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A Review of Agricultural Policy Evolution, Agricultural Data Sources, and Food Supply and Demand Studies in Egypt AgEcon
Soliman, Ibrahim; Fabiosa, Jacinto F.; Bassiony, Halah.
Over the years the control of the Government of Egypt on the agricultural sector has increasingly weakened with the progressive elimination of the input subsidy, area control, price control, procurement control, and the constraints in private sector participation in processing and trade. The only remaining major government involvement is the food subsidy in some wheat products, the “baladi” bread subsidy in particular. Policy analysis studies in Egypt have been made possible because the Government of Egypt collects and publishes significant amounts of agricultural data on a regular basis. Two of the most widely used data sets are the Household Budget Survey conducted and published by the Central Agency for Public Mobilization and Statistics, and the Food...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Agricultural data; Agricultural policy; Egypt; Elasticity; Supply and demand.; Agricultural and Food Policy; Demand and Price Analysis.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/59510
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Adjustment of Wheat Production to Market Reform in Egypt AgEcon
Kherallah, Mylene; Minot, Nicholas; Gruhn, Peter.
In response to slow growth in the agricultural sector and as part of a general shift towards a more market-oriented economy, the Government of Egypt started liberalizing the agricultural sector in 1987. Controls over wheat production and marketing were eliminated and wheat producer prices were brought closer to international levels. As a result, there has been remarkable increases in wheat crop area and yields, causing wheat production to triple from 1986 to 1998. This study analyzes the results of a survey of 800 Egyptian wheat farmers in order to address three issues that are of interest to agricultural reform policy in Egypt. First, what are the patterns in wheat production and marketing that have emerged following the economic reforms? Second, why is...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Small farmer; Wheat yields; Egypt; Econometrics; Agricultural policy; Crop Production/Industries.
Ano: 1999 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/97384
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Assessment of some heavy metals, major cations and organic matter in the recent sediments of Bardawil Lagoon, Egypt OceanDocs
Abdo, M.H..
The aim of the present study is to gather detailed information on the distribution and concentration levels of some heavy metals (Fe, Mn, Zn, Cu, Pb & Cd), major cations (Ca,Mg, Na & K), in addition to organic matter in the Bardawil lagoon sediments during four successive seasons during (2001-2002). The different metals concentrations could be arranged in descending order as follows: - Ca> Na> Fe> Mg> K> Mn> Cu> Zn> Pb> Cd.
Tipo: Journal Contribution Palavras-chave: Sediments; Egypt; Bardawil Lake Abiotic factors Heavy metals.
Ano: 2005 URL: http://hdl.handle.net/1834/1299
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Climate change impacts on hydrology and water resources of the Upper Blue Nile River Basin, Ethiopia AgEcon
Kim, Ungtae; Kaluarachchi, Jagath J.; Smakhtin, Vladimir U..
The report evaluates the impacts of climate change on the hydrological regime and water resources of the Blue Nile River Basin in Ethiopia. It starts from the construction of the climate change scenarios based on the outcomes of several general circulation models (GCMs), uses a simple hydrological model to convert theses scenarios into runoff, and examines the impacts by means of a set of indices. The results, however uncertain with existing accuracy of climate models, suggest that the region is likely to have the future potential to produce hydropower, increase flow duration, and increase water storage capacity without affecting outflows to the riparian countries in the 2050s.
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Climate change; Hydrology; River basins; Runoff; Precipitation; Models; Dams; Operating policies; Water power; Drought; Analysis; Africa; Ethiopia; Egypt; Sudan; Upper Blue Nile River Basin; Crop Production/Industries; Environmental Economics and Policy; Farm Management; Land Economics/Use; Productivity Analysis; Research and Development/Tech Change/Emerging Technologies.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/53025
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Conus vexillum venom induces oxidative stress in Ehrlich's ascites carcinoma cells: an insight into the mechanism of induction J. Venom. Anim. Toxins incl. Trop. Dis.
Abdel-Rahman,Mohamed A; Abdel-Nabi,Ismail M; El-Naggar,Mohamed S; Abbas,Osama A; Strong,Peter N.
