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Registros recuperados: 16
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Access to Dynamic Markets for Small Commercial Farmers: The Case of Potato Production in the Peruvian Andes 31
Escobal D'Angelo, Javier; Torero, Maximo.
The purpose of this study is twofold. On one hand, the objective is to assess the impact of new and more complex contracting schemes, as opposed to traditional marketing channels, on small farmers’ welfare. On the other hand, the study explores which may be the critical factors that determine the small farmers’ participation in these institutional arrangements. In this context, two critical factors are stressed. The first one has to do with access to credit and the second one is the size of the agricultural plot. In order to examine the decision of farmers to access the dynamic markets, the paper follows the study of Lapar et al (2003). The paper also follows impact evaluation techniques to identify the differences in the performance of farmers with access...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Potato production; Market access; Small farmers; Contract farming; Access to credit; Dynamic markets; Impact evaluation; Income growth; Transaction costs; Marketing.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/58570
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Contract Farming in China: Perspectives of Smallholders 31
Guo, Hongdong; Jolly, Robert W..
This paper explores the current status of contract farming in China by examining data from a survey of Chinese householders. The survey indicates that the actual proportion of householders engaged in contract farming is relatively low and significantly less than the proportion of householders willing to produce under contract. The primary reason for householders not participating in contract farming is the absence of opportunities, particularly for small size farms. Householders identify price stability and market access as the key motivations to participate in contract farming. Middleman and agribusiness firms were the most important organizations for householders to contract with.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Contract farming; China; Smallholders; Agribusiness; Agricultural and Food Policy; Farm Management; Industrial Organization; Institutional and Behavioral Economics; Public Economics.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/50105
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Contracting with Smallholders under Joint Liability 31
Kaminski, Jonathan.
Replaced with revised version of paper Jan. 11, 2012
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Contract farming; Moral hazard; Joint liability; Peer monitoring; Agricultural Finance; Consumer/Household Economics; Farm Management; Financial Economics; Public Economics; Research Methods/ Statistical Methods; D82; L14; 013; Q13.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/93128
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Effect of contract farming on productivity and income of small holders: The case of tea production in north-western Vietnam 31
Saigenji, Yoshiko; Zeller, Manfred.
This paper examines potential of contract farming as a rural development tool by revealing its effect on productivity and income of small holders in tea production in north-western Vietnam. In the present research, three economic analyses are applied. First, the technical efficiency of tea production is estimated by using stochastic frontier model. The results show that contract farming achieved significantly higher technical efficiency compared to non-contract farming. Second, logit model is investigated to determine the influential socio-economic characteristics of households for contract participation. The model indicates that social relationship of households, such as the membership in the communist party, play an important role in contract...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Contract farming; Tea; Vietnam; Community/Rural/Urban Development; Crop Production/Industries; Food Security and Poverty; Productivity Analysis; C21; D24; O12; Q12.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/51681
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Factors that influence the use of contract farming by southern Chilean farmers 118
Morales,Liliana; Echeverría,Rodrigo; Barrera,María del V.
Unlike in the central zone of Chile, the use of contract farming (CF) is uncommon in the southern regions of the country, and few studies have attempted to explain this situation. The objective of this study was to analyze the factors that influence the use of CF in southern Chile. The methodology consisted of two approaches: a quantitative approach, wherein a multinomial logit model was applied to data obtained from questionnaires completed by 384 southern producers, and a qualitative approach that included in-depth individual interviews with professionals, officials of public institutions, and producer focus groups. The main results show that producers with high educational levels, large farms, and production oriented toward the export market who are...
Tipo: Journal article Palavras-chave: Contract farming; Multinomial logit model; Focus groups; Interviews.
Ano: 2013 URL: http://www.scielo.cl/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0718-16202013000100004
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Food Security, Energy Equity, and the Global Commons: a Computable Village Model applied to sub-Saharan Africa 31
Winter, Etti Maria; Fasse, Anja.
