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Registros recuperados: 29
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A CHOICE-EXPERIMENT BASED ANALYSIS OF PROTECTION MOTIVATION THEORY: HEALTH RELATED BEHAVIOR OF CONSUMERS WITH CELIAC DISEASE AgEcon
Zhang, Jing; Steiner, Bodo E..
The underlying components of protection motivation theory (PMT; Rogers 1983) are explored through choice experiment-based analysis within a random utility framework, to account for some of the motivational, cognitive, and affective processes that likely affect celiacs’ propensity to use a novel health-risk reducing product. Those four groups of variables that are aimed to capture threat appraisal and coping appraisal processes as part of the standard PMT (Rogers 1975, 1983; Floyd et al. 2000) are found to contribute significantly to explaining the adaptive response of celiacs. Self-assessed vulnerability and perceived product efficacy form a most significant part of respondents’ threat appraisal process. Standard socio-demographic and lifestyle...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Celiac disease; Protection motivation theory; Choice experiments; Confidence; Risk perceptions; Vulnerability; Efficacy; Agricultural and Food Policy; Consumer/Household Economics; Demand and Price Analysis; Food Consumption/Nutrition/Food Safety; Food Security and Poverty; Health Economics and Policy; D03; D12.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/116454
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An Economic-Psychological Model of Sustainable Food Consumption AgEcon
Lombardini, Chiara; Lankoski, Leena.
This paper proposes a novel economic-psychological model of individual food consumption and food waste that recognizes individuals as social and moral beings who are boundedly rational and have limited capacity for self-control. The model identifies five components of individuals’ utility that correspond to five modes of being or selves: the hedonic agent, the social agent, the moral agent, the health-conscious agent and the habits-driven agent. In the model, individuals maximize this composite utility given their budget and effort constraints. We apply the model to analyze policies that can support the adoption of sustainable food consumption practices.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Bounded rationality; Bounded self-control; Habits; Identity; Social and moral norms; Sustainable food consumption; Food Consumption/Nutrition/Food Safety; D03; D11; D12.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/114403
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Asymmetric Search and Loss Aversion: Choice Experiment on Consumer Willingness to Search in the Gasoline Retail Market AgEcon
Castilla, Carolina; Haab, Timothy C..
Price search enables consumers to overcome information asymmetries, it can lead to a reduction in price dispersion and it can increase consumer surplus, but search is costly. In this paper, an internet survey is conducted among a random sample of 490 drivers in the State of Ohio to answer the question, when are consumers more likely to search? The internet survey affords us the opportunity to impose exogenous price changes in a random sample of gasoline consumers to examine the decision-making process behind intended search decisions. Results indicate that among the respondents who faced prices below their expected price, only 12% chose to search, whereas 45% searched when prices were above. Results suggest that asymmetric search can be explained by...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Price search; Choice experiment; Search cost; Gasoline market; Consumer/Household Economics; Demand and Price Analysis; D83; D03.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/61672
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Climate Change and Individual Decision Making: An Examination of Knowledge, Risk Perception, Self-interest and Their Interplay AgEcon
Pongiglione, Francesca.
In this essay, three separate yet interconnected components of pro-environmental decision making are considered: (a) knowledge, in the form of basic scientific understanding and procedural knowledge, (b) risk perception, as it relates to an individual’s direct experience of climate change and (c) self-interest, either monetary or status-driven. Drawing on a variety of sources in public policy, psychology, and economics, I examine the role of these concepts in inducing or discouraging pro-environmental behavior. Past researches have often overemphasized the weight of just one of those variables in the decision making. I argue, instead, that none of them alone is capable of bringing about the behavioral change required by the environmental crisis. Evidence...
Tipo: Working Paper Palavras-chave: Individual Behavior; Climate-Change; Psychology; Uncertainty; Environmental Economics and Policy; D03; D80; Q00.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/119094
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Commitment Contracts AgEcon
Bryan, Gharad; Karlan, Dean S.; Nelson, Scott.
We review the theoretical and empirical literature on commitment devices. A commitment device is any arrangement, entered into by an individual, with the aim of making it easier to fulfill his or her own future plans. We argue that there is growing empirical evidence supporting the proposition that people demand commitment devices and that these devices can change behavior. We highlight the importance of further research exploring soft commitment – those involving only psychological costs – and the welfare consequences of hard commitments – those involving actual costs – especially in the presence of bounded rationality.