Background It is estimated that venoms of marine cone snails (genus Conus) contain more than 100,000 different small peptides with a wide range of pharmacological and biological actions. Some of these peptides were developed into potential therapeutic agents and as molecular tools to understand biological functions of nervous and cardiovascular systems. In this study we examined the cytotoxic and anticancer properties of the marine vermivorous cone snail Conus vexillum (collected from Hurgada and Sharm El-Shaikh, Red Sea, Egypt) and suggest the possible mechanisms involved. The in vitro cytotoxic effects of Conus venom were assessed against Ehrlich’s ascites carcinoma (EAC) cells. Results Conus venom treatment resulted in concentration-dependent...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Conus vexillum venom; Ehrlich’s cells; Oxidative stress; Cancer; Egypt.
Ano: 2013 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1678-91992013000100307
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Determinants of the Adaption of Organic Agriculture in Egypt Using a Duration Analysis Technique AgEcon
Radwan, Amr; Gil, Jose Maria; Diab, Yaser A.A.; Abo-Nahoul, Mohamed A..
A very important pillar of the modernization of the Egyptian agriculture depends upon the exportation of the high value added products such as organic products. In spite of the importance of the organic agriculture within the Egyptian agriculture sector and up to our knowledge, it does not exist in Egypt until now any study that try to determine and analyze the determinant factors of the adaption of the organic agriculture within the Egyptian farms. In this study, we focus on this issue. A survey with a representative sample of organic and non-organic farms in Upper Egypt area was carried out. Using obtained data set we apply duration analysis techniques to assess the effect of different explanatory variables on both the adoption of organic agriculture...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Organic agriculture; Duration analysis; Egypt; Research Methods/ Statistical Methods; C41; Q1.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/108961
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Diagnostic performance of an immunoassay for simultaneous detection of HCV core antigen and antibodies among haemodialysis patients BJM
El-Emshaty,Wafaa M; Raafat,Douaa; Elghannam,Doaa M; Saudy,Niveen; Eltoraby,Ehab E; Metwalli,Abd Elhameed A.
Nosocomial transmission of HCV is a concern in haemodialysis (HD) units worldwide. Diagnosis of HCV infection among dialysis patients is currently based on the detection of anti HCV antibodies by ELISA, and is confirmed by HCV RNA. The average window period between HCV infection and seroconversion with new generations of HCV antibody tests remains approximately 70 days with more prolonged period among dialysis patients. In this study we assessed the diagnostic performance of an immunoassay designed for simultaneous detection of anti HCV antibodies and core antigen in one step in comparison to qualitative RT-PCR and anti HCV antibodies detection test among Egyptian haemodialysis patients. The studied patients were 39 chronic renal failure patients on...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Egypt; Haemodialysis; HCV; HCV core antigen; Immunoassay.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1517-83822011000100039
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Discovery of the subfamily Microtypinae (Hymenoptera: Braconidae) in Egypt, with the description of a new species Naturalis
Edmardsah, Y.A.; Gadallah, N.S.; Achterberg, K. van.
The subfamily Microtypinae Szépligeti, 1908 (Hymenoptera: Braconidae) is recorded for the first time for Egypt. The present study is based on specimens collected from Gebel Elba, Wadi Allaqi, St. Catherine, and Fayoum, as well as specimens deposited in various entomological collections in Egypt. Four species belonging to the genus Microtypus Ratzeburg, 1848 (M. algiricus Szépligeti, 1908; M. desertorum Shestakov, 1932; M. vanharteni van Achterberg, 2010 and M. aegypticus sp. n.) are reported for the first time from Egypt.
Tipo: Article / Letter to the editor Palavras-chave: Microtypus; New records; New species; Gebel Elba; Wadi Allaqi; St. Catherine; Egypt.
Ano: 2017 URL: http://www.repository.naturalis.nl/record/643550
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Government Policy and Food Imports: The Case of Wheat in Egypt AgEcon
Scobie, Grant M..
During the next few decades, tremendous demands will be placed on the foreign exchange-earning capacities of developing countries. These countries need to pay for rapidly increasing food imports and, in addition, for the capital goods they need to import to sustain economic growth. Intensives pressure will also be placed on the real incomes of low-income people, particularly if the real price of food rises in response to the rapid growth of demand. That pressure, in turn, will increase the pressure for consumer food subsidies, aided by a growing realization that food subsidies are labor subsidies in the same sense that interest rate subsidies are capital subsidies. In contrast, constraints on foreign exchange availability, saving rates, and the...
