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Registros recuperados: 9
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Electricity Generation in Fiji: Assessing the Impact of Renewable Technologies on Costs and Financial Risk AgEcon
Dornan, Matthew; Jotzo, Frank.
In recent years, renewable energy technologies have been advocated in Fiji on the basis that they improve energy security and serve as a risk-mitigation measure against oil price volatility. Despite this, there have been few attempts to measure the impact of renewable technologies on energy security. That analysis is important if the benefits of renewable energy technologies in Fiji are to be adequately evaluated. This paper develops and applies a method for assessing the potential contribution of renewable technologies to the security of electricity supply in Fiji. The method is based on an application of portfolio theory, traditionally used in financial markets, to the electricity generation mix in Fiji. The results demonstrate the impact of different...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Renewable energy technologies; Energy policy; Electricity sector; Fiji; Oil prices; Portfolio analysis; Pacific islands; Resource /Energy Economics and Policy.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/100544
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Energy efficiency, innovation, and job creation in California AgEcon
Roland-Holst, David W..
Global climate change poses significant risks to the California economy. Recognizing and responding to these threats, Governor Schwarzenegger signed Executive Order #S-3-05 (Schwarzenegger 2005) which called for a 30 percent reduction below business-as-usual of greenhouse gas emissions by 2020 and 80 percent below 1990 levels by 2050. In September 2006, the California legislature passed and Governor Schwarzenegger signed into law the historic Global Warming Solutions Act (AB 32), which mandates a first-in-the-nation limit on emissions that cause global warming. In June 2006, the California Air Resources Board (CARB) released a “Draft Scoping Plan” – the policy roadmap to meet the emissions reduction target of 169 Million Metric Tons of Carbon (MMTCO2)...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Energy; Sustainability; Climate change; Economic policy; Energy policy; Environmental Economics and Policy; Research Methods/ Statistical Methods; Resource /Energy Economics and Policy; Risk and Uncertainty.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/46718
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Energy use reduction and input productivity growth in Australian industries AgEcon
Syed, Arif.
A report by the Prime Minister’s Task Group on Energy Efficiency (July 2010) emphasised the need for improved energy efficiency as a response to climate change to ensure a reduction in greenhouse gas emissions from energy consumption in Australia. However, empirical evidence on energy efficiency and its effect on energy use in Australia is scarce. Given this, estimates of the magnitude of the autonomous energy efficiency improvement parameter and the bias in technological change in Australia’s agricultural and industrial sectors have been made, using statistical and econometric techniques. The strong interaction prevailing between capital use and energy productivity in many industries indicates that energy use efficiency may be augmented by optimising...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Energy efficiency; Energy demand; Energy policy; Climate change.; Resource /Energy Economics and Policy.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/100715
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Incentives Matter: Assessing Biofuel Policies in the South AgEcon
Miller, J. Corey; Coble, Keith H..
As a result of the increase in the real cost of fossil fuel-based energy in recent years, federal and state governments have taken a more active role in energy policy by creating incentives to develop alternative sources of energy, including biofuels. However, policymakers often become focused on the specific type of energy and not the energy services consumers ultimately value. The lack of recognition of energy as a commodity results in policies that ignore the characteristics of the associated markets: easy entry and exit, no barriers to entry, and sensitivity to changes in supply and demand. Consequently, energy industries may fail to arise because entrepreneurs must be able to account for all costs and earn—at a minimum—a competitive return on the...
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Alternative energy; Biofuels; Energy policy; Resource /Energy Economics and Policy; Q41; Q42; Q48.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/113534
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MODELING ALTERNATIVE POLICIES FOR GHG MITIGATION FROM FORESTRY AND AGRICULTURE AgEcon
Beach, Robert H.; Daigneault, Adam J.; McCarl, Bruce A.; Rose, Steven K..
