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Registros recuperados: 36
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A survey of whole-plant corn silages from Minas Gerais dairy farms Scientia Agricola
Santos,Andréia de Oliveira dos; Dias Junior,Gilson Sebastião; Pereira,Marcos Neves; Schwan,Rosane Freitas; Ávila,Carla Luiza da Silva.
ABSTRACT Whole-plant corn silage (WPCS) is a commonly used forage for feeding dairy cattle in Brazil. The aim of this study was to evaluate on-farm ensilaging practices and the nutritional value, microbiology and fermentation profiles of WPCS from dairy farms in the south of the state of Minas Gerais, Brazil. Silages from 54 dairy farms located in nine cities were sampled and a questionnaire was distributed for completion to describe the herd profile and ensilage practices. Herd size ranged from 8 to 1,000 lactating cows, and 52 % of the farms had fewer than 50 cows in lactation. The majority of the farms cultivated hard endosperm texture hybrids (52 %) and used pull-type forage harvesters (87 %). Double-sided plastic was the most used form of silo...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Aerobic deterioration; Ensilaging practices; Dairy farming; Lactic acid bacteria.
Ano: 2020 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0103-90162020000200401
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Adoption of cleaner production practices by dairy farmers in southern Chile Ciencia e Investigación Agraria
Nahuelhual,Laura; Engler,María A; Carrillo,Bernardo; Moreira,Víctor; Castro,Ingrid.
Rising concerns about the environmental costs of dairy production have resulted in an increasing use of farm practices that diminish negative production externalities. Yet, little empirical evidence exists regarding the factors influencing the adoption of pollution-reducing strategies by dairy farmers. In this study, we estímate a logit probability model to explain first-stage adoption of capital-intensive cleaner production (CP) practices, using a sample of 100 médium and large-size dairy farms located in southern Chile. Voluntary approaches to pollution control in agriculture are relatively recent in Chile and diffusion has been slow and uneven among farmers. Only 43% of the farmers surveyed were using some CP practices at the time of the interview. The...
Tipo: Journal article Palavras-chave: Chilean dairy sector; Dairy-derived pollution; Dairy farming; Environmental management; Technology innovation.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://www.scielo.cl/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0718-16202009000100009
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Aerobic fungi in the rumen fluid from dairy cattle fed different sources of forage R. Bras. Zootec.
Almeida,Patrícia Natalicia Mendes de; Duarte,Eduardo Robson; Abrão,Flávia Oliveira; Freitas,Cláudio Eduardo Silva; Geraseev,Luciana Castro; Rosa,Carlos Augusto.
The objective of this study was to evaluate the aerobic microbiota of the rumen fluid from Holstein cows and heifers fed different tropical forage in the north of Minas Gerais, Brazil. A total of 30 samples of rumen fluid from cows fed with sorghum silage were collected: 32 from cows fed Brachiaria brizantha, 12 from heifers that received sorghum silage and 11 from calves fed sugar cane foliage. The culture was carried out using the agar Sabouraud medium and the solid C medium, containing microcrystalline cellulose. The isolated mycelial fungi were identified by microculture technique and yeasts by micromorphological and physical-chemical analysis. Specific identification for yeasts was confirmed by ribosomal DNA sequence analysis. The presence of fungal...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Dairy farming; Forage supplementation; Rumen microbiota; Semiarid; Tropical pasture; Yeast.
Ano: 2012 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1516-35982012001100006
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Agglomeration Economies in Ukrainian Dairy Sector: a Marked Point Process Approach AgEcon
Brümmer, Bernhard; von Cramon-Taubadel, Stephan; Nivievskyi, Oleg; Schlather, Martin.
Even after more than 15 years of transition from plan to market, agriculture in Ukraine still faces many challenges in terms of its structure. The evidence in the literature points to significant heterogeneity of technical efficiency and productivity scores in Ukraine. Moreover, both the recently approved WTO accession, and the ongoing negotiations on a free trade agreement with the EU will require further improvements in productivity and competitiveness at the farm level. Using farm-level data for 2004-2005, we study the presence and possible causes of agglomeration economies in Ukrainian dairy sector. One of the most important results is that there are agglomeration effects in the sector. The performance of dairy farms is influenced by the performance of...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Ukraine; Dairy farming; Order-m frontier; Spatial dependence; Agglomeration.; Agribusiness; Agricultural and Food Policy; Community/Rural/Urban Development; Food Consumption/Nutrition/Food Safety; Labor and Human Capital.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/94990
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Balanced Scorecard as support to management decisions: A case study in a small property milk production Sci. Agrar.Paran. / SAP
Cardoso, Antônio Augusto Brion; Lopes, Marcos Aurélio; Carvalho, Francisval de Melo; Ferrazza, Rodrigo Andrade; Lima, André Luís Ribeiro; Cardoso, Milton Ghedini.
