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Registros recuperados: 23
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AGRICULTURAL TRADE AND THE DOHA ROUND: LESSONS FROM COMMODITY STUDIES AgEcon
Beghin, John C.; Aksoy, Ataman.
While global analytical approaches to agricultural trade liberalization yield large gains for most economies, there are substantial variations in the policy regimes across commodities. To clarify the multiplicity of distortions and impacts, the World Bank's Trade Department undertook a series of commodity studies. The studies highlight the important challenges faced by negotiating countries in the Doha Round of the World Trade Organization (WTO) trade negotiations. The studies provide a sharper look at the North-South dimensions of the agricultural trade debate, with the North's trade barriers, domestic support, and tariff escalation. They also underscore the South-South challenges on border protection and the reduced rural income opportunities for the...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Agricultural policy; Commodities; Doha Round; Trade negotiations; WTO; International Relations/Trade.
Ano: 2003 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/18301
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Agricultural trade liberalisation in the Doha Round: impacts on Spain AgEcon
Philippidis, George.
Whilst there is a growing literature of computable general equilibrium (CGE) studies examining the impacts of the current Doha Proposals, estimates for the EU are highly aggregated (i.e., EU15). Employing a detailed baseline scenario and a plausible Doha outcome, we examine the long run costs for the European Union, in particular focusing on Spain. Moreover, we implement recent CAP reforms through explicitly modelling of CAP mechanisms to provide greater credibility in assessing the long run asymmetric budgetary and welfare impacts on EU member states. Our estimates forecast resource substitution effects between Spanish agro-food sectors and resource shifts from agro-food activities into manufacturing and services production. In Spain, the impacts of...
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Doha Round; Spain; EU; CAP; Computable General Equilibrium.; F1; F13; F17; International Relations/Trade.
Ano: 2005 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/28790
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Agriculturally Related Environmental Issues in Free Trade Agreements AgEcon
Colyer, Dale.
The consideration of environmental matters in trade liberalization agreements has become an issue since they were included in NAFTA and recognized Uruguay round agreement that created the WTO. Many WTO members, especially the less developed countries, remain opposed to including environmental issues in trade agreements. However, Canada, the U.S. and a few other countries now include environmental provisions in their bilateral and regional trade agreements; the U.S. is required to do so under its 2002 Trade Promotion Act (PL 107-210). Furthermore, the declaration establishing the Doha Round of multilateral negotiations recognizes a role, albeit a limited one, for the environment in negotiating the next multilateral trade liberalization agreement....
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Trade and environment; Agricultural trade; Trade liberalization; Doha Round; Environmental Economics and Policy; International Relations/Trade.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/25756
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Agriculture and Environmental Issues in Free Trade Agreements AgEcon
Colyer, Dale.
Including environmental issues in trade agreements is controversial, although these issues are an integral part of the NAFTA and WTO agreements as well as being the subject of numerous multilateral environmental treaties and agreements. Despite its inclusion, many members are opposed to allowing the environment an extensive role in the WTO. Nonetheless, the Doha Ministerial Declaration recognizes the environment in negotiating the next trade liberalization agreement. Agriculture and agricultural trade, which were integrated with international trade disciplines in the Uruguay Round, have environmental implications, and the inclusion of agriculture in the WTO introduces complex issues that also have environmental consequences.
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Agriculture; Doha Round; Environment; Trade liberalization; WTO; International Relations/Trade.
Ano: 2003 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/23879
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Café de Marcala - Honduras' GI Approach to Achieving Reputation in the Coffee Market AgEcon
Teuber, Ramona.
The objective of the present article is to investigate the importance of geographical indications (GIs) in the coffee market, particularly for Honduran coffees. Geographical indications for coffee have emerged only recently, and only a few scientific studies have been carried out on this topic so far. The present article addresses this lack of research by highlighting recent developments in the coffee market and by presenting the results of a hedonic price analysis that used internet auction data for specialty coffees. The aim of this analysis is to investigate the influence of the region of origin on the achieved auction price of Honduran specialty coffee, controlling for other coffee attributes. The results indicate that coffees from the region Marcala,...
