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A HAZAI TEJTERMELŐ TEHENÉSZETEKBEN ALKALMAZOTT TARTÁS- ÉS ÜZEMELTETÉSTECHNOLÓGIÁK ÉRTÉKELÉSE AgEcon
Atkos, Istvan.
Az elvégzett értékelés alátámasztja a szakirodalmakban is olvasható véleményeket, miszerint ma már csak a kényelmes fekhelyű színszerű istállókban, kötetlenül tartott és magas fokon automatizált fejőállásokban fejt állományokkal van esély a versenyképes, fenntartható tejtermelésre, feltételezve természetesen a korszerű fajtát és az igényes takarmányozást. Ennek a tartás-1 és üzemeltetés-technológiai2 korszerűségi követelménynek csak a színszerű istállóban, almozott kötetlen tartás és a színszerű istállókban almozatlan kötetlen tartás tudnak eleget tenni. Közülük az alommentes változat – amellyel elsősorban a prognosztizált klímaváltozás miatt kell foglalkozni – még további vizsgálatokat is kíván. Építési, hőszigetelési, klimatizálási és üzemeltetési...
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Tartás- és üzemeltetéstechnológiák; Etológia; Ergonómia; Környezetvédelem; Ökonómia maintenance and operation technologies; Ethology; Ergonomics; Environmental protection; Economics; Agribusiness; Farm Management; Livestock Production/Industries.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/57712
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Animal models of anxiety: an ethological perspective BJMBR
In the field of anxiety research, animal models are used as screening tools in the search for compounds with therapeutic potential and as simulations for research on mechanisms underlying emotional behaviour. However, a solely pharmacological approach to the validation of such tests has resulted in distinct problems with their applicability to systems other than those involving the benzodiazepine/GABAA receptor complex. In this context, recent developments in our understanding of mammalian defensive behaviour have not only prompted the development of new models but also attempts to refine existing ones. The present review focuses on the application of ethological techniques to one of the most widely used animal models of anxiety, the elevated plus-maze...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/other Palavras-chave: Animal models of anxiety; Ethology; Defence; Risk assessment; Plus-maze; Behavioural profiling; Pharmacology.
Ano: 1997 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0100-879X1997000300002
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Application of basic concepts in ethology in the feline veterinary medicine MV&Z
Genaro, Gelson.
The study of Ethology has grown in the Veterinary Medicine, and nowadays it can be observed a considerable increase in the number of domestic cats in our society. These points highlight the importance of studying this animal from an ethologic point of view. The professional should alert the owner about the behavioural aspects and thoroughly discuss what to expect from a companion animal, minimizing the possibilities of conflicts among them, which can lead to abandonment. The knowledge of the behavioural characteristics, as well as the development of the animal will help for the prevention of future problems.
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Ethology; Behavior; Cat; Feline etologia; Comportamento; Gato; Felino.
Ano: 2013 URL: http://www.revistamvez-crmvsp.com.br/index.php/recmvz/article/view/5372
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Attack behavior of Podisus rostralis (Heteroptera: pentatomidade) adults on caterpillars of Bombyx mori (Lepidoptera: bombycidae). Repositório Alice
LEMOS, W. P.; COLA ZANUNCIO, J.; SERRÃO, J. E..
Estudou-se, em laboratório, o comportamento de ataque de adultos do predador Podisus rostralis (Stäl) (Heteroptera: Pentatomidae) tendo como presa lagartas de quarto estádio de Bombyx mori L. (Lepidoptera: Bombycidae). Dez adultos do predador, com 24 horas de idade, foram observados durante duas horas acompanhando-se os seguintes comportamentos de ataque: (1) Predador: localização da presa; observação da presa; toque das presas com as antenas; comportamento de ataque; paralisação da presa; fuga do predador após ataque; finalização do ataque; ataques sucessivos; e (2) Presa: defesa. O predador P. rostralis localizou sua presa antes do ataque, aproximando-se dela através de lentos movimentos circulares. O ataque é, usualmente, realizado na parte posterior da...
