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Registros recuperados: 20
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Amélioration des productions phytoplanctoniques en écloserie de mollusques : caractérisation des microalgues fourrage ArchiMer
Robert, Rene; Chretiennot-dinet, Marie-josèphe; Kaas, Raymond; Martin-jezequel, Véronique; Moal, Jeanne; Le Coz, Jean-rene; Nicolas, Jean-louis; Bernard, Eudes; Connan, Jean-paul; Le Dean, Loic; Le Gourrierec, Gaetane; Leroy, Bertrand; Quere, Claudie.
in mollusc hatcheries. Consequently, we assessed themost commonly used species to establish their growth and size profiles, their cytomorphological, biochemical, biomolecular identification as well as their cytometer signs, and also their ability to grow under extreme conditions of temperature and salinity. This work aimed at matching the conformity of the strains used in Argenton (dispatched to most of the French commercial hatcheries) to those of a referenced culture collection. A previous screening preceded this study, because of the 45 species and/or clones held originally, Argenton kept no more than 15 species. As most of the latter are also represented in referenced collection, our strains are therefore correctly identified. On the other hand, the...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Ecological limits; Biomolecular profile; Flow cytometry; Biochemical composition; Cytomorphology; Phytoplankton; Mollusc; Hatchery; Ecotolérance; Profil biomoléculaire; Cytométrie en flux; Composition biochimique; Cytomorphologie; Phytoplancton; Mollusques; Ecloserie.
Ano: 2004 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/2004/rapport-1546.pdf
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Biochemical composition and energy value of Crassostrea gigas (Thunberg) cultured in the bay of Marennes-Oleron ArchiMer
Deslous-paoli, Jean-marc; Heral, Maurice.
In the bay of Marennes-Oleron the dry flesh of Crassostrea gigas ranged from 29 to 52% proteins, 10 to 23% ash, 6 to 20% lipids and 0 to 4% carbohydrates of which 48.3 ± 21.6% were glycogen. The energy value ranged from 18.84 to 23.47 joule. Mg(-1) ash free dry weight (mean 20.27 J. mg(-1). Reproductive effort varied from 17.8 to 55.9% dry weight for males, and 43.1 to 61.9% for females during the first and third year of reproduction respectively. A high energy value for female gametes (23.47 to 26.24 J. mg(-1) dry tissue) was mainly due to a higher level of lipids (17.3 to 23% of dry tissue) in female gametes as compared to that in male gametes (5.9 to 12.3% of dry tissue). During the period of mass-loss which began in October and finished in March, the...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Crassostrea gigas; Winter loss of flesh; Reproductive effort; Energy value; Biochemical composition; Crassostrea gigas; Amaigrissement hivernal; Effort de reproduction; Valeur énergétique; Composition biochimique.
Ano: 1988 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/1988/publication-2872.pdf
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Composition en éléments azotés minéraux et orgnaiques dissous de l'eau du bassin conchylicole de Marennes-Oléron ArchiMer
Heral, Maurice; Robert, Jean-michel; Truquet, Isabelle; Barbaroux, Olivier; Garnier, Jacqueline; Razet, Daniel.
Values of nitrogen nutrients (ammonia, nitrite and nitrate) are compared with values of total organic nitrogen and urea. In summer, the consumation by micro and macrophytes is added to less important telluric input of nineral nitroge. However, an important provision of organic nitrogen remains. On the contrary, in winter, organic nitrogen does not represent more than 10% of total nitrogen. The autors postulate that populations of oysters are at the starting point of the organic nitrogen production cycle.
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Crassostrea gigas; Biochimical composition; Oysters; Crassostrea gigas; Composition biochimique; Huîtres.
Ano: 1981 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/1981/acte-2940.pdf
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Crepidula fornicata L. (Gastéropode, Calyptraeidae) dans le bassin de Marennes-Oléron : composition et valeur énergétique des individus et des pontes ArchiMer
Deslous-paoli, Jean-marc; Heral, Maurice.
