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A Classification of Landscape Services to Support Local Landscape Planning Ecology and Society
Van Eetvelde, Veerle; Ghent University, Department of Geography; veerle.vaneetvelde@UGent.be.
The ecosystem services approach has been proven successful to measure the contributions of nature and greenery to human well-being. Ecosystems have an effect on quality of life, but landscapes also, as a broader concept, may contribute to people’s well-being. The concept of landscape services, compared to ecosystem services, involves the social dimension of landscape and the spatial pattern resulting from both natural and human processes in the provision of benefits for human-well being. Our aim is to develop a classification for landscape services. The proposed typology of services is built on the Common International Classification of Ecosystem Services (CICES) and on a critical review of existing literature on human well-being dimensions,...
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Reports Palavras-chave: Cultural services; Ecosystem services; Holism; Landscape services; Spatial pattern; Transdiciplinarity.
Ano: 2014
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A influência da composição dos elementos da paisagem na qualidade de água e nos serviços ecossistêmicos. Estudo de caso: bacia do rio Formoso, MS. Repositório Alice
LIMA, G. T. N. P. de; BERTOLO, L. S.; SANTOS, R. F. dos; SILVA, J. dos S. V. da.
Resumo. Nas últimas décadas, a região de Bonito (MS/Brasil), inserida na bacia hidrográfica do rio Formoso, vem acumulando sérios impactos aos recursos hídricos, resultantes das atividades agrícolas, pecuária e turismo que, realizadas sem o devido planejamento, levam a fragmentação da paisagem e à perda de serviços ecossistêmicos, importantes para a manutenção da qualidade ambiental e da vida humana. Objetivando estudar a cadeia de relações entre usos, impactos, recursos hídricos e serviços ecossistêmicos, o presente trabalho determinou a influência da composição dos elementos da paisagem e da qualidade da água na variação da oferta de três serviços ecossistêmicos: qualidade de água, controle de erosão e recreação e turismo. Para tanto, foram realizadas...
Tipo: Artigo em anais de congresso (ALICE) Palavras-chave: Qualidade de água; Serviços ecossistêmicos; Análise da paisagem; Bacia rio Formoso; Water quality; Ecosystem services; Landscapes.
Ano: 2012 URL: http://www.alice.cnptia.embrapa.br/alice/handle/doc/940600
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A Methodology to Map Ecosystem Functions to Support Ecosystem Services Assessments Ecology and Society
Petter, Mik; SEQ Catchments;; Mooney, Shannon; SEQ Catchments ; smooney@seqcatchments.com.au; Maynard, Simone M; SEQ Catchments; Australian National University; smaynard@seqcatchments.com.au; Davidson, Andrew; SEQ Catchments; adavidson@seqcatchments.com.au; Cox, Melanie; Powerlink Queensland;; Horosak, Ila; Griffith University;.
The project developed and trialed a method of mapping ecosystem functions in South East Queensland using biophysical data layers in preference to land use surrogates. Biophysical data and surrogates were identified for 19 ecosystem functions and maps were produced for each. Data layers for each ecosystem function were standardized for mapping purposes using existing expert advice or data quantiling. Two versions of the total ecosystem function overlap maps were also produced, showing areas of high ecosystem function that have the potential to contribute to high ecosystem service provision. This method was successfully used to replace land use surrogates in most cases, and produced maps that planners and decision makers considered credible. The mapping...
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Reports Palavras-chave: Ecosystem functions; Ecosystem services; GIS mapping; Land use planning; South East Queensland.
Ano: 2013
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A Note on the Valuation of Ecosystem Services in Production AgEcon
Simpson, R. David.
There has been considerable recent interest in the valuation of ecosystem services. We focus here on the value of such services in the production of market goods. Although the conceptual basis for conducting such exercises is straightforward, the data with which to implement them empirically is generally not available. An upper bound on the value of ecosystem services arises when the production technology exhibits constant returns to scale in ecosystem services and market inputs jointly. There are compelling reasons to suppose that the existence of fixed factors of production would imply that production technologies exhibit decreasing return to scale. Under these circumstances, no general conclusions can be drawn. We show in an illustrative example that a...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Ecosystem services; Returns to scale; Elasticity of substitution; Resource /Energy Economics and Policy; Q29.
Ano: 2001 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/10832
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A Revised Conceptual Framework for Payments for Environmental Services Ecology and Society
Sommerville, Matthew M.; Department of Life Sciences, Imperial College London; m.sommerville06@imperial.ac.uk; Jones, Julia P. G.; School of Environment and Natural Resources, University of Bangor; julia.jones@bangor.ac.uk; Milner-Gulland, E. J.; Department of Life Sciences, Imperial College London; e.j.milner-gulland@imperial.ac.uk.