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Wheat trade; Government policy; Egypt; Food supplies; Agricultural and Food Policy; International Relations/Trade.
Ano: 1981 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/42217
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Informality, Size, and Regulation: Theory and an Application to Egypt AgEcon
Giugale, Marcelo M.; El-Diwany, Sherif.
The paper shows how, when the enforceability of regulations is size-sensitive, price competition can lock firms into informality and, thus, smallness, depending on the form of the production function. In that context, exogenours "help"packages targeted to informal firms "promote" micro and small enterprises (i.e., increase their numbers) but do not "develop" them (i.e., foster their growth). The "help" only generates a short-term span of abnormal profits for existing informal firms, and a long-term income transfer toward informal-market consumers. The model is tested in the context of Egypt's micro and small enterprise sector.
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Informality; Size Regulation; Egypt; Hide-Outs; Agricultural and Food Policy; O17; L11; L51.
Ano: 1997 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/18542
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Organic farm conventionalisation and farmer practices in China, Brazil and Egypt. Repositório Alice
OELOFSE, M.; HOGH-JENSEN, H.; ABREU, L. S. de; ALMEIDA, G. F.; EL-ARABY, A.; HUI, Q. Y.; SULTAN, T.; NEERGAARD, A. de.
Certified organic agriculture stipulates a range of principles and standards, which govern farmer practices. The recent global expansion of organic agriculture has raised new challenges for organic agriculture, particularly whether management practices in organic farms are subject to the forces of conventionalisation. We studied changes in agroecological practices in certified organic farms in China, Brazil and Egypt. The study takes departure in the conventionalisation hypothesis and the analysis is framed using organic and agroecological principles. The study focuses on agroecological design principles, inherent to organic agriculture, of diversity in crop production, pest, disease and weed management, and soil fertility management. The research design...
Tipo: Artigo de periódico Palavras-chave: Organic agriculture; Conventionalisation; Agroecologia.; Agricultura orgânica; Agricultura sustentável; Sistema de produção; Organic production; Sustainable agriculture; China; Egypt; Brazil; Agroecology..
Ano: 2011 URL: http://www.alice.cnptia.embrapa.br/alice/handle/doc/901523
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Prevalence of the enteric parasites of ducks from Behera governorate, Egypt OAK
AbouLaila, M; El-Bahy, N; Hilali, M; Yokoyama, N; Igarashi, I; 横山, 直明; 五十嵐, 郁男.
This study of enteric parasites of ducks was undertaken to determine their prevalence and the relationships between their prevalence and the age and breed of ducks in the Behera governorate, Egypt. A total of 110 ducks of different ages and breeds were examined. The prevalence of helminths was 4.54% from which the prevalence of nematode, cestode, and trematode infections was 2.72%, 3.63%, and 1.81%, respectively. The recovered nematodes were Ascaridia galli (0.9%) and Heterakis gallinarum (1.81%). The reported trematodes were Echinoparyphium recurvatum (0.9%) and Echinoparyphium paraulum (1.81%). The new reported cestodes were Cladogynia phoeniconaiadis (3.63%), Echinolepis carioca (3.63%), and Baerfainia anoplocephaloides (3.63%). The helminths infections...
Palavras-chave: Ducks; Enteric parasites; Egypt.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://ir.obihiro.ac.jp/dspace/handle/10322/3125
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Redescription of Troticus ovalis (Fahringer) comb. nov., its first host record and a note on T. melamopterus Cameron (Hymenoptera: Braconidae: Agathidinae) Naturalis
Achterberg, C. van; Karam, H.H.; Ramadan, H.M..
Disophrys ovalis Fahringer, 1937 (Hymenoptera: Braconidae: Agathidinae) from Egypt is redescribed and transferred to the genus Troticus Brullé, 1846 (comb. nov.) with Disophrys aegyptiaca Fahringer, 1937, as its junior synonym (syn. nov.). For the first time a reliable host record for the genus and for T. ovalis is given. The holotype of Troticus melamopterus Cameron, 1903 has been examined by the first author and is transferred to the genus Cremnops Foerster, 1862 (C. melamopterus Cameron, 1903 comb. nov.).