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Consumer/Household Economics; Institutional and Behavioral Economics; Consumer/Household Economics; Institutional and Behavioral Economics; D03; D14.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/54536
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Comparison of the Investment Behavior of German and Kazakhstani Farmers: an Experimental Approach AgEcon
Tubetov, Dulat; Maart, Syster Christin; Musshoff, Oliver.
Revised April 2012
Tipo: Working Paper Palavras-chave: Experimental Economics; Investment Timing; Real Options; Kazakhstan; Germany; Agricultural Finance; Institutional and Behavioral Economics; International Development; Risk and Uncertainty; C91; D03; D81; D92.
Ano: 2012 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/122422
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Confirmatory Bias under Food-Borne Risk: A Lab Experiment AgEcon
Cao, Ying; Just, David R.; Wansink, Brian.
An experiment was conducted to investigate the interaction between consumers’ past eating behaviors, risk perceptions and future information processing procedure. In the study, participants were required to choose whether or not to eat chicken that was potentially be tainted with Avian Influenza (AI). Results showed that people decreased the consumption when facing ambiguous signals regarding the food quality, but would not cease to eat altogether. Due to a taste of consistency, participants updated their risk perceptions and judgments based on their eating behaviors. The more chicken individuals ate the more favorably they tended to rate the food, suggesting confirmatory bias. Even though consumers with previous experience could pick up signals faster,...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Cognitive Dissonance; Confirmation Bias; Self-compliance; Justification; Agricultural and Food Policy; Consumer/Household Economics; Food Security and Poverty; Health Economics and Policy; Institutional and Behavioral Economics; Marketing; Risk and Uncertainty; D03; D12; D83; Q18.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/61312
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Consumer Acceptance of Traffic-light Labelling on Food vs. Financial Products AgEcon
Drescher, Larissa S.; Marette, Stephan; Roosen, Jutta.
Paper removed at the request of the primary author, October 2013. Please contact them for further information.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Traffic-light labelling; Consumer acceptance; Food; Financial products; Germany; Food Consumption/Nutrition/Food Safety; D03; D12; D14; D81.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/114431
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Decoupled Programs, Payment Incidence, and Factor Markets: Evidence from Market Experiments AgEcon
Bastian, Christopher T.; Nagler, Amy M.; Menkhaus, Dale J.; Ehmke, Mariah D.; Whitaker, James B.; Young, C. Edwin.
We use laboratory market experiments to assess the impact of asymmetric knowledge of a per-unit subsidy and the effect of a decoupled annual income subsidy on factor market outcomes. Results indicate that when the subsidy is tied to the factor as a per-unit subsidy, regardless of full or asymmetric knowledge for market participants, subsidized factor buyers distribute nearly 22 percent of the subsidy to factor sellers. When the subsidy is fully decoupled from the factor, as is the case with the annual payment, payment incidence is mitigated and prices are not statistically different from the no-policy treatment.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Laboratory market experiments; Agricultural subsidies; Subsidy incidence; Land market; Ex ante policy analysis; Agricultural and Food Policy; Institutional and Behavioral Economics; Q18; D03; C92.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/104108
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Determinants of Meats Purchase Behavior by Ethnic Groups AgEcon
Garcia-Jimenez, Carlos I.; Mishra, Ashok K..
Farmers and food companies need to assess their production and marketing strategies for nurturing business opportunities that will arise from the simultaneous increase in population and income of Hispanics in the United States. Previous studies on demand for meat products have not received much attention on the determinants of meats purchase behavior by Hispanics in relation to other ethnic groups. This study investigates the impact of ethnicity and the determinants of meats purchase behavior in the U.S. by using single Probit equations. The analyzed data comes from the U.S. Consumer Expenditure Survey. The results indicate that ethnicity plays an important role in the purchase behavior of meat products, as well as household size and income.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Consumer behavior; Marketing; Food demand; Hispanic food; Hispanic food market; Latin foods; Comida latina; Alimentos; Ethnic foods; Agribusiness; Consumer/Household Economics; Demand and Price Analysis; Food Consumption/Nutrition/Food Safety; Industrial Organization; Marketing; D01; D03; D12; L14; L66; M31; M37.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/61073
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Does Scarcity Exacerbate the Tragedy of the Commons? Evidence from Fishers’ Experimental Responses AgEcon
Maldonado, Jorge Higinio; Moreno-Sanchez, Rocio del Pilar.