Aimed to apply the Balanced Scorecard (BSC) in a dairy farm with small-scale production, located in the south of Minas Gerais. The survey was conducted from January to December 2013 and the gathering of information was carried out through semi-structured interviews on the spot. As data collection instruments were used personal interviews, document analysis and direct and participant observation. The farm has 216 ha, 80% of the leased area. The activities are dairy farming, corresponding to 80% of revenues, and the cultivation of coffee. The breeding farm is 22 predominantly Holstein cows (¾ H) that are loose in the pasture. Daily production is 350 liters average of 15.9 liters of milk per cow in milk, in two daily milkings. The strong point is the low cost...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Small scale; Management tool; Dairy farming; Strategic planning..
Ano: 2017 URL: http://e-revista.unioeste.br/index.php/scientiaagraria/article/view/14404
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Caring Dairy: A Sustainable Dairy Farming Initiative in Europe AgEcon
van Calker, Klaas Jan; Antink, Rudi H.J. Hooch; Beldman, Alfons C.G.; Mauser, Anniek.
Interest in the concept of sustainability in dairy farming has grown as a result of the continuous pressure on farm incomes, occurrence of animal diseases with a major impact on the image of dairy farming, concerns about animal welfare, and environmental problems caused by agriculture. There are, however, still many gaps in the knowledge regarding sustainable dairy farming. Respecting the earth and the environment and "giving back to community" is a fully integrated part of the Mission Statement of ice cream maker Ben & Jerry's. Following this mission, they have initiated a sustainable dairy farming project, "Caring Dairy", for the European production based in the Netherlands. The aim of Caring Dairy is to secure dairy production in a more sustainable...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Sustainability; Dairy farming; Strategic management; Bottom-up approach; Chain partners; Livestock Production/Industries.
Ano: 2005 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/24234
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Comparing productivity growth in conventional and grassland dairy farms AgEcon
Kellermann, Magnus; Salhofer, Klaus.
This paper analyzes technical efficiency and productivity growth of dairy farms in southern Germany. We compare the performance of farms operating on permanent grassland and conventional farms using fodder crops from arable land. Using a latent class stochastic frontier model, intensive and extensive production systems are identified for both types of farms. We estimate stochastic output distance functions to represent the production technology. TFP change is calculated and decomposed using a generalized Malmquist productivity index. Our results show that grassland farms can in general keep up with conventional farms. The productivity on intensive (extensive) grassland dairy farms grew by 1.15% (0.93%) per year, compared to 1.19% (intensive) and 1.0%...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Productivity; Dairy farming; Stochastic frontier analysis; Livestock Production/Industries; Productivity Analysis.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/114763
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Comparison at Dairy Farm Level of Different Policies to Decrease Nutrient Losses to Ground and Surface Waters in the Netherlands AgEcon
Berentsen, Paul B.M..
This paper describes and compares two governmental policies that aim to decrease nutrient losses from farming to ground and surface waters in the Netherlands. The mineral bookkeeping system (MINAS) is the first policy. It is applied in the Netherlands since 1998 and it is based on a farm gate balance approach. This national policy was definitely rejected on October 2, 2003 by the EU Court of Justice as it was considered not to comply fully with the EU Nitrate Directive. Consequently, the Netherlands developed the Application Standards Policy (ASP) based on a soil balance approach which will replace MINAS starting 2006. Especially for dairy farming, that combines plant and animal production, nutrient input and output at soil level are hard to determine as...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Dairy farming; Nutrient losses; Environmental policy; Nitrate directive; Cost-effectiveness; Environmental Economics and Policy; Livestock Production/Industries.
Ano: 2005 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/24290
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Competitiveness of Russian Dairy Sector: Inter-Regional Comparison AgEcon
Mokshina, Polina.
In competitive market dairy production will shift to the regions with the best conditions. In the Soviet paradigm dairy production was evenly distributed throughout the country, what was caused by extremely low transportation prices and by differentiated by regions procurement prices. Thus, there was no specialized zones of dairy production. The start of economic liberalization in Russia was followed by the process of disintegration of the country's common economic space. Reforms entailed an increase in transportation costs and regional specialization based on comparative advantages of a certain commodity production. Specialized dairy producing zones started to emerge. This paper attempts to determine these zones in Russia in the nearest future. The...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Russia; Dairy farming; Competitiveness; Comparative advantage; Inter-regional comparison; Livestock Production/Industries; D49; Q13.
Ano: 2005 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/24638
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Could small dairy farms in Switzerland compete with their French counterparts? A metafrontier analysis during 1990-2004 AgEcon
Ferjani, Ali; Latruffe, Laure.
