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Registros recuperados: 68
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A Classification of Collaborative Management Methods Ecology and Society
Blumenthal, Dana M; University of Minnesota; dblumenthal@npa.ars.usda.gov; Jannink, Jean-Luc; University of Minnesota; jjannink@iastate.edu.
Collaboration among multiple stakeholders can be crucial to the success of natural resource management. In recent years, a wide variety of methods have been developed to facilitate such collaboration. Because these methods are relatively new and come from different disciplines, little attention has been paid to drawing comparisons among them. Thus, it is very difficult for potential users to sort through the increasingly large literature regarding such methods. We suggest the use of a consistent framework for comparing collaborative management methods, and develop such a framework based on five criteria: participation, institutional analysis, simplification of the natural resource, spatial scale, and stages in the process of natural resource management. We...
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Reports Palavras-chave: Adaptive management; Agriculture; Agroecosystem analysis; Collaboration; Ecosystem management; Natural resource management; Participatory rural appraisal; Rapid rural appraisal; Soft systems analysis.
Ano: 2000
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A Framework for Action on Biodiversity and Ecosystem Management OceanDocs
The WEHAB initiative was proposed by UN Secretary- General Kofi Annan as a contribution to the preparations for the World Summit on Sustainable Development (WSSD). It seeks to provide focus and impetus to action in the five key thematic areas of Water, Energy, Health, Agriculture and Biodiversity and sustainable ecosystem management that are integral to a coherent international approach to the implementation of sustainable development and that are among the issues contained in the Summit’s Draft Plan of Implementation.
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Biodiversity; Ecosystem management.
Ano: 2002 URL: http://hdl.handle.net/1834/847
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A Toolkit Modeling Approach for Sustainable Forest Management Planning: Achieving Balance between Science and Local Needs Ecology and Society
Sturtevant, Brian R.; Northern Research Station, U.S. Forest Service; bsturtevant@fs.fed.us; Fall, Andrew; Gowlland Technologies Ltd; fall@cs.sfu.ca; Simon, Neal P. P.; Newfoundland and Labrador Department of Natural Resources; nealsimon@gov.nl.ca; Morgan, Don G.; British Columbia Ministry of Forests; Don.Morgan@gems7.gov.bc.ca.
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Reports Palavras-chave: Decision support; Ecosystem management; Forest sustainability; Interdisciplinary modeling; Land planning; Participatory modeling; Scaling.
Ano: 2007
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Adaptive Ecosystem Management in the Pacific Northwest: a Case Study from Coastal Oregon Ecology and Society
Gray, Andrew N; U.S. Forest Service Pacific Northwest Research Station; agray01@fs.fed.us.
Adaptive ecosystem management has been adopted as a goal for decision making by several of the land management and regulatory agencies of the U.S. government. One of the first attempts to implement ecosystem management was undertaken on the federally managed forests of the Pacific Northwest in 1994. In addition to a network of reserve areas intended to restore habitat for late-successional terrestrial and aquatic species, "adaptive management areas" (AMAs) were established. These AMAs were intended to be focal areas for implementing innovative methods of ecological conservation and restoration and meeting economic and social goals. This paper analyzes the primary ecological, social, and institutional issues of concern to one AMA in the Coast Range in...
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Reports Palavras-chave: Adaptive management; Adaptive management area; Ecosystem management; Forest ecology; Landscape ecology; Models; Monitoring; Old-growth forest; Public involvement.
Ano: 2000
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Adaptive Management of the Water Cycle on the Urban Fringe: Three Australian Case Studies Ecology and Society
Gilmour, Alistair; Macquarie University; agilmour@gse.mq.edu.au; Walkerden, Greg; Wyong Shire Council; gregw@acay.com.au; Scandol, James; University of Sydney; jscandol@bio.usyd.edu.au.
Our group at Macquarie University has run three adaptive management projects in New South Wales, Australia. Their objectives were: (1) to evaluate water cycle management strategies to minimize impacts of urban development on water quality in the Hawkesbury-Nepean basin; (2) to evaluate development planning policies to minimize water quality impacts on a series of coastal lakes; and (3) to carry out a preliminary assessment of the potential impacts of greater recreational use of Sydney water catchments. These projects are examined to evaluate the contribution of the adaptive management approach to water cycle management on the urban fringe in New South Wales. The role of the adaptive management approach in education, as a negotiation process, and in policy...
