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Registros recuperados: 33
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A Global Hunger Index: Measurement Concept, Ranking of Countries, and Trends AgEcon
Wiesmann, Doris M..
Progress in combating hunger and undernutrition has been lagging for decades. Best practices to fight hunger and undernutrition have been available for a long while, but lack of political will among leaders and a lack of political power among the poor have hampered their implementation. Since indices have proven to be powerful tools for advocacy and are able to capture multifaceted phenomena, the Global Hunger Index (GHI) was developed to increase attention to the hunger problem and mobilize the political will to speed up urgently needed progress in the fight against hunger. The GHI captures three dimensions of hunger: insufficient availability of food, shortfalls in the nutritional status of children, and child mortality, which is to a large extent...
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Hunger; Undernutrition; Child malnutrition; Child mortality; Food availability; Indicators; HIV/AIDS; Conflict; War; Developing countries; Countries in transition; Food Security and Poverty.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/55891
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Capacity building for participatory irrigation management in Sindh Province of Pakistan. AgEcon
Memon, Yameen; Talpur, Mustafa; Murray-Rust, Hammond.
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: River basins; Institutions; Organizations; Private sector; Public sector; Local government; Mapping; Water resource management; Water policy; Legislation; Rural women; Constraints; Groundwater; Surface water; Water quality; Water use; Water users; Dams; Reservoirs; Large-scale systems; Irrigation management; Industrialization; Case studies; Operations; Maintenance; Canals; Conflict; Farmer-agency interactions; Policy; Water supply; Rural development; Community/Rural/Urban Development; Farm Management; Institutional and Behavioral Economics; Research and Development/Tech Change/Emerging Technologies; Research Methods/ Statistical Methods; Resource /Energy Economics and Policy.
Ano: 2001 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/92769
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Co-engineering Participatory Water Management Processes: Theory and Insights from Australian and Bulgarian Interventions Ecology and Society
Daniell, Katherine A.; Centre for Policy Innovation, The Australian National University ; katherine.daniell@anu.edu.au; White, Ian; The Fenner School of Environment and Society, The Australian National University; ian.white@anu.edu.au; Ribarova, Irina S.; University of Architecture, Civil Engineering and Geodesy; ribarova_fhe@uacg.bg; Coad, Peter; Hornsby Shire Council; PCoad@hornsby.nsw.gov.au; Rougier, Jean-Emmanuel; Lisode; Jean-Emmanuel.Rougier@lisode.com; Hare, Matthew; UN-Water Decade Programme on Capacity Development (UNW-DPC), United Nations University; hare@unwater.unu.edu; Jones, Natalie A.; School of Natural and Rural Systems Management, University of Queensland; natalie.a.j@gmail.com; Popova, Albena; University of Architecture, Civil Engineering and Geodesy; albena_krasimirova@abv.bg; Perez, Pascal; College of Asia and the Pacific, The Australian National University; Marine and Atmospheric Research Division, Australian Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organization (CSIRO) ; pascal.perez@anu.edu.au; Burn, Stewart; Land and Water, Australian Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organization (CSIRO) ; Stewart.Burn@csiro.au.
Broad-scale, multi-governance level, participatory water management processes intended to aid collective decision making and learning are rarely initiated, designed, implemented, and managed by one person. These processes mostly emerge from some form of collective planning and organization activities because of the stakes, time, and budgets involved in their implementation. Despite the potential importance of these collective processes for managing complex water-related social–ecological systems, little research focusing on the project teams that design and organize participatory water management processes has ever been undertaken. We have begun to fill this gap by introducing and outlining the concept of a co-engineering process and examining...
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Synthesis Palavras-chave: Co-engineering; Conflict; Multiple objectives; Negotiation; Participatory process; Planning; Water management.
Ano: 2010
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Competing Claims on Natural Resources: What Role for Science? Ecology and Society
Giller, Ken E.; Wageningen University; ken.giller@wur.nl; Leeuwis, Cees; Wageningen University; cees.leeuwis@wur.nl; Andersson, Jens A.; Wageningen University; University of the Witwatersrand; jens.andersson@wur.nl; Andriesse, Wim; Wageningen University;; Brouwer, Arie; Wageningen University;; Frost, Peter; University of Zimbabwe;; Hebinck, Paul; Wageningen University;; van Ittersum, Martin K.; Wageningen University;; Koning, Niek; ;; Ruben, Ruerd; ;; Slingerland, Maja; Wageningen University;; Udo, Henk; Wageningen University;; Veldkamp, Tom; Wageningen University; Tom.Veldkamp@wur.nl; van de Vijver, Claudius; Wageningen University;; van Wijk, Mark T.; Wageningen University;; Windmeijer, Pieter; Wageningen University;.