Economic Experimental Games (EEGs), focused to analyze dilemmas associated with the use of common pool resources, have shown that individuals make extraction decisions that deviate from the suboptimal Nash equilibrium. However, few studies have analyzed whether these deviations towards the social optimum are affected as the stock of resource changes. Performing EEG with local fishermen, we test the hypothesis that the behavior of participants differs under a situation of abundance versus one of scarcity. Our findings show that under a situation of scarcity, players over-extract a given resource, and thus make decisions above the Nash equilibrium; in doing so, they obtain less profit, mine the others-regarding interest, and exacerbate the tragedy of the...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Tragedy of the commons intensified; Economic experimental games; Resource abundance; Resource scarcity; Dynamic effects; Community/Rural/Urban Development; Environmental Economics and Policy; Institutional and Behavioral Economics; Land Economics/Use; Public Economics; D01; D02; D03; O13; O54; Q01; Q22; C93; C72; C73; C23.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/91170
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Effects of Impulsivity and Self-control on Calorie Intake AgEcon
Asirvatham, Jebaraj; McNamara, Paul E..
Neoclassical economic theory models individuals as making consistent choices over time and it assumes these choices are the outcome of rational utility maximization. Recent theoretical developments in the theory of consumer decision-making have drawn evidence from other disciplines such as, neuroscience (McClure et al, 2004) and psychology, and proposed more generalized models in a dual-self framework explicitly accounting for self-control or impulsivity (Gul and Pesendorfer, 2004; Fudenberg and Levine, 2006; and Brocas and Carillo, 2008). This study attempts to understand the dietary choices in a dual-self framework while explicitly identifying calorie intake owing to impulsivity and self-control. We construct standard psychological measures using the...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Self-control; Nutrition; Diet; Health; Impulsivity; BMI; Consumer/Household Economics; Food Consumption/Nutrition/Food Safety; Health Economics and Policy; Institutional and Behavioral Economics; D12; D03; I00.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/49472
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Equity judgments and context dependence: Knowledge, efficiency and incentives AgEcon
Schilizzi, Steven.
Distributional equity concerns are often at least as important as economic efficiency and ecological sustainability in environmental and natural resource management policies. Until recently, however, economists have shied away from tackling equity issues, primarily because equity appeared as a slippery concept, varying across people and circumstances. This study takes this context-dependence of equity judgments as a starting point and shows that such dependence, far from being random, is systematic. A series of controlled laboratory treatments with University students were designed to investigate the role on distributional equity judgments of such context factors as knowledge of one’s position in society, how the existence of equity-efficiency tradeoffs...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Equity; Fairness; Resource allocation; Environmental policy; Experimental economics; Welfare economics; Public choice; Institutional and Behavioral Economics; Public Economics; C92; D03; D63; H23; Q56; Q58.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/100887
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Incentives for Academic Achievement: An Experimental Study AgEcon
Sharma, Dhiraj.
In recent years, educators and economists have experimented with a number of innovations to improve academic outcomes of students in developing countries. Providing cash rewards to students based on academic achievement may be a cost effective approach to achieve the goal. However, psychologists contend that external rewards undermines students' internal motivation to learn. To test these hypotheses, I am conducting a field experiment among eighth graders in public schools in the suburbs of Kathmandu, Nepal. Students receive cash reward at the end of each of three semesters based on their grades. Each exam is worth 100 points, and each point is worth 5 rupees (approximately 7 US cents). Therefore, each student can earn up to 500 rupees per semester. From...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Cash Incentives; Intrinsic Motivation; Multitasking.; Institutional and Behavioral Economics; International Development; Labor and Human Capital; D03; I20.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/61032
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Integrating Routine, Variety Seeking and Compensatory Choice in a Utility Maximizing Framework AgEcon
Adamowicz, Wiktor L.; Swait, Joffre.
Given the large number of choices that consumers make each day it seems likely that they will generally adopt decision strategies that minimize cognitive effort, particularly with low price products such as most items found in a supermarket. One such strategy may be to simply choose what has been chosen in the past, i.e. to fall into a pattern of routine choices or decisions. In contrast, there may be preferences for variety in markets for low price, highly differentiated goods. We develop a conceptual and empirical model of routine choice, and the factors that result in transitions to two strategies other than routine selection, to wit, utility maximizing choice among available alternatives and a variety seeking strategy. The empirical approach we employ...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Choice modeling; Routine behavior; Variety‐seeking; Panel data; Consumer/Household Economics; Demand and Price Analysis; Institutional and Behavioral Economics; D12; D03; C25.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/98687
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Motives for sharing in social networks AgEcon
Ligon, Ethan; Schechter, Laura.
