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Registros recuperados: 15
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A new biosecurity investment decision framework to promote more efficient biosecurity policy AgEcon
Smith, Harley; Webster, Stewart.
Australian governments spend millions of dollars each year on pre border, border and post border biosecurity programs. While the resourcing of some of these programs is determined by existing deeds of agreement, others, particularly in relation to environmental and social pests and diseases, fall outside of existing decision frameworks. This paper presents a new biosecurity investment decision framework based on economic principles that aims to produce more objectively determined decisions. It determines whether a role for government exists in relation to a specific problem through the application of market failure tests and then guides the user to the most efficient cost recovery mechanism. The framework is presently under active consideration for use by...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Biosecurity; Investment decision framework; Biosecurity policy; Market failure test; Cost recovery; Environmental Economics and Policy.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/59161
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ANALYSIS OF IRRIGATION DEVELOPMENT POST FAST TRACK LAND REFORM PROGRAMME. A CASE STUDY OF GOROMONZI DISTRICT, MASHONALAND EAST PROVINCE, ZIMBABWE AgEcon
Nhundu, K.; Mushunje, Abbyssinia.
Irrigation development is a gateway to increased agricultural, water and land productivity, increased household and national food security. However, irrigation development has been a major challenge in many developing countries, including Zimbabwe. The launch of the Fast Track Land Reform Programme (FTLRP) in 2003 ushered in new unskilled cadres and this was followed by a reduction in area developed for irrigation from 200,000ha to approximately 120,000ha. This was due to thefts, dilapidation, and vandalism of irrigation infrastructure. The government made efforts to develop and bring back the 200,000ha into operational, but little has been achieved. To assess irrigation development post FTLRP, a case study was done in Goromonzi District. Using a Trend...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Irrigation; Irrigation development; Funding; Productivity; Cost recovery; Viable; FTLRP; Crop Production/Industries.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/97065
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Charging for irrigation water: The issues and options, with a case study from Iran AgEcon
Perry, Christopher J..
Inadequate funding for maintenance of irrigation works and emerging shortages of water are prevalent. The use of water charges to generate resources for maintenance and to reduce demand is widely advocated. Examples from other utilities, and from the domestic/industrial sectors of water supply suggest the approach could be effective. In developing countries, the facilities required for measured and controlled delivery of irrigation are rarely in place, and would require a massive investment in physical, legal and administrative infrastructure. To be effective in curtailing demand, the marginal price of water must be significant. The price levels required to cover operation and maintenance (O&M) costs are too low to have a substantial impact on demand,...
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Irrigation management; Productivity; Water allocation; Water use efficiency; Operations; Maintenance; Cost recovery; User charges; Water rates; Pricing; River basins; Water shortage; Economic aspects; Salinity; Case studies; Agribusiness; Agricultural Finance; Community/Rural/Urban Development; Crop Production/Industries; Environmental Economics and Policy; Farm Management; Financial Economics; Land Economics/Use; Production Economics; Productivity Analysis; Public Economics.
Ano: 2001 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/44567
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China’s water pricing reforms for irrigation: effectiveness and impact AgEcon
Liao, Yongsong; Gao, Zhanyi; Bao, Ziyun; Huang, Qingwen; Feng, Guangzhi; Xu, Di; Cai, Jiabin; Han, Huijing; Wu, Weifeng.
Irrigation occupies a central position in China’s crop production. However, due to low per capita water resources, much worse, unevenly distributed over regions and time and the rapid increase of water diversions to non-irrigation sectors, irrigation water shortages have become a very serious problem. Without the adoption of effective measures this problem may even threaten China’s food security. Currently, irrigation efficiency is very low in general, irrigation water prices cannot fully recover water supply costs, and irrigation facilities are aging due to the lack of funding for O&M (operation & maintenance). Since water prices are regulated by the government, and not determined by the market, water prices did not work effectively in water...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Water rates; Pricing; Price policy; Cost recovery; Farmers attitudes; Water rights; Water market; Water supply; User charges; Irrigation water; Water allocation; Irrigation management; Participatory management; Water conservation; Institutions; Organizations; Water users associations; Cereals; Yields; Models; Labor; Cost benefit analysis; Irrigation requirements; Investment; Groundwater management; Wells; Irrigation canals; Food security; Legal aspects; Crop Production/Industries; Farm Management; Food Security and Poverty; Production Economics; Resource /Energy Economics and Policy.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/91872
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Economics and politics of water resources development: Uda Walawe Irrigation Project, Sri Lanka AgEcon
Molle, Francois; Renwick, Mary E..