Tipo: Artigo em periódico indexado (ALICE) Palavras-chave: Controle biológico; Ethology.
Ano: 2005 URL: http://www.alice.cnptia.embrapa.br/handle/doc/578082
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Attack behavior of Podisus rostralis (Heteroptera: Pentatomidade) adults on caterpillars of Bombyx mori (Lepidoptera: Bombycidae) BABT
Lemos,Walkymário Paulo; Zanuncio,José Cola; Serrão,José Eduardo.
Attack behavior of the predator Podisus rostralis (Stäl) (Heteroptera: Pentatomidae) adults on fourth instar Bombyx mori L. (Lepidoptera: Bombycidae) caterpillars was studied in laboratory conditions. Ten 24 hours old adults of this predator were observed during two hours with the following attack behavior: (1) Predator: prey finding; prey observation; touching prey with antenna; attack behavior; prey paralysis; predator retreat after attack; attack cessation; successive attacks; and (2) Prey: defense. The predator P. rostralis found its prey before attacking and it approached it with slow circular movements. The attack was usually made in the posterior part of the prey to reduce defense reaction. Larger size of prey in relation to the predator resulted...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Asopinae; Alternative prey; Biological control; Ethology; Insecta.
Ano: 2005 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1516-89132005000800014
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Behavior of buffalo heifers reared in shaded and unshaded pastures during the dry season on Marajó Island, Pará, Brazil Animal Sciences
Almeida, Jean Caio Figueiredo de; Joset, Waléria Cristina Lopes; Noronha, Rafaela de Paula Pachêco; Barbosa, Antônio Vinicius Correa; Lourenço Júnior, José de Brito; Silva, Jamile Andréa Rodrigues da.
The objective of this research was to evaluate the behavior of twenty buffalo heifers reared during the dry season on Marajó Island, Pará, Brazil. The animals were distributed into two groups, those with shade (WS) and those without shade (WOS). The experimental day was divided into six shifts: morning (6:00 to 9:55 a.m.), intermediate (10:00 a.m. to 1:55 p.m.), afternoon (2:00 to 5:55 p.m.), evening (6:00 to 9:55 p.m.), night (10:00 p.m. to 1:55 a.m.), and early morning (2:00 to 5:55 a.m.). The WS group was kept in silvipastoral system paddocks, while the WOS group was kept in unshaded paddocks. Climatic data were registered and temperature and humidity index (THI) were calculated. Behavior data such as grazing, rumination, idle time, and other activities...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: 5.04.05.00-4 bioclimatology; Ethology; Heat..
Ano: 2019 URL: http://periodicos.uem.br/ojs/index.php/ActaSciAnimSci/article/view/43088
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Behavior of Japanese quail in different air velocities and air temperatures PAB
Santos,Tatiany Carvalho dos; Gates,Richard Stephen; Tinôco,Ilda de Fátima Ferreira; Zolnier,Sérgio; Baêta,Fernando da Costa.
Abstract: The objective of this work was to evaluate the combined effects of air temperature and air velocity on the behavior of Japanese quail (Coturnix coturnix japonica). A total of 216 Japanese quail in their initial laying phase were used. Bird behavior was categorized with an ethogram (eat, drink, stop, open wings/shiver, others). The experimental design was a randomized complete block, in a 4x4 factorial arrangement, with four air velocities (0, 1, 2, and 3 m s-1) and air temperatures (17, 23, 29, and 35°C). The behavior “stop” was greater when the birds were subjected to 17°C. At 35°C, a significant reduction (p<0.05) was observed in the behavior “eat” at 0 m s-1, compared with the other velocities. The behaviors of laying quail are similar in...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Coturnix coturnix japonica; Cold stress; Ethology; Heat stress; Thermal sensation.