Competing claims on natural resources become increasingly acute, with the poor being most vulnerable to adverse outcomes of such competition. A major challenge for science and policy is to progress from facilitating univocal use to guiding stakeholders in dealing with potentially conflicting uses of natural resources. The development of novel, more equitable, management options that reduce rural poverty is key to achieving sustainable use of natural resources and the resolution of conflicts over them. Here, we describe an interdisciplinary and interactive approach for: (i) the understanding of competing claims and stakeholder objectives; (ii) the identification of alternative resource use options, and (iii) the scientific support to negotiation processes...
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Insight Palavras-chave: Agricultural science; Conflict; Ecology; Level; Methodology; Natural resource management; Scale; Social science; Sustainable agriculture.
Ano: 2008
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Conceptual Models for Ecosystem Management through the Participation of Local Social Actors: the Río Cruces Wetland Conflict Ecology and Society
Delgado, Luisa E.; Universidad de Chile ; ldelgado@antar.uchile.cl; Bachmann, Pamela L; Universidad de Chile;; Torres-Gomez, Marcela; Universidad de Chile;.
In 2004, the emigration and death of black-necked swans (Cygnus melancoryphus) from the Río Cruces wetland (Valdivia, Chile) triggered one of the largest ecosocial conflicts in Chilean history. The main local social actors of this still unsolved conflict are the Chilean government, a pulp-mill company, and a local nongovernmental organization. The central issues of the conflict are disagreement over the reason for the swans’ migration, the need to restore the black-necked swan population in the wetland, and the relationship between economic development and wetland conservation. We applied a physical, ecological, and social system approach to generate conceptual or qualitative ecosystem models representing the perceptions of all social...
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Reports Palavras-chave: Cygnus melancoryphus; Black-necked swans; Conceptual ecosystem models; Conflict; Social actors; Wetlands.
Ano: 2009
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Conflict, Food Insecurity, and Globalization AgEcon
Messer, Ellen; Cohen, Marc J..
We explore how globalization, broadly conceived to include international human-rights norms, humanitarianism, and alternative trade, might influence peaceful and food-secure outlooks and outcomes. The paper draws on our previous work on conflict as a cause and effect of hunger and also looks at agricultural exports as war commodities. We review studies on the relationships between (1) conflict and food insecurity, (2) conflict and globalization, and (3) globalization and food insecurity. Next, we analyze country-level, historical contexts where export crops, such as coffee and cotton, have been implicated in triggering and perpetuating conflict. These cases suggest that it is not export cropping per se, but production and trade structures and food and...
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Hunger; Conflict; War; Globalization; Export cropping; Coffee; Cotton; Sugar; Human-rights; Right-to-food; Fair trade; Food Security and Poverty.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/55898
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Conflict, Food Price Shocks, and Food Insecurity: The experience of Afghan households AgEcon
D'Souza, Anna; Jolliffe, Dean.
Revised version submitted December 2012.
Tipo: Presentation Palavras-chave: Afghanistan; Food security; Conflict; Nutrition; Poverty; Spatial distribution; Consumer/Household Economics; Food Consumption/Nutrition/Food Safety; Food Security and Poverty; International Development; D12; I3.
Ano: 2012 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/123323
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Conflicts, Rural Development and Food Security in West Africa AgEcon
Flores, Margarita.
This paper examines food security in the context of conflict in West Africa. The analysis developed in the paper recognises the importance of defining conflict type and the trends in conflict so that conflict and post-conflict policies may be implemented. The relationship between food security and conflict is analysed. Whilst conflict exacerbates food security, food insecurity can itself fuel conflict. Strategies designed to assist in post-war rehabilitation need to address key dimensions of food security: availability, access and stability. It is argued in this paper, that consideration of these three dimensions are necessary joint conditions in moving towards a reduction in the numbers of hungry. The cases of Sierra Leone and Liberia are examined to...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: West Africa; Conflict; Food Security; Crisis; Hunger; Food Security and Poverty; N47; N57; O13; O18.
