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A mezőgazdasági üzem fogalmának agrárjogi értelmezése AgEcon
Orlovits, Zsolt.
Az agrárüzem definiálása nemcsak a közgazdaságtan, hanem az agrárjog szempontjából is számos problémát vet fel. Szakmai körökben keveredik a mezőgazdasági üzem dologösszességkénti, illetve szervezeti forma szerinti megkülönböztetése. Az uniós jog ezzel szemben a mezőgazdasági üzemet önálló jogi kategóriának tekinti és épít arra, hogy a tagországok egységes üzemszabályozási törvényben állapítják meg a nemzeti agrárüzemek működtetésének jogi-közigazgatási kereteit. Ez a feltételezés azonban csak az Európai Unió nyugat-európai tagállamaira igaz. Bár egyes üzemszabályozási elemek a magyar jogban is megtalálhatók, azok nem az agrárüzemre mint absztrakt jogi kategóriára, hanem a mezőgazdasági vállalkozások egyes konkrét szervezeti formáira vonatkoznak. Hatályos...
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Agrárüzem; Dologösszesség; Vagyoni értékű jogok; Üzemszabályozás; Szervezeti formák; Agricultural enterprise; Farm; Sum of objects; Wealth rights; Operation regulation; Organizational forms; Agribusiness; Agricultural and Food Policy; Farm Management.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/58602
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A mezőgazdasági üzem fogalmának változása AgEcon
Szekely, Csaba; Takacs-Gyorgy, Katalin.
A köznyelvben üzemnek nevezik azt a helyet, épületet, melyben valamilyen gazdasági egység tevékenykedik, illetve valamilyen termelő tevékenységet folytatnak. Az EU tanácsi és bizottsági jogrendszere viszont az üzemet az üzemtulajdonosok által igazgatott termelőegységként definiálja. Az angolszász országokban a farm elnevezést használják, amely bármilyen típusú mezőgazdasági üzem, vállalat lehet (family farm: családi gazdaság, cooperative farm: mezőgazdasági szövetkezet, large-scale farm: nagyüzem, small-scale farm: kisüzem stb.). Véleményünk szerint az üzem fogalma alatt magát a gazdálkodó egységet célszerű érteni, függetlenül annak jogi formájától, méretétől. Az üzem mellett szinonim fogalomként lehet alkalmazni a gazdaság, vagy a mezőgazdasági...
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Üzem; Üzemtan; Vállalat; Vállalkozás; Birtok; Farm; Farm studies; Business; Enterprise; Estate; Agribusiness; Farm Management; Teaching/Communication/Extension/Profession.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/57740
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Aspects of the Definition and Classification of Farms AgEcon
Lund, Philip J..
This paper examines what, precisely, is meant by a 'farm' and considers various attributes of farms relevant to an assessment of the structure of European agriculture. A measure of average farm size is proposed to cope with the uncertain count of the population of farms. The issue of tenure may also be complex, with some farms consisting of separate parcels of land, each with different tenure situations. Finally, although many European farmers are often described as being 'part-time', there are a number of different criteria on the basis of which farmers, and also farms, may be classified as being part-time.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Farm; Agricultural holding; Farm Size; Agricultural landownership; Part-time farming; Farm Management; Land Economics/Use.
Ano: 2005 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/24417
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Como tornar uma fazenda pantaneira mais sustentável? Infoteca-e
SANTOS, S. A.; LIMA, H. P. de.; TOMAS, W. M.; MASSRUHA, S. M. F. S.; SALIS, S. M. de; ABREU, U. G. P. de; CARDOSO, E. L.; OLIVEIRA, M. D. de; OLIVEIRA, L. O. F. de; SOARES, M. T. S.; CALHEIROS, D. F.; CRISPIM, S. M. A.; SORIANO, B. M. A.; AMANCIO, C. O. da G.; ARAUJO, M. T. B. D..
Pesquisadores desenvolvem uma ferramenta para fazer múltiplas avaliações e responder a esta pergunta de maneira clara para os tomadores de decisão.
Tipo: Artigo de divulgação na mídia (INFOTECA-E) Palavras-chave: Sustentabilidade; Indicadores ambientais; Fazenda modelo; Propriedade rural; Farm; Agricultural land.
Ano: 2016 URL: http://www.infoteca.cnptia.embrapa.br/handle/doc/1047296
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Compressive strength of rice husk stabilized termite hill soil CIGR Journal
Adekola, Kehinde Adedeji.
