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A Policy Analysis Perspective on Ecological Restoration Ecology and Society
Baker, Susan; Cardiff School of Social Sciences/Sustainable Places Institute, Cardiff University; BakerSCM@cardiff.ac.uk.
Using a simple stages model of the policy process, we explore the politics of ecological restoration using an array of examples drawn across sector, different size and scale, and from different countries. A policy analysis perspective reveals how, at both the program and project levels, ecological restoration operates within a complex and dynamic interplay between technical decision making, ideologies, and interest politics. Viewed through the stages model, restoration policy involves negotiating nature across stages in the policy making process, including agenda setting, policy formulation, implementation, and evaluation. The stages model is a useful heuristic devise; however, this linear model assumes that policy makers approach the issue rationally. In...
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Insight Palavras-chave: Ecological restoration; Interests and values; Policy cycle; Stages model.
Ano: 2013
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A Social–Ecological System Approach to Analyze Stakeholders’ Interactions within a Large-Scale Rangeland Restoration Program Ecology and Society
Petursdottir, Thorunn; Institute for Environment and Sustainability (IES), European Commission, Joint Research Centre (JRC); thorunn@live.com; Arnalds, Olafur; Faculty of Environmental Sciences, Agricultural University of Iceland; oa@lbhi.is; Baker, Susan; Cardiff School of Social Sciences; BakerSCM@cardiff.ac.uk; Montanarella, Luca; Institute for Environment and Sustainability (IES), European Commission, Joint Research Centre (JRC) ; luca.montanarella@jrc.ec.europa.eu.
Large-scale restoration projects are normally part of a complex social–ecological system where restoration goals are shaped by governmental policies, managed by the surrounding governance system, and implemented by the related actors. The process of efficiently restoring degraded ecosystems is, therefore, not only based on restoring ecological structure and functions but also relies on the functionality of the related policies, the relevant stakeholder groups, and the surrounding socioeconomic and political settings. In this research, we investigated the SES of rangeland restoration in Iceland to estimate whether social factors, such as stakeholders’ attitudes and behavior, can be used to evaluate the effectiveness of agri-environmental...
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Reports Palavras-chave: Agri-environmental policies; Ecological restoration; Evaluation; Natural resource management; Social– Ecological systems.
Ano: 2013
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Abiotic alterations caused by forest fragmentation affect tree regeneration: a shade and drought tolerance gradient in the remnants of Coastal Maulino Forest RChHN
GUERRERO,PABLO C; BUSTAMANTE,RAMIRO O.
Plant regeneration is strongly determined by light and soil moisture differences between habitáis; both variables are modified by large-scale forest fragmentation. Several studies have indicated this alteration as the mechanism involved in tropical forest community change. The effects of fragmentation may be much more severe in Mediterranean and deciduous forests, because plant species in these forests show a stress tolerance tradeoff between shade and drought. Our study was performed in the deciduous fragmented Coastal Maulino Forest: Reserva Nacional Los Queules (RNLQ) and surrounding small fragments. We hypothesised that Aristotelia chilensis (shade intolerant but drought tolerant) should increase its regeneration in small patches as a consequence of...
Tipo: Journal article Palavras-chave: Ecological restoration; Forest fragmentation; Safe sites; Seed germination; Seedling establishment.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://www.scielo.cl/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0716-078X2009000300008
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An appraisal of adaptive management planning and implementation in ecological restoration: case studies from the San Francisco Bay Delta, USA Ecology and Society
Nagarkar, Mita; University of Copenhagen; mita.nagarkar@gmail.com; Raulund-Rasmussen, Karsten; University of Copenhagen; krr@ign.ku.dk.
Adaptive management has been defined and redefined in the context of natural resource management, yet there are few examples of its successful application in ecological restoration. Although the 2009 Delta Reform Act now legally requires adaptive management for all restoration efforts in the Sacramento-San Joaquin Delta, in California, USA, projects in this region still encounter problems with implementation. We used a comparative case study analysis to examine adaptive management planning and implementation both in and around the Delta, assessing not only why adaptive management is not yet well implemented, but also what changes can be made to facilitate the adaptive management approach without sacrificing scientific rigor. Adaptive management seems to be...
