness.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/96061
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COMPETITIVENESS AND COMPARATIVE ADVANTAGE OF TREE CROP SMALLHOLDINGS IN PAPUA NEW GUINEA AgEcon
Kannapiran, Chinna A.; Fleming, Euan M..
The contribution by tree crop industries to economic development in Papua New Guinea (PNG) depends to a considerable extent on their economic efficiency in terms of competitiveness and comparative advantage of domestic production and export marketing. These advantages for the four major tree crop products - coffee, coconut, cocoa, and palm oil - are analysed in this study. The aim is to ascertain whether PNG is an efficient producer of these tree crop exports in terms of international competitiveness and comparative advantage, and whether these industries deserve continuing government support.
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Comparative advantage; Competitiveness; Devaluation; Traded goods; Tree crops; Crop Production/Industries; International Relations/Trade.
Ano: 1999 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/12911
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Competitiveness of Russian Dairy Sector: Inter-Regional Comparison AgEcon
Mokshina, Polina.
In competitive market dairy production will shift to the regions with the best conditions. In the Soviet paradigm dairy production was evenly distributed throughout the country, what was caused by extremely low transportation prices and by differentiated by regions procurement prices. Thus, there was no specialized zones of dairy production. The start of economic liberalization in Russia was followed by the process of disintegration of the country's common economic space. Reforms entailed an increase in transportation costs and regional specialization based on comparative advantages of a certain commodity production. Specialized dairy producing zones started to emerge. This paper attempts to determine these zones in Russia in the nearest future. The...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Russia; Dairy farming; Competitiveness; Comparative advantage; Inter-regional comparison; Livestock Production/Industries; D49; Q13.
Ano: 2005 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/24638
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Competitividad y cadena de valor de cítricos en México: Caso Nuevo León. Colegio de Postgraduados
Magdaleno Hernández, Adalberto.
Lo cítricos de Nuevo León, tienen calidad de exportación, pero existe una barrera sanitaria que impide su libre comercio a EUA. El gobierno estatal esta realizando inversiones para que parte de su región citrícola sea declarada libre de mosca de la fruta, eliminando así dicha barrera comercial. Sin embargo, hay pocos estudios que indiquen: la rentabilidad, ventaja comparativa de la producción citrícola, el desarrollo de cadenas de valor y la participación del gobierno en ello. Esta investigación tuvo como objetivo analizar éstas situaciones. Para ello se utilizó la metodología de Matriz de Análisis de Política (MAP) desarrollada por Monke y Pearson, en 121 de huertas de naranja de riego (5,513 ha); considerando cinco tecnologías y un valor promedio del...
Palavras-chave: Eficiencia económica; Matriz de Análisis de Política (MAP); Ventaja comparativa; Naranja; Economic efficiency; Policy Analysis Matrix; Comparative advantage; Orange; Economía; Maestría.
Ano: 2012 URL: http://hdl.handle.net/10521/766
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Competitividade da fruticultua brasileira no mercado internacional AgEcon
Carvalho, Rosemeiry Melo; Cunha Filho, Miguel Henrique da.
This article uses the indicator of revealed comparative advantage, the covering tax and the acting indicator to analyze the competitiveness of the Brazilian exports of fruits in the international market in the period between 1990 and 2003. The obtained results show that to chestnut-of-cashew, the mango and the melon represent the “strong points” of that section. However, among these, just the mango and the melon are in great situation of competitiveness. Other products of great importance, as the orange and the banana, are in “retreat situation”, with comparative disadvantage and participation loss in the main markets of destinies. In relation to the acting, the Brazilian horticulture has been enlarging his/her space in the international market, especially...
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Competitiveness; Comparative advantage; Brazilian fruits; International Relations/Trade.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/54146
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Competitividade das exportações sucroalcooleiras do Estado de São Paulo. Repositório Alice
FERNANDES, R. A. S.; SANTOS, C. M. dos..
Este artigo teve como objetivo analisar a competitividade das exportações de açúcar e álcool do Estado de São Paulo, em comparação com o Brasil, no período de 2000 a 2010. Para avaliar a competitividade das exportações paulistas em comparação com o Brasil, foi utilizado o indicador de vantagem comparativa revelada. Constatou-se que o Estado de São Paulo apresentou competitividade nas exportações de açúcar e álcool em comparação com o Brasil, uma vez que o Índice de Vantagem Comparativa Revelada (IVCR) calculado para todo o período de análise foi maior que a unidade, para ambos os produtos, em todo o período de análise.
Tipo: Artigo em periódico indexado (ALICE) Palavras-chave: Vantagem comparativa; Comparative advantage; Açúcar; Alcool; Exportação; Sugar; Alcohols; Exports.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://www.alice.cnptia.embrapa.br/handle/doc/930892
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Desarrollo de una aplicación web para evaluar cultivos agrícolas a través del método de la MAP. Colegio de Postgraduados
Vásquez García, Adela.
La Matriz de Análisis de Política (MAP), nos permite determinar la situación actual en cuanto a la competitividad de determinada actividad agrícola y los instrumentos de política que la afectan, aportan elementos para el diseño de políticas diferenciadas, y para identificar los cultivos agrícolas que sean rentables desde los puntos de vista privado y social. En el presente estudio se desarrolló una aplicación web que evalúa cultivos agrícolas a través de la metodología de la MAP. Para conocer la precisión de la aplicación web en cultivos agrícolas, se hizo un ensayo capturando un cultivo de producción de trigo en Guanajuato (Distrito 005 Cortazar), realizado con base a información ya obtenida. Una vez efectuado el análisis se concluyó que la aplicación web...