In the bay of Marennes-Oléron, the shell represents 60% and the dry flesh from 3 to 8.5% of the total weight of Crepidula fornicata. Seasonal changes in the biochemical composition of the dry flesh show two periods of spawning for the females and a single period of reproduction for the males, and that the main component of the energy reserve is glycogen. The mean energy value of Crepidula fornicata varies between 15.1 and 19.3 joules/mg of ash-free dry weight of flesh (average 17.7) and this value is higher in the males than the females, during aIl the periods of reproduction. The females lay, as early as their third year, about 56 egg capsules at each spawning, containing a total of Il 725 eggs with an energy value of 22.4 joules/mg ash free dry weight.
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Crepidula Jornicata; Composition biochimique; Valeur énergétique; Marennes-Oléron; Crepidula Jornicata; Biochemical composition; Energy value; Marennes-Oléron.
Ano: 1986 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/1986/publication-2964.pdf
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Croissance et qualité de l'huître ceuse Crassostrea gigas dans le bassin de Thau (Hérault) : Résultats d'une étude réalisée en 1990-1991 ArchiMer
Pichot, Paul; Landrein, Sonia; Juge, Claude.
During years 1990-1991, a study was carried ouI in order to precise the relationship between sorne physiological features and the biochemical characteristics of dry flesh and hemolymf of oyster Crassostrea gigas, cultivated in the mediterranean lagoon of Thau. Growth rates and biochemical analysis for proteins, lipids and carbohydrates were estimated. The results of this study are given. They include many other data from a study on trophic relationships developed between 1985-1989.
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Méditerranée; Etang de Thau; Crassostrea gigas; Croissance; Composition biochimique; Protides; Lipides; Glucides; Mediterranean; Lagoon of Thau; Crassostrea gigas; Growth; Biochemical composition; Proteins; Lipids; Carbohydrates.
Ano: 1996 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00419/53031/53966.pdf
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Diversification des productions conchylicoles en Poitou-Charentes. L'élevage du pétoncle noir Chramys Varias ArchiMer
Bodoy, Alain; Garnier, Jacqueline; Heurtebise, Serge; Nollet, V.; Chagot, Dominique.
La croissance et la reproduction du pétoncle noir, Chlamys varia, ont été suivies sur un cycle biologique complet, dans un marais maritime. Cette croissance s'est avérée être nettement, plus rapide qu'en rade de Brest, puisque la taille commerciale de 35 mm a été atteinte en un an. Les individus se sont reproduits au bout de la même période. Ceci montre qu'il est possible d'obtenir un cycle biologique très rapide. Lors du cycle de production, des mortalités importantes ont été constatées entre le prégrossissement en nurserie et la mise en élevage. Ces mortalités ne se sont pas renouvelées sur le cycle en cours d'étude. Un agent parasite nouveau a été décrit sur cette espèce, sans que les certitudes puissent être établies quant à son rôle pathogène....
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Croissance; Composition biochimique; Elevage; Pétoncle; Marais maritime; Charente-Maritime.
Ano: 1991 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00048/15905/13333.pdf
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Effets de la surcharge en seston minéral sur les palourdes Japonaises adultes Ruditapes philippinarum ArchiMer
Daou, Rafik.
Negative effects of high turbidity, frequently seen at Marennes-Oleron bay in winter, on Manila clam Ruditapes philippinarum are experimentally studied with two samples during gametogenetic period may september 1987. Thes clams reared at high level of silt (178 mg/l) reduce their growth to about 32% the reproductive effort estimated by gameto-somatic weight index is reduced to 40 %. The high turbid ity is responsible of a twice mortality rate.
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Turbidité; Ruditapes philippinarum; Composition biochimique; Effort de reproduction; Mortalité; Turbidity; Ruditapes philippinarum; Biochemical evolution; Reproductive effort; Mortality.
Ano: 1988 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00430/54175/55516.pdf
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Effets de la turbidité sur les palourdes adultes Ruditapes philippinarum (Adams & Reeve) : croissance, mortalité, effort de reproduction, composition biochimique ArchiMer
Daou, Rafik; Goulletquer, Philippe.