Ano: 2004 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/23811
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DIMENSIONS OF CONFLICT AND THE ROLE OF FOREIGN AID IN FIJI AgEcon
Gounder, Rukmani.
As diversity is the strength for economic growth quality domestic institutions and good governance are some of the essential factors to achieve sustainable growth and maintain social stability and harmony. Therefore, necessary social, economic, political and institutional dynamics contribute to higher growth prospects and mitigate conflict in a multi-cultural society. Since the 1987 military coups some of the issues that have confronted the people of Fiji, and others, co-integrate with ethnicity, political instability, conflict and governance. This article links these issues and evaluates the characteristics and factors associated with the dimensions of conflict. In particular, the study highlights the nature and impact of conflict on the civil society and...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Conflict; Aid; Donor Approaches; Fiji; International Development.
Ano: 2005 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/23699
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Environmental payments in conflicting situations between nature provision and cost minimization: a political economy approach AgEcon
Nuppenau, Ernst-August.
We will analyze a newly emerging conflict within the second pillar of the rural development policy of the EU: a conflict between those farmers, who want to participate in high nature value agriculture, and farmers, who feel negatively impacted by supporting nature provision. We see a link through competition for land between nature provision in agriculture and cost minimal production of commercial farmers. The idea is to model this conflict using a political bargain approach and make a contribution on how to solve the conflict by innovative institutional arrangements. The power of groups will be analyzed and what governments can do.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Conflict; Political economy; Nature provision; Community/Rural/Urban Development.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/95313
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Ethnic Diversity and Ethnic Strife: An Interdisciplinary Perspective AgEcon
Kanbur, Ravi; Rajaram, Prem Kumar; Varshney, Ashutosh.
The objective of this paper is to present an overview of ethnicity, ethnic strife and its consequences, as seen from the perspective of the disciplines of economics, political science, social anthropology and sociology. What exactly is ethnicity--how is it to be defined, characterized and measured? What exactly are the causal links from ethnicity so defined to its presumed consequences, including tension and violence? What are the feedback loops from the consequences of ethnic divisions back to these divisions themselves? How can policy, if at all, mitigate ethnic divisions and ethnic conflict? Finally, what role does interdisciplinarity have in helping to understand ethnicity and ethnic strife, and how can interdisciplinary collaboration be enhanced?...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Ethnicity; Conflict; Interdisciplinary Approaches; International Development; International Relations/Trade.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/57039
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Group Bargaining and Conflict AgEcon
Querou, Nicolas.
We consider a situation where groups negotiate over the allocation of a surplus (which is used to fund group specific goods). Each group is composed of agents who have differing valuations for public goods. Members choose a representative to take decisions on their behalf. Specifically, representatives can decide to enter either a (cooperative) negotiation protocol or a conflict to appropriate the surplus. In the cooperative negotiations, disagreement corresponds to a pro rata allocation (as a function of the size of the groups). We analyse the conditions (on the internal composition of the groups) under which conflict will be preferred to negotiated agreements (and vice versa), and we derive welfare implications. Finally, we provide results of comparative...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Bargaining; Conflict; Agency Problem; Environmental Economics and Policy; C78; D74; J52.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/96841
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Inadequacies in the water reforms in the Kyrgyz Republic: an institutional analysis AgEcon
Ul Hassan, Mehmood; Starkloff, Ralf; Nizamedinkhodjayeva, Nargiza.
This report analyzes the evolving water-management institutions and their performance of five core water management functions, in the context of the ongoing economic and agrarian reform in the Kyrgyz Republic. These core water-management functions are, operation of water systems, maintenance, resource mobilization, conflict resolution and organizational management. The report also identifies key issues and challenges that constrain effective stakeholder participation in water-resources management.
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Water resource management; Analysis; Irrigation management; Participatory management; Water users’ associations; Research methods; Agrarian reform; Irrigation programs; Operations; Maintenance; Conflict; Rivers; Kyrgyzstan; Agribusiness; Community/Rural/Urban Development; Crop Production/Industries; Environmental Economics and Policy; Farm Management; Institutional and Behavioral Economics; Research and Development/Tech Change/Emerging Technologies; Research Methods/ Statistical Methods.
Ano: 2004 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/53066
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Institutional constraints to conjunctive water management in the Rechna Doab. AgEcon
Jehangir, Waqar Ahmed; Horinkova, Vilma.