Ano: 2017 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0100-204X2017000500344
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Behavior of Saanen dairy goats in an enriched environment Animal Sciences
Gomes, Karina Aurora Rodrigues; Valentim, Jean Kaique; Lemke, Sara Santana Ramos; Dallago, Gabriel Machado; Vargas, Ricardo Cruz; Paiva, Andre Luíz da Costa.
 The objective of the present study was to evaluate the behavior of lactating Saanen dairy goats housed with or without the use of environmental enrichment technique. Twelve animals were split into two equal groups and assign to one of two treatments: stall with or without enrichment. Five objects were used to enrich the stalls: plastic PET bottles suspended and freely on the floor (both filled with corn as a visual and auditory stimuli), general cleaning brushes fixed to the wall of the stall, suspended tire, and a tree trunk for climbing. The behavior of the goats was observed during two hours for 10 consecutive days. The behaviors were recorded using focal-animal sampling method, observing each animal during 10-minute period. Descriptive statistics were...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Zootecnia caprinocultura bem-estar animal etologia animal welfare; Dairy goat; Environmental enrichment; Ethology; Stereotyping..
Ano: 2018 URL: http://periodicos.uem.br/ojs/index.php/ActaSciAnimSci/article/view/42454
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Behavioral aspects of Helicoverpa armigera in the cotton vegetative phase. Repositório Alice
RODRIGUES, S. M. M.; SANTOS, N. do C.; PITTA, R. M.; CORASSA, J. de N..
Helicoverpa armigera (Hübner) is part of an important complex of insects-pests that attack the cotton crop. This study aimed to identify the preferential plant parts for the oviposition of moths, as well as the movement and feeding behavior of caterpillars, in the vegetative phase of the cotton cultivar BRS 369 RF. Plants emitting floral buds were used to study the oviposition behavior of moths. For this, a completely randomized design, with three treatments (adaxial and abaxial sides of the leaf and floral buds) and twenty replications (plants in pots), was used. In order to evaluate the behavior of the caterpillars in the cotton vegetative phase, another 3 × 5 factorial design, with nine replications, was used. The treatments were three ages (first,...
Tipo: Artigo em periódico indexado (ALICE) Palavras-chave: Heliothinae; Ethology; Etologia; Gossypium Hirsutum; Animal behavior.
Ano: 2019 URL: http://www.alice.cnptia.embrapa.br/alice/handle/doc/1118802
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Comparative study of the nesting behaviour of Tachysphex inconspicuus (Kirby) (Hymenoptera: Crabronidae) in two locations in southeast Brazil Neotropical Entomology
Buys,Sandor C..
The nesting behaviour of the solitary wasp Tachysphex inconspicuus (Kirby) was comparatively studied based on observations made in two environmentally distinct locations in southeast Brazil: upper portions of two sandy beaches and a dirt road in a forested area. Motor patterns related to nest construction were similar in all observed wasps, but some behavioural features, which were different among the observed wasps in the two environments, seem to be constrained by ecological factors. T. inconspicuus can be behaviourally differentiated from several other species of the genus by the following combination of features: they close the nest temporarily during its provision, do not let the excavated sand to form into a mound in front of the nest entrance,...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Amobia; Biology; Ethology; Parasitoid.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1519-566X2007000300001
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Comportamento de ovinos da raça Santa Inês, de diferentes pelagens, em pastejo - doi: 10.4025/actascianimsci.v33i3.9974 Animal Sciences
Santos, Merilene Maria dos; UFRPE; Azevedo, Marcílio de; UFRPE; Costa, Lígia Alexandrina Barros da; UFRPE; Silva Filho, Florisval Protásio da; UFRPE; Modesto, Elisa Cristina; UFRRJ; Lana, Ângela Maria Quintão; UFMG.