Palavras-chave: Ventaja comparativa; Competitividad; Indicadores; Subsidio; Aplicación WEB; Matriz de Análisis de Política; Comparative advantage; Competitiveness; Indicators; Benefit; Maestría; Economía.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://hdl.handle.net/10521/270
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DINÂMICA E COMPETITIVIDADE DAS EXPORTAÇÕES DE FRUTAS DO RIO GRANDE DO NORTE NO PERÍODO DE 1999 A 2005 AgEcon
Andrade, Maria Elza De; Costa, Genivalda Cordeiro Da; Maia, Ana Cristina Nogueira.
O Rio Grande do Norte tem sido apontado desde a década de 1990 em vários estudos como um dos principais produtores e exportadores brasileiros de frutas frescas, no entanto, existe uma carência de estudos capazes de responder a questionamentos como: qual o desempenho competitivo do Rio Grande do Norte em relação ao restante do Brasil no mercado de fruticultura? O Estado apresenta vantagem comparativa na exportação de produtos oriundos da fruticultura irrigada? Os produtos que mais exportaram são efetivamente aqueles que temos maiores vantagens comparativas reveladas e são, ao mesmo tempo, produtos com mais elevados índices de contribuição ao saldo comercial. Visando responder a esses questionamentos, este estudo buscou analisar a competitividade das...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Competitividade; Exportações; Fruticultura; Vantagem Comparativa; Market-share; Competitiveness; Exports; Horticulture; Comparative advantage; Crop Production/Industries; International Relations/Trade.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/113192
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Dynamic Comparative Advantage: Implications for China AgEcon
Lim, Steven; Feng, Gary.
Over the last two decades the structure of the Chinese economy has transformed rapidly. The transformation has had a significant impact on other economies, particularly as Chinese exports maintain their global ascendance. The economic threats and opportunities posed by China will continue to change over time. Yet very little research has been conducted on the economic forces that spur the transformation of China’s economic structure. We present a model of the forces underpinning China’s evolving economy, investigating the determinants of China’s progression through key economic stages, including the initial transition from agriculture to manufacturing. To highlight the speed of structural transformation we analyze data from 1985-2003. Our forecasts suggest...
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Flying Geese model; Comparative advantage; China; International Relations/Trade; O41; O53; P27.
Ano: 2005 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/50273
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Ethanol Plant Location Determinants and County Comparative Advantage AgEcon
Lambert, Dayton M.; Wilcox, Michael D.; English, Alicia; Stewart, Lance A..
The location of ethanol plants is determined by infrastructure, product and input markets, fiscal attributes of local communities, and state and federal incentives. This empirical analysis uses probit regression along with spatial clustering methods to analyze investment activity of ethanol plants at the county level for the lower U.S. 48 states from 2000 to 2007. The availability of feedstock dominates the site selection decision. Other factors, such as access to navigable rivers or railroads, product markets, producer credit and excise tax exemptions, and methyl tertiary-butyl ether bans provided some counties with a comparative advantage in attracting ethanol plants.
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Cluster analysis; Comparative advantage; Ethanol production; Location model; Community/Rural/Urban Development; Environmental Economics and Policy; Political Economy; R1; R3.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/45511
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Financial Development and International Trade: Regional and Sectoral Analysis AgEcon
Susanto, Dwi; Rosson, C. Parr, III; Costa, Rafael F..
Financial development has been argued as a potential source of comparative advantage and its relationships with trade has been theoretically developed. This theory posits that countries that are well financially developed should experience greater volumes of international trade. We empirically investigate the effects of financial development on trade of both agricultural and manufactured products. The results show a positive impact of financial development on bilateral trade flows for the manufacturing sector, which enjoys a greater impact than the agricultural sector. The impacts differ across regions. In most cases, developing countries (Asia, Latin America, MENA and SSA) experience greater impacts of financial development on exports in both agriculture...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Agricultural sector; Comparative advantage; Financial development; International trade; Manufacturing sector; International Development; International Relations/Trade.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/102647
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Food Self-Sufficiency, Comparative Advantage, and Agricultural Trade: A Policy Analysis Matrix for Chinese Agriculture AgEcon
Fang, Cheng; Beghin, John C..
We assess the comparative advantage and protection of China's major agricultural crops using a modified Policy Analysis Matrix (PAM) and 1996 to 1998 data. We consider the following commodities: early indica rice, late indica rice, japonica rice, south wheat, north wheat, south corn, north corn, sorghum, soybean, rapeseed, cotton, tobacco, sugarcane, and a subset of fruits and vegetables. Consistent with the intuition of the simple Heckscher-Ohlin model, the results strongly suggest that China has a comparative advantage in labor-intensive crops, and a disadvantage in land-intensive crops. Specifically, land-intensive grain and oilseed crops are less socially profitable than fruits and vegetables. Within the grain sector, high quality rice and high quality...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: China; Agriculture; Comparative advantage; Protection; DRC; EPC; Agricultural trade; Food Security and Poverty; International Development.
Ano: 2000 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/18422
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