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Registros recuperados: 24
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Alert at Maradi: Preventing Food Crises in West Africa by Using Price Signals AgEcon
Araujo, Claudio; Araujo-Bonjean, Catherine; Brunelin, Stephanie.
The aim of this paper is to exploit grain price data to detect the warning signs of looming food crises in Mali, Burkina Faso and Niger. Firstly we identify which markets play a leading role at the national and regional level. The second step consists of identifying crisis periods and characterizing price movements during the period proceeding a crisis. This analysis leads to the identification of early warning indicators whose relevance is tested using panel data qualitative choice models. The results show that monitoring price movements on "leading markets" during crucial periods of the year can help in forecasting future crises.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Food security; Africa; Niger; Early warning systems; Discrete choice panel model; Food Security and Poverty; Q18; C25; D40; O18.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/114226
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An Empirical Investigation of Live-Hog Demand AgEcon
Parcell, Joseph L.; Mintert, James R.; Plain, Ronald L..
An inverse live-hog model was estimated to analyze whether there has been a recent increase in the magnitude of live-hog, own-quantity demand flexibility. Estimating the impact of processing capacity-utilization rate changes on live-hog prices was a second objective of this research. Results indicate that live hog prices have become more responsive to changes in hog slaughter, slaughter weight, cold storage stocks, and changes in the processing capacity-utilization rate. Finally, model results indicate that the sharp increase in processing capacity-utilization rates, the increase in average dressed weight, and the increase in hog slaughter all had a negative effect on the live-hog prices.
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Capacity utilization; Live hog demand; Structural change; Q11; Q12; Q13; D40.
Ano: 2004 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/43476
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ASSESSING KOSOVO'S HORTICULTURAL POTENTIAL - THE MARKET FOR FRUIT AND VEGETABLES ON THE BALKANS AgEcon
Fischer, Christian.
SUMMARY Kosovo had been a net exporter – at least of some – fruit and vegetables in the former Federal Republic of Yugoslavia before the civil war. Current reconstruction efforts therefore focus on restoring the past horticultural potential of the now independent province. This paper analyses the competitiveness of the Kosovar fruit and vegetable sector. By calculating average net trade flows during 1996-2000 for more than 20 individual fruit and vegetables and seven ag-gregates, demand potentials for the Balkan regional market are identified for potatoes, lettuce, garlic, dried beans and pears. In addition, average export unit values are calculated as price proxies in order to assess export price competitiveness in the region. While demand potentials for...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Kosovo; Balkans; Horticulture; Market analysis; Export potential; Agriculture in international trade; Agricultural and natural resource economies; Aggregate supply and demand analysis; Prices; Kosovo; Balkan; Marktanalyse; Nachfragepotential; Internationaler Agrar-handel; Agrar- und Ressourcenökonomie; Analysen des aggregierten Ange-bots und der aggegrierten Nachfrage; Preise; Crop Production/Industries; Marketing; D40; F14; O52; Q00; Q11; Q17.
Ano: 2004 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/14931
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Asset Pricing in Created Markets for Fishing Quotas AgEcon
Newell, Richard G.; Papps, Kerry L.; Sanchirico, James N..
We investigate the applicability of the present-value asset pricing model to fishing quota markets by applying instrumental variable panel data estimation techniques to 15 years of market transactions from New Zealand's individual fishing quota market. In addition to the influence of current fishing rents (as measured by lease prices), we explore the effect of market interest rates, risk, and expected changes in future rents on quota asset prices. Controlling for these other factors, the results support a fairly simple relationship between quota asset and contemporaneous lease prices. Consistent with theoretical expectations, the results indicate that quota asset prices are positively related to declines in interest rates, lower levels of risk, expected...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Tradable permits; Individual transferable fishing quota; Asset pricing; Fisheries; Policy; Resource /Energy Economics and Policy; Q22; Q28; D40; L10.
Ano: 2005 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/10639
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Beneficios privados y beneficios sociales en la cadena de la manzana para la exportación en el Uruguay. AgEcon
Rava, Catalina; Lanfranco, Bruno A.; Ferraro, Bruno.
Este trabajo analizó el desempeño de la cadena exportadora de manzana para consumo en fresco, en Uruguay, mediante el método de la matriz de análisis de políticas (MAP). Se trabajó con la variedad Royal Gala, una de las más exportadas localmente por su temprana maduración y su buena aceptación en mercados de valor, como el europeo. Se cuantificaron los efectos de las políticas públicas (impuestos, subsidios, cargas sociales) y las eventuales fallas de mercado que afectan los distintos eslabones, estimándose las potenciales transferencias de recursos, desde o hacia la cadena. Primero se computaron los ingresos y costos en los distintos eslabones considerados: producción, transporte, procesamiento y empaque. Se calcularon los beneficios privados y sociales...