Over the past decade, “Payments for Environmental Services” (PES) have received a great deal of attention as a natural-resource management approach. We propose a revised definition and framework for PES implementation that focuses on the use of positive incentives as the philosophy behind PES and conditionality as the method for influencing behaviors. We note the importance of additionality of PES interventions to justify their value in a wider context. Finally, we highlight the need to understand the local institutional context in terms of the characteristics of buyers, sellers, and their relationship for implementation to be effective. Our framework acts as a platform to begin examining how the variety of options for structuring PES...
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Insight Palavras-chave: Additionality; Conditional; Ecosystem services; Environmental management; Incentives; Institutions; Monitoring; Transactions.
Ano: 2009
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A river runs through it: The causes, consequences, and management of intraspecific diversity in river networks ArchiMer
Blanchet, Simon; Prunier, Jérôme G.; Paz‐vinas, Ivan; Saint‐pé, Keoni; Rey, Olivier; Raffard, Allan; Mathieu‐bégné, Eglantine; Loot, Géraldine; Fourtune, Lisa; Dubut, Vincent.
Rivers are fascinating ecosystems in which the eco‐evolutionary dynamics of organisms are constrained by particular features, and biologists have developed a wealth of knowledge about freshwater biodiversity patterns. Over the last 10 years, our group used a holistic approach to contribute to this knowledge by focusing on the causes and consequences of intraspecific diversity in rivers. We conducted empirical works on temperate permanent rivers from southern France, and we broadened the scope of our findings using experiments, meta‐analyses, and simulations. We demonstrated that intraspecific (genetic) diversity follows a spatial pattern (downstream increase in diversity) that is repeatable across taxa (from plants to vertebrates) and river systems. This...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Conservation genetics; Dendritic networks; Eco‐evolutionary dynamics; Ecosystem services; Intraspecific diversity.
Ano: 2020 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00617/72935/71954.pdf
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A sustainability framework for assessing trade-offs in ecosystem services Ecology and Society
Cavender-Bares, Jeannine; Department of Ecology, Evolution and Behavior, University of Minnesota; Institute on Environment, University of Minnesota; cavender@umn.edu; Polasky, Stephen; Department of Applied Economics, University of Minnesota; Department of Ecology, Evolution and Behavior, University of Minnesota; Institute on Environment, University of Minnesota; polasky@umn.edu; King, Elizabeth; Biological Sciences, Odum School of Ecology, University of Georgia; Warnell School of Forestry and Natural Resources, University of Georgia; egking@uga.edu.
Achieving sustainability, i.e., meeting the needs of current populations without compromising the needs of future generations, is the major challenge facing global society in the 21st century. Navigating the inherent trade-offs between provisioning, regulating, cultural, and supporting ecosystem services, and doing so in a way that does not compromise natural capital needed to provide services in the future, is critical for sustainable resource management. Here we build upon existing literature, primarily from economics and ecology, to present an analytical framework that integrates (1) the ecological mechanisms that underpin ecosystem services, (2) biophysical trade-offs and inherent limits that constrain management options, (3) preferences and values...
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Insight Palavras-chave: Dynamics; Ecosystem services; Efficiency frontier; Management constraints; Preferences; Stakeholders; Time lags; Trade-offs.
Ano: 2015
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A triage approach to improve the relevance of marine ecosystem services assessments ArchiMer
Pendleton, Linwood; Mongruel, Remi; Beaumont, Nicola; Hooper, Tara; Charles, Mahe.
Ecosystem services assessments are increasingly being used to inform marine policy and planning. These assessments involve significant time, effort, and expertise. It is important at the outset to determine which of many ecosystem services should be quantified and which measures of ecological output, economic impact, or value should be assessed. Furthermore, the literature shows that in practice such assessments are unevenly applied and rarely used effectively in decision-making processes. We develop a structured decision-making approach, called a triage, to assess what types of ecosystem services should be assessed to improve the uptake and usefulness of such information in marine planning. Two case studies, in France and the United Kingdom, provide...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Ecosystem services; Assessment; Marine planning; Marine protection.
