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Registros recuperados: 6
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Aging nations and the future of cities Inra
Gaigné, C.; Thisse, J.F.; INRA, Institut National de la Recherche Agronomique (FRA).
We investigate whether an aging population may challenge the supremacy of large working cities. To this end, we develop an economic geography model with two types of individuals (workers and retirees) and two sectors (local services and manufacturing). Workers produce and consume; the elderly consume only. As a result, the mobility decision of workers is driven by both the wage gap and the cost-of-living gap, unlike the elderly who react to the differences in the cost of living only. We show that the return of pre-industrial urban system dominated by rentier cities does not seem to be on the agenda. Quite the opposite, the future of large working cities is still bright, the reason being that today's urban costs act as a strong force that prevents a large...
Tipo: Book Palavras-chave: ECONOMIC GEOGRAPHY; AGING POPULATION; SPATIAL MOBILITY; SECTORAL MOBILITY; COMMUTING COSTS.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://www.prodinra.inra.fr/prodinra/pinra/doc.xsp?id=PROD20112d32b5c0&uri=/notices/prodinra1/2011/06/
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Countries, regions and trade: on the welfare impacts of economic integration Inra
Behrens, K.; Gaigne, C.; Ottaviano, G.I.P.; Thisse, J.F..
We study the impact of falling international trade costs and falling national transport costs on the economic geography of countries involved in an integration process. Each country is formed by two regions between which labor is mobile, whereas there is no international mobility. Goods can be traded both nationally and internationally at positive, but different, costs. A decrease in trade costs and/or in transport costs has a direct impact on prices and wages in both countries. This allows us to account for the impact of changes in these parameters on the economic geography and welfare of each country. We show that, as trade barriers fall, the benefits of integration come after its costs. We also show that national transport policies are of the...
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: AGGLOMERATION; ECONOMIC GEOGRAPHY; REGIONAL INTEGRATION; TRADE COST; TRANSPORT COST.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://www.prodinra.inra.fr/prodinra/pinra/doc.xsp?id=PROD20073be71dc&uri=/notices/prodinra1/2011/06/
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Developing the "outermost regions" of Europe: some lessons from economic geography Inra
Behrens, K.; Gaigné, C..
The aim of this report is to critically review, in the light of recent economic geography theory, various strategies often suggested for developing the outermost regions of Europe. In so doing, we point out pitfalls and bring to the foreground various relatively neglected aspects. The key messages are as follows. First, insularity, difficult topography and climate, and exposure to natural disasters are not, in fine, insurmountable obstacles to economic development. Yet, a small internal market and excessive reliance on homogeneous products traded in increasingly integrated world markets most certainly are. Second, alleviating remoteness by simply improving infrastructure may backfire, which is one of the main lessons from economic geography. Improvements...
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: OUTERMOST REGION; ULTRA-PERIPHERAL REGION; ECONOMIC GEOGRAPHY; REGIONAL DEVELOPMENT.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://www.prodinra.inra.fr/prodinra/pinra/doc.xsp?id=PROD20078b4b2b84&uri=/notices/prodinra1/2008/09/
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European cities in the process of economic integration: towards structural convergence Inra
Longhi, C.; Musolesi, A..
The process of economic integration has triggered complex territorial dynamics in Europe. Basically, opposite dynamics appears to prevail for national and regional economies. The convergence process of the national economies of the EU coexists with a process of divergence between the regional European economies. The process of economic integration occurs in a context of increased importance of permanent innovation and of resulting increased territorialisation of activities where the metropolitan areas seem to embody the main issues at stake on European scene, particularly regarding its regional dimension. Different theoretical literatures have been developed, regarding both income convergence and regional specialisation in Europe. This paper is a first...
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: ECONOMIC GEOGRAPHY; URBAN ECONOMIC; REGIONAL CONVERGENCE.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://www.prodinra.inra.fr/prodinra/pinra/doc.xsp?id=PROD2008db17fe4e&uri=/notices/prodinra1/2010/09/
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Is remoteness a locational disadvantage? Inra
Behrens, K.; Gaigné, C.; Ottaviano, G.I.P.; Thisse, J.F.; INRA, Institut National de la Recherche Agronomique (FRA).
We study the impacts of changes in international trade and domestic transport costs on the internal geography of countries in the presence of geographical asymmetries. To do so, we develop a two-country four-region model in which one country has a region that exhibits a ‘geographical advantage’ in terms of better access to the other country’s markets. Our analysis reveals that, in equilibrium, the space-economies of the trading partners are interdependent and that agglomeration in one country reduces the occurrence of agglomeration in the other, thus showing that physical geography suffices to build strong connections between the two space-economies. We also show that remoteness need not be a geographical disadvantage since a landlocked region may well be...
Tipo: Book Palavras-chave: AGGLOMERATION; ECONOMIC GEOGRAPHY; INTERNATIONAL TRADE; TRADE AND TRANSPORT COST.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://www.prodinra.inra.fr/prodinra/pinra/doc.xsp?id=PROD20112feb4244&uri=/notices/prodinra1/2011/06/
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The taxable agglomeration rent: Evidence from a French panel data Inra
Charlot, S.; Paty, S.; SEA, Spatial Econometric Association (ITA).
L'objectif principal est de tester l’existence d’interactions fiscales entre les collectivités locales françaises en prenant en compte les forces d’agglomération. Pour cela, nous estimons un modèle de fixation des taux de taxe professionnelle en 2002, en mobilisant les techniques d’économétrie spatiale. On observe ainsi un comportement de mimétisme fiscal entre collectivités, plus intense dans les zones urbaines que dans les zones rurales. Ceci corroborait l’hypothèse théorique de concurrence fiscale plus intense lorsque l’agglomération est plus forte. La relation positive entre taux de taxe professionnelle et le stock de capital local suggère également l’existence d’une rente d’agglomération dans les villes.
Tipo: Meeting Paper Palavras-chave: ECONOMETRIE SPATIALE; FISCALITE LOCALE SPATIAL AUTOCORELATION PANEL; ECONOMIC GEOGRAPHY; FISCAL AGGLOMERATION RENT.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://www.prodinra.inra.fr/prodinra/pinra/doc.xsp?id=PROD200786249b5f&uri=/notices/prodinra1/2010/12/
Registros recuperados: 6
Primeira ... 1 ... Última
 

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