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Reports Palavras-chave: Adaptive management; Conservation biology; Ecosystem management; Sustainability transition; Sustainable development; Water quality; Watershed management..
Ano: 1999
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Adaptive Management Planning Projects as Conflict Resolution Processes Ecology and Society
Walkerden, Greg; Macquarie University; gmw@bwassociates.com.au.
Adaptive management planning projects use multiparty, multidisciplinary workshops and simulation modeling to facilitate dialogue, negotiation, and planning. However, they have been criticized as a poor medium for conflict resolution. Alternative processes from the conflict resolution tradition, e.g., principled negotiation and sequenced negotiation, address uncertainty and biophysical constraints much less skillfully than does adaptive management. When we evaluate adaptive management planning using conflict resolution practice as a benchmark, we can design better planning procedures. Adaptive management planning procedures emerge that explore system structure, dynamics, and uncertainty, and that also provide a strong negotiation process, grounded in...
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Synthesis Palavras-chave: Adaptive management; Conflict resolution; Crossing; Ecosystem management; Environmental management; Negotiation; Planning; Practice; Principled negotiation; Professional practice; Resource management; Strategic environmental assessment..
Ano: 2006
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An Emergent Economics of Ecosystem Management AgEcon
Hearnshaw, Edward J.S.; Cullen, Ross; Hughey, Kenneth F.D..
Economics is an evolving and emerging field of study, so is the management of ecosystems. As such, this paper delineates the co-evolution of economic evaluation that reflects the various recognized ecosystem management approaches of anticipative, adaptive and capacitive ecosystem management. Each management approach is critiqued and from this theoretical analysis an emergent approach for the management of ecosystem is put forward, which accordingly suggests an alternative methodological approach for economic evaluations.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Complexity; Creativity; Economic evaluation; Ecosystem management; Evolution; Open systems; Rationality; Resource /Energy Economics and Policy.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/31957
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An Immune System Perspective on Ecosystem Management Ecology and Society
Janssen, Marco A; Indiana University; maajanss@indiana.edu.
A new perspective for studying the complex interactions between human activities and ecosystems is proposed. It is argued that biological immune systems share a number of similarities with ecological economic systems in terms of function. These similarities include the system's ability to recognize harmful invasions, design measures to control and destroy these invasions, and remember successful response strategies. Studying both the similarities and the differences between immune systems and ecological economic systems can provide new insights on ecosystem management.
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Reports Palavras-chave: Adaptive systems; Artificial immune systems; Biological invasions; Ecological economic systems; Ecosystem management; Immune systems; Institutions; Models.
Ano: 2001
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Appraising Adaptive Management Ecology and Society
Lee, Kai N; Williams College; Kai.N.Lee@williams.edu.
Adaptive management is appraised as a policy implementation approach by examining its conceptual, technical, equity, and practical strengths and limitations. Three conclusions are drawn: (1) Adaptive management has been more influential, so far, as an idea than as a practical means of gaining insight into the behavior of ecosystems utilized and inhabited by humans. (2) Adaptive management should be used only after disputing parties have agreed to an agenda of questions to be answered using the adaptive approach; this is not how the approach has been used. (3) Efficient, effective social learning, of the kind facilitated by adaptive management, is likely to be of strategic importance in governing ecosystems as humanity searches for a sustainable economy.
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Reports Palavras-chave: Adaptive management; Conservation biology; Ecosystem management; Sustainability transition; Sustainable development.
Ano: 1999
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Biodiversity and sustainable management of a tropical wetland lake ecosystem: A case study of Lake Kanyaboli, Kenya OceanDocs
Rasowo, J.O.; Abila, R.; Manyala, J..
Lake Kanyaboli and the surrounding Yala swamp wetland has been recognized as an important biodiversity hotspot. Recent population genetic and phylogenetic studies confirm the evolutionary importance of Lake Kanyaboli (Kenya) in preserving the cichlid fish fauna of Lake Victoria. The adjoining Yala swamp harbours the endangered swamp antelope Sitatunga (Tragecephalus spekii) and several papyrus endemic birds. The lake and adjoining swamp play a critical role in the livelihood of the local communities who heavily depend on the wetland resources. Current ongoing large scale land use changes within the swamp threaten the ecological integrity and functioning of this highly dynamic wetland ecosystem. It is therefore imperative that proper management and...
