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An Operational Framework for Defining and Monitoring Forest Degradation Ecology and Society
Thompson, Ian D; Canadian Forest Service; ian.thompson@nrcan.gc.ca; Guariguata, Manuel R.; Center for International Forestry Research (CIFOR); M.GUARIGUATA@CGIAR.ORG; Okabe, Kimiko; FFPRI Tsukuba; kimikook@ffpri.affrc.go.jp; Bahamondez, Carlos; INFOR Valdivia; cbahamon@infor.cl; Nasi, Robert; Center for International Forestry Research (CIFOR); r.nasi@cgiar.org; Heymell, Victoria; FAO Rome; Victoria.Heymell@fao.org; Sabogal, Cesar; FAO Rome; cesar.sabogal@fao.org.
Forest degradation is broadly defined as a reduction in the capacity of a forest to produce ecosystem services such as carbon storage and wood products as a result of anthropogenic and environmental changes. The main causes of degradation include unsustainable logging, agriculture, invasive species, fire, fuelwood gathering, and livestock grazing. Forest degradation is widespread and has become an important consideration in global policy processes that deal with biodiversity, climate change, and forest management. There is, however, no generally recognized way to identify a degraded forest because perceptions of forest degradation vary depending on the cause, the particular goods or services of interest, and the temporal and spatial scales considered....
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Synthesis Palavras-chave: Biodiversity; Carbon; Criteria and indicators; Forest degradation; Forest management; Remote sensing.
Ano: 2013
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Línea Base de criterios e indicadores sociales de sustentabilidad en una plantación forestal comercial en los límites de Oaxaca y Veracruz Colegio de Postgraduados
Hernández Martínez, Neftalí.
El desarrollo sustentable se encuentra en la etapa de pasar del discurso a la operatividad en múltiples áreas de la ciencia, con el uso de metodologías que hacen posible medir el impacto de los proyectos en el medio ambiente, economía y sociedad. En el sector forestal de México, el desarrollo de Plantaciones Forestales Comerciales (PFC) requiere inscribirse en la transición a la sustentabilidad considerando Principios, Criterios e Indicadores (P, C e I) para su evaluación constante. En un estudio previó se determinó el conjunto especifico de P, C e I para un proyecto de PFC que se ubica en los limites de Oaxaca y Veracruz. Considerando un total de 66 indicadores agrupados dentro de criterios y principios de sustentabilidad ambiental, económica y...
Tipo: Tesis Palavras-chave: Sustentabilidad; Plantaciones Forestales Comerciales; Línea Base; Criterios e indicadores; Maestría; Desarrollo Rural; Sustainability; Commercial Forest Plantations; Baseline; Criteria and indicators.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://hdl.handle.net/10521/1298
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Principles for Fairness and Efficiency in Enhancing Environmental Services in Asia: Payments, Compensation, or Co-Investment? Ecology and Society
van Noordwijk, Meine; World Agroforestry Centre ; M.Vannoordwijk@cgiar.org; Leimona, Beria; World Agroforestry Centre; Wageningen University and Research; LBeria@cgiar.org.
The term payments for environmental services (PES) has rapidly gained popularity, with its focus on market-based mechanisms for enhancing environmental services (ES). Current use of the term, however, covers a broad spectrum of interactions between ES suppliers and beneficiaries. A broader class of mechanisms pursues ES enhancement through compensation or rewards. Such mechanisms can be analyzed on the basis of how they meet four conditions: realistic, conditional, voluntary, and pro-poor. Based on our action research in Asia in the Rewarding Upland Poor for Environmental Services (RUPES) program since 2002, we examine three paradigms: commoditized ES (CES), compensation for opportunities skipped (COS), and co-investment in (environmental) stewardship...
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Reports Palavras-chave: Asia; Boundary organizations; Criteria and indicators; Livelihood; Payment for environmental services; RUPES.
Ano: 2010
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