Ano: 2015 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00273/38421/36744.pdf
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A Typology of Benefit Sharing Arrangements for the Governance of Social-Ecological Systems in Developing Countries Ecology and Society
Nkhata, Bimo Abraham; Water Research Node, Monash South Africa; bimo.nkhata@monash.edu; Mosimane, Alfons; Centre for Environment, Agriculture and Development, University of KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa; alfons.mosimane@gmail.com; Downsborough, Linda; Water Research Node, Monash South Africa; Linda.Downsborough@monash.edu; Breen, Charles; Centre for Environment, Agriculture and Development, University of KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa; breenc@telkomsa.net; Roux, Dirk J; Water Research Node, Monash South Africa; dirk.roux@monash.edu.
This study explores and interprets relevant literature to construct a typology of benefit sharing arrangements for the governance of social-ecological systems in developing countries. The typology comprises three generic categories of benefit sharing arrangements: collaborative, market-oriented, and egalitarian. We contend that the three categories provide a useful basis for exploring and classifying the different societal arrangements required for governance of social-ecological systems. The typology we present is founded on a related set of explicit assumptions that can be used to explore and better understand the linkages among ecosystem services, benefit sharing, and governance. Issues that are strongly related to sustainability in developing countries...
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Synthesis Palavras-chave: Benefit sharing; Developing countries; Ecosystem services; Governance; Social-ecological systems; Typology.
Ano: 2012
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A utilização dos instrumentos de política ambiental para a preservação do meio ambiente: o caso dos Pagamentos por Serviços Ecossistêmicos (PSE). Repositório Alice
ANDRADE, C. A.; FASIABEN, M. do C. R..
Considerando a dependência humana em relação aos serviços ecossistêmicos, a tônica do debate ambiental tem-se voltado para políticas de preservação dos recursos provenientes do capital natural e dos seus serviços. Dada a recente popularidade das políticas de Pagamentos por Serviços Ecossistêmicos (PSE), este trabalho procurou apresentar alguns pontos importantes na discussão sobre este tipo de política. Além da definição e dos propósitos de tal política, o trabalho também realçou alguns aspectos importantes, como a questão da definição dos agentes participantes do mercado, a natureza do(s) serviço(s) transacionado(s), o valor das compensações, bem como problemas de ordem institucional.
Tipo: Artigo em periódico indexado (ALICE) Palavras-chave: Política ambiental; Serviços ecossistêmicos; Pagamentos por serviços ecossistêmicos; Environmental policy; Ecosystem services; Payment for Ecosystem Services.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://www.alice.cnptia.embrapa.br/handle/doc/869222
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Action-orientated research and framework: insights from the French long-term social-ecological research network ArchiMer
Bretagnolle, Vincent; Benoit, Marc; Bonnefond, Mathieu; Breton, Vincent; Church, Jon M.; Gaba, Sabrina; Gilbert, Daniel; Gillet, François; Glatron, Sandrine; Guerbois, Chloé; Lamouroux, Nicolas; Lebouvier, Marc; Mazé, Camille; Mouchel, Jean-marie; Ouin, Annie; Pays, Olivier; Piscart, Christophe; Ragueneau, Olivier; Servain, Sylvie; Spiegelberger, Thomas; Fritz, Hervé.
Many social-ecological system(SES)-based approaches have been proposed to address environmental problems. Most social-ecological frameworks developed to date, however, lack clear operational linkages between humans and nature to efficiently guide SESs toward resilience. A conceptual framework designed to be operational is therefore necessary, as well as a network of research platforms with which to apply it. We defined explicit coupling processes that can be used as leverages to pilot an SES toward sustainability. We proposed to formalize an SES as a dynamic entity composed of two coupling interfaces, i.e., adaptive management and ecosystem services, both set within a landscape context to provide an actionable framework. These interfaces describe the way...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Adaptive governance; Ecosystem services; Landscape; LTER; Management; Practices; Research infrastructure; Social-ecological systems; Sustainability.
Ano: 2019 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00588/70032/67950.pdf
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Adapting Human Well-being Frameworks for Ecosystem Service Assessments across Diverse Landscapes Ecology and Society
Villamagna, Amy; Department of Fish and Wildlife Conservation, Virginia Tech; amv@vt.edu; Giesecke, Craig; Sustainable Development and Conservation Biology Graduate Program, University of Maryland;.
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Reports Palavras-chave: Albemarle-Pamlico basin; Ecosystem services; Human well-being; Quality of life.
Ano: 2014
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Addressing the wicked problem of water resource management: An ecosystem services approach AgEcon
Hearnshaw, Edward J.S.; Tompkins, Jean-Marie; Cullen, Ross.