Following observations on disparity in the growth of the Manila clam bred in the field, laboratory experiments were conducted to test the turbidity. This factor influenced the growth and mortality of Manila clam. The reproductive effort, growth and mortality of two populations were followed, one being cultivated in water with high levels on silt. A biochemical survey permitted the response to the effect of mineral particles to be estimated
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Mortality; Reproductive effort; Biochemical changes; Ruditapes philippinarum; Turbidity; Mortalité; Effort de reproduction; Composition biochimique; Ruditapes philippinarum; Turbidité.
Ano: 1988 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/1988/publication-2876.pdf
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Effets de l'apport de phytoplancton (Skeletonema costatum) sur la croissance et les variations de la composition biochimique de la palourde japonaise Ruditapes philippinarum cultivée en marais ArchiMer
Baud, Jean-pierre; Haure, Joel; Garnier, Jacqueline.
A bulk production of phytoplankton (Skelelonema costatum) has been obtained in concrete tanks from saline groundwater. This was used in various concentrations to feed an intensive cultivation of the Manila clam (Ruditapes philippinarum) in ponds. No difference was observed in growth rates of molluscs, with food concentrations between 31 to 126 µg/l Chl a. However, the growth rates obtained from March to November with a food supplement were 1.5 times higher than those observed in the traditional, extensive cultivation. The biomass doubled and the increase in flesh dry weight was 2.5 times higher. The condition index reached a value of 100 in the intensive cultivation. During growth, the proximate composition analysis revealed that the lipid and carbohydrate...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Ruditapes philippinarum; Skeletonema costatum; Elevage intensif; Claire; Croissance; Composition biochimique; Ruditapes philippinarum; Skeletonema costatum; Intensive rearing; Pond; Growth; Biochemical changes.
Ano: 1990 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00039/14980/12307.pdf
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Growth and mortality of the European oyster Ostrea edulis in the Bay of Arcachon (France) ArchiMer
Robert, René; Borel, Michel; Pichot, Yves; Trut, Gilles.
A study of the growth and mortality of the European oyster Ostrea edulis , including the effects of Marteilia refringens and Bonamia ostreae , was carried out in three oceanic areas in the Bay of Arcachon from May 1989 to February 1991. One-year-old spat, free from disease were used for the trials. Six months after beginning the trials, Marteilia refringens had severely infested the cultures. Although Bonamia ostreae was found during the first year, the rate of infestation was low. In the second year bonamiasis increased and high mortality (> 60%) occurred in Ostrea edulis populations. Although the growth of the oysters was good, their condition index was generally poor. Moreover, shell perforations by Polydora sp. were observed. The influence of...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Ostrea edulis; Pathologie; Mortalité; Croissance; Reproduction; Composition biochimique; Bassin Arcachon; Ostrea edulis; Pathology; Mortality; Growth; Reproduction; Gross biochemical composition; Bay of Arcachon.
Ano: 1991 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00015/12600/9477.pdf
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Les bouchots à Mytilus edulis Linnaeus dans l'écosystème estuarien du bassin de Marennes-Oléron (France): aspects biologique et bioénergétique ArchiMer
Boromthanarat, Somsak.
L'étude des moules de bouchots, Mytilus edulis L. a été réalisée pour caractériser les phénomènes biologiques et leur importance énergétique dans le bassin de Marennes-Oléron. Le suivi hydrobiologique a montré que la nourriture disponible pour les moules est plus abondante du printemps au début de l'été. Il a été possible de mettre en évidence une compétition spatiale extrêmement forte, au niveau intraspécïfique. Les moules cultivées à partir du transfert des naissains collectés sur cordes poussent plus rapidement que celles provenant d'une fixation directe du naissain sur les bouchots. La période de ponte est étalée entre février et  mai d'où l'existence de recrutement en juin. On peut proposer comme période de pêche, une saison allant de juin à novembre,...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Mytiliculture; Mytilus edulis; Production; Recrutement; Composition biochimique; Indice de qualité; Bilan énergétique.