Tipo: Book Palavras-chave: Policy analysis matrix; Production systems; Economic efficiency; Public policies; Export markets; Agribusiness; Crop Production/Industries; Political Economy; Public Economics; D40; D61; E62; H20.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/121682
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Catch-Quota Balancing in Multispecies Individual Fishing Quotas AgEcon
Sanchirico, James N.; Holland, Daniel S.; Quigley, Kathryn; Fina, Mark.
Individual fishery quotas (IFQs) are an increasingly prevalent form of fishery management around the world, with more than 170 species currently managed with IFQs. Yet, because of the difficulties in matching quota holdings with catches, many argue that IFQs are not appropriate for multispecies fisheries. Using on-the-ground-experience with multispecies IFQ fisheries in Iceland, New Zealand, Australia, and Canada, we assess the design and use of catch-quota balancing mechanisms. Our methodology includes a mix of interviews with fishery managers, industry representatives, and brokers, literature review, and data analysis. We find that a combination of incentives and limits on use rates for the mechanisms provide sufficient flexibility to the quota owner...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Natural resources; Created markets; Tradable permits; Resource /Energy Economics and Policy; Q22; Q28; D40; L10.
Ano: 2005 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/10543
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Changing Produce Marketing Barriers: A Comparison Among Three Southern States AgEcon
Eastwood, David B.; Brooker, John R.; Hall, Charles R.; Rhea, Alice J.; Estes, Edmund A.; Woods, Timothy A..
Produce growers in Kentucky, North Carolina, and Tennessee were surveyed in 2002 to gather information about their decision making in the areas of planting, postharvest handling, marketing, and expected changes. North Carolina has proportionately more respondents with large operations, and Kentucky and Tennessee were more similar and concentrated in smaller farms. Tennessee and Kentucky respondents were less likely to have engaged in activities that were associated with the commercial distribution system. Greater reliance on the commercial distribution system on the part of North Carolina growers is consistent with more produce export activity.
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Cooling; Direct markets; Postharvest handling; Produce marketing; Traceback; D30; D40; Q12; Q13; Q16; Q17.
Ano: 2003 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/43205
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Chapter 3: The Case of Brazil AgEcon
Danilo, Aguiar R.D..
Tipo: Book Palavras-chave: Food Consumption/Nutrition/Food Safety; Industrial Organization; Marketing; D20; D40; L.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/60674
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Chapter 4: The Case of Germany AgEcon
Herrmann, Roland; Moser, Anke; Weber, Sascha A..
Tipo: Book Palavras-chave: Food Consumption/Nutrition/Food Safety; Industrial Organization; Marketing; D20; D40; L.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/60675
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Chapter 5: The Case of Korea AgEcon
Kim, Dong Hwan.
Tipo: Book Palavras-chave: Food Consumption/Nutrition/Food Safety; Industrial Organization; Marketing; D20; D40; L.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/60676
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Chapter 6: The Case of Poland AgEcon
Herrmann, Roland; Moser, Anke; Weber, Sascha A..
Tipo: Book Palavras-chave: Food Consumption/Nutrition/Food Safety; Industrial Organization; Marketing; D20; D40; L.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/60677
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Chapter 7: Food Retailing in the United States: History, Trends, Perspectives AgEcon
Stiegert, Kyle W.; Hovhannisyan, Vardges.
Tipo: Book Palavras-chave: Food Consumption/Nutrition/Food Safety; Industrial Organization; Marketing; L; D20; D40.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/60678
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Competition Effects of Supermarket Services AgEcon
Bonanno, Alessandro; Lopez, Rigoberto A..
This paper investigates the effect of in-store services on retail food prices, supermarket competition, and demand using fluid milk as a case study. It is shown that higher-service supermarkets charge higher milk prices essentially because of an increase in market power due to differentiation of service offering. Results show that different types of services impact milk prices differently, that upscale food-retailers face stronger competition in newer services, and that service competition results in a trade-off for the consumer between the attractiveness of the enhanced retail configuration and the increase in prices.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Retailing; Pricing; Milk; Supermarkets; Agribusiness; L81; D40; L66.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/9833
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Confirming the Price Effects of Private Labels Development AgEcon
Bontemps, Christophe; Orozco, Valerie; Requillart, Vincent.
We study the price response of national brands to the development of private labels. We use monthly data from a consumer survey reporting their purchases for 218 food products. We show that when private labels have a significant effect on national brands prices (144 cases over 218), that is positive (89%). We also show that the increase in the prices of national brand products is explained by a strategy of product differentiation. Finally, price reaction of national brands differs with the type of private labels they are facing. This paper confirms, on a larger number of products, previous empirical results.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Private labels; Pricing; Empirical models; Food products; L81; Q13; D40; Demand and Price Analysis.
Ano: 2005 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/24735
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Data Aggregation and Vertical Price Transmission: An Experiment with German Food Prices AgEcon
von Cramon-Taubadel, Stephan; Loy, Jens-Peter; Meyer, Jochen.