Tipo: Article / Letter to the editor Palavras-chave: Braconidae; Agathidinae; Disophrys; Troticus; Ovalis; Melamopterus; Aegyptiaca; Palaearctic; Egypt; North Africa; Distribution; New combination; New host; Lasiocampidae; Nadiasa repanda aegyptica; Casuarina glauca; 42.75.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://www.repository.naturalis.nl/record/292109
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Serodiagnosis of Toxoplasma gondii in ducks from Behera Governorate, Egypt OAK
AbouLaila, M; El-Bahy, N; Hilali, M; Yokoyama, N; Igarashi, I; 横山, 直明; 五十嵐, 郁男.
Toxoplasma gondii is an important zoonotic parasite. The diagnosis of infection in animals is an important tool to prevent human infection. In the present study, Toxoplasma gondii was diagnosed by using the modified agglutination test (MAT) in ducks from Behera Governorate, Egypt. The prevalence of Toxoplasma gondii was 13.9%. The prevalence of Toxoplasma gondii was the highest in the Native breed (17.65%) and in 6-8-months age group (19.4%). End-point titer of 1:25, 1:50, and 1:100 were recorded in 61.9%, 19.05%, and 19.05% of the positive samples, respectively. Duck meat is one source of the Toxoplasma gondii infection for human in Egypt.
Palavras-chave: Toxoplasma gondii; Modified agglutination test (MAT); Ducks; Egypt.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://ir.obihiro.ac.jp/dspace/handle/10322/3128
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Serological detection and epidemiology of Neospora caninum and Cryptosporidium parvum antibodies in cattle in southern Egypt OAK
Fereig, Ragab M.; AbouLaila, Mahmoud Rezk; Mohamed, Samy G. A.; Mahmoud, Hassan Y. A. H.; Ali, Alsagher O.; Ali, Asmaa F.; Hilali, Mosaad; Zaid, Anis; Mohamed, Adel Elsayed Ahmed; Nishikawa, Yoshifumi.
Neospora caninum and Cryptosporidium parvum are intracellular protozoan parasites that are distributed worldwide and of major economical concern in cattle industry. N. caninum can cause abortion storms and high culling rates, whereas C. parvum has zoonotic implications and can cause diarrhea in calves. There are currently no data on the prevalence of neosporosis and cryptosporidiosis in humans or animals in southern Egypt. Prevalence of these two infections was determined in a sample of cattle from two different areas in southern Egypt, Sohag and Qena, using enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. A total 301 cattle were sampled, of which 18.9% were positive for N. caninum, 35.9% were positive for C parvum and 10.0% were positive for both. Geographical location...
Palavras-chave: Cattle; Cryptosporidium parvum; Neospora caninum; ELISA; Egypt.
Ano: 2016 URL: http://ir.obihiro.ac.jp/dspace/handle/10322/4531
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Seroprevalence and epidemiology of Toxoplasma gondii in farm animals in different regions of Egypt OAK
Fereig, Ragab M.; Mahmoud, Hassan Y.A.H.; Mohamed, Samy G.A.; AbouLaila, Mahmoud Rezk; Abdel-Wahab, Azza; Osman, Salama Ahmed; Zidan, Sherif Abdallah; El-Khodary, Sabry A.; Mohamed, Adel Elsayed Ahmed; Nishikawa, Yoshifumi.
Toxoplasmosis is a cosmopolitan protozoan disease that has been recorded in a wide range of vertebrate hosts, including humans. In response to the paucity of available data, this study was undertaken to comprehensively establish the seroprevalence of Toxoplasma gondii among various farm animals in different localities of Egypt. The latex agglutination test and TgGRA7-based enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay were used to screen the investigated animals for anti-T. gondii IgG antibodies. When only samples with simultaneously positive results for both the latex agglutination test and the TgGRA7-based ELISA were considered positive, 174 (26.7%) of 652 serum samples from different animals were seropositive. The prevalence of antibodies according to species was:...
Palavras-chave: Egypt; Seroprevalence; Toxoplasma gondii; Toxoplasmosis.