A key consideration for development of energy and climate policy affecting the forestry and agricultural sectors is that the selection of specific mechanisms implemented to achieve bioenergy production and/or greenhouse gas (GHG) mitigation targets may have substantial effects on landowner incentives to adopt alternative practices. For instance, the prices of allowances and offsets are expected to diverge under some policies being considered where there is a binding cap on the quantity of offsets from the agricultural and forest sectors. In addition, provisions that limit or exclude specific practices from receiving carbon payments will affect the quantity and cost of GHG mitigation opportunities available. In this study, the recently updated Forest and...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Climate policy; Energy policy; FASOMGHG; GHG mitigation; Agricultural and Food Policy; Environmental Economics and Policy; Resource /Energy Economics and Policy; C61; Q42; Q54.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/91394
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Social Impact Assessment of the Proposed Dodds-Roundhill Coal Gasification Project AgEcon
This project report was completed by 14 graduate and undergraduate students in a social impact assessment course (AREC 450-550) during the Winter Term, January to April, 2009. The overall goal of this project was to learn specific concepts and methods for social impact assessment by undertaking such an assessment for the proposed Dodds-Roundhill Coal Gasification project (Southeast of Edmonton, Alberta). The social impact assessment is composed of four major components: (1) scoping of relevant social indicators, (2) social impacts within municipalities, (3) social impacts within the farming region, and (4) a comparative case study of social impacts. Together, the four project reports provide insights into the potential social impacts from the proposed coal...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Environmental impact assessment; Social indicators; Comparative case study; Social research methods; Energy policy; Community/Rural/Urban Development; Land Economics/Use; Research Methods/ Statistical Methods; Teaching/Communication/Extension/Profession; R52; R11; Q34.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/91421
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The Energy–Water Nexus: Managing the Links between Energy and Water for a Sustainable Future Ecology and Society
Hussey, Karen; Senior Lecturer, Fenner School of Environment and Society, The Australian National University; karen.hussey@anu.edu.au.
Water and energy are each recognized as indispensable inputs to modern economies. And, in recent years, driven by the three imperatives of security of supply, sustainability, and economic efficiency, the energy and water sectors have undergone rapid reform. However, it is when water and energy rely on each other that the most complex challenges are posed for policymakers. Despite the links and the urgency in both sectors for security of supply, in existing policy frameworks, energy and water policies are developed largely in isolation from one another—a degree of policy fragmentation that is seeing erroneous developments in both sectors. Examples of the trade-offs between energy and water security include: the proliferation of desalination...
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed article Palavras-chave: Energy policy; Energy– Water nexus; Integrated planning; Policy integration; Water policy.
Ano: 2012
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The Trade-off between Bioenergy and Emissions When Land Is Scarce AgEcon
Kauffman, Nathan S.; Hayes, Dermot J..
Agricultural biofuels require the use of scarce land, and this land has opportunity cost. We explore the objective function of a social planner who includes a land constraint in the optimization decision to minimize environmental cost. The results show that emissions should be measured on a per acre basis. Conventional agricultural life cycle assessments for biofuels report carbon emissions on a per gallon basis, thereby ignoring the implications of land scarcity and implicitly assuming an infinite supply of the inputs needed for production. Switchgrass and corn are then modeled as competing alternatives to show how the inclusion of a land constraint can influence life cycle rankings and alter policy conclusions.
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Biofuels; Biomass; Energy policy; Land use; Life cycle analysis.; Land Economics/Use; Resource /Energy Economics and Policy.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/98626
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The Trade-off Between Bioenergy and Emissions When Land Is Scarce AgEcon
Kauffman, Nathan S.; Hayes, Dermot J..
Agricultural biofuels require the use of scarce land, and this land has opportunity cost. We explore the objective function of a social planner who includes a land constraint in the optimization decision to minimize environmental cost. The results show that emissions should be measured on a per acre basis. Conventional agricultural life cycle assessments for biofuels report carbon emissions on a per gallon basis, thereby ignoring the implications of land scarcity and implicitly assuming an infinite supply of the inputs needed for production. Switchgrass and corn are then modeled as competing alternatives to show how the inclusion of a land constraint can influence life cycle rankings and alter policy conclusions.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Biofuels; Biomass; Energy policy; Land use; Life cycle analysis; Agricultural and Food Policy; Environmental Economics and Policy; Q16; Q48; Q58.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/103246
Registros recuperados: 9
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