This paper develops a systematic assessment of the sustainability of ecosystem services provided by rivers impacted by water storage projects. Given the conflicting preferences amongst stakeholders and the incomplete, uncertain and contradictory understanding about river ecology it is recognized that managing water resources sustainably is a wicked problem. In order to address this wicked problem, the methods of multi-criteria analysis and graph analysis are applied, in accordance with integrated water resource management, to assess the potential of investing in water storage projects and explore for sustainable solutions through the construction of an ecosystem services index.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Ecosystem services; Ecosystem services index; Graph analysis; Integrated water resource management; Multi-criteria analysis; Sustainability; Wicked problems; Environmental Economics and Policy; Q15; Q25; Q27; Q51; Q58; Q57.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/100556
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Agricultural practices and ecosystem services provision to ensure the food, water and energy security. Repositório Alice
TURETTA, A. P. D.; FIDALGO, E. C. C.; PRADO, R. B.; MONTEIRO, J. M. G.; PEDREIRA, B. da C. C. G.; SCHULER, A. E.; DUARTE, G. T..
Considering the importance of the agricultural sector in Brazil and the existence of areas in different stages of degradation, it becomes strategic for interventions that can generate socio-economic and environmental benefits and positive impacts to the tripod F-W-E. Thus, the present study is based on the Ribeirão das Lajes dam (RJ), a core area for the water supply of the second largest city in Brazil - Rio de Janeiro. A methodological approach will be developed that will generate an integrated assessment tool to evaluate the impact of agriculture practices and its potentiality to ecosystem services provision in the Nexus F-W-E approach.
Tipo: Resumo em anais de congresso (ALICE) Palavras-chave: Serviços ecossistêmicos; Multifuncionalidade da agricultura; Água; Alimento; Segurança Alimentar; Energia; Agricultura; Ecosystem services; Water; Food security; Energy; Agriculture.
Ano: 2019 URL: http://www.alice.cnptia.embrapa.br/alice/handle/doc/1114266
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Allying knowledge integration and co-production for knowledge legitimacy and usability: The Amazonian SISA policy and the Kaxinawá Indigenous people case. Repositório Alice
MATUK, F. A.; TURNHOUT, E.; FLESKENS, L.; AMARAL, E. F. do; HAVERROTH, M.; BEHAGEL, J. H..
Environmental policies that aim to enhance nature conservation, biodiversity, and well-being of Indigenous Peoples and Local Communities (IPLC) rely on knowledge integration and co-production processes that include both science and Indigenous and local knowledge (ILK) systems. While these processes are expected to safeguard the diversity of knowledge systems, uneven power relations among participants often prevent them from achieving this which can affect the legitimacy and usability of the outcomes of these processes. Using a case study in the Acre state (Brazil), where policy practitioners implemented the REDD+policy System of Incentives for Ecosystem Services in the Brazilian Kaxinawá Nova Olinda Indigenous Land, we investigate how participants manage...
Tipo: Artigo em periódico indexado (ALICE) Palavras-chave: Povos indígenas; Pueblos indigenas; Serviços ecossistêmicos; Conhecimento tradicional; Método participativo; REDD+; Servicios ecosistémicos; Gestão participativa; Participative management; SISA; Terra Indígena Kaxinawá de Nova Olinda (TIKNO); Feijó (AC); Acre; Amazônia Ocidental; Western Amazon; Amazonia Occidental; Planejamento Participativo; Indigenous peoples; Indigenous knowledge; Environmental policy; Ecosystem services.
Ano: 2020 URL: http://www.alice.cnptia.embrapa.br/alice/handle/doc/1123244
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An Ecological View of the History of the City of Cape Town Ecology and Society
Anderson, Pippin M. L.; Department of Environmental and Geographical Science and African Centre for Cities, UCT ; pippin.anderson@uct.ac.za.
Rapid global urbanization and the knowledge that ecological systems underpin the future sustainability and resilience of our cities, make an understanding of urban ecology critical. The way humans engage with ecological processes within cities is highly complex, and both from a social and ecological perspective these engagements cannot be interpreted meaningfully on the basis of a single timeframe. Historical analyses offer useful insights into the nature of social-ecological interactions under diverse conditions, enabling improved decision-making into the future. We present an historical review of the evolving relationship between the urban settlement of Cape Town and the ecological processes inherent to its natural surroundings. Since its establishment,...
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Insight Palavras-chave: Ecological history; Ecosystem services; City of Cape Town; Social ecological systems.
Ano: 2012
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An ecologically-based method for selecting ecological indicators for assessing risks to biological diversity from genetically-engineered plants. Repositório Alice
ANDOW, D. A.; LOVEI, G. L.; ARPAIA, S.; WILSON, L.; FONTES, E. M. G.; HILBECK, A.; LANG, A.; TUAT, N. V.; PIRES, C. S. S.; SUJII, E. R.; ZWAHLEN, C.; BIRCH, A. N. E.; CAPALBO, D. M. F.; PRESCOTT, K.; OMOTO, C.; ZEILINGER, A. R..
