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Agricultural Resources and Environmental Indicators, 2006 Edition AgEcon
Wiebe, Keith D.; Gollehon, Noel R..
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Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: ERS; AREI; Agricultural economics; Natural resources; Land; Land use; Land values; Land ownership; Water use; Irrigation; Water quality; Genetic resources; Biotechnology; Agricultural research; Agricultural productivity; Global resources; Soil conservation; Soil erosion; Pest management; Nutrient management; Animal agriculture; Organic agriculture; Conventional agriculture; Conservation policy; Land retirement; Working lands; Wetlands; Farmland protection; Environmental quality; Farm structure; Farm ownership; Farm management decisions; Farm business; Environmental Economics and Policy; Resource /Energy Economics and Policy.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/7207
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Agriculture production versus biodiversity protection: what role for north-south unconditional transfers ? Inra
Aulong, S.; FIGUIERES, C.; Thoyer, S.; INRA, Institut National de la Recherche Agronomique (FRA).
In developing countries, biodiversity is often threatened by the development of agricultural production: it is often the case that natural habitats are destroyed by the conversion of forests, wetlands or natural pastures into arable land. There is a trade-off between revenues generated by agricultural production and services supplied by unspoilt natural capital (ecological services, possibility to develop biodiversity-related tourism activities). Whereas agricultural profits are private, biodiversity produces various types of benefits, some of them have global public good characteristics - they benefit all nations without exclusion and without rivalry - while others are regional inputs in the production functions of neighbouring countries. The purpose of...
Tipo: Book Palavras-chave: Conservation policy; North-south income transfers; Public good; Neutrality theorem.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://www.prodinra.inra.fr/prodinra/pinra/doc.xsp?id=PROD20076b4f881a&uri=/notices/prodinra1/2007/05/
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Effects of social change on wildlife consumption taboos in northeastern Madagascar Ecology and Society
Golden, Christopher D; Harvard School of Public Health, Department of Environmental Health; Wildlife Conservation Society, Wildlife Health & Health Policy, HEAL (Health & Ecosystems: Analysis of Linkages) Program; golden@hsph.harvard.edu; Comaroff, Jean; Departments of African and African American Studies and Anthropology, Harvard University; jeancomaroff@fas.harvard.edu.
In Madagascar, the constellation of taboos serves as a form of informal regulatory institution and is foundational to Malagasy culture, regardless of class, ethnic group affiliation, and educational background. Many researchers have credited rapid social change as a crucial mechanism for disturbing taboos. Others suggest that taboos are innately historical. However, very little empirical research has assessed the effects of social change on taboos or quantified the stability of taboo systems over time. Here, we use a case study of the ensemble of taboos in northeastern Madagascar, still a critical aspect of social life there, as a lens through which we investigate its degree of stability over time. Our aim was: (1) to describe the food taboos of local...
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Reports Palavras-chave: Bushmeat; Conservation policy; Cultural change; Hunting; Immigration; Migration; Modernization; Religion; Wildlife.
Ano: 2015
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Enforcement Aspects of Conservation Policies: Compensation Payments versus Reserves AgEcon
Rousseau, Sandra.
This model explicitly incorporates the dynamic aspects of conservation programs with incomplete compliance and it allows landholders’ behaviour to change over time. We find that incomplete and instrument-specific enforcement can have a significant impact on the choice between subsidy schemes and reserves for conservation policies. The results suggest that it is useless to design a conservation scheme for landholders if the regulator is not prepared to explicitly back the program with a monitoring and enforcement policy. In general, the regulator will prefer to use compensation payments, if the cost of using government revenues is sufficiently low, the environmental benefits are equal, and the cost efficiency benefits exceed the (possible) increase in...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Monitoring and enforcement; Policy instruments; Conservation policy; Environmental Economics and Policy.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/44453
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ENVIRONMENTAL COMPLIANCE IN U.S. AGRICULTURAL POLICY: PAST PERFORMANCE AND FUTURE POTENTIAL AgEcon
Claassen, Roger; Breneman, Vincent E.; Bucholtz, Shawn; Cattaneo, Andrea; Johansson, Robert C.; Morehart, Mitchell J..
Since 1985, U.S. agricultural producers have been required to practice soil conservation on highly erodible cropland and conserve wetlands as a condition of farm program eligibility. This report discusses the general characteristics of compliance incentives, evaluates their effectiveness in reducing erosion in the program's current form, and explores the potential for expanding the compliance approach to address nutrient runoff from crop production. While soil erosion has, in fact, been reduced on land subject to Conservation Compliance, erosion is also down on land not subject to Conservation Compliance, indicating the influence of other factors. Analysis to isolate the influence of Conservation Compliance incentives from other factors suggests that about...