The Uda Walawe Irrigation and Resettlement Project (UWIRP) located in the Southern dry zone of Sri Lanka was initiated in the early 1950s. The original plan for the UWIRP was a highly ambitious social, economic and physical engineering project aimed at creating a modern, profitable agriculture sector. This report examines the history of water resources development and investment decisions for the UWIRP over a period of 50 years and uncovers underlying processes that shaped the evolution of the project and highlights the limitation of viewing development as a mere set of technical and social engineering endeavors.
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Water resources development; Irrigation programs; History; River basins; Rehabilitation; Costs; Crop production; Domestic water; Water use; Reservoirs; Fisheries; Decision making; Cost benefit analysis; Cost recovery; Water requirements; Water demand; Demand and Price Analysis; Environmental Economics and Policy; Farm Management.
Ano: 2005 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/44525
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Formal water rights in rural Tanzania: Deepening the dichotomy? AgEcon
van Koppen, Barbara; Sokile, Charlie S.; Hatibu, Nuhu; Lankford, Bruce A.; Mahoo, Henry F.; Yanda, Pius Z..
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Water rights; Water law; Water scarcity; Water use; Water users’ associations; Irrigation water; Cost recovery; Institutional and Behavioral Economics; Resource /Energy Economics and Policy.
Ano: 2004 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/92523
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Improving performance and financial viability of irrigation systems in India and China AgEcon
International Water Management Institute (IWMI).
China and India face similar challenges in managing their irrigation economies. Both are developing nations with large agricultural populations, high population densities and a high proportion of agriculture under irrigation. Both are facing challenges in financing existing irrigation systems in the face of broader economic reforms. And in both countries, groundwater provides a particular challenge since it is a major source of irrigation, but with accelerating declines in both quantity and quality. Problems in financing surface irrigation systems, worries about continued groundwater table declines along with cost implications for both farmers and the energy industry, and a range of other issues have raised serious concerns over the future sustainability...
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Irrigation systems; Groundwater irrigation; Energy; Cost recovery; Resource /Energy Economics and Policy.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/113015
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Increasing agricultural production in Nepal: role of low-cost irrigation development through farmer participation AgEcon
Pradhan, Prachanda.
This book reveals that Nepal irrigation policy directives and resources must be channeled to encourage the participation of beneficiaries and to focus the functions of the Department of Irrigation on a management perspective . The low cost approaches recommended in the paper include : 1) incorporating farmer participation in operation and management, 2) considering lower cost structures in surface irrigation and underground water development and, 3) improving the management of irrigation systems
Tipo: Book Palavras-chave: Agricultural production; Farmer participation; Irrigated farming; Benefits; Cost recovery; Farmer-agency interactions; Farmer managed irrigation systems; Farm Management.
Ano: 1989 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/114039
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Irrigated agriculture, water pricing and water savings in the Lower Jordan River Basin (in Jordan) AgEcon
Venot, Jean-Philippe; Molle, Francois; Hassan, Yousef.
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Farming systems; Irrigated farming; Water conservation; Groundwater; Water policy; Water rates; Water costs; Pricing; Cost recovery; Economic impact; Jordan; Lower Jordan River Basin; Jordan Valley; Amman-Zarqa Basin; Yarmouk Basin; Agricultural and Food Policy; Community/Rural/Urban Development; Crop Production/Industries; Environmental Economics and Policy; Farm Management; Food Security and Poverty; Land Economics/Use; Research and Development/Tech Change/Emerging Technologies; Resource /Energy Economics and Policy.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/91468
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Multiple-use water services to advance the millennium development goals AgEcon
van Koppen, Barbara; Moriarty, Patrick; Boelee, Eline.
This research report presents the findings of the first phase of the action-research project "Models for implementing multiple-use water supply systems for enhanced land and water productivity, rural livelihoods and gender equity." Multipleuse water services, or "mus" in short, is a participatory, integrated and poverty-reduction focused approach in poor rural and peri-urban areas, which takes people's multiple water needs as a starting point for providing integrated services, moving beyond the conventional sectoral barriers of the domestic and productive sectors.