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Reports Palavras-chave: Adaptive management; Ecological restoration; Sacramento-San Joaquin Delta; Social ecological systems; Tidal marsh.
Ano: 2016
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Analyzing ecological restoration strategies for water and soil conservation. Repositório Alice
SAAD, S. I.; SILVA, J. M. da; SILVA, M. L. N.; GUIMARAES, J. L. B.; SOUSA JUNIOR, W. C.; FIGUEIREDO, R. de O.; ROCHA, H. R. da.
Abstract: The choice of areas for nature conservation involves the attempt to maximize the benefits, whether by carrying out an economic activity or by the provision of Ecosystem Services. Studies are needed to improve the understanding of the effect of the extent and position along the watershed of restored areas on soil and water conservation. This study aimed to understand how different restoration strategies might reflect in soil conservation and sediment retention. Using InVEST tool, sediment transport was simulated in a small 12 km2 watershed (Posses River, in Southeast Brazil), where one of first Brazilian Payment for Ecosystem Services (PES) projects is being carried out, comparing different hypothetical restoration strategies. With 25% of...
Tipo: Artigo em periódico indexado (ALICE) Palavras-chave: Recuperação do Solo; Conservação do Solo; Preservação da Natureza; Água; Bacia Hidrográfica; Sedimento; Land restoration; Soil restoration; Ecological restoration; Watersheds; Natural resources conservation.
Ano: 2018 URL: http://www.alice.cnptia.embrapa.br/alice/handle/doc/1093592
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Annual changes in a bird assembly on artificial perches: Implications for ecological restoration in a subtropical agroecosystem Biota Neotropica
Vogel,Huilquer Francisco; Spotswood,Erica; Campos,João Batista; Bechara,Fernando Campanhã.
Artificial perches are used in tropical forest restoration projects to increase the dispersal of seeds into restored areas. The ability of perches to enhance seed deposition depends on their ability to attract seed dispersing birds, as well as the correlation between the season of bird visits to perches and the phenology of fruit production in adjacent forests. Using data collected from a large-scale restoration project, we characterized the community of birds that utilize artificial perches over the course of one year. We hypothesized that the structure of a bird assemblage that uses artificial perches is affected by seasonal variation. We aimed to describe the richness, abundance and diversity of a bird assemblage on artificial perches in a subtropical...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/other Palavras-chave: Avian fauna; Ecological restoration; Atlantic forest; Nucleation.
Ano: 2016 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1676-06032016000100402
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Biodiversity offsetting and restoration under the European Union Habitats Directive: balancing between no net loss and deathbed conservation? Ecology and Society
Schoukens, Hendrik; Department of Public, European, and International Law, Ghent University, Belgium; hendrik.schoukens@ugent.be; Cliquet, An; Department of Public, European, and International Law, Ghent University, Belgium; An.Cliquet@UGent.be.
Biodiversity offsets have emerged as one of the most prominent policy approaches to align economic development with nature protection across many jurisdictions, including the European Union. Given the increased level of scrutiny that needs to be applied when authorizing economic developments near protected Natura 2000 sites, the incorporation of onsite biodiversity offsets in project design has grown increasingly popular in some member states, such as the Netherlands and Belgium. Under this approach, the negative effects of developments are outbalanced by restoration programs that are functionally linked to the infrastructure projects. However, although taking into consideration that the positive effects of onsite restoration measures leads to more leeway...
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Insight Palavras-chave: Biodiversity offsetting; Briels case; Compensation; Ecological restoration; Habitats Directive; Mitigation.
Ano: 2016
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Biodiversity offsetting: Clearing up misunderstandings between conservation and economics to take further action ArchiMer
Vaissiere, Anne-charlotte; Levrel, Harold; Scemama, Pierre.
Biodiversity offsetting (BO) is increasingly adopted as a conservation tool by many countries while it has received several critics among which its possible links to several forms of Nature economicization. We believe that some of these concerns rest on misunderstandings generated by the difficulty to interpret economic principles from ecological viewpoints and the lack of a common language between conservationists and economists. Because this issue is vivid and the concepts not yet stabilized, key aspects of the potential advances and limits of BO to conservation practice must be clarified. This short communication (1) addresses the links between the BO concept and the central sustainability principle and (2) clarifies key assumptions regarding three...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Biodiversity offsetting; Sustainability; Commodification; Marketization; Privatization; Ecological restoration.