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Conservation compliance; Sodbuster; Swampbuster; Conservation policy; Agri-environmental policy; Nutrient management; Buffer practices; Agricultural and Food Policy.
Ano: 2004 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/34033
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Exploring the Contribution of Fiscal Transfers to Protected Area Policy Ecology and Society
Borie, Maud; UMR 5175 CEFE CNRS, Montpellier; maud.borie@gmail.com; Mathevet, Raphaël; UMR 5175 CEFE CNRS, Montpellier; raphael.mathevet@cefe.cnrs.fr; Ring, Irene; UFZ Helmholtz Centre for Environmental Research; irene.ring@ufz.de; Thompson, John D.; UMR 5175 CEFE CNRS, Montpellier; john.thompson@cefe.cnrs.fr.
Biodiversity payments have become an increasingly proposed tool to promote conservation measures. An unexplored issue concerns the potential role of fiscal transfers between the state and infra-national authorities potentially as direct financial incentives for biodiversity conservation. We explore how protected areas can be taken into account in a redistributive fiscal transfer system between the state and local authorities, i.e., municipalities. Different simulations were made in the Mediterranean region of southern France, a major biodiversity hotspot subject to increasing threats. We examined two methods for fiscal transfer: first, a “per hectare” method, based on the surface of the protected area within the boundaries of the...
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed article Palavras-chave: Biodiversity; Conservation policy; Ecological solidarity; Fiscal transfer; Protected areas; Public funding.
Ano: 2014
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Flagging a species as threatened: the case of Eptesicus taddeii, an endemic bat from the Brazilian Atlantic Forest Biota Neotropica
Bernard,Enrico; Nascimento,Jorge Luiz do; Aguiar,Ludmilla Moura de Souza.
The IUCN Red List is an important conservation tool. Although its criteria are used worldwide, in most cases the classification process per se is restricted to a group of experts with restricted or no participation of the general public. This may raise concerns from final Red List users, which, without knowing the data or procedures adopted by the experts, may argue on the outcomes, final classification adopted, or the overall use of the lists. IUCN recommends that all assessments must be backed up by data and justifications, making them as accurate and transparent as possible. We describe here the assessment of Eptesicus taddeii, a bat species endemic to the southern Atlantic Forest of Brazil, indicating how and why the species was flagged as Vulnerable -...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/other Palavras-chave: Chiroptera; Conservation policy; Endangered species; IUCN; Red List.
Ano: 2013 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1676-06032013000200314
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Investments in Biodiversity Prospecting and Incentives for Conservation AgEcon
Sedjo, Roger A.; Simpson, R. David.
There is considerable interest in biodiversity prospecting (the search for valuable new products from natural sources) as a conservation strategy. In an earlier paper, we have argued that the value of the marginal species (and, by extension, the incentives for the conservation of the habitat on which it is found) is small. In this paper, we show that investments in biodiversity prospecting are unlikely to increase incentives for conservation by much. If the value of the marginal species were appreciable, researchers ought already to have made investments to exploit it. If it is not, it is doubtful that additional investments will generate any substantial increase. It is important to be clear about our findings: we are not saying that none of the myriad...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Biodiversity; Biodiversity prospecting; Investment; Conservation policy; Environmental Economics and Policy; O13; Q29.
Ano: 1996 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/10821
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Monitoring Current Status of and Trends in Boreal Forest Land Use in Russian Karelia Ecology and Society
Burnett, Charles; University of Salzburg; charles.burnett@sbg.ac.at; Fall, Andrew; Simon Fraser University; fall@cs.sfu.ca; Tomppo, Erkki; Finnish Forest Research Institute; Erkki.Tomppo@metla.fi; Kalliola, Risto; University of Turku; risto.kalliola@utu.fi.
Some of the last remaining near-natural boreal forest landscapes in northern Europe can be found in the Russian Karelia near its border with Finland. Currently, these forests are facing strong exploitation pressure in the form of extensive clearcuts. Demand for conservation is also high. We characterize the boreal forest landscape in the region and assess the impacts of past and potential management actions through a mapping and modeling study that synthesizes methods from landscape ecology, remote sensing, and simulation modeling. The forests of the study area were mapped using techniques for interpreting multitemporal satellite images and detecting changes. The species composition and structure of the forests were estimated using the multisource...