Tipo: Proceedings Paper Palavras-chave: Wetlands; Biodiversity; Resource conservation; Inland waters; Ecosystem management; Ecological crisis; Tropical environment; Population genetics; Phylogenetics; Lake fisheries; Freshwater fish; Aquatic birds; Land use.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://hdl.handle.net/1834/2126
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Black Sea Data Management Guide OceanDocs
IOC.
The material on the "Black Sea Data Management Guide" are prepared in accordance with the working plans of the IOC Committee on International Data and Information Exchange (IODE) and its regional component in the Black Sea region to assist specialists of the Black Sea countries in the field of Data Management. The Guide includes the following items: national oceanographic data centres, designated national agencies, other marine centres and institutions of the Black Sea region countries dealing with problems of oceanographic data; current international and national projects and programs of the Black Sea region countries; preliminary catalogue marine observation in the Black Sea; bibliography of publications of the marine centres and institute of the Black...
Tipo: Other Palavras-chave: Oceanography; Oceanographic surveys; Oceanography; Ecosystem management; Monitoring systems; Oceanographic data; Oceanographic surveys; Oceanographic institutions; Oceanography; Http://aims.fao.org/aos/agrovoc/c_12889.
Ano: 2002 URL: http://hdl.handle.net/1834/2624
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Challenges in adaptive management of riparian and coastal ecosystems Ecology and Society
Walters, Carl; University of British Columbia; c.walters@fisheries.ubc.ca.
Many case studies in adaptive-management planning for riparian ecosystems have failed to produce useful models for policy comparison or good experimental management plans for resolving key uncertainties. Modeling efforts have been plagued by difficulties in representation of cross-scale effects (from rapid hydrologic change to long-term ecological response), lack of data on key processes that are difficult to study, and confounding of factor effects in validation data. Experimental policies have been seen as too costly or risky, particularly in relation to monitoring costs and risk to sensitive species. Research and management stakeholders have shown deplorable self-interest, seeing adaptive-policy development as a threat to existing research programs and...
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Reports Palavras-chave: Adaptive management; Coastal ecosystems; Ecosystem management; Fisheries; Institutional barriers; Management experiments; Modeling; Riparian ecosystems; Simulation.
Ano: 1997
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Coastal resources and management systems influenced by conflict and migration: Mecúfi, Mozambique OceanDocs
Bryceson, I.; Massinga, A..
Coastal resource utilization and management systems, bothtraditional and more recently conceived, were studied in Mecufidistrict, northern Mozambique in a post-conflict situation prior towhich a significant migration of people to the coast had occurred.A wide variety of coastal biotopes containing a multitude ofresources had been affected in various ways. Intertidalorganisms exhibited signs of decreasing abundance and averagesize, whereas offshore fishes and mangrove forests did not showsigns of overutilization. It was observed that traditional coastalmanagement systems were still influential, but that newerinitiatives were only beginning to enter into significant dialogueand cooperation with these. In the current circumstances ofpeace and political...
Tipo: Journal Contribution Palavras-chave: Coastal zone; Resources; Ecosystem management.
Ano: 2002 URL: http://hdl.handle.net/1834/716
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Combining quantitative and qualitative models to identify functional groups for monitoring changes in the Bay of Biscay continental shelf exploited foodweb ArchiMer
Lassalle, Geraldine; Pasqual, Jean-sebastien Nelva; Boet, Philippe; Rochet, Marie-joelle; Trenkel, Verena; Niquil, Nathalie.
To develop and implement ecosystem-based management, it is critical to monitor foodweb components or functional groups which are robust to uncertainty in ecosystem structure and functioning yet sensitive to changes. To select such functional groups for the Bay of Biscay continental shelf, both quantitative and qualitative foodweb models were developed. First, functional groups for which predictions of directions of change following an increase in primary productivity, prey or predators, or in fishing activities were identical across alternative qualitative model structures were identified. Second, the robustness to model type was assessed by comparing qualitative predictions with quantitative Ecopath model results. The demersal fish community was...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Comparative studies; Ecosystem management; Foodweb; Loop analysis; Northeast Atlantic continental shelf.
Ano: 2014 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00173/28427/26852.pdf
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Comments on "Cross-cultural Conflicts in Fire Management in Northern Australia: Not so Black and White" by Alan Andersen Ecology and Society
Elmqvist, Thomas; Stockholm University; thomase@system.ecology.su.se.