Ano: 2017 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00361/47215/47450.pdf
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Can reproductive traits contribute to the success of ecological restoration? Repositório Alice
PIERRY, R. B.; GUARINO, E. de S. G.; JARENKOW, J. A..
Direct sowing has been proposed as an alternative to planting seedlings because of its low cost. However, there are still few works with direct seeding that aim to select species that best respond to the technique. Therefore, we carried out a direct sowing study with native tree species of the Semideciduous Seasonal Forest in Southern Brazil (Serra do Sudeste, State of Rio Grande do Sul).
Tipo: Resumo em anais de congresso (ALICE) Palavras-chave: Floresta sazonal semidecidual; Serra do Sudeste (RS); Rio Grande do Sul; Essência florestal; Floresta nativa; Reflorestamento; Muda; Plantio direto; Germinação; Poder germinativo; Ecological restoration; Seedlings; Direct seeding; Seed germination; Deciduous forests; Restauración ecológica; Plantas de semilleros; Germinación de las semillas; Siembra directa; Bosques caducifolios.
Ano: 2017 URL: http://www.alice.cnptia.embrapa.br/alice/handle/doc/1078378
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"Cerrado" restoration by direct seeding: field establishment and initial growth of 75 trees, shrubs and grass species. Repositório Alice
PELLIZZARO, K. F.; CORDEIRO, A. O. O.; ALVES, M.; MOTTA, C. P.; REZENDE, G. M.; SILVA, R. R. P.; RIBEIRO, J. F.; SAMPAIO, A. B.; VIEIRA, D. L. M.; SCHMIDT, I. B..
bitstream/item/180967/1/Pellizzaro2017-Article-CerradoRestorationByDirectSeed.pdf
Tipo: Artigo em periódico indexado (ALICE) Palavras-chave: Grassland restoration; Herbaceous layer; Neotropical savanna; Direct sowing; Ecological restoration.
Ano: 2017 URL: http://www.alice.cnptia.embrapa.br/alice/handle/doc/1078531
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Changes in the soil structure and organic matter dynamics under different plant covers. Repositório Alice
NOVAK, E.; CARVALHO, L. A.; SANTIAGO, E. F; TOMAZI, M..
bitstream/item/204605/1/36913.pdf; bitstream/item/204605/1/36913.pdf
Tipo: Artigo em periódico indexado (ALICE) Palavras-chave: Restauração ecológica; Solo; Manejo; Manejo do Solo; Conservação do Solo; Propriedade Físico-Química; Matéria Orgânica; Cobertura do Solo; Cana de Açúcar; Carbono; Soil management; Soil organic matter; Soil properties; Cane sugar; Ecological resilience; Ecological restoration.
Ano: 2019 URL: http://www.alice.cnptia.embrapa.br/alice/handle/doc/1114256
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Costs of ecological restoration in Brazil. Repositório Alice
BENINI, R. de M.; LENTI, F. E. B.; TYMUS, J. R. C.; SILVA, A. P. M. da; ISERNHAGEN, I..
Aiming to subsidize actions and policies for the development of large-scale restoration in Brazil, the Institute for Applied EconomicResearch and The Nature Conservancy, started an important study to estimate the costs of implementing key ecologicalrestoration techniques in regions of Brazil. The project also has the support of the Brazilian Agricultural Research Corporation(EMBRAPA), the Brazilian Ministry of the Environment (MMA) and the Deutsche Gessellschaft fur Internationale Zusammenarbeit(GIZ). Initially we identified widely used techniques by consulting executives from restoration projects, further characterizingeach in terms of required management activities, steps and inputs. Recognizing that initial site conditions play a role in...
Tipo: Resumo em anais de congresso (ALICE) Palavras-chave: Ecological restoration; Variable costs.