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Water supply; Poverty; Models; Irrigation water; Domestic water; Drinking water; Gender; Cost recovery; Water quality; Environmental sustainability; Participatory management; Social participation; Legislation; Community/Rural/Urban Development; Crop Production/Industries; Environmental Economics and Policy; Farm Management.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/44523
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Possible impacts of the transformation of water infrastructure on productive water uses: The case of the Seokodibeng village in South Africa AgEcon
Ladki, Marvan; Seshoka, Jetrick; Faysse, Nicolas; Levite, Herve; van Koppen, Barbara.
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Water users’ associations; Water supply; Social participation; Land use; Water use; Villages; History; Domestic water; Irrigation water; Food security; Sanitation; Cost recovery; Project management; Pipes; Water balance; Livestock; Food Security and Poverty; Institutional and Behavioral Economics; Land Economics/Use; Livestock Production/Industries.
Ano: 2004 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/92656
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Poverty dimensions of irrigation management transfer in large-scale canal irrigation in Andhra Pradesh and Gujarat, India AgEcon
van Koppen, Barbara; Parthasarathy, R.; Safiliou, Constantina.
A growing body of evidence on the impacts of irrigation management transfer (IMT) shows that IMT risks aggravating rural poverty. For governments that aim to continue irrigation management while ensuring that it contributes to poverty alleviation, a "pro-poor" mode of IMT needs to be designed and implemented. That is, a mode of IMT that benefits poor farmers while benefiting non-poor farmers equally, or perhaps to a lesser degree. The present research explores the scope for pro-poor modes of IMT in canal irrigation, focusing on large-scale canal irrigation schemes in India.
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Irrigation management; Privatization; Poverty; Farm size; Landlessness; Tenancy; Water users’ associations; Irrigation canals; Large-scale systems; Water distribution; Cost recovery; Agribusiness; Community/Rural/Urban Development; Crop Production/Industries; Farm Management; Land Economics/Use.
Ano: 2002 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/44564
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Strategic analysis of water institutions in India: Application of a new research paradigm AgEcon
Saleth, Rathinasamy Maria.
The overall objective of this paper is to outline the analytical framework and theoretical approach underlying a new research paradigm and illustrate how this paradigm can be used for the strategic analysis of water institutions by applying it to the Indian context.
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Water management; Irrigation management; Institutions; Water law; Water rights; Water policy; Cost recovery; Price policy; Private sector; Public sector; Privatization; Financing; Conflict; Groundwater; Water market; Farmers’ associations; Water users’ associations; Agribusiness; Agricultural Finance; Crop Production/Industries; Farm Management; Land Economics/Use; Production Economics.
Ano: 2004 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/44545
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Una nota sobre la recuperacion de costes de los servicios del agua en la cuenca del Gallego AgEcon
Perez y Perez, Luis; Hurle, Jesus Barreiro.
Up to date, water management in Spain has been focused on supply approaches, with the result of providing consumers with this resource at a low price. Developments in the institutional framework regulating water management in the European context (mainly the implementation of the Water Framework Directive) have shifted this approach in order to promote sustainable water use. To achieve this objective, tariff policy must now take into account the water services cost-recovery principle for its different uses. Within this context, this paper estimates the public capital stock related to water supply and assesses the existing level of cost-recovery related to that stock. The methodology used, compares the tax level needed for full-cost recovery with actual...
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Water policy; Water framework directive; Cost recovery; Resource /Energy Economics and Policy; H4; Q2; R5.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/7997
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Water Pricing and Valuation in Indonesia: Case Study of the Brantas River Basin AgEcon
Rodgers, Charles; Hellegers, Petra J.G.J..
The increasing demand for water and limited degree of cost recovery for irrigation water delivery are important challenges for policymakers in Indonesia. To meet the increasing demand for water, it is important to reduce water use in irrigated paddy cultivation, long the dominant consumptive user, and to divert water away from agriculture to domestic and industrial sectors. Reducing water use in irrigated agriculture can be achieved through various means, including rationing, improved user management, and water markets. The appropriate method depends on the situation specific to each basin. In the Brantas Basin in East Java, rationing is already practiced, but often leaves the non-licensed, (non-paying) irrigators with insufficient supplies. Moreover, very...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Institutions; Water pricing; Cost recovery; Value of water; Irrigation--Economic aspects; Prices; Water--pricing; Resource /Energy Economics and Policy.
Ano: 2005 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/58586
Registros recuperados: 15
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