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Water management; Conjunctive use; Groundwater; Surface water; River basins; Institutional development; Organizations; Water law; Legislation; Irrigation scheduling; Conflict; Institutional constraints; Organizational change; Institutional and Behavioral Economics; Resource /Energy Economics and Policy.
Ano: 2002 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/92705
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Institutions for integrated water-resources management in river basins: An analytical framework. AgEcon
Kurian, Mathew.
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Water resource management; River basins; Crop production; Institution building; Conflict; Irrigation management; Crop Production/Industries; Institutional and Behavioral Economics; Resource /Energy Economics and Policy.
Ano: 2004 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/92522
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Integrated development and management of water resources for productive and equitable use in the Indrawati River Basin, Nepal AgEcon
Bhattarai, Madhusudan; Pant, Dhruba; Mishra, V.S.; Devkota, Hari; Pun, Shuku; Kayastha, R.N.; Molden, David J..
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: River basin development; Water transfer; Water rights; Water supply; Water demand; Water balance; Environmental effects; Social aspects; Development projects; Non-governmental organizations; Villages; Water users associations; Conflict; Farmers; Environmental Economics and Policy; Farm Management; Institutional and Behavioral Economics; Resource /Energy Economics and Policy.
Ano: 2002 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/92699
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Integrated management of water, forest and land resources in Nepal: Opportunities for improved livelihood AgEcon
Pant, Dhruba; Thapa, Sabita; Singh, Ashok; Bhattarai, Madhusudan; Molden, David J..
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Irrigation management; Forest management; Public policy; Land use; Land tenure; Farm size; Environmental effects; Gender; Women; Equity; Institutions; Conflict; Environmental Economics and Policy; Farm Management; Institutional and Behavioral Economics; Land Economics/Use; Public Economics.
Ano: 2005 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/92405
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Intersectoral management of river basins; Proceedings of an International Workshop on "Integrated Water Management in Water-Stressed River Basins in Developing Countries: Strategies for Poverty Alleviation and Agricultural Growth," Loskop Dam, South Africa, 16-21 October 2000 AgEcon
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Water management; River basins; Watercourses; Poverty; Agricultural development; Developing countries; Water policy; Water use efficiency; Political aspects; Water allocation; User charges; Privatization; Water users' associations; Water scarcity; Investment; Financing; Institutional constraints; Water law; Gender; Social aspects; Conflict; Agricultural and Food Policy; Agricultural Finance; Food Security and Poverty; Political Economy; Resource /Energy Economics and Policy.
Ano: 2001 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/118386
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Legal Pluralism and Dynamic Property Rights AgEcon
Meinzen-Dick, Ruth Suseela; Pradhan, Rajendra.
Conventional conceptions of property rights focus on static definitions of property rights, usually as defined in statutory law. However, in practice there is co-existence and interaction between multiple legal orders such as state, customary, religious, project and local laws, all of which provide bases for claiming property rights. Legal anthropological approaches that recognize this legal pluralism are helpful in understanding this complexity. Individuals may choose one or another of these legal frameworks as the basis for their claims on a resource, in a process referred to as “forum shopping.” Legal pluralism can create uncertainty especially in times of conflict because any individual is unlikely to have knowledge of all types of law that might be...
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Property rights; Legal pluralism; Conflict; Law uncertainty; Natural resource management; Water; Water rights; Tenure; Resource /Energy Economics and Policy.
Ano: 2002 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/55442
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Linking Future Ecosystem Services and Future Human Well-being Ecology and Society
Butler, Colin D; Australian National University; colin.butler@anu.edu.au; Oluoch-Kosura, Willis; University of Nairobi; Willis.Kosura@aercafrica.org.
Ecosystem services are necessary, yet not sufficient for human well-being (however defined). Insufficient access to the ecosystem provisioning service of food is a particularly important factor in the loss of human well-being, but all ecosystem services contribute in some way to well-being. Although perhaps long obvious to ecologists, the links between ecosystems and aspects of human well-being, including health, have been less well understood among the social science community. This situation may now be starting to change, thanks in part to the Millennium Ecosystem Assessment (MA). Causality between ecosystem services and well-being is bidirectional; it is increasingly clear that functioning societies can protect or enhance ecosystem services, and...
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Reports Palavras-chave: Cognitive potential; Conflict; Ecosystems; Health; Human well-being; Hunger; Nutrition; Scenarios; Surprise.
Ano: 2006
Registros recuperados: 33
Primeira ... 12 ... Última
 

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