Ano: 2017 URL: http://www.alice.cnptia.embrapa.br/alice/handle/doc/1087298
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Creating restoration landscapes: partnerships in large-scale conservation in the UK Ecology and Society
Adams, William M.; Department of Geography, University of Cambridge, Cambridge, UK; wa12@cam.ac.uk; Hodge, Ian D.; Department of Land Economy, University of Cambridge, Cambridge, UK; idh3@cam.ac.uk; Macgregor, Nicholas A.; Natural England, Nobel House, London, UK; Durrell Institute of Conservation and Ecology (DICE), School of Anthropology and Conservation, University of Kent, Canterbury, Kent, UK; nicholas.macgregor@naturalengland.org.uk; Sandbrook, Lindsey C.; Department of Geography, University of Cambridge, Cambridge, UK; lindsey.sandbrook@gmail.com.
It is increasingly recognized that ecological restoration demands conservation action beyond the borders of existing protected areas. This requires the coordination of land uses and management over a larger area, usually with a range of partners, which presents novel institutional challenges for conservation planners. Interviews were undertaken with managers of a purposive sample of large-scale conservation areas in the UK. Interviews were open-ended and analyzed using standard qualitative methods. Results show a wide variety of organizations are involved in large-scale conservation projects, and that partnerships take time to create and demand resilience in the face of different organizational practices, staff turnover, and short-term funding. Successful...
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Reports Palavras-chave: Biodiversity conservation; Conservation governance; Ecological restoration; Landscape-scale conservation; Neoliberalism; Partnership.
Ano: 2016
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Cultural Foundations for Ecological Restoration on the White Mountain Apache Reservation Ecology and Society
Long, Jonathan; ; johnny578293@yahoo.com; Tecle, Aregai; Northern Arizona University; aregai.tecle@nau.edu; Burnette, Benrita; ; mburnette@wmat.nsn.us.
Myths, metaphors, and social norms that facilitate collective action and understanding of restoration dynamics serve as foundations for ecological restoration. The experience of the White Mountain Apache Tribe demonstrates how such cultural foundations can permeate and motivate ecological restoration efforts. Through interviews with tribal cultural advisors and restoration practitioners, we examined how various traditions inform their understanding of restoration processes. Creation stories reveal the time-honored importance and functions of water bodies within the landscape, while place names yield insights into their historical and present conditions. Traditional healing principles and agricultural traditions help guide modern restoration techniques. A...
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Reports Palavras-chave: Ecological restoration; Riparian; Traditional ecological knowledge; Wetland.
Ano: 2003
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Cultural Keystone Species: Implications for Ecological Conservation and Restoration Ecology and Society
Garibaldi, Ann; University of Victoria; anng@uvic.ca; Turner, Nancy; University of Victoria; nturner@uvic.ca.
Ecologists have long recognized that some species, by virtue of the key roles they play in the overall structure and functioning of an ecosystem, are essential to its integrity; these are known as keystone species. Similarly, in human cultures everywhere, there are plants and animals that form the contextual underpinnings of a culture, as reflected in their fundamental roles in diet, as materials, or in medicine. In addition, these species often feature prominently in the language, ceremonies, and narratives of native peoples and can be considered cultural icons. Without these "cultural keystone species," the societies they support would be completely different. An obvious example is western red-cedar (Thuja plicata) for Northwest Coast cultures of North...
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Reports Palavras-chave: Porphyra abbottiae; Sagittaria spp.; Thuja plicata; British Columbia; First Nations; Cultural keystone species; Ecological restoration; Traditional ecological knowledge.
Ano: 2004
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Direct seeded and colonizing species guarantee successful early restoration of South Amazon forests. Repositório Alice
RODRIGUES, S. B.; FREITAS, M. G.; CAMPOS-FILHO, E. M.; CARMO, G. H. P. do; VEIGA, J. M. da; JUNQUEIRA, R. G. P.; VIEIRA, D. L. M..
bitstream/item/201752/1/1-s2.0-S0378112719310552-main.pdf
Tipo: Artigo em periódico indexado (ALICE) Palavras-chave: Evergreen seasonal forest; Functional traits; Life-history traits; Species composition; Direct seeding; Ecological restoration.