Ano: 1986 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00441/55215/56689.pdf
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L'ostréiculture sur la côte Ouest du Cotentin ArchiMer
Goulletquer, Philippe; Joly, Jean-pierre; Kopp, Joel; Legagneur, Eric; Moriceau, Jacques; Ruelle, Francois.
L'ostréiculture sur la côte Ouest Cotentin a été étudiée à partir d'estimations des stocks en élevage et de suivis de populations entre 1990 et 1992. A partir de stratégies d'échantillonnages, les stocks en élevage ont été estimés à 33 556 et 35 542 t respectivement en 1990 et 1991. Sur une production normande annuelle totalisant 34 914 tonnes, 53% a été produit sur la côte Ouest Cotentin en 1990. Un modèle global d'aménagement est proposé définissant la relation entre les performances de croissance mesurées, les cheptels en élevage, le niveau d'émersion, et la distance par rapport aux principales sources d'éléments nutritifs terrigènes. Près de 80% de la variabilité du poids final est expliqué par ce modèle régressif destiné à faciliter les décisions...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Crassostrea gigas; Stock; Croissance; Composition biochimique; Aménagement; Cotentin.
Ano: 1994 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00092/20326/17972.pdf
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Modulation des paramètres hémocytaires par la nutrition de l'huitre creuse Crassostrea gigas. Implication dans les mortalités estivales ArchiMer
Delaporte, Maryse.
In the context of Pacific oyster C. gigas summer mortality, the present study demonstrated that the reproductive effort reduced not only the energetic parameters (carbohydrates and CEA) but also the immune parameters (concentration, phagocytosis and adhesive capacity of hemocytes). Increasing food supply from 4% to 12% (of oyster dry weight) did not counteract this phenomena as most of the additional energy was dedicated to the gametogenesis processes. However, after the gametogenesis, the 12% diet clearly favored energy storage restoration and hemocyte production. Hemocyte parameters were also modulated by the food quality. Indeed, hemocyte concentration tended to increase 20:5n-3 and/or 20:4n-6 were supplied by micro-algae or artificial diets. When these...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Summer mortalities; Flow cytometer; Immunity; Oxidative burst; Phagocytosis; Biochemical composition hemocyte parameters; Essential fatty acids; Nutrition; Crassostrea gigas; Mortalités estivales; Cytomètre de flux; Immunité; Poussée respiratoire; Phagocytose; Réponses hémocytaires; Composition biochimique; Acides gras essentiels; Nutrition; Crassostrea gigas.
Ano: 2005 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/2005/these-357.pdf
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Mortalité et croissance de l'huître creuse C. gigas dans le bassin de Marennes Oléron. Résultats obtenus sur le site atelier de Ronce-Perquis en 1997-1999 ArchiMer
Soletchnik, Patrick; Le Moine, Olivier; Faury, Nicole; Razet, Daniel; Geairon, Philippe; Robert, Stephane; Goulletquer, Philippe; Taillade, Sylvie.
The 1999 monitoring of the C. gigas mortality rates showed a 32 to 40% loss for the on-bottom rearings located on the Ronce-Perquis oyster bank. In 1997, the averaged mortality rate varied between 23 and 29% without significant site effect. These mortality rates were ranging from 17 to 32% in 1998 with significant limited mortality rate on site 4 (17%). However, those rates were underestimated by 7 to 8%, based on our 1999 study, Actually, the spatial distribution for these rates on 2 experimental sites divided into 25 subunits demonstrated a large variability ranging from 17-37% and 22-56% for sites 1 and 2, respectively. In spite this large variability, the mortality rates results were larger on the muddy bottom site. In contrast to site 1, the oysters...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Bay of Marennes Oleron; Crassostrea gigas; Reproductive effort; Biochemical composition; Growth; Sampling strategy; Mortality rates; Bassin de Marennes Oléron; Crassostrea gigas; Effort de reproduction; Composition biochimique; Croissance; Méthodologie d'estimation; Taux de mortalité.