The objective of the paper is to investigate whether Swiss farms specialised in dairy (the prevailing production of the country), which are small in international standards, would have a survival potential if they had to compete more directly with EU farms. More specifically, we investigate whether Swiss dairy farms would be able to compete with their French counterparts (located in mountainous areas, but larger than Swiss ones) in a future made of increased globalisation and reduced borders. For this we evaluate which country, during the period 1990-2004, would have been more able to use efficiently a common hypothetical technology, and would have had a more productive (own) technology. Efficiency scores and technology ratios are calculated using the...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Technical efficiency; Technology gap; Data Envelopment Analysis; Dairy farming; Switzerland; France; Agricultural and Food Policy; Productivity Analysis; Q12; D24.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/52828
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Desenvolvimento do projeto Gado de leite na bacia leiteira de Belo Horizonte: escritório de Itaúna. Infoteca-e
ALVES, E. R. de A..
1985
Tipo: Capítulo em livro técnico (INFOTECA-E) Palavras-chave: Production; Bacia leiteira; Producao; Solo; Soil; Dairy farming.
Ano: 1985 URL: http://www.infoteca.cnptia.embrapa.br/handle/doc/1067973
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Diagnóstico tecnológico-econômico de propriedades leiteiras na região bragantina, PA - I. Infoteca-e
GONÇALVES, C. A.; SIMÃO NETO, M.; OLIVEIRA, F. W. R. de; AZEVEDO, G. P. C. de..
1993
Tipo: Documentos (INFOTECA-E) Palavras-chave: Leite; Produção; Bovino de leite; Fazenda leiteira; Região bragantina; Pará; Amazônia; Brasil; Milk; Production; Dairy cattle; Dairy farming.
Ano: 1993 URL: http://www.infoteca.cnptia.embrapa.br/handle/doc/378467
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DUTCH, HUNGARIAN AND GERMAN DAIRY FARMS TECHNICAL EFFICIENCY COMPARISON AgEcon
Kovacs, Krisztian; Emvalomatis, Grigorios.
The abolishment of the dairy quota system in the EU is expected to increase competition across dairy farms in Europe. Assuming a common price for milk in the EU, only the most efficient farms will survive in the new environment. The main objective of the paper is to compare dairy farms in Germany, The Netherlands and Hungary about their technical efficiency. In the first part of the research, the efficiency is measured by partial efficiency indexes using one dimensional efficiency measuring. In the second part, the Data Envelopment Analysis (DEA) have to be used to measure efficiency in a multidimensional space, using six inputs and two outputs. It appears from the results that the highest efficiency farms are in the Netherlands, and then Germany and...
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Efficiency; Dairy quota system; Dairy farming; Data Envelopment Analysis; Agribusiness; Livestock Production/Industries.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/104651
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ECONOMIC EFFECTS OF INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY ON DAIRY FARMS IN THE NETHERLANDS AND ISRAEL AgEcon
Van Asseldonk, Marcel A.P.M.; Huirne, Ruud B.M.; Dijkhuizen, Aalt A.; Tomaszewski, Michael A.; Gelb, Ehud M..
Effects of a number of information technology applications were quantified empirically which were implemented on Dutch and Israeli dairy farms. Data comprised annual farm performances from 1987 to 1996, and included both adopters and nonadopters as well as farm results before and after adoption. Significant effects were estimated, making a differentiation between the different technologies.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Information technology; Panel analysis; Dairy farming; Livestock Production/Industries; Research and Development/Tech Change/Emerging Technologies.
Ano: 1998 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/20993
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Effects of agri-environmental measures and changes in EU single farm payments on Dutch agriculture AgEcon
Helming, John F.M.; Schrijver, R.A.M..
Part of the Health check of the Common Agricultural Policy (CAP) of the European Union in 2008, will be a discussion of the linkage between direct payments to farmers and the contribution of agricultural production to social important values. The objective of this paper is to analyse the economic and environmental effects of extra region specific environmental measures and a redistribution of direct payments to the Dutch agricultural sector in 2020. In doing so a chain of models is used from the dairy farm level to the regional sector level in the Netherlands to the European sector level. From the dairy farm model it is found that the extra-environmental measures result in a decrease in the number of dairy cows per ha and a decrease in the gross margin per...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Economic models; Model linking; Policy; Regions; Dairy farming; Environment and nature; Agricultural and Food Policy; Agricultural Finance; Livestock Production/Industries; Research Methods/ Statistical Methods.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/6602
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Expanding biogas on UK dairy farms: a question of scale AgEcon
Butler, Allan J.; Hobbs, Phil; Winter, Michael.