O objetivo deste experimento foi avaliar o comportamento de ovinos da raça Santa Inês, de diferentes pelagens em condições de pastejo. O delineamento experimental foi o inteiramente casualizado, com três cores de pelame (branco, castanho e preto), representando os tratamentos e 7 repetições, em um arranjo de parcela subdividida com cor do pelame na parcela e período na sub-parcela. As observações das variáveis analisadas foram realizadas em quatro períodos experimentais, onde cada período conteve três dias de observações comportamentais. Sendo as variáveis analisadas: tempo de pastejo, tempo de ruminação, tempo em ócio, outras atividades e bebendo água. As observações foram realizadas a cada 10 min., das 6 às 17h. Não houve interação significativa (p >...
Tipo: Pesquisa de campo Palavras-chave: 5.04.00.00-2 Adaptação; Clima; Conforto térmico; Etologia 5.04.01.00-9 Adaptation; Climate; Thermal comfort; Ethology.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://periodicos.uem.br/ojs/index.php/ActaSciAnimSci/article/view/9974
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Daily and seasonal activity patterns of free range South-American rattlesnake (Crotalus durissus) Anais da ABC (AABC)
TOZETTI,ALEXANDRO M.; MARTINS,MARCIO.
This study aimed at describing daily and seasonal variation in the activity of a population of South-American rattlesnakes (Crotalus durissus) in a savanna like habitat (Cerrado) in Southeastern Brazil. Seasonal and daily activities of snakes were evaluated by the number of captures of snakes during road surveys, accidental encounters, and relocations by radio-tracking. Our results show that climatic variables such as air temperature and rainfall have little influence on the activity pattern of rattlesnakes. Our findings indicate that rattlesnakes spend most of the day resting and most of the night in ambush posture. The South-American rattlesnake is active throughout the year with a discrete peak in activity of males during the matting season. The...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Cerrado; Ethology; Squamata; Radio-track.
Ano: 2013 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0001-37652013000301047
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Death-feigning behaviour in Iphisa elegans: the second reported case in the Family Gymnophthalmidae (Reptilia: Squamata) Acta Amazonica
MACHADO-FILHO,Paulo Roberto; MOYA,Guilherme Marson; MAFFEI,Fábio.
ABSTRACT Death-feigning behaviour occurs when the animal simulates a state of immobility. This behaviour is described for some lizard families, among them the family Gymnophthalmidae with only one record. Iphisa elegans is a diurnal and terrestrial Amazonian gymnophtalmid lizard. It has cryptic behavior and moves rapidly on the ground, hindering observations of its behavior. We report a case at the Comodoro Municipality, Mato Grosso State, Brazil. An adult male of I. elegans, when manipulated, turned its venter up and put itself in a death-feigning posture. This species is preyed upon by birds, snakes and other lizards¸ possibly behaving this way when the cryptic behaviour or escape attempt fails. More studies are necessary to evaluate the efficiency of...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/report Palavras-chave: Reptiles; Ethology; Antipredator display; Lizard; Thanatosis.
Ano: 2018 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0044-59672018000200151
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Different intervals of behavioral observation in the scanning method and the real behavior of pigs R. Bras. Zootec.
Oliveira,Geyssane Farias de; Caldara,Fabiana Ribeiro; Garcia,Rodrigo Garófallo; Seno,Leonardo de Oliveira; Marcon,Ádila Vasconcelos; Foppa,Luciana; Martins,Renata Aparecida; Crone,Carla.
ABSTRACT The objective of this work was to study the behavior of swine females in the grower phase using different observation intervals (continuous, 5, and 10 min). A total of 42 swine were used, 14 of them for each treatment, which were identified with a marker stick. These animals were observed using the focal sampling method for 5 h. The treatments were the observation intervals: continuous, every 5 min, and every 10 min. Among the behaviors analyzed during the experiment, the different observation intervals did not affect the estimated time spent in the activities. Time observation intervals of 10 min or less adequately describe the duration of the main behavioral parameters of female pigs in this setting.
