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Registros recuperados: 8
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Agglomeration externalities and technical efficiency in French pig production Inra
Larue, S.; Latruffe, L.; INRA, Institut National de la Recherche Agronomique (FRA).
L’objectif est d’évaluer les effets de l’agglomération spatiale sur l’efficacité technique des exploitations porcines françaises. Nous utilisons une approche en deux étapes. Dans la première étape, nous calculons les scores d’efficacité de l’activité porcine avec la méthode non-paramétrique “Data Envelopment Analysis” (DEA; Analyse d’Enveloppement des Données). La deuxième étape consiste en une régression de ces scores sur des variables d’agglomération. Les données utilisées sont celles de 936 producteurs porcins en 2004. Les résultats suggèrent que ces exploitations ont été autant affectées par des externalités positives d’agglomération (provenant de la diffusion des connaissances facilitée par la densité d’exploitations, ou de la proximité des...
Tipo: Book Palavras-chave: TECHNICAL EFFICIENCY; DATA ENVELOPMENT ANALYSIS; AGGLOMERATION; ENVIRONMENTAL REGULATION; HOG PRODUCTION.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://www.prodinra.inra.fr/prodinra/pinra/doc.xsp?id=PROD2009e7c57dfd&uri=/notices/prodinra1/2011/06/
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Application of a double bootstrap to investigation of determinants of technical efficiency of farms in Central Europe Inra
Latruffe, L.; Davidova, S.; Balcombe, K..
The paper provides one of the first applications of the double bootstrap procedure (Simar and Wilson 2007) in a two-stage estimation of the effect of environmental variables on non-parametric estimates of technical efficiency. This procedure enables consistent inference within models explaining efficiency scores, while simultaneously producing standard errors and confidence intervals for these efficiency scores. The application is to 88 livestock and 256 crop farms in the Czech Republic, split into individual and corporate.
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: DOUBLE BOOTSTRAP; DATA ENVELOPMENT ANALYSIS; TRUNCATED MAXIMUM LIKELIHOOD; INDIVIDUAL FARM; CORPORATE FARM.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://www.prodinra.inra.fr/prodinra/pinra/doc.xsp?id=PROD20084f98cb40&uri=/notices/prodinra1/2011/06/
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Assessing managerial performance using non-parametric distance functions compared to technical and accounting ratio analysis: an application to French farms in Nord-Pas-de-Calais specialized in field crops Inra
Blancard, S.; Boussemart, J.P.; Debruyne, M.; Université Lille 1, CNRS LEM Lille Economie & Management UMR 8179 (FRA).
This paper highlights the operational possibilities of applying non-parametric distance functions to diagnose farm performance. An empirical application on 178 farms in the Pas de Calais region specialized in field crops and observed over the period 1994-2001 establishes the coherence of this method compared to the usual approaches based on technical and accounting ratios. In addition, our results highlight the relevance of the additional information which is being generated by dissociating the technical and scale components of total factor productivity levels.
Tipo: Book Palavras-chave: DATA ENVELOPMENT ANALYSIS; DISTANCE FUNCTION; PRODUCTION TECHNOLOGY; RATIO ANALYSIS; TOTAL FACTOR PRODUCTIVITY.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://www.prodinra.inra.fr/prodinra/pinra/doc.xsp?id=PROD200870c368a0&uri=/notices/prodinra1/2008/05/
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Could small dairy farms in Switzerland compete with their French counterparts? A metafrontier analysis during 1990-2004 Inra
Ferjani, A.; Latruffe, L.; INRA, Institut National de la Recherche Agronomique (FRA); EAAE, European Association of Agricultural Economists (NLD); IAAE, International Association of Agricultural Economists (USA).
The objective of the paper is to investigate whether Swiss farms specialised in dairy (the prevailing production of the country), which are small in international standards, would have a survival potential if they had to compete more directly with EU farms. More specifically, we investigate whether Swiss dairy farms would be able to compete with their French counterparts (located in mountainous areas, but larger than Swiss ones) in a future made of increased globalisation and reduced borders. For this we evaluate which country, during the period 1990-2004, would have been more able to use efficiently a common hypothetical technology, and would have had a more productive (own) technology. Efficiency scores and technology ratios are calculated using the...