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Doha Round; Pace of negotiations; Stakeholders; WTO; Food Consumption/Nutrition/Food Safety; International Relations/Trade.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/48798
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CONCLUDING THE DOHA ROUND: AN IMPERATIVE AgEcon
Rosario, Joe A..
Much water has flowed under the bridge since ministers failed to conclude world trade negotiations in July 2009. The world underwent an historical recession brought about by the U.S. financial toxic asset scandal. Global trade has declined sharply and is forecasted to decline by 9% in real terms in 2009. World economic growth rates have declined dramatically. There have been several cases of covert (and some overt) protectionism by both developed and advanced economies. Despite declarations from world leaders on several occasions for the need to refrain from protectionist measures and the need for the resumption and conclusion of the Doha Round of trade negotiations over the past nine months, no such action has materialized. The two major contestants in...
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: WTO; International trade; Doha Round; Trade negotiations; India; Agriculture; Agricultural and Food Policy; Crop Production/Industries; International Relations/Trade; Public Economics.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/60427
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GLOBAL AGRICULTURAL LIBERALIZATION: AN IN-DEPTH ASSESSMENT OF WHAT IS AT STAKE AgEcon
van der Mensbrugghe, Dominique; Beghin, John C..
We use the global Linkage model to assess the impact of trade and support policies in agriculture on income, trade, and output patterns. We provide order-of-magnitude estimates of the impacts of policy changes rather than point estimates. Two sets of simulations are used to identify key drivers in the results. One set decomposes the aggregate results by looking at the impacts of partial reforms, regionally and across instruments, to identify the relative contribution to global gains of reforms in industrialized and developing countries and of border protection versus domestic support. The second set responds to critics of trade reform (inflated gains for developing countries, no transition costs for industrial country farmers, uncertain supply response in...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Agricultural trade liberalization; Developing countries; Doha Round; Farm policy; WTO; International Relations/Trade.
Ano: 2004 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/18343
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Handels- und Budgeteffekte der WTO-Agrarverhandlungen in der Doha-Runde: Der revidierte Harbinson-Vorschlag AgEcon
Brockmeier, Martina; Salamon, Petra.
A great deal of attention is currently being paid to the discussion of the reform of global agricultural trade. In this paper, the effects of the revised Harbinson paper (March 2003) are analysed with an extensively extended GTAP model. With the help of a base run, projections are implemented in the form of economic developments as well as already enacted EU policy reforms and measures (Agenda 2000, Mid-Term Review, EU enlargement, EBA agreement) from 1997 to 2014. The base run is compared with a scenario simulating the Doha Round of the WTO based on the revised draft of the Harbinson proposal. The difference between the base run and the model scenario provides information on the effects on EU trade and budget. The revised Harbinson paper leads to a...
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: WTO negotiations; Doha Round; Harbinson paper; GTAP model; Agricultural trade; EU budget; Agricultural and Food Policy; International Relations/Trade.
Ano: 2004 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/97452
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IMPACTS OF DOHA ROUND ON THE AGRIBUSINESS OF BRAZIL, CHINA AND INDIA AgEcon
Pereira, Matheus Wemerson Gomes; Teixeira, Erly Cardoso; Razap-Skorbiansky, Sharon.
The central themes to be addressed during the Doha Round of world trade negotiations are the reduction of the agricultural production and export subsidies, and improved market access for agricultural and non-agricultural goods. The G-20 group wields enough power to press negotiations at the Doha Round toward lower agricultural trade barriers and production and exports subsidies. The objective of this study is to determine the impacts of four possible Doha Round scenarios on the economies of Brazil, China, and India. The scenarios are examined using the Global Trade Analysis Project’s (GTAP) general equilibrium model and database. Scenarios focusing on the reduction of agricultural production and export subsidies are studied. The scenarios are then analyzed...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Agricultural products; Trade liberalization; Doha Round; G-20; GTAP; Agribusiness; International Relations/Trade; F13; F15; Q17.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/112759
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Impacts of the Doha Round on Korea's Agricultural Tariff Profile AgEcon
Lim, Song-Soo.