Ano: 2000 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/2000/rapport-1641.pdf
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Mortalité printanière et estivale de l'huître creuse Crassostrea gigas dans le Bassin de Marennes-Oléron (Banc de Ronce-Perquis) ArchiMer
Remoue, Sophie.
Le banc ostréicole de Ronce-Perquis au sud du bassin de Marennes-Oléron (Charente), constitue un site atelier expérimental pour l'étude des mortalités printanière et estivale de l'huître creuse Crassastrea gigas. L'étude d'une durée de 5 mois a été effectuée sur quatre lots d'huîtres captées et élevées sur des bancs ostréicoles différents, puis placés en élevage sur un même site. Le taux de mortalité des élevages d'huîtres à plat (de 22 à 50 %) est supérieure à celle des élevages sur table (inférieure à 15 %). Le lot le plus jeune, Bartleur, qui présente une faible mortalité cumulée, résiste le mieux à la période d'acclimatation des élevages. Après une phase de "rémission" de la mortalité (mi-avril mi-mai), deux épisodes de mortalité apparaissent...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Huître; Crassostrea gigas; Mortalité; Croissance; Composition biochimique; Marennes-Oléron.
Ano: 2000 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00412/52359/53147.pdf
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Mortalités printanière et estivale de l'huître creuse C. gigas en élevage à plat dans le bassin de Marennes-Oléron. Etude du métabolisme du glycogène sur différentes origines de cheptels ArchiMer
Faury, Nicole; Remoue, Sophie; Soletchnik, Patrick; Goulletquer, Philippe; Geairon, Philippe; Le Moine, Olivier; Razet, Daniel; Guilpain, Patrice; Robert, Stephane; Taillade, Sylvie.
This study aims to assess the broodstock origin and cultural effects on oyster summer mortality rates. Three oyster batches, two originating from the Marennes-Oléron Bay, and one from the Normandy rearing area were deployed in March 2000 on the Ronce Perquis oyster bank, on experimental site since 1996. On bottom cultured oysters were monitored until January 2001. By the end of the experiment, the cumulative mortality ranged from 51 to 58 %. Following on initial mortality rate (8.8 % to 9.3 %), oyster batches showed a critical period early July. In 15 days, mortality rate reached 13.7 %. Over the rearing period, the oyster shell growth ranged between 8.9 g and 12.7 g. The somatic gain represented 0.44-0.48 g of dry meat weight. Spawning event occured in...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Taux de mortalité; Croissance; Composition biochimique; Effort de reproduction; Incorporation du glucose; Crassostrea gigas; Bassin de Marennes Oléron; Charente-Maritime; Mortality; Growth rate; Biochemical content; Glycogen synthase; Crassostrea gigas; Bay of Marennes Oleron; Charente-Maritime.
Ano: 2001 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00031/14235/11511.pdf
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Performance of triploid Pacific oysters Crassostrea gigas (Thunberg) reared in high carrying capacity ecosystem : survival, growth and proximate biochemical composition ArchiMer
Goulletquer, Philippe; Joly, Jean-pierre; Gerard, Andre; Le Gagneur, Eric; Moriceau, Jacques; Peignon, Jean-marie; Heurtebise, Serge; Phelipot, Pascal.
Triploid oysters Crassllstrea gigas were: produced in 1990 by treating fertilized eggs with cytochalasin B (CS). Triploids, treated diploids, and controls were deployed early 1991 in a high carrying capacity ecosystem on the Eastern Coast of Normandy (France). A monthly monitoring in 1992 showed that triploids yielded significantly higher growth rate and biochemical composition. However, growth was more heterogeneous. No evidence was found for a length or weight bimodal frequency distribution within triploid groups after a 26 months rearing cycle. Triploids showed retardation of gametogenesis. Carbohydrates content in triploids remained almost constant (40%) from June to September. Their survival rates were significantly lower than controls. Moreover...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Biochemical compostion; Survival; Carrying capacity; Triploid; Growth; Oysters; Crassostrea gigas; Composition biochimique; Survie; Capacité trophque; Triploïdes; Croissance; Huîtres; Crassostrea gigas.