Expanding Anaerobic Digestion (AD) in the UK will not only depend upon finding appropriate economic structures to support on‐farm developments but also an appreciation of environmental issues such as less Greenhouse Gas (GHG) emissions; reduced use of artificial fertilisers; and better management of farm wastes. At the core of this paper is the Anaerobic Digestion Analytical Model (ADAM) that examines the economic and environmental impacts of integrating AD into UK farming systems. However, the average dairy farm in the UK is not of sufficient size to enable profitable biogas production. Indeed, farm size, as represented by FBS/FAS data used in ADAM, needs to be scaled by three to four times for a biogas enterprise to break‐even. To boost profitability,...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Anaerobic digestion; Biogas; Dairy farming; Carbon dioxide; Nutrients; Digestate; Environmental Economics and Policy; Farm Management.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/108937
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Explaining Differences in Farm Sustainability: Evidence from Flemish Dairy Farms AgEcon
Van Passel, Steven; Mathijs, Erik; Van Huylenbroeck, Guido.
An important objective of European agricultural policy is to have a sustainable, efficient farming sector, which uses environmentally-friendly production methods. Agricultural policy makers aim to combine strong economic performance with a sustainable use of natural resources. There is thus a need for tools allowing quantification of farm sustainability as well as for empirical research assessing, analysing and explaining differences in farm sustainability. Using a large dataset of dairy farms, we apply the concept of sustainable value creation to benchmark farm sustainability performance. An effect model captures the determinants of the differences in sustainability among Flemish dairy farms. Our empirical model shows that both managerial and structural...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Sustainability assessment; Efficiency; Dairy farming; Performance measurement; Livestock Production/Industries; Q51; Q56; Q57; Q58; Q12.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/25262
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Improving Entrepreneurship in Farming: The Impact of a Training Programme in Dutch Dairy Farming AgEcon
Bergevoet, Ron H.M.; Giesen, G.W.J.; Saatkamp, H.W.; van Woerkum, C.M.J.; Huirne, Ruud B.M..
Due to external and internal changes in dairy farming, entrepreneurial competencies are becoming increasingly important for dairy farmers. Investigating the possibility to improve these competencies by means of a training program is the main topic of the reported research. First the relations between the entrepreneurial competencies and farmer and farm characteristics were determined. To improve entrepreneurial competencies a training program was designed and executed. The influence of this training program on farm characteristics and entrepreneurial competencies was investigated by doing a case-control study. Two groups of Dutch dairy farmers were selected to participate in the case-control study. One group (n= 75) participated in the training program,...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Dairy farming; Entrepreneurship; Entrepreneurial competences; Training programme; Evaluation; Teaching/Communication/Extension/Profession.
Ano: 2005 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/24219
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Improving technology uptake for whole-crop cereal silage production AgEcon
Stevens, David R.; Casey, M.J.; Brown, C.D.; Platfoot, G.J..
Rapid dairy industry expansion in the South Island of New Zealand during the 1990’s increased demand for agistment and supplementary feed. Consultants and retailers recognised the ability of whole-crop cereal silage to provide the extra feed required. The local arable industry had declined, creating the opportunity to develop commercial technical support packages from establishment to harvesting for sheep and dairy farmers growing whole-crop cereal silage. Industry technical support packages were supported by ‘just in time’ local research into the growing, making and feeding of whole-crop cereal silage. The package, based on several methods of payment, captured the benefits of new Triticale cultivars. Further investigation into the uptake of whole-crop...
Tipo: Article Palavras-chave: Whole-crop cereal silage; Technology transfer; New Zealand; Dairy farming; Farm Management.
Ano: 2005 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/123167
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Panarchy Rules: Rethinking Resilience of Agroecosystems, Evidence from Dutch Dairy-Farming Ecology and Society
van Apeldoorn, Dirk F.; Land Dynamics Group, Wageningen University; Alterra, Wageningen UR; dirk.vanapeldoorn@wur.nl; Kok, Kasper; Land Dynamics Group, Wageningen University; Kasper.Kok@wur.nl; Sonneveld, Marthijn P.W.; Land Dynamics Group, Wageningen University ; marthijn.sonneveld@wur.nl; Veldkamp, Tom (A.); Land Dynamics Group, Wageningen University; Alterra, Wageningen UR; University of Twente, ITC faculty ; veldkamp@itc.nl.
Resilience has been growing in importance as a perspective for governing social-ecological systems. The aim of this paper is first to analyze a well-studied human dominated agroecosystem using five existing key heuristics of the resilience perspective and second to discuss the consequences of using this resilience perspective for the future management of similar human dominated agroecosystems. The human dominated agroecosystem is located in the Dutch Northern Frisian Woodlands where cooperatives of dairy farmers have been attempting to organize a transition toward more viable and environmental friendly agrosystems. A mobilizing element in the cooperatives was the ability of some dairy farmers to obtain high herbage and milk yield production with limited...
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Insight Palavras-chave: Agroecosystems; Dairy farming; Panarchy; Northern Frisian Woodlands The Netherlands; Resilience; Soil organic matter.
Ano: 2011
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