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Registros recuperados: 6
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A Primer on US Sugar in the 2007 US Farm Bill 31
Beghin, John C..
This background paper is devoted to US sugar policy. A first section describes the features and economics of the US sugar program; a second section is devoted to the welfare and trade effects of the US sugar program; and a final section reports on potential emerging reforms, their expected effects, and implications. Beyond well-established findings on the social cost and inefficiency of the US sugar program, the main findings of this paper are as follows. The current sugar program is becoming unsustainable because sugar imports are progressively creeping into the US market through regional trade agreements, eventually inducing large sugar inventories, or contracting domestic production to unpalatable low levels in order to maintain high internal prices....
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Dispute; HFCS; NAFTA; Sugar; Sugar program; Sweetener; Trade; TRQ; US farm bill; Agricultural and Food Policy.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/9374
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An Evaluation of Canadian and U.S. Policies of Log and Lumber Markets 31
Devadoss, Stephen.
The recent lumber trade war between Canada and the United States deals with Canadian stumpage policies, Canada’s log export controls, and U.S. retaliatory duty. This study determines the appropriate level of U.S. countervailing duty (CVD) by employing a vertically interrelated log–lumber model. The theoretical results show that the U.S. CVD can be greater (will be less) than the Canadian subsidy for a vertically related log–lumbermarket (for lumber market only). Empirical results support the theoretical findings in that the U.S. CVD for the log–lumber market (lumber market alone) is 1.55 (0.91) times the Canadian subsidy.
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Countervailing duty; Dispute; Log; Lumber; Subsidy; Agribusiness; Agricultural and Food Policy; International Relations/Trade; Political Economy; F13.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/45517
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Collective Retaliation and the WTO Dispute Settlement System 31
Korotana, M.S..
Article 22 of the Dispute Settlement Understanding (DSU) of the WTO offers, as last resort countermeasures, withdrawal of the concessions the state parties had agreed to in their schedules of commitments. The problem is that such a withdrawal of concessions would have very little impact on the economy and consequently on the behaviour of the respondent state if that party happened to be a developed state vis-à-vis a small, developing country. To deal with this situation a remedy of “collective countermeasures”, contained in Article 54 of the Draft Articles on State Responsibility of the International Law Commission (ILC), has been proposed; it has been argued that this remedy should apply, as a general principle of public international law, as a last...
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Collective; Retaliation; WTO; Dispute; Settlement; System; Food Consumption/Nutrition/Food Safety; International Relations/Trade.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/48802
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Recent Developments in the US - Canadian Softwood Lumber Disputes 31
Devadoss, Stephen; Roman, Angel Aguiar.
Since the United States and Canada could not resolve their contentious dispute on lumber trade, both countries approached the World Trade Organization to resolve this long-running disagreement. Each country filed three petitions covering (a) countervailing duties (CVD), (b) antidumping, and (c) material injury resulting from CVD and antidumping. This article briefly reviews the dispute, explains both countries' factual arguments submitted to the WTO, presents the WTO rulings on the three petitions, and discusses the economic implications of WTO findings.
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Canada; Dispute; Lumber; United States; WTO; International Relations/Trade; Resource /Energy Economics and Policy.
Ano: 2004 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/23901
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Softwood Lumber: Exact Significance of the Recent Canadian Victory before the WTO and Prospects in the Context of the Pending Second Lumber Case 31
Benitah, Marc.
Recently, the WTO Panel in charge of the softwood lumber case brought by Canada against the United States ruled in favor of Canada. The “benefit conferred” criterion played a critical role in the ruling, which concluded that the United States used a flawed cross-border methodology to demonstrate the existence of such a benefit. However, the Canadian victory would have been more decisive if the WTO panel had found the absence of a governmental financial contribution. The cross-border methodology will be once again at the heart of the pending second lumber case before the WTO. This article evaluates the prospects for the case in this context.
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Canada; Cross-border methodology; Dispute; Financial contribution; Softwood lumber; Stumpage; United States; WTO; International Relations/Trade.
Ano: 2003 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/23925
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Trade Liberalization in the Dairy Sector: An Overview 31
Meilke, Karl D.; Lariviere, Sylvain; Martin, Craig.
The world dairy industry is one of the most heavily protected in the agri-food sector. Exports of dairy products are dominated by the EU, the United States, New Zealand, and Australia. The major importers of dairy products are far less concentrated but include the EU, Japan, Mexico, Russia, the United States, and many others. The Canadian dairy industry came out of the Uruguay Round of trade negotiations with the continued ability to practise supply management, thereby allowing it to: (1) maintain prices above world market levels and (2) control the allocation of output to the domestic market. In fact, the Agreement on Agriculture opened the door for Canada to become a more aggressive exporter of dairy products by practising price discrimination between...
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Dairy; Dispute; Export competition; Price discrimination; Processors; Tariffication; International Relations/Trade.
Ano: 2001 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/23855
Registros recuperados: 6
Primeira ... 1 ... Última
 

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