Ano: 2016 URL: http://ir.obihiro.ac.jp/dspace/handle/10322/4545
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Seroprevalence of Babesia bovis, B-bigemina, Trypanosoma evansi, and Anaplasma marginale antibodies in cattle in southern Egypt OAK
Fereig, Ragab M.; Mohamed, Samy G. A.; Mahmoud, Hassan Y. A. H.; AbouLaila, Mahmoud Rezk; Guswanto, Azirwan; Thu-Thuy Nguyen; Mohamed, Adel Elsayed Ahmed; Inoue, Noboru; Igarashi, Ikuo; Nishikawa, Yoshifumi.
Babesia bovis, B. bigemina, Trypanosoma evansi, and Anaplasma marginate infections cause serious diseases in cattle, and are primarily transmitted by arthropod vectors (ticks for B. bovis, B. bigemina, and A. marginate and various types of flies for T. evansi). In the last few years, there have been many reports of a high prevalence of certain protozoan infections in northern Egypt, but no accurate or adequate data are available for the southern regions. Therefore, in this study, we screened for evidence of such diseases in economically important cattle species using serum samples. The seroprevalence of protozoan infections in cattle was determined with enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays using species-specific diagnostic antigens. In a total of 301 cattle...
Palavras-chave: Babesia bovis; Babesia bigemina; Trypanosoma evansi; Anaplasma marginale; Cattle; Egypt.
Ano: 2017 URL: http://ir.obihiro.ac.jp/dspace/handle/10322/4579
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Small Enterprises in Egypt: A Study of Two Governorates AgEcon
Davies, Stephen P.; Seale, James L., Jr.; Mead, Donald C.; Badr, Mahmoud; Sheikh, Nadia El; Saidi, Abdel Rahman.
This paper discusses small enterprises in Egypt to determine the number of firms, levels of employment, and basic enterprise characteristics by industry group; to examine a sample of firms in selected industries to determine production and distribution patterns, economic viability, constraints, and potential for future growth; and to suggest to the Egyptian government and USAID the type of policies, programs, and projects that might support development of small enterprises.
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Food security; Food policy; Egypt; Small enterprise; Community/Rural/Urban Development; Downloads December 2008-June 2009: 7; Q18.
Ano: 1984 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/54755
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Species – specific PCR test for the quick recognition of equine tissue in raw and processed beef meat mixtures Ciênc. Tecnol. Aliment.
ABD EL-RAZIK,Khaled Abd El-Hamid; ABUELNAGA,Azza Sayed Mohamed; YOUNES,Abdelgayed Metwaly; ATTA,Nagwa Sayed; ARAFA,Amany Ahmed; KANDIL,Mai Mohamed.
Abstract PCR was applied for the discovery of adulteration of crude and processed beef meat with horse and donkey tissue. This was performed by blending (w/w) horse or donkey meat to beef meat in an extent up to 1:10000 (0.01%). The sensitivity was resolved as high as 0.01%. All used primers showed specificity in the PCR reactions utilizing layout DNAs from three animal species. PCR application on 96 beef meat and meat product samples gathered randomly from street vendors and prominent retail markets (24 of burger, 16 of minced meat, 24 of kofta, 16 of sausage, 7 of raw meat and 9 of launcheon) uncovered 6 positive for donkey tissue (3 from sausage, 2 from minced meat and 1 from kofta) and 2 positive for horse tissue (from sausage). This basic PCR...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Meat adulteration; Egypt; PCR; Beef; Equines.
Ano: 2019 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0101-20612019000500166
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The demand for meat in Egypt: An almost ideal estimation AgEcon
Alboghdady, Mohamed Altabei; Alashry, Mohamed Khairy.
This paper analyzes the demand for meat in Egypt for the period 1990–2005 using the linearized Almost Ideal Demand System to estimate own-price, cross-price and expenditure elasticities. It found that the Marshallian own-price elasticity was the highest for fish, followed by chicken, beef and duck. On the other hand, the crossprice elasticity of beef showed a complementary relationship with the other meat types, except for fish, which is substitutive. Chicken and fish showed a substitutive relationship with all other meat types. Duck showed a substitutive relationship with all meats except rabbit. Mutton and rabbit showed a versatile relationship with the other meat types. The highest substitutive relationship was between mutton and beef. Compensated...
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Meat; Almost Ideal Demand System; Seemingly unrelated regressions; Egypt; Demand and Price Analysis; Food Consumption/Nutrition/Food Safety; Livestock Production/Industries.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/93884
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