The impact of cross sectional aggregation over individual retail stores on the estimation and testing of vertical price transmission between the wholesale and retail levels is investigated using a unique data set of individual retail prices in Germany. Systematic differences between the results of estimations using aggregated data on the one hand, and disaggregated data on the other, are discussed theoretically and confirmed empirically. The results suggest that estimation with aggregated data generates misleading conclusions about price transmission behavior at the level of the individual units (i.e. retail stores) that underlie these aggregates.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Aggregation; Vertical Price Transmission; Food Prices; Germany; Demand and Price Analysis; Marketing; L11; D40.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/25291
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Eco-Labeling and the Price Premium AgEcon
Sedjo, Roger A.; Swallow, Stephen K..
International environmental and government organizations propose eco-labeling as a market incentive to cause industry to operate in an ecologically sustainable and biodiversity-friendly manner. A microeconomic analysis questions whether eco-labeling will cause producer profits in a competitive industry to decline, even under a voluntary system, and whether eco-labeling will necessarily generate different prices for labeled and unlabeled product. Using wood product as an example, results identify conditions that may exist when firms lose profits, even under a voluntary system, and where existing production constraints may lead to a single price, regardless of labeling.
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Eco-labeling; Prices; Markets; Environmental Economics and Policy; D40; L10; L15.
Ano: 1999 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/10826
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Fishing Quota Markets AgEcon
Newell, Richard G.; Sanchirico, James N.; Kerr, Suzi.
Fisheries worldwide continue to suffer from the negative consequences of open access. In 1986, New Zealand responded by establishing an individual transferable quota (ITQ) system that by 1998 included 33 species and more than 150 markets for fishing quotas. We assess these markets in terms of trends in market activity, price dispersion, and the fundamentals determining quota prices. We find that market activity is sufficiently high to support a competitive market and that price dispersion has decreased over time. Using a 15-year panel dataset, we also find evidence of economically rational behavior through the relationship between quota lease and sale prices and fishing output and input prices, ecological variability, and market interest rates. Controlling...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Tradable permits; Individual transferable quota; Fisheries; Policy; Resource /Energy Economics and Policy; Q22; Q28; D40; L10.
Ano: 2002 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/10451
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Grid Pricing: An Empirical Investigation of Market Signal Clarity AgEcon
Fausti, Scott W.; Qasmi, Bashir A.; Li, Jing.
The ability of the grid marketing system for fed cattle to provide an efficient price transmission mechanism is investigated. Nerlove’s (1958) adaptive expectations approach is adopted to model the relationship between grid premiums (discounts) and the weekly relative supply of carcass quality attributes. Linear regression techniques are used to estimate Nerlove’s supply response function. Granger Causality tests are conducted to investigate the relationship between grid premiums (discounts) and the relative supply of carcass quality attributes. Regression estimates and the Granger Causality tests provide empirical support for the 2005 National Beef Quality Audit call for clearer market signals.
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Grid pricing; Price transmission; Carcass quality; Supply response function; Marketing; Risk and Uncertainty; Q11; D40.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/93253
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Industrialization and Contracting in U.S. Agriculture AgEcon
Ahearn, Mary Clare; Korb, Penelope J.; Banker, David E..
This paper examines the industrialization process of U.S. agriculture by examining the trends in the number of farms, the concentration of production during the last decade, and the dynamics of farm survivability, entry, and exit underlying aggregate statistics. We next examine vertical coordination as part of the industrialization process and highlight contracting in the poultry industry. The analysis provides evidence that production is continuing to be concentrated on a smaller number of farms at a relatively rapid rate, in spite of the stability in the number of farms. Although contracting clearly dominates the broiler industry, it is less prevalent in egg and turkey production, where other forms of vertical coordination are likely established.
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Broilers; Contracting; Eggs; Industrialization; Poultry; Structural change; Turkeys; Vertical integration; D23; D40; L11; L14 L22; L23; Q12.
Ano: 2005 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/43511
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Informal Finance: A Theory of Moneylenders AgEcon
Madestam, Andreas.
I study the coexistence of formal and informal finance in underdeveloped credit markets. While weak institutions constrain formal banks, shallow pockets hamper informal lenders. In such economies, informal finance has two effects. By increasing the investment return it decreases borrowers’ relative payoff following default, inducing banks to lend more liberally (disciplinary effect). By channeling bank capital it reduces banks’ agency costs from lending directly to borrowers, limiting banks’ extension of borrower credit (rent-extraction effect). Among other things, the model shows that informal interest rates are higher, borrower welfare lower, and informal finance more prevalent when the rent-extraction effect prevails, consistent with stylized facts in...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Credit Markets; Financial Development; Institutions; Market Structure; Financial Economics; O12; O16; O17; D40.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/54288
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