The environmental risks associated with genetically-engineered (GE) organisms have been controversial, and so have the models for the assessment of these risks. We propose an ecologically-based environmental risk assessment (ERA) model that follows the 1998 USEPA guidelines, focusing on potential adverse effects to biological diversity. The approach starts by (1) identifying the local environmental values so the ERA addresses specific concerns associated with local biological diversity. The model simplifies the indicator endpoint selection problem by (2) classifying biological diversity into ecological functional groups and selecting those that deliver the identified environmental values. (3) All of the species or ecosystem processes related to the...
Tipo: Artigo em periódico indexado (ALICE) Palavras-chave: Genetically engineered organisms; Environmental risk assessment; Ecosystem services; Planta transgênica; Impacto ambiental; Biodiversidade; Transgenic plants; Risk assessment; Biodiversity.
Ano: 2013 URL: http://www.alice.cnptia.embrapa.br/handle/doc/979485
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An emergy-based approach to assess and valuate ecosystem services of tropical wetland pastures in Brazil. Repositório Alice
SANTOS, S. A.; TAKAHASHI, F.; CARDOSO, E. L.; FLORES, C. P.; OLIVEIRA, L. O. F. de; SOUZA, G. da S. e; ORTEGA, E..
Wetland grasslands are important ecosystems for raising beef cattle, because they are highly productive and present forages with high quality. Most of these ecosystems are threatened by overgrazing or by being replaced by exotic pastures. Emergy synthesis approach was used to assess and value the services provided by native pastures wetland under three conservation status and also to compare them to exotic pastures on wetlands. The ecosystem service that was assessed included forage provision for calves production estimated from grazing capacity of cow with calf at the foot. Habitat maintenance to plant diversity and wild herbivores were also evaluated. The results showed that natural wetland pastures with better conservation status provided valuable...
Tipo: Artigo em periódico indexado (ALICE) Palavras-chave: Ecossistema; Pastagem Nativa; Ecosystem services; Pasture management.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://www.alice.cnptia.embrapa.br/alice/handle/doc/812144
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An evaluation of the economic viability of environmental offsets in the saltworks industry Ciência Rural
Fernandes,Rogério Taygra Vasconcelos; Pinto,Aruza Rayana Morais; Fernandes,Raimunda Thyciana Vasconcelos; Oliveira,Jônnata Fernandes de; Novaes,José Luís Costa.
ABSTRACT: The extraction of sea salt depends on the occupation of large areas at the estuary banks, many of them inserted in Permanent Preservation Areas (PPAs). Thus, the objective was to evaluate the economic viability of Environmental Offsets (EO) as an alternative to the unoccupied PPAs in the saltworks. In order to do so, 27 solar saltworks installed in the region of the Brazilian White Coast were evaluated for the occupation of PPAs - measured using images from satellite, georeferenced, vectored with corresponding PPA bands generated - and estimated to EO (Impact Degree x Sum of the investments necessary to implement the project) and Economic Impact (Net Present Value, with long-term interest rate of 7%) of vacating PPAs. It was considered that EO...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Economic impact; Environmental impacts; Ecosystem services; Mangroves; Permanent preservation areas.
Ano: 2020 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0103-84782020000500401
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An integrated simulation model to evaluate national policies for the abatement of agricultural nutrients in the Baltic Sea AgEcon
Hyytiainen, Kari; Ahtiainen, Heini; Heikkila, Jaakko; Helin, Janne; Huhtala, Anni; Iho, Antti; Koikkalainen, Kauko; Miettinen, Antti; Pouta, Eija; Vesterinen, Janne.
This study introduces a prototype model for evaluating policies to abate agricultural nutrients in the Baltic Sea from a Finnish national point of view. The stochastic simulation model integrates nutrient dynamics of nitrogen and phosphorus in the sea basins adjoining the Finnish coast, nutrient loads from land and other sources, benefits from nutrient abatement (in the form of recreation and other ecosystem services) and the costs of agricultural abatement activities. The aim of this study is to present the overall structure of the model and to demonstrate its potential using preliminary parameters. The model is made flexible for further improvements in all of its ecological and economic components. Results of a sensitivity analysis suggest that...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Ecosystem services; Nutrient abatement; Monte Carlo simulation; Recreation; Valuation; Environmental Economics and Policy; Research Methods/ Statistical Methods.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/49896
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