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Avaliação de impactos ambientais de sistemas de integração lavoura-pecuária-floresta conforme contexto de adoção. Infoteca-e
RODRIGUES, G. S.; OLIVEIRA, P. de; NOVAES, R. M. L.; PEREIRA, S. E. M.; NICODEMO, M. L. F.; SENA, A. L. dos S.; BELCHIOR, E. B.; ALMEIDA, M. R. M. de; SANTI, A.; WRUCK, F. J..
Resumo: Procedimentos de avaliação de impactos têm sido realizados para analisar e promover estratégias de integração lavoura-pecuária-floresta (ILPF) adotadas em Unidades de Referência Tecnológica (URTs) no âmbito da ?Rede de Fomento ILPF?. A abordagem, baseada no método multicritério Ambitec-Agro, foi realizada em seis URTs em colaboração com equipes da Embrapa e parceiros em todo o país. Estes estudos de caso incluíram desde empresas rurais de grande porte até estabelecimentos familiares, e desde complexos esquemas de integração até simples integração lavoura-pecuária voltada apenas à reforma de pastagens. Devido ao seu típico efeito de intensificação, a ILPF resultou em importantes ganhos de produtividade e de eficiência no uso de recursos naturais,...
Tipo: Documentos (INFOTECA-E) Palavras-chave: Inovações tecnológicas agropecuárias; Sustentabilidade; Desempenho ambiental; Avaliação multicritério; Ambitec-Agro; Agrossilvicultura; Impacto ambiental; Impacto econômico; Impacto social; Agricultura sustentável; Inovação; Mudança tecnológica; Agroforestry; Technological change; Innovation adoption; Environmental assessment; Environmental performance.
Ano: 2017 URL: http://www.infoteca.cnptia.embrapa.br/infoteca/handle/doc/1070414
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Could Society’s willingness to reduce pesticide use be aligned with Farmers’ economic self-interest? AgEcon
Boussemart, Jean-Philippe; Leleu, Herve; Ojo, Oluwaseun.
In the context of the agreement of about 50% reduction in pesticide uses according to the accords du “Grenelle de l’environnement” in France, the central part of this study involves the assessment of agricultural intensification (AI) and agricultural extensification (AE) processes in crop activities.This is done with reference to pesticide uses per ha thereby helping to proffer a solution to the lingering questions of farmers as regards the use of inputs in an intensified manner or otherwise. With respect to this, a sample of 600 farms in the Meuse department was observed over a 12-year period. The analysis was essentially to assess cost efficiency dominance between the two technologies AE and AI using non parametric cost-functions which involves different...
Tipo: Presentation Palavras-chave: Agricultural intensification (AI); Agricultural extensification (AE); Pesticide reduction; Environmental performance; Non parametric cost-functions; Environmental Economics and Policy; Farm Management.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/120402
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Environmental approach of companies within the pulp/paper, metallurgical and sugar/alcohol sectors Scientia Agricola
Jacovine,Laércio Antônio Gonçalves; Viana,Wellerson David; Alves,Ricardo Ribeiro; Walter,Michele Karina Cotta; Silva,Márcio Lopes da; Valverde,Sebastião Renato.
Companies have been witnessing major changes in their environment and environmental models have been developed aiming to improve their strategic planning. The objective of this study was to examine the environmental approach adopted by companies within the Pulp and Paper, Metallurgical and Sugar and Alcohol sectors, in order to evaluate their environmental performances. The analysis was based on a matrix which relates managerial functions with a set of environmental approaches and performance indicators, classifying the company environmental performance as weak, moderate or strong. The managerial functions approached in this model are: Management (General, Legal Affairs, Finance, Human Resources and Purchasing); Product and Process Development; Production...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Environment; Managerial functions; Environmental performance.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0103-90162009000100001
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Environmental Targets and Shadow Prices of Bad Outputs in Organic and Conventional Farming AgEcon
Huhtala, Anni; Marklund, Per-Olov.