This paper examines potential of contract farming as a rural development tool by revealing its effect on productivity and income of small holders in tea production in north-western Vietnam. In the present research, three economic analyses are applied. First, the technical efficiency of tea production is estimated by using stochastic frontier model. The results show that contract farming achieved significantly higher technical efficiency compared to non-contract farming. Second, logit model is investigated to determine the influential socio-economic characteristics of households for contract participation. The model indicates that social relationship of households, such as the membership in the communist party, play an important role in contract...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Crop Production/Industries; Productivity Analysis; Contract farming; Tea; Vietnam.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/51683
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Impact of Contract Farming on Income: Linking Small Farmers, Packers, and Supermarkets in China 31
Miyata, Sachiko; Minot, Nicholas; Hu, Dinghuan.
Contract farming is seen by proponents as a way to raise small-farm income by delivering technology and market information to small farmers, incorporating them into remunerative new markets. Critics, however, see it as a strategy for agribusiness firms to pass production risk to farmers, taking advantage of an unequal bargaining relationship. There is also concern that contract farming will worsen rural income inequality by favoring larger farmers. This study examines these issues in Shandong Province, China, using survey data collected from 162 apple and green onion farmers and interviews with four contracting firms in 2005. Using a probit model to estimate participation in a contract-farming scheme, we find little evidence that contracting firms prefer...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Contract farming; China; Horticulture; Exports; Agribusiness; Farm Management.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/42357
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Induced Institutional Transition of Contract Farming in Shandong Province 31
Sun, Bao-chun.
This article describes the process of institutional transition of contract farming in Shandong Province. The changes in preparatory stage of contract farming express in: One, the information asymmetry of the two sides of the contract is reducing; Two, the security system of contract farming tends to be perfection; Three, the organizational form of contract farming tends to be simplification. The measures taken in production stage of agricultural product are as follows: The first is investment in means of production; the second is perfection of field management; The third is soundness of quality test. The measures taken in purchase stage of agricultural product are as follows: First, product is developing from preliminary working to intensive processing;...
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Contract farming; Induced institutional transition; Performance; Honest information system,China; Agribusiness.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/97989
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Industrial utilization of sorghum in India 30
Ulrich Kleih.
Palavras-chave: Sorghum; Starch; Alcohols; Grain; Molasses; Maize; Coarse grains; Barley; Contract farming; Cereals.
Ano: 2000 URL: http://agropedia.iitk.ac.in/openaccess/?q=node/3150
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Industrial utilization of sorghum in India 30
Kleih, U..
Palavras-chave: Sorghum; Starch; Alcohols; Grain; Molasses; Maize; Coarse grains; Contract farming; Cereals; Barley.
Ano: 2000 URL: http://agropedia.iitk.ac.in/openaccess/?q=node/3316
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Industrial utilization of sorghum in India / U. Kleih 30
U..
Palavras-chave: Sorghum; Starch; Alcohols; Grain; Molasses; Maize; Coarse grains; Barley; Contract farming; Cereals.
Ano: 2000 URL: http://agropedia.iitk.ac.in/openaccess/?q=node/4223
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Interlinked Transactions in Cash Cropping Economies: The Determinants of Farmer Participation and Performance in the Zambezi River Valley of Mozambique 31
Benfica, Rui M.S.; Tschirley, David L.; Boughton, Duncan.
This paper investigates the determinants of participation and performance of tobacco contract farmers, and the effects of participation on overall crop and household incomes in the Zambezi Valley of Mozambique. We test the existence of threshold effects in land holdings and educational attainment to identify the types of farmers that benefit. Several results stand out. First, participation in the schemes is driven by factor endowments, asset ownership and alternative income opportunities, and very little by demographic factors. Second, we find no returns to education in tobacco; this result is consistent with previous research in Mozambique but surprising in an agronomically demanding crop like tobacco. Third, there appear to be economies of scale in...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Contract farming; Selection bias; Treatment effects; Threshold effects; Household income.; Crop Production/Industries; C21; D1; L1; J43; Q12.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/25244
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Promoting the Kenyan Potato Value Chain: Can Contract Farming Help Build Trust and Reduce Transaction Risks? 31
Hoeffler, Heike.