Termite hills are described as the structure built by termite using soil in the surrounding or within the earth. The mound has extremely hard walls constructed from bits of soil cemented with saliva and baked by the sun. This research is to determine the compressive strength of termite hill soil stabilized with rice husk. The study investigated the compressive strength of 150 mm x 150 mm x 150 mm cubes made from termite hill soil and rice husk in the different mix ratio of 50:50, 60:40, 70:30, 80:20, 100:0 and was cured for 28 d with crushing the cubes at 7 d interval. The weight, bulk density and dry density of the cubes at different THS/RH mix ratio ages were determined. Test results showed that the compressive strength of the cubes increases with age...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Termite hill soil; Clay; Rice husk; Compressive strength; Cubes; Structure; Farm; Nigeria.
Ano: 2016 URL: http://www.cigrjournal.org/index.php/Ejounral/article/view/3398
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Contaminação por aflatoxinas em milho utilizado na formulação de ração para suínos. Repositório Alice
FIORENTINI, L.; FREITAS, A. R. de; FIALHO, E. T..
Foi analisado o teor de materia seca e de aflotoxinas de um total de 420 amostras de milho utilizado na alimentacao de suinos. Estas amostras foram coletadas mensalmente de granjas produtoras de suinos para abate, de fabricas de racao e cooperativas agricolas do Estado de Santa Catarina, no periodo compreendido entre abril 1985 e marco de 1986. No periodo de janeiro verificou que o milho apresentou menor teor de materia seca e maior contaminacao por afloxinas e de setembro a outubro a delho originario de granjas de suinos continha menor teor de materia e maior indice de contaminacao por afloxinas, do que o milho proveniente das outras origens.
Tipo: Artigo em periódico indexado (ALICE) Palavras-chave: Matéria seca; Fungos; Granjas terminadoras; Fabricas de ração; Cooperativas agrícolas; Bran; Fungus; Farm; Ration of fabric.
Ano: 1989 URL: http://www.alice.cnptia.embrapa.br/handle/doc/42206
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Cost Analysis of Alternative Harvest, Storage and Transportation Methods for Delivering Switchgrass to a Biorefinery from the Farmers’ perspective AgEcon
Wang, Chenguang; Larson, James A.; English, Burton C.; Jensen, Kimberly L..
Switchgrass for bioenergy production will require substantial storage. This study evaluated costs of alternative baling and on-farm storage systems. Rectangular bales minimize cost if switchgrass is processed immediately after harvest. However, round bales minimize cost if switchgrass is stored under cover for 200 days before transporting to the biorefinery
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Switchgrass; Baling; Storage; Transport; Costs; Farm; Biorefinery; Agribusiness; Agricultural Finance; Environmental Economics and Policy; Farm Management; Production Economics; Resource /Energy Economics and Policy.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/46812
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Cost Analysis of Alternative Harvest, Storage and Transportation Methods for Delivering Switchgrass to a Biorefinery from the Farmers’ perspective AgEcon
Wang, Chenguang; Larson, James A.; English, Burton C.; Jensen, Kimberly L..
Switchgrass for bioenergy production will require substantial storage. This study evaluated costs of alternative baling and on-farm storage systems. Rectangular bales minimize cost if switchgrass is processed immediately after harvest. However, round bales minimize cost if switchgrass is stored under cover for 200 days before transporting to the biorefinery
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Switchgrass; Baling; Storage; Transport; Costs; Farm; Biorefinery; Agricultural Finance; Farm Management; Production Economics; Resource /Energy Economics and Policy.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/47169
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Courantométrie du site d'élevage de salmonides en grande rade de Cherbourg ArchiMer
Merceron, Michel; Gaffet, Jean-dominique.
Current recordings were performed near the middle of the great breakwater of Cherbourg ("Grande Digue", inner side) during two months of the 1993 summer. The data show that, in this site, the currents drive mostly westwards. They are driving eastwards only during the first half of flood. In the tidal cycle, there is only one current slack, at law tide. The most important velocities are observed during the high tides : 0.5 to 0.6 m.s-1• The fish net pens, which are located there, tend to speed up the undemeath currents and, thus, contribute to scatter the farm effluents. The temperature and salinity records are also displayed. _
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Courant; Cage; Élevage; Poisson; Cherbourg; Current; Net pen; Farm; Fish; Cherbourg.
Ano: 1994 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00082/19330/16924.pdf
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Evaluation of conservation program for the Pantaneiro horse in Brazil R. Bras. Zootec.
McManus,Concepta; Santos,Sandra Aparecida; Dallago,Bruno Stéfano Lima; Paiva,Samuel Rezende; Martins,Rafhael Felipe Saraiva; Braccini Neto,José; Marques,Pedro Rocha; Abreu,Urbano Gomes Pinto de.