Ano: 1996 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/1996/publication-3088.pdf
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REMOULA 2000 - Réseau de croissance moule des Pertuis Charentais - Mars 2000 - Février 2001 ArchiMer
Robert, Stephane; Geairon, Philippe; Guilpain, Patrice; Razet, Daniel; Faury, Nicole; Seugnet, Jean-luc; Grizon, James; Soletchnik, Patrick; Le Moine, Olivier; Goulletquer, Philippe.
A production monitoring network focused on the blue mussel Mytilus edulis, was developed at the Charentais sounds' geographic level to assess the spatial and temporal variability of the mussel production. Similarly to the oyster growth monitoring network REMORA, an homogeneous and calibrated mussel population (L = 35.5 mm, TW = 3.35 g) was distributed into six rearing sites, representative of the sounds production. The rearing technics were compared and intercalibrated with previous growout facilities used for preliminary trials (round bags-oyster bags). The monitoring was based upon biometric and biochemical measurements on a 3 month and monthly basis, for ail and 3 sites respectively. The mortality rates showed a significant spatial and temporal...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Réseau de croissance; Mytilus edulis; Composition biochimique; Mortalité; Pertuis Charentais; Charente-Maritime; Production monitoring network; Mytilus edulis; Proximate biochemical composition; Mortality rate; Charentais sounds; Charente-Maritime.
Ano: 2001 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00031/14243/11518.pdf
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Réseau de surveillance de la croissance et production de l'huître creuse Crassostrea gigas dans le bassin de Marennes-Oléron : bilan de 12 années de suivi (1986-1998) ArchiMer
Le Moine, Olivier; Geairon, Philippe; Soletchnik, Patrick; Faury, Nicole; Goulletquer, Philippe; Robert, Stephane; Razet, Daniel; Heurtebise, Serge.
Thiis report aims to study the oyster Crwsosrrea gigas growth and production over a 12 years time' s span in the bay of Marennes-DIeron. Results of 12 years of oyster growlh did not show any significant oyster biological productivity decrease, nor trend. ln contrast, annual growth showed a large variability, which will be correlated with environmental conditions. Moreover, annual growth variability was greater than the variability due to site location,. besides the Ronce experimental site. The later, located in the south west part of the bay of Marennes-Dleron, has been the leading oyster growth site since 1989. The annual shell growlh variabiliry was greater than oyster dry meat weight fluctuation . Both 1990 and 1991 years were characterized by the...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Réseau de surveillance; Croissance; Composition biochimique; Mortalité; Crassostrea gigas; Bassin de Marennes-Oléron; Charente-Maritime; Monitoring network; Growth; Biochemical composition; Mortality rate; Crassostrea gigas; Bay of Marennes Oleron; Charente-Maritime.
Ano: 2000 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00031/14244/11520.pdf
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Table ronde : les analyses biochimiques de PLG dans la chair des coquillages ArchiMer
Faury, Nicole; Geairon, Philippe; Moal, Jeanne; Pouvreau, Stephane; Razet, Daniel; Ropert, Michel; Soletchnik, Patrick.
Proximate biochemical analysis (proteins, lipids and carbohydrates) are performed on a regular basis by the various laboratories fom the Aquaculture Resources Directorate. Methods initially developed to analyse hydrological parameters were firstly transfered to assess meat components.1t appears now important to review and update the commonly used methods (Lowry et al., (1951), Dubois et al.,(l956), Marsh et Weinstein, (1966)), for our specifie purposes. A round table was organized to facilitate discussion among researchers and technicians from both Directorates 'Aquaculture Resources' and 'Product Valorization'and external partners, University of Caen. Several communications reviewing former and recent studies were done. Colleagues from the Directorate...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Glycogen; Carbohydrates; Lipids; Proteins; Methods comparison; Proximate biochemical composition; Glycogène; Carbohydrates; Lipiedes; Protéines; Comparaison méthodes; Composition biochimique.
Ano: 2003 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/2003/rapport-6378.pdf
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