African economies are increasingly confronted with changing food and commodity markets, due to globalisation, economic liberalisation and urbanisation. Subsequently, consumer preferences change. This poses new opportunities but also challenges to small-scale producers, traders and processors along agricultural value chains. The value chain is increasingly seen as an important development framework, with contract farming being viewed as an instrument for improving value chain performance by reducing transaction costs and risks and by building trust in vertical cooperation. This paper uses the case study of the potato value chain in Kenya to examine these assumptions. It is shown that contract farming can be used to reduce transaction costs and risks, and...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Agricultural value chains; Contract farming; Potato marketing; Kenya; Agribusiness; Marketing.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/7726
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Trade, Standards and Poverty. Evidence from Senegal 31
Maertens, Miet; Swinnen, Johan F.M..
The debate on trade and poverty is reinforced by recent studies on the role of standards. It is argued that increasing standards act as trade barriers for developing countries and cause further marginalization of the poor. This paper is the first to quantify income and poverty effects of such high-standards trade and to integrate labor market effects, by using company and household survey data from the vegetable export chain in Senegal. We find that exports have grown sharply despite increasing standards, resulting in important income gains and poverty reduction. Our estimates indicate that poverty is 14 % points lower due to vegetable exports. Tightening food standards induced a shift from smallholder contract-based farming to large-scale integrated...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Trade; Poverty; Standards; Vertical coordination; Contract farming; Food Security and Poverty; International Relations/Trade; F14; F16; I3; Q12; Q13; Q17.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/7924
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VERTICAL INTEGRATION IN AGRICULTURE AND CONTRACT FARMING 31
Rehber, Erkan.
It has been widely argued recently that agriculture is undergoing a process of vertical integration with allied industries. One of the worldwide ways of vertical integration in agriculture is contract farming. Contract farming is a continually evolving process. Worldwide applications of contract farming have shown that the terms of contracts are shaped by their own conditions and varied from product to product. Also, each country has its own experiences. Contract farming has many advantages for both producers/growers and integrators, besides some inherent disadvantages and failures regarding its implementation. Some measures, however, could be taken to outweigh these advantages for both sides. In this study, first of all, a brief history is presented...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Vertical integration; Contract farming; Out-grower schemes; Agribusiness.
Ano: 1998 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/25991
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ความสำคัญของแรงงานในครัวเรือนและชุมชนต่อการผลิตเมล็ดพันธุ์มะเขือเทศภายใต้เกษตรพันธะสัญญาในหมู่บ้านลาดนาเพียง ตำบลสาวะถี อำเภอเมือง จังหวัดขอนแก่น 106
Weerach Pannarach; Nisit Kamla; Arunee Promkhambut.
The aim of the research was to study the importance of household and community labours in tomato seed production. The data were collected by group interviews with key informants in Lad Na Pieng Village, Pier Fan Village and Hin Lad Village. Semi-structured interviews were conduction on the selected 66 households along the line of predesigned main topics. The study revealed that contract farming for tomato seed production has been launching for over 30 years. Farmers have planned to grow tomato and other plants relevant to the availability of labour in household and community. Household labours were an important condition for farm activities and tomato plantation for seed production. Tomato seed production needs an intensive and good taking care for all...
Tipo: PhysicalObject Palavras-chave: Tomato seed; Contract farming; Seed production; Community labors; Household; Labour shortage; Lad Na Piang village; Savatee sub-district; Mueang district; Khon Kaen province; เมล็ดพันธุ์มะเขือเทศ; เกษตรพันธะสัญญา; การผลิตเมล็ดพันธุ์; การจัดการแรงงาน; ครัวเรือนเกษตรกร; การเคลื่อนย้ายแรงงาน; หมู่บ้านลาดนาเพียง; ต.สาวะถี; อ.เมือง; จ.ขอนแก่น; ความขาดแคลนแรงงาน.
Ano: 2013 URL: http://anchan.lib.ku.ac.th/agnet/handle/001/5731
Registros recuperados: 16
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