We present a framework for deriving shadow prices for negative environmental impacts regulated in agriculture. The shadow prices can be used as indicators of the costs of environmental regulation imposed as reflected in alternative farming technologies adopted. We illustrate our analytical findings with implications of the Finnish water protection policy measures on conventional and organic livestock farms over the period 1994-2002. Generally, the representative organic farm is found to be more technically efficient relative to its own technology than is the conventional representative farm. However, there is no statistical indication of a difference between these two particular representative farms in valuing the costs of undesirable output (manure) at...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Environmental performance; Technology choices; Nutrient surplus; Environmental Economics and Policy; H23; C21; Q12; Q21.
Ano: 2005 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/24575
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Exploring production-theoretical insights for analyzing trade-offs between economic performance and environmental pressure at firm level AgEcon
Van Meensel, Jef; Lauwers, Ludwig H.; Van Huylenbroeck, Guido; Van Passel, Steven.
The objective of this paper is to construct a framework for analyzing trade-offs between economic performance and environmental pressure at firm level. Based on a literature review, partially conflicting economic-environmental trade-off paradigms are structured and five necessary conditions for adequate trade-off analysis are put forward. These conditions are delimitating a clear system for which trade-offs are analyzed, assessing the direction of causality between economic performance and environmental pressure, allowing for firm-specific trade-off differences, comprehensiveness with respect to management activities that can be evaluated and flexibility to analyze trade-offs under different market and environmental regulation conditions. To deal with the...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Trade-off analysis; Production theory; Economic performance; Environmental performance; Materials balance; Environmental Economics and Policy; Farm Management; Production Economics; Productivity Analysis.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/51725
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Incorporating environmental impacts into value added from organic and conventional farming AgEcon
Huhtala, Anni; Marklund, Per-Olov.
Replaced with revised version of paper 07/16/05.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: National income accounting; Environmental performance; Technology choices; Environmental Economics and Policy; H23; O47; Q18; Q25.
Ano: 2005 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/19259
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Productivity and Environmental Performance in Marketing Cooperatives: Incentive Schemes on the Horticultural Sector AgEcon
Galdeano-Gomez, Emilio; Cespedes-Lorente, Jose; Rodriguez-Rodriguez, Manuel.
The object of the present paper is to analyze the productivity of marketing cooperatives incorporating environmental inputs/outputs. In the European agricultural policy, expectations for attaining sustainable and competitive agriculture lie to a great extent on the cooperative sector's ability to adapt to the new market conditions. These challenges have led marketing cooperatives in the fruit and vegetables sector to consider improvement in productivity and sound environmental performance. In this sector environmental management was intensified by the Common Agrarian Policy (CAP) through incentives on the so-called Operative Programs (OP). The present study analyses the total factor productivity (TFP) related to environmental variables in this sector using...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Productivity; Environmental performance; Parametric approach; Efficiency; Marketing cooperative; Horticultural sector; Agribusiness; Environmental Economics and Policy; Productivity Analysis; D24; Q13; Q21; L15.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/25738
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The Relationship Between Environmental Efficiency and Manufacturing Firm’s Growth AgEcon
Cainelli, Giulio; Mazzanti, Massimiliano; Zoboli, Roberto.
This paper investigates the empirical link between emission intensity and economic growth, using a very large data set of 61,219 Italian manufacturing firms over the period 2000-2004. As a measure of lagged environmental performance (efficiency) at firm level we exploit NAMEA sector for CO2, NOx, SOx data over 1990-1999. The paper tests the extent to which (past) environmental efficiency/intensity, which is driven by structural features and firm strategic actions, including responses to policies, influences firms growth. Our results show, first, a typical trade off generally appearing for the three core environmental emissions we analyse: lower environmentally efficiency in the recent past allows higher degrees of freedom to firms and relax the constraints...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Firm growth; Manufacturing; Emission intensity; Economic performance; Environmental performance; Environmental Economics and Policy; C23; D21; O32; Q55.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/46656
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The US Agriculture Greenhouse Emissions and Environmental Performance AgEcon
Kabata, Tshepelayi.
Replaced with revised version of paper 09/23/11.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Productivity; Technical Efficiency; Environmental performance; Production Economics; Productivity Analysis; Resource /Energy Economics and Policy.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/103427
Registros recuperados: 9
Primeira ... 1 ... Última
 

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