The purpose of this paper is to simulate the proposed modality in market access and estimate its potential impacts on Korea's tariff profile. By accommodating a tiered formula for tariff reduction, the modality attempts to harmonize tariffs across products and countries. When no flexibility in tariff cuts is taken into account, Korea would face up to 68 percent reduction in tariffs in an average term (the baseline). The provision of sensitive products in which the tariff cuts are allowed to deviate from the tiered formula by two-thirds at a maximum is likely to bring about 11 percentage points of maximum tariff saving effects compared with the baseline case. Besides, Korea would be able to maximize savings in tariff reductions by 25 percentage points by...
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Tariff; Tiered formula; Modality; Market access; Doha Round; Korea; Agribusiness; Agricultural and Food Policy; Agricultural Finance; International Relations/Trade.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/45677
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Implicit Tariffs on Imported Dairy Product Components in the United States AgEcon
Tellioglu, Isin; Bailey, Kenneth W.; Blandford, David.
The majority of the dairy products imported by the United States are intermediate products used in food processing. As such, they are demanded for their components such as milk fat and protein. The implications of the U.S. tariff structure for import demand must be viewed in terms of the tariff's effects upon the relative prices of imported milk components. In this article we examine the implications of the current tariff structure and proposed changes under the Doha Round of international trade negotiations at the World Trade Organization. We show that implicit ad valorem equivalent tariffs (AVEs) on components vary substantially under the current tariff schedule. Proposed changes under the Doha Round would lead to not only a reduction in the level of...
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Dairy; Doha Round; Milk components; Tariff structure; United States; International Relations/Trade.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/9240
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International Dairy Notes, April 2005 AgEcon
Dobson, William D..
Doha Round of WTO Negotiations: Framework for Agricultural Modalities Contains Less than Meets the Eye
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Doha Round; WTO Negotiations; Agribusiness; International Relations/Trade.
Ano: 2005 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/37741
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International Dairy Notes, October 2006 AgEcon
Dobson, William D..
Collapse of the Doha Round WTO Negotiations: Implications for the U.S. Dairy Industry
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Doha Round; WTO Negotiations; U.S. Dairy Industry; Agribusiness; International Relations/Trade.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/37733
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Liberalizing Climate-Friendly Goods and Technologies in the WTO: Product Coverage, Modalities, Challenges and the Way Forward AgEcon
Zhang, ZhongXiang.
The Doha Round Agenda (paragraph 31(3)) mandates to liberalize environmental goods and services. This mandate offers a good opportunity to put climate-friendly goods and services on a fast track to liberalization. Agreement on this paragraph should represent one immediate contribution that the WTO can make to fight against climate change. This paper presents the key issues surrounding liberalized trade in climate-friendly goods and technologies in WTO environmental goods negotiations. It begins with what products to liberalize and how. Clearly, WTO environmental goods negotiations to date show that WTO member countries are divided by this key issue. Focusing on the issue, the paper explores options available to liberalize trade in climate-friendly goods...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Environmental Goods and Services; Low-Carbon Goods and Technologies; Doha Round; WTO; Environmental Economics and Policy; F18; F13; Q56; Q54; Q58; Q48.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/94620
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Liberalizing Climate-Friendly Goods and Technologies in the WTO: Product Coverage, Modalities, Challenges and the Way Forward AgEcon
Zhang, ZhongXiang.
The Doha Round Agenda (paragraph 31(3)) mandates to liberalize environmental goods and services. This mandate offers a good opportunity to put climate-friendly goods and services on a fast track to liberalization. Agreement on this paragraph should represent one immediate contribution that the WTO can make to fight against climate change. This paper presents the key issues surrounding liberalized trade in climate-friendly goods and technologies in WTO environmental goods negotiations. It begins with what products to liberalize and how. Clearly, WTO environmental goods negotiations to date show that WTO member countries are divided by this key issue. Focusing on the issue, the paper explores options available to liberalize trade in climate-friendly goods...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Environmental Goods and Services; Low-Carbon Goods and Technologies; Doha Round; WTO; Environmental Economics and Policy; F18; F13; Q56; Q54; Q58; Q48.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/94735
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Sensitive Agricultural Products in the EU under the Doha Round AgEcon
Huan-Niemi, Ellen.