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Reports Palavras-chave: Karelia; Russia; Finland; Boreal forest; Conservation policy; Dynamic modeling; Fragmentation; Land use; GIS.
Ano: 2003
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Nitrogen in Agricultural Systems: Implications for Conservation Policy AgEcon
Ribaudo, Marc; Delgado, Jorge; Hansen, LeRoy T.; Livingston, Michael J.; Mosheim, Roberto; Williamson, James M..
Nitrogen is an important agricultural input that is critical for crop production. However, the introduction of large amounts of nitrogen into the environment has a number of undesirable impacts on water, terrestrial, and atmospheric resources. This report explores the use of nitrogen in U.S. agriculture and assesses changes in nutrient management by farmers that may improve nitrogen use effi ciency. It also reviews a number of policy approaches for improving nitrogen management and identifi es issues affecting their potential performance. Findings reveal that about two-thirds of U.S. cropland is not meeting three criteria for good nitrogen management. Several policy approaches, including fi nancial incentives, nitrogen management as a condition of farm...
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Reactive nitrogen; Nitrogen management; Fertilizer; Water quality; Greenhouse gas; Economic incentives; Conservation policy; Regulation; Environmental Economics and Policy; Resource /Energy Economics and Policy.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/118022
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Public Support for Sustainable Commercial Harvesting of Wildlife: An Australian Case Study AgEcon
Tisdell, Clement A.; Wilson, Clevo; Swarna Nantha, Hemanath.
This paper surveys a sample of 204 members of the Australian public to determine their attitude to the sustainable commercial harvesting of wildlife generally, and considers their specific support for the sustainable commercial harvesting of each of 24 Australian native species. The general attitude of the sample to wildlife harvesting is related to their attitude to nature conservation. The relationship between respondents’ support for the sustainable commercial harvesting of each of the species and their degree of endangerment based on IUCN Red List rankings is established and found to be an inverse one. Support for the commercial sustainable use of each of the species is compared with the willingness of respondents to pay for their conservation. Support...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Australian wildlife species; Conservation policy; Commercial harvesting; Economic incentives; Endangerment; Public attitudes; Sustainable use; Trade.; Environmental Economics and Policy.
Ano: 2004 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/51418
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The Public's Knowledge of and Support for Conservation of Australia's Tree-Kangaroos AgEcon
Tisdell, Clement A.; Wilson, Clevo.
After providing some brief background on Dendrolagus species in Australia, two consecutive surveys of Brisbane’s residents are used to assess public knowledge of tree-kangaroos and the stated degree of support for their conservation in Australia. The responses of participants in Survey I are based on their pre-survey knowledge of wildlife. The same additional set of participants completed Survey II after being provided with information on all the wildlife species mentioned in Survey I. Changes in the attitudes of respondents and their degree of support for the protection and conservation of Australia’s tree-kangaroos are measured, including changes in their contingent valuations and stated willingness to provide financial support for such conservation....
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Australia’s tropical wildlife; Conservation policy; Contingent valuation; Dendrolagus bennettianus; Dendrolagus lumholtzi; Knowledge and conservation; Tree-kangaroos.; Environmental Economics and Policy.
Ano: 2003 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/48955
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Transcending the Limitations of Environmental Economic Framing: Toward a Metaeconomics of Environmental Choice AgEcon
Czap, Natalia V.; Czap, Hans J.; Khachaturyan, Marianna; Lynne, Gary D.; Burbach, Mark E..
This paper further tests dual interest theory and the metaeconomics approach to environmental choice, recognizing a possible role for empathy-sympathy (the basis for an internalized, shared other-interest) in tempering and conditioning the more fundamental tendency to pursue self-interest. To test, we focus on rivers flowing through agricultural areas carrying sediments, chemicals, and fertilizers which are making their way into downstream rivers and lakes. We use data from a framed experiment. Farmers decide on the usage of conservation technology to lessen impacts on the water quality in downstream areas, which is more costly. The results confirm our hypotheses, demonstrating that upstream farmers who practice conservation are tempering profit...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Dual-interest model; Metaeconomics; Empathy; Sympathy; Selfism; Environmental experiment; Behavioral economics; Water quality; Conservation tillage; Conservation policy; Environmental Economics and Policy; Institutional and Behavioral Economics; C9; D03; Q25; Q53; Q57..
Ano: 2011 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/102866
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