A genealogical analysis of registered Pantaneiro horses was carried out with 3647 males and 6794 females. Of these animals, 50.66% had identified sires and 48.86% identified dams. The number of pedigrees increased over the generations, with higher registration of parents of sires than dams. Two municipalities are responsible for almost 70% of all registers: i) Poconé (Mato Grosso State), where the headquarters of the breeders association is located and ii) Corumbá (Mato Grosso do Sul State), where EMBRAPA Pantanal conducts its research. The mean inbreeding was 0.04% and average relatedness was 0.13%. Mean generation interval was 8.20 years. There is moderate to high genetic differentiation between farms (15% of total genetic variation) while between...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Average relatedness; Effective population size; Farm; Inbreeding; Municipality; Wright's statistics.
Ano: 2013 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1516-35982013000600004
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FARM DECISION-MAKING IN A MULTIFUNCTIONAL CONTEXT: THE CASE OF CONVENTIONAL AND ORGANIC FARMING IN KERKINI DISTRICT, GREECE AgEcon
Vassalos, Michael; Dillon, Carl R.; Karanikolas, Pavlos.
Multifuncionality has become a central concern at both conceptual and empirical levels. In this study, a comparative evaluation of the economic performance of conventional and multifunctional farms (mainly organic farms) was conducted for Lake Kerkini region (North Greece) with the use of mixed integer non-linear programming method. Economic performance was evaluated in terms of farm income, resource allocation, production level etc. The results indicate that multifunctional farms have overall better economic performance and young farm managers are keener to adopt multifunctional farming than the older ones.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Greek farming; Multifunctionality of farming; Farm; Farm decision making and age of farmers; Agribusiness; Community/Rural/Urban Development; Farm Management.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/57640
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Influencia da densidade populacional sobre o desempenho de leitoes criados em baias ou gaiolas. Infoteca-e
COSTA, V.; KONZEN, E. A.; PROTAS, J. F. da S..
1983
Tipo: Comunicado Técnico (INFOTECA-E) Palavras-chave: Leitao; Criacao; Baia; Gaiola; Densidade; Piglet; Farm; Breeding; Cage; Density.
Ano: 1983 URL: http://www.infoteca.cnptia.embrapa.br/handle/doc/435240
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Isolation of Leptospira spp. from a man living in a rural area of the Municipality of Cruz Alta, RS, Brazil Ciência Rural
Silva,Felipe Jorge da; Silva,Glaucenyra Cecília Pinheiro; Loffler,Sylvia Grune; Brihuega,Bibiana; Samartino,Luis Ernesto; Alarcon,Miguel Frederico Fernandez; Santos,Carlos Eduardo Pereira dos; Mathias,Luis Antonio.
The aim of this study was to describe the isolation of a pathogenic strain of Leptospira interrogans from the urine sample of a male human living in the rural area of the County of Cruz Alta, Rio Grande do Sul. An aliquot of each urine sample was sown in a Fletcher and Ellinghausen - McCullough - Johnson - Harris (EMJH) media. Samples in which there was growth of spirochetes were sent to the Leptospirosis Laboratory of the Institute of Pathobiology in the National Institute of Agricultural Technology, Buenos Aires, Argentina and were typified by the Multiple Locus of Variable Number Tandem Repeat technique (MLVA). Leptospira interrogans serovar Copenhageni strain Fiocruz L1-130 was isolated, and this is a very important finding that serves as a warning to...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Human leptospirosis; Isolation; MLVA; Farm; Brazil.
Ano: 2015 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0103-84782015000100047
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L’IMPACT DU CAPITAL HUMAIN SUR LA PRODUCTIVITE AGRICOLE AU BURKINA FASO AgEcon
Theophile, Kabore.
Contributed Paper presented at the International Conference on Agriculture Of Ouagadougou (BURKINA FASO), December 4-6, 2010.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Capital humain; Rendements; Productivité; Parcelle; Matching; Human capital; Productivity; Farm; Matching; Labor and Human Capital; Productivity Analysis; E24; N54; Q12.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/102275
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Mathematical Model for Optimal Arrangement of Milking Parlor CIGR Journal
Pavel Kic.
Milking is a key operation on dairy farms. The capacity and function of milking parlor influences production conditions (time of operations, needs of labor, total costs), so actually it affects the efficiency of the whole dairy farm. This paper presents a structure and principal parts of mathematical model which was created with the aim to enable to farmers and designers to choose suitable type of milking parlor for specific farm conditions. Three principal questions important for optimization of milking parlor are: technical parameters, indicators of labor productivity and economic criteria. The model structure was created with the aim to find the answer to all of them. The model includes in calculation main parameters of typical arrangements of milking...
Palavras-chave: Farm; Cows; Equipment; Labor productivity; Specific costs; Czech Republic.
Ano: 2015 URL: http://www.cigrjournal.org/index.php/Ejounral/article/view/3138
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Mathematical Model for Optimal Arrangement of Milking Parlor CIGR Journal
Kic, Pavel.