EU agricultural products are examined by tariff lines at eight digit level to reveal the sensitive agricultural products in the EU after further tariff reductions in the Doha Round. These products are butter, skim milk powder, beef meat, poultry meat, pig meat, white sugar, wheat, barley, and maize. A spreadsheet model is used as an analysis tool to complement the various modelling approaches in identifying the sensitive agricultural products of the EU. The spreadsheet projection model is a simple forecasting model that uses a set of projection values from other models to predict possible outcomes. The sensitivity of EU agricultural products is analysed by using various exchange rates (USD 0.90 to 1.50 per Euro), different tariff reduction formulas...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: EU; Doha Round; Sensitive agricultural products; International Relations/Trade.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/44006
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Special and Differential Treatments in World Trade Rules AgEcon
Manero-Salvador, Ana.
This article aims to present an integral vision of the Special and Differential Treatment provisions, which form the cornerstone of the development dimension at WTO and constitute one of the main areas of debate being discussed at the Doha Round. With this purpose, the article analyzes the legal status of the Special and Differential Treatment provisions as they relate to world trade rules; it also examines their possible evolution following the debates in this round of multilateral negotiations.
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Developing countries; Doha Round; Special and Differential Treatment; International Relations/Trade.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/9243
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The Doha Round of Multilateral Trade Negotiations and the Developing Economies AgEcon
Das, Dilip K..
After years of sitting on the fence, developing economies became active participants in the multilateral trade negotiations (MTNs) during the Uruguay Round. In particular, the Group-of-twenty-one (G-21) developing economies played a consequential role both at the Fifth Ministerial Conference in Cancún and at the WTO meeting held in Geneva in the last week of July 2004, which put together the framework agreement, or so-called July package. As the Doha Round is intended to be a development round, development concerns form an integral part not only of the Doha Ministerial Declaration but also of the subsequent framework agreement. This article focuses on the initiatives of the developing economies in the Doha Round of MTNs and calibrates their achievements -...
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Developing economies; Doha Round; Group-of-twenty-one; Multilateral trade negotiations; Special and differential treatment; International Relations/Trade.
Ano: 2005 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/23892
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THE DOHA ROUND OF THE WORLD TRADE ORGANIZATION: APPRAISING FURTHER LIBERALIZATION OF AGRICULTURAL MARKETS AgEcon
Beghin, John C.; Fabiosa, Jacinto F..
Using the Food and Agricultural Policy Research Institute (FAPRI) modeling system, we investigate the multilateral removal of border taxes and farm programs and their distortion of world agricultural markets. We find that agricultural and trade distortions have significant terms-of-trade effects. Terms-of-trade effects caused by trade barriers are much larger than those caused by domestic farm programs. World trade is also significantly impacted. Trade expansion is substantial for most commodities, especially dairy, meats, and vegetable oils. Net agricultural and food exporters, such as Brazil, Australia, and Argentina, emerge with expanded exports, whereas net importing countries with limited distortions before liberalization are penalized by higher world...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Doha Round; Domestic farm program; Liberalization; Partial equilibrium; Trade distortion; World Trade Organization; International Relations/Trade.
Ano: 2002 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/18611
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The Doha Talks and the Bargaining Surplus in Agriculture AgEcon
Furtan, William Hartley; Guzel, A.; Karantininis, Kostas.
The Doha Round has been slow to achieve a reduction in the level of agricultural protection. This remains the case notwithstanding the substantial economic benefits that would arise from a more liberal agricultural trading regime. We provide one explanation for this slowness using a simple bargaining model. We demonstrate that the bargaining countries received a substantial fiscal gain from reducing government expenditures in the run-up to the Uruguay Round. This fiscal pressure was sufficient to block rent seekers who wanted farm payments to continue. Since the Uruguay Round these fiscal constraints have been reduced and the same pressure to reach a bargain and control rent-seeking behaviour is not present in the Doha Round.
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Doha Round; Rent seeking; Bargaining; International Relations/Trade.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/7706
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