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Ethology; Pig production; Social behavior.
Ano: 2018 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1516-35982018000100203
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Elephant grass ensiled with wheat bran compared with corn silage in diets for lactating goats R. Bras. Zootec.
Silva,Jacianelly Karla da; Oliveira,Juliana Silva de; Medeiros,Ariosvalo Nunes de; Santos,Edson Mauro; Magalhães,Tamires da Silva; Ramos,Alenice Ozino; Bezerra,Higor Fábio Carvalho.
The objective of this study was to evaluate the use of wheat bran as an additive in elephant-grass silage on intake and digestibility of the nutrients, ingestive behavior, and yield and chemical composition of milk. Eight goats with 45 days of lactation were distributed in a (4 × 4) Latin square design.The treatments consisted of corn silage (CS), elephant-grass silage without wheat bran (EGS), elephant-grass silage with 10% wheat bran (EGS+10%WB), and elephant-grass silage with 20% wheat bran (EGS+20% WB). There was no difference in dry matter (DM) intake between diets EGS and CS in g d−1. However, the animals fed EGS+10%WB had lower DM and organic matter (OM) intakes than the animals fed CS in g kg−1 d−1 of body weight. There were lower non-fiber...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Additive; Caprine; Ethology; Milk; Milk composition; Nutritive value.
Ano: 2014 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1516-35982014001100618
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Feeding behavior of F1 Holstein x Zebu lactating cows fed increasing levels of banana peel Animal Sciences
Pimentel, Paulo Roberto Silveira; Rocha Júnior, Vicente Ribeiro; Melo, Marco Túlio Parrela de; Ramos, Joyce Cipriana Pacheco; Cardoso, Lucas Gabriel; Silva, Jéssica Jordane Pereira.
This study evaluated the feeding behavior of F1 Holstein x Zebu cows fed increasing levels of banana peel. Diets contained 0, 15, 30, 45 and 60% replacement of sorghum silage with banana peel. The experimental design was two 5x5 Latin squares. Cows were subjected to visual observation after adaptation of each trial period. The times spent in feeding (4.13 to 5.58 hours day-1) and in idle (10 to 12.53 hours day-1) presented quadratic effect. The time spent ruminating, number and duration of rumination periods, chews per cud, and numbers of cuds per day were not affected by treatments. The total chewing time showed a quadratic effect, with peak at 18.58% replacement. The banana peel levels did not affect consumption, rumination and chewing neutral detergent...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Zootecnia/Produção Animal banana plantations; Co-product; Ethology; Animal nutrition..
Ano: 2016 URL: http://periodicos.uem.br/ojs/index.php/ActaSciAnimSci/article/view/32266
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Feeding behavior of goat kids fed diets containing peach palm meal Animal Sciences
Pereira, Taiala Cristina de jesus; Ribeiro, Leandro Sampaio Oliveira; Pereira, Mara Lúcia Albuquerque; Pires, Aureliano José Vieira; Carvalho, Gleidson Giordano Pinto de; Pereira, César Augusto Ramos.
The aim in this study was to evaluate the feeding behavior of goat kids fed diets containing peach palm meal replacing corn (0, 10, 40, 60, and 85 % on a dry matter basis). Thirty crossbred Boer kids, with 90 days old and initial body weight of 16.7 ± 3.5 kg were distributed in a completely randomized design with six replicates. Diets were daily supplied ad libitum to allow 10-20 % leftovers. Three collections were performed every 28 days. Diets were isoenergetics and isonitrogenous, composed of corn, soybean meal, peach palm meal, mineral supplement and Tifton 85 hay, with roughage: concentrate ratio of 30:70. There was a linear reduction in the intakes of dry matter (DM) and neutral detergent fiber (NDF) with a respective decrease of 35.7 % and 58.8 %...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Boer; Feed; Feeding rate; Ethology; Idle; Rumination..