What motivates people in rural villages to share? We first elicit a baseline level of sharing using a standard, anonymous dictator game. Then using variants of the dictator game that allow for either revealing the dictator's identity or allowing the dictator to choose the recipient, we attribute variation in sharing to three different motives. The first of these, directed altruism, is related to preferences, while the remaining two are incentive-related (sanctions and reciprocity). We observe high average levels of sharing in our baseline treatment, while variation across individuals depends importantly on the incentive-related motives. Finally, variation in measured reciprocity within the experiment predicts observed `real-world' gift-giving, while...
Tipo: Working Paper Palavras-chave: Community/Rural/Urban Development; Political Economy; Teaching/Communication/Extension/Profession; C92; C93; D03; D64; D85; O17.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/120376
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Potential Impacts of 2010 Dietary Guidelines for Americans AgEcon
Knutson, Ronald D..
Tipo: Article Palavras-chave: Behavioral Economics; Dietary Guidelines; Food Policy; Local Foods; Supply Chain; Agricultural and Food Policy; Food Consumption/Nutrition/Food Safety; B30; D03; I18; K19; L11; Q18.
Ano: 2012 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/122793
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Smiley or Frowney: The effect of emotions and framing in a downstream water pollution game AgEcon
Czap, Hans J.; Czap, Natalia V.; Khachaturyan, Marianna; Burbach, Mark E.; Lynne, Gary D..
Common-pool resources and other shared resources frequently suffer from overextraction/overuse and associated negative externalities. In this paper we design a framed laboratory experiment on downstream water pollution to investigate (a) the importance of framing in determining the behavior of upstreamers regarding the negative externalities, and (b) the potential of downstreamers to influence the choices of upstreamers using non-monetary sanctions and rewards, alleviating the need for intervention by the local governments and regulatory institutions. Our results show that framing has a significant impact on the behavior of subjects. Subjects behaved more profit-oriented in the self-interest framing and more egalitarian in the empathy framing. In addition,...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Empathy framing; Self-interest framing; Emotions; Water pollution; Environmental experiment; Reward and punishment.; Environmental Economics and Policy; Institutional and Behavioral Economics; Land Economics/Use; C9; D03; Q25; Q53; Q57.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/102696
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Take off the heater: Utility effect and food environment effect in food consumption decisions AgEcon
Lombardini-Riipinen, Chiara; Lankoski, Leena.
In this paper, we describe individual food consumption decisions as driven by a utility effect and a food environment effect. To outline the utility effect, we first develop a new theoretical model of individual food consumption. Next, we introduce the food environment effect by showing how the food environment can affect food consumption decisions and how this can skew the resulting food consumption vector. Finally, we analyse manipulations of the food environment as a potential form of policy intervention. Our key result is that the food environment has several entry points in food consumption decisions and that libertarian paternalistic manipulations of the food environment can be effective, easily implemented, well-accepted and low-cost intervention...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Behavioural economics; Bounded rationality; Bounded self-control; Cognitive biases; Food choice; Food consumption; Food environment; Food intake; Health; Identity; Social norms; Visceral factors; Agricultural and Food Policy; Consumer/Household Economics; Demand and Price Analysis; Food Consumption/Nutrition/Food Safety; Food Security and Poverty; Health Economics and Policy; D03; D11; I18; Z13.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/116431
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The Fragility of Social Capital AgEcon
Antoci, Angelo; Sabatini, Fabio; Sodini, Mauro.
This paper addresses two hot topics of the contemporary debate, social capital and economic growth. Our theoretical analysis sheds light on decisive but so far neglected issues: how does social capital accumulate over time? Which is the relationship between social capital, technical progress and economic growth in the long run? The analysis shows that the economy may be attracted by alternative steady states, depending on the initial social capital endowments and cultural exogenous parameters representing the relevance of social interaction and trust in well-being and production. When material consumption and relational goods are substitutable, the choice to devote more and more time to private activities may lead the economy to a “social poverty trap”,...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Economic Growth; Technical Progress; Social Interactions; Social Capital; Research and Development/Tech Change/Emerging Technologies; A13; D03; O43; Z13.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/50401
Registros recuperados: 29
Primeira ... 12 ... Última
 

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