Tipo: Meeting Paper Palavras-chave: TECHNICAL EFFICIENCY; TECHNOLOGY GAP; DATA ENVELOPMENT ANALYSIS; DAIRY FARMING.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://www.prodinra.inra.fr/prodinra/pinra/doc.xsp?id=PROD20092a22e3ff&uri=/notices/prodinra1/2011/04/
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Farm size and efficiency: the case of Slovenia Inra
Bojnec, S.; Latruffe, L.; EAAE, European Association of Agricultural Economists (NLD).
This paper investigates farm technical, scale, allocative and economic efficiency and its relationship with farm size in Slovenia over the period 1994-2003. Development of farm efficiency during the transition period, the evolution of farm size (small or large) and their contribution to the performance of the agricultural sector are crucial questions for the future of rural areas, in particular in Slovenia where predominantly family farms are of relatively small size. The results suggest that there is a positive relationship between farm efficiency and size in this country, and that labour is more crucial than any other production factor in the country’s rural areas.
Tipo: Meeting Paper Palavras-chave: EFFICIENCY; SIZE; FARM; DATA ENVELOPMENT ANALYSIS.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://www.prodinra.inra.fr/prodinra/pinra/doc.xsp?id=PROD20084d3f2d20&uri=/notices/prodinra1/2008/09/
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Technical efficiency of Hungarian farms before and after accession Inra
Bakucs, L.Z.; Latruffe, L.; Ferto, I.; Fogarasi, J.; Hungarian Academy of Sciences, Institute of Economics (HUN).
In this study, both parametric (SFA) and non-parametric (DEA) efficiency approaches were used to analyse the technical efficiency (TE) of Hungarian farms before and after the accession. Slightly different results were obtained with SFA and DEA. After years of decreasing technical efficiency scores, accession seems to have halted the process and positively influence the evolution of average technical efficiency. A number of determinants of TE provide a plausible explanation of the evolution of efficiency.
Tipo: Meeting Paper Palavras-chave: TECHNICAL EFFICIENCY; STOCHASTIC FRONTIER ANALYSIS; DATA ENVELOPMENT ANALYSIS.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://www.prodinra.inra.fr/prodinra/pinra/doc.xsp?id=PROD200780c272c1&uri=/notices/prodinra1/2010/07/
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Technical efficiency of Hungarian farms before and after accession Inra
Bakucs, L.Z.; Latruffe, L.; Ferto, I.; Fogarasi, J.; CES, Chinese Economist Society (USA).
In this study, we employ parametric (SFA) methods to analyse the technical efficiency (TE) of Hungarian farms before and after the accession. After years of decreasing technical efficiency scores, accession seems to have halted the process and positively influence the evolution of average technical efficiency. A number of determinants of TE provide a plausible explanation of the evolution of efficiency.
Tipo: Meeting Paper Palavras-chave: FARM; TECHNICAL EFFICIENCY; DATA ENVELOPMENT ANALYSIS; STOCHASTIC FRONTIER; HUNGARY.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://www.prodinra.inra.fr/prodinra/pinra/doc.xsp?id=PROD2008e414c4e6&uri=/notices/prodinra1/2008/09/
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Technical, scale, allocative and economic efficiencies in the Slovenian farms Inra
Bojnec, S.; Latruffe, L..
This paper analyzes technical, scale, allocative and economic efficiency for Slovenian farms during the transition period 1994-2003, with a Farm Accountancy Data Network (FADN) sample. Such studies of various components of economic efficiency are rare in transitional agriculture, especially in Slovenia. The research contributes crucial issue of whether small family farms might be able to compete on international markets, as Slovenian agriculture is characterized by such structures.Data Envelopment Analysis (DEA) models are used with an output-orientation, three outputs and four inputs. This non-parametric approach is compared with applied parametric stochastic frontier approach and cluster analysis is used to identify three different farm groups. The data...
Tipo: Conference Paper Palavras-chave: ECONOMIC EFFICIENCY; DATA ENVELOPMENT ANALYSIS; STOCHASTIC FRONTIER; CLUSTER ANALYSIS.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://www.prodinra.inra.fr/prodinra/pinra/doc.xsp?id=PROD20081c3a4e55&uri=/notices/prodinra1/2008/09/
Registros recuperados: 8
Primeira ... 1 ... Última
 

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