Ano: 2019 URL: http://periodicos.uem.br/ojs/index.php/ActaSciAnimSci/article/view/47088
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Feeding behavior of sheep fed sugarcane silage enriched with detoxified castor bean meal Animal Sciences
Oliveira, Aline Carsoso; Garcia, Rasmo; Almeida, Vitor Visintin Silva de; Oliveira, Hellenn Cardoso; Silva, Robério Rodrigues; Lima Júnior, Dorgival Morais de.
The aim of this study was to evaluate the feeding behavior of sheep fed sugarcane silage enriched with increasing levels of detoxified castor bean meal. Twenty-four non-castrated male Santa Inês sheep with an average body weight of 25.34 kg and four months of age, were distributed in four treatments - 0, 7, 14 and 21% of the natural matter of detoxified castor bean meal in sugarcane silage. There was a linear increase (p < 0.05) in time spent eating and feeding and rumination efficiency (g MS and NDF/h) with the inclusion of castor bean meal in silage. However, there was a linear decreasing response for time spent resting (p < 0.05). Time spent ruminating, number of boluses per day and numbers of chews per day per bolus were not affected (p >...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Rumination; Intake; Ethology; Feeding efficiency; Rumination efficiency; Chewing..
Ano: 2019 URL: http://periodicos.uem.br/ojs/index.php/ActaSciAnimSci/article/view/43848
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Heterogeneous genetic cows of three genetic groups in feedlot system in the state of Pernambuco, Brazil - 10.4025/actascianimsci.v34i1.11306 Animal Sciences
Borges, Christiano Raphael de Albuquerque; UFRPE; Azevedo, Marcílio de; UFRPE; Lima, Ivalda de Albuquerque; UFRPE; Brasil, Lúcia Helena de Albuquerque; UFRPE; Ferreira, Marcelo de Andrade; UFRPE.
The behavior of 15 Girolando cows from three genetic groups (1/2, 5/8 and 3/4 HG) in feedlots was evaluated. Experimental design was completely randomized with 3 treatment (genetic groups) and 5 replicates. The animals were evaluated by the variables: food, rumination, rest, locomotion, water intake, demand and time in the shade, and other activities. Group 5/8 HG spent more time feeding (267.88 min.) than groups 3/4 HG (245.55 min.) and 1/2 HG (259.55 min.). Idle standing time was higher (204.66 min.) for 3/4 HG when compared to the other groups. There was no statistical difference for the duration of rest in the shade. Solar radiation and THI were the factors which most influenced the animals’ behavior. Results show that the genetic groups 5/8 and 3/4 HG...
Palavras-chave: Dairy cattle; Stress; Ethology.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://periodicos.uem.br/ojs/index.php/ActaSciAnimSci/article/view/11306
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Honey and propolis production, hygiene and defense behaviors of two generations of Africanized honey bees Scientia Agricola
Garcia,Regina Conceição; Oliveira,Newton Tavares Escocard de; Camargo,Simone Cristina; Pires,Bruno Garcia; Oliveira,Carlos Antonio Lopes de; Teixeira,Rodrigo de Almeida; Pickler,Maricéia Ana.
Phenotypic characters of honeybees, relevant to beekeepers, can be evaluated by studying correlations between them, and the correlated characteristics can be evaluated in the short term to assist in monitoring of annual genetic progress. This work therefore aims to evaluate the production of honey and propolis, the hygiene and defensive behaviours of two generations of Africanized Apis mellifera (Hymenoptera, Apidae), to estimate the correlations between them and their heritability. We used 30 Langstroth beehives in apiaries in Marechal Cândido Rondon, Paraná State, Brazil. We used a method of drilling pupae to evaluate hygiene behaviour and the velveteen ball method to test defensive behaviour. We selected ten colonies which had the best honey and...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Apis mellifera; Animal production; Ethology; Selection.
Ano: 2013 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0103-90162013000200003
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