Ano: 2019 URL: http://www.alice.cnptia.embrapa.br/alice/handle/doc/1112074
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Direct seeding of 16 Brazilian savanna trees: responses to seed burial,mulching and an invasive grass. Repositório Alice
SILVA, R. R. P.; VIEIRA, D. L. M..
2017
Tipo: Artigo em periódico indexado (ALICE) Palavras-chave: Functional traits; Neotropical savanna; Seed traits; Seedling morphofunctional types; Cerrado; Ecological restoration; Restoration ecology.
Ano: 2017 URL: http://www.alice.cnptia.embrapa.br/handle/doc/1072029
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DIversification de la pêcherie de la RAde de Brest par l'étude de semis de PEtoncle Noir : le projet DIRAPEN ArchiMer
Pouvreau, Stephane.
Comme de nombreuses espèces d’invertébrés marins natifs de nos côtes, le pétoncle noir (Mimachlamys varia) connaît, depuis 30 ans, une très forte diminution de son abondance avec une disparition progressive des gisements sauvages autrefois réputés. Dans ce contexte, le développement d’une activité de « Sea ranching » peut être une piste intéressante pour soutenir certaines pêcheries côtières, comme c’est le cas pour la coquille Saint Jacques en rade de Brest depuis les années 1990. L’objectif du projet DIRAPEN était donc de lancer à nouveau, en 2015 et sur le site pilote de rade de Brest, des opérations de semis de naissains de pétoncles noirs afin d'étudier les conditions d’un soutien au stock pour cette espèce. Ce rapport présente l’accompagnement...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Pétoncle; Mimachlamys varia; Sea Ranching; Semis; Restauration écologique; Rade de Brest (France); Variegated Scallop; Mimachlamys varia; Sea Ranching; Shellfish mariculture; Ecological restoration; Bay of Brest (France).
Ano: 2016 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00363/47425/47446.pdf
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Do the Principles of Ecological Restoration Cover EU LIFE Nature Cofunded Projects in Denmark? Ecology and Society
Morsing, Jonas; Department of Geosciences and Natural Resource Management, University of Copenhagen; nkx236@alumni.ku.dk; Frandsen, Sally Ida; Department of Geosciences and Natural Resource Management, University of Copenhagen;; Vejre, Henrik; Department of Geosciences and Natural Resource Management, University of Copenhagen; hv@life.ku.dk; Raulund-Rasmussen, Karsten; Department of Geosciences and Natural Resource Management, University of Copenhagen; krr@life.ku.dk.
Ecological restoration is becoming a main component in nature management; hence, its definitions and interpretations of the underlying principles are widely discussed. In Denmark, restoration has been implemented for decades, and the LIFE Nature program has contributed to several large-scale projects. Our aim was to indicate tendencies in Danish nature policy by analyzing a representative sample of nature management projects. Using qualitative document analyses of official reports, we investigated how well 13 LIFE Nature cofinanced projects undertaken in Denmark fit with the principles of ecological restoration, as formulated in the nine attributes of the Society for Ecological Restoration’s Primer on Ecological Restoration, and based on the five...
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Reports Palavras-chave: Benchmark; Ecological restoration; Human impact; LIFE Nature; Natura 2000; Nature policy; Semicultural landscapes; SER attributes.
Ano: 2013
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Drivers of Ecological Restoration: Lessons from a Century of Restoration in Iceland Ecology and Society
Aradóttir, Ása L.; Faculty of Environmental Sciences, Agricultural University of Iceland; asa@lbhi.is; Petursdottir, Thorunn; Soil Conservation Service of Iceland; Institute for Environment and Sustainability (IES), European Commission, Joint Research Centre (JRC); thorunn.petursdottir@land.is; Halldorsson, Gudmundur; Soil Conservation Service of Iceland; gudmundur.halldorsson@land.is; Svavarsdottir, Kristin; Soil Conservation Service of Iceland; kristin.svavarsdottir@land.is; Arnalds, Olafur; Faculty of Environmental Sciences, Agricultural University of Iceland; oa@lbhi.is.
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Reports Palavras-chave: Birch woodlands; Drivers; Ecological restoration; Heathlands; Land degradation; Revegetation; Soil erosion; Wetlands.
Ano: 2013
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