Milking is a key operation on dairy farms. The capacity and function of milking parlor influences production conditions (time of operations, needs of labor, total costs), so actually it affects the efficiency of the whole dairy farm. This paper presents a structure and principal parts of mathematical model which was created with the aim to enable to farmers and designers to choose suitable type of milking parlor for specific farm conditions. Three principal questions important for optimization of milking parlor are: technical parameters, indicators of labor productivity and economic criteria. The model structure was created with the aim to find the answer to all of them. The model includes in calculation main parameters of typical arrangements of milking...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Farm; Cows; Equipment; Labor productivity; Specific costs; Czech Republic.
Ano: 2015 URL: http://www.cigrjournal.org/index.php/Ejounral/article/view/3138
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Methods of Change and Financial Performance of Dairy Farms Before and After a Switch to Management Intensive Grazing AgEcon
Taylor, Philip Eugene.
Interest in Management Intensive Grazing (MIG) of dairy cattle has increased during the last 2 decades. Most dairy producers utilizing MIG were former confinement or non-intensive pasture operations while the others started their operation with MIG. While research publications tout the financial and other benefits of MIG, often comparing them to non-MIG dairies, and anecdotal evidence in popular farm press has shown MIG in a favorable light, comparing a MIG dairy farm to itself before and after the management switch has not been a subject of research scrutiny. Knowing the potential impact of a switch to MIG prior to making a management decision to do so would be a significant piece of information for a dairy farm to understand if contemplating such a...
Tipo: Thesis or Dissertation Palavras-chave: Dairy; Grazing; Economics; Pasture; Management; Farm; Farm Management; Livestock Production/Industries; Production Economics; Q10; Q12; Q19.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/56008
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Os pecuaristas e suas redes de conhecimento e informação. Infoteca-e
CEZAR, I. M..
Essa pesquisda tem como objetivo identificar e entender "como" as redes de conhecimento e informacao dos pecuaristas sao construidas, socialmente, e suas relacoes com o Centro Nacional de Pesquisa de Gado de Corte da Empresa Brasileira de Pesquisa Agropecuaria (Embrapa Gado de Corte), visando ao desenvolvimento de um modelo conceitual com enfoque participativo para gerar e transferir tecnologia. Pecuaristas pertencentes a duas regioes ecologicamente distintas (Campo Grande e Pantanal, Mato Grosso do Sul) constituiram-se como modelos sociais para obtencao dos dados. Os estudos de casos, agregados a aplicacao previa de um questionario a uma amostra das populacoes, formaram a base para as sinteses das redes de informacao. Aplicaram-se analise multivariadas...
Tipo: Boletim de Pesquisa e Desenvolvimento (INFOTECA-E) Palavras-chave: Pecuarista; Fazenda; Bovino de corte; Sistema de informação; Difusão de tecnologia; Pantanal; Campo Grande; Mato Grosso do Sul; Embrapa Gado de Corte; Brasil; Farmers; Farm; Beef cattle; Information systems; Technology transfer; Embrapa Beef Cattle; Brazil.
Ano: 2000 URL: http://www.infoteca.cnptia.embrapa.br/handle/doc/323698
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Policies Affecting or Facilitating Resource Adjustment in Agriculture in the European Union AgEcon
Cahill, Carmel; Hill, Berkeley.
Structural policy in the EU is ambiguous in its aims and contains conflicting elements. Interventions to ease change are combined with defensive measures that support income and discourage some aspects of adjustment. Structural change is a complex process and the number of farms is an incomplete indicator. Most adjustment takes place without active public assistance. Structural measures at EU level are now mostly within the rural development pillar of the Common Agricultural Policy. Their performance is mixed. However, many countries also have national policies, especially on taxation and land transfer, whose influence on adjustment must not be overlooked.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Adjustment; Farm; Income; Policy; Rural development; Taxation; Agricultural and Food Policy.
Ano: 2004 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/15764
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Social Opportunities and Private Convenience of Choices at Farm Level: An Approach to the Links Between Farm Income and Sustainable GDP AgEcon
Idda, Lorenzo; Sini, Maria Paola.
This work proposes a method to identify and evaluate the links between the economic and environmental management of a farm, its income, and sustainable GDP. The approach is designed to link micro and macro economic aspects and is based on certain indicators, chosen from among those obtained from analysis of the farm accounts, suitable for representing socially desirable objectives. Three different types of farm accounts are employed. An MADM method of quantitative MCDM analysis was used to make a joint evaluation of various objective indicators in different types of farm management. The work only presents the most interesting result of the research, which was the method itself and does not include the results of a specific case study which was made. This...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Method; Farm; Society; Income; Environment; Well-being; Institutional and Behavioral Economics; Q1.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/25650
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