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Reports Palavras-chave: Cultural conflicts; Ecosystem management; Fire; Natural resources.
Ano: 2000
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Comparative analysis of phylogenetic and fishing effects in life history patterns of teleost fishes ArchiMer
Rochet, Marie-joelle; Cornillon, Pierre-andré; Sabatier, Robert; Pontier, Dominique.
The effects of fishing on life history traits and life history strategies of teleost fishes are analysed by a new comparative method that splits traits into an allometric part (size effect), an autoregressive phylogenetic component, and an environmental component (fishing effect). Both intra- and inter-specific variation of age and size at maturity, fecundity, adult size and egg size are analysed by comparing 84 populations of 49 species submitted to various fishing pressures. Two axes of life history diversification are found among teleosts. One is the well-known slow-fast continuum separating short-lived and early maturing species (like Clupeiformes) From longer-lived species that mature late relative to their size and spawn larger eggs (like salmonids...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Stocking; Recreational fisheries; Habitat rehabilitation; Freshwater fisheries; Ecosystem management; Angling.
Ano: 2000 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/2000/publication-667.pdf
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Considering Other Consumers: Fisheries, Predators, and Atlantic Herring in the Gulf of Maine Ecology and Society
Read, Andrew J; Duke University; aread@duke.edu; Brownstein, Carrie R; Duke University; cbrownstein@audubon.org.
After decades of overexploitation and severe depletion, Atlantic herring stocks in waters of the northeastern United States have recovered. Fishery managers now consider the herring resource to be underexploited. Nevertheless, some fishery managers and sustainable fishery advocates in New England have expressed concern that the fishery management plan may not adequately consider the importance of herring as prey for marine mammals, seabirds, and piscivorous fish. Several studies suggest that consumption by these predators is significant, yet trophic interactions are not explicitly considered in stock assessment models. Instead, as in most fisheries stock assessments, predation is subsumed within the natural mortality rate, and no empirical estimates of...
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Reports Palavras-chave: Atlantic herring; Ecosystem management; Fisheries management; Gulf of Maine; Marine mammals; Piscivores; Protected species; Single-species approach; Stock assessment; Trophic interactions.
Ano: 2003
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Coral Transplantation and Restocking to Accelerate the Recovery of Coral Reef Habitats and Fisheries Resources Within No-Take Marine Protected Areas: Hands-On Approaches to Support Community-Based Coral Reef Management OceanDocs
Bowden-Kerby, A..
Of the planet’s 600,000 km2 of coral reefs (Jameson et al., 1995), roughly 70-80% are located in developing countries. Many of these reefs are owned or controlled by indigenous fishing communities rather than national or state governments. These rural fishing communities are a primary force of destruction to coral reefs on a global scale (Wilkinson, 1998), therefore their involvement in the management and conservation of coral reefs will be an essential part of reversing coral reef decline....
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Ecosystem management; Coral reefs; Fishery resources.
Ano: 2003 URL: http://hdl.handle.net/1834/849
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Crossing Scales and Disciplines to Achieve Forest Sustainability Ecology and Society
Sturtevant, Brian; Institute for Applied Ecosystems Studies, Northern Research Station, US Forest Service; bsturtevant@fs.fed.us.
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Synthesis Palavras-chave: Decision support; Ecosystem management; Forest sustainability; Interdisciplinary modeling; Land planning; Participatory modeling; Scaling; Sustainable forest management..
Ano: 2008
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Designing Collaborative Processes for Adaptive Management: Four Structures for Multistakeholder Collaboration Ecology and Society
Pratt Miles, Jennifer D.; Meridian Institute; jprattmiles@merid.org.
Parties should consider a collaborative approach to scientific inquiry and learning when there are multiple jurisdictions, resource users, and viewpoints about the best way to manage a social-ecological system. A collaborative process provides a forum for scientists, managers, and other stakeholders to raise and explain concerns, articulate management goals, and suggest strategies to address concerns and management actions to achieve goals. Collaborative problem solving engages parties in dialogue that facilitates understanding of different perspectives and creates an opportunity to reframe problems as hypotheses to be tested through the adaptive management process. I review four potential structures for multistakeholder collaboration that have been...
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Synthesis Palavras-chave: Adaptive management; Collaboration; Collaborative process; Ecosystem management; Natural resource management; Stakeholder.
Ano: 2013
Registros recuperados: 68
